Technical University Berlin

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Technical University Berlin
motto We have the ideas for the future. For the benefit of society.
founding 1770/1799/1879
1946 (new foundation)
Sponsorship state
place Berlin
state BerlinBerlin Berlin
country GermanyGermany Germany
president Christian Thomsen
Students 35,570 (WS 19/20; ♂: 66.3%)
Employee 7,830 (2020) , including 181 private lecturers and 2,653 research assistants, and 2,244 students. Auxiliaries
including professors 366 (2020) , including 40 junior professors
Annual budget € 567.8 million (2018) including € 173.4 million third-party funding
Networks CESAER , DFH , TU9 , TIME , Berlin University Alliance
View from Straße des 17. Juni onto the main building of the Technical University of Berlin

The Technische Universität Berlin ( TU Berlin for short ; before 1946: Technische Hochschule Berlin ) in Berlin-Charlottenburg is the third largest of the four Berlin universities with around 35,600 students in 90 courses and is one of the 20 largest universities in Germany . It stands in the tradition of the Königlich Technische Hochschule zu Berlin, which was founded in 1879, making it one of the oldest technical universities in Germany. The main building designed by Richard Lucae in 1876/1877 on today's Straße des 17. Juni was opened in 1884.

The TU Berlin, located near the Great Tiergarten , is part of the association of nine leading German technical universities ( TU9 ) and is a founding partner of the European Institute for Innovation and Technology . In addition, on July 19, 2019, as part of the Excellence Strategy as an institution of the Berlin University Alliance (together with the Humboldt University of Berlin , the Free University of Berlin and the Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin ), it was promoted by the federal and state governments to the second funding line " University of Excellence" recorded.


Coordinates: 52 ° 30 ′ 43 ″  N , 13 ° 19 ′ 35 ″  E

Map: Berlin
Technical University Berlin

Beginnings: from the 19th century to 1933

The new building of the Technical University in Berlin , colored engraving by G. Theuerkauf, around 1880
1899 early Art Nouveau , medal for the 100th anniversary of the Technical University of Berlin, obverse.
The reverse of this medal by the sculptor August Vogel .

In the independent city of Charlottenburg , the (Royal Prussian) Technical University of Berlin was created on April 1, 1879 through the amalgamation of the Berlin Building Academy and the Royal Trade Academy . On November 2, 1884, the new university buildings erected on what was then Berliner Strasse (today Strasse des 17. Juni) in Charlottenburg were inaugurated.

At the instigation of Adolf Slaby , on the occasion of the centenary of the Berlin Bauakademie on October 19, 1899, the right to award doctorates was granted by Wilhelm II , the King of Prussia , on the basis of a “highest decree” ( cabinet order ) . In addition to the simultaneously introduced degree engineering graduate as degree for students of engineering at the Technical Universities of Prussia she could order a first technical university in Germany the degree Doctor-Engineer ( Dr.-Ing. Give).

The Bergakademie Berlin was affiliated to the Technical University on October 1, 1916 as the "Department for Mining". After the incorporation of the city of Charlottenburg through the "Law on the Formation of a New City of Berlin" ( Greater Berlin Law ), the university was named Technische Hochschule zu Berlin in 1920 . In the autumn of 1927 the geodetic department of the Agricultural University Berlin was transferred to the Technical University.

National Socialism: 1933 to spring 1945

As part of the planning for the " Reich capital Germania ", the expansion of a new so-called Defense Technology Faculty V into one of the largest in the German Reich was planned in the TH Berlin during the Nazi era . However, after the suicide of the designated head of General Karl Becker, this came about only partially, although the land behind today's Telefunken high-rise on Bismarckstraße and under today 's Teufelsberg , a pile of ruins, had already been procured.

Re-establishment: 1945 to 1968

Reconstructible front facade of the TU shortly before the demolition, 1951

During the Battle of Berlin , the Technical University was closed on April 20, 1945. On June 2, Gustav Hertz and Max Volmer were elected as rector and vice- rector respectively in a provisional 15-member working committee that was formed in May 1945 with Gustav Hertz , Max Volmer , Werner Hahmann , Walter Kucharski and others . Both had contacts with the Soviet occupying power. After the two scientists did not show up a week later , Georg Schnadel was elected as acting rector and Walter Kucharski as acting prorector. On April 9, 1946, the destroyed educational institution , now located in the British sector of divided Berlin , was re-established as the Technical University of Berlin with a humanistic reorientation (mandatory humanistic study component, Studium generale ). The Faculty of Humanities was founded on March 7, 1950.

Protests at the TU Berlin against the emergency laws , May 1968

Realignment: 1969 to 2005

In 1969, the Berlin University Act led to the replacement of the full professorships - by the group university . In 1970 the previous nine faculties were replaced by 21 departments, which - with the exception of the mathematics department - were divided into institutes. The mathematics department organized itself into working groups. On April 1, 2001, the departments were abolished in favor of faculties, some of which have since managed their own budget. This was justified with the intention to organize the TU leaner and more efficiently.

In addition to the venues at the Free University of Berlin , the TU's Auditorium Maximum ( Audimax , framed by chestnut trees on the left in the photo above) was a main venue during the disputes of the student movement : only a few hundred meters from the former Telefunken high-rise is the Deutsche Oper , the place on which on June 2, 1967 the student Benno Ohnesorg was shot.

In the professional ban strike of the students of the Berlin universities, colleges and technical colleges in 1976/77, the students of the TU played a decisive role when they joined the strike initiated by the FU in an unexpectedly large number.

Event on the strike targets on January 10, 1977 with 3,500 participants in the TU Audimax, podium.

On December 16, 1976, Der Tagesspiegel reported :
“TU President Wittkowsky declared that he supported the main demands of the boycott of the courses in protest against professional bans and worsened study conditions, which has now spread to 15 departments [of 21] at the TU of the students and consider the student protests to be permissible. "

In January 1978, the foyer and Audimax were the focus of a multi-day gathering of nationwide active, “alternative” groups for the “ Meeting in Tunix ” with 15,000 participants. On November 23, 1978, the organization Netzwerk Selbsthilfe , initiated by Tunix , was founded in an Audimax assembly.

In 1980 parts of the Berlin University of Education were integrated into the TU.

The TU Berlin became the second largest technical university in Germany. As a state university, it is dependent on grants. The state grant in 2003 was € 285 million.

With the acquisition of the Telefunken high-rise in 1975 and the construction of the mathematics building in 1983 (Strasse des 17. Juni 136), the new Institute of Physics in 1984 (Hardenbergstrasse 36) and the Production Technology Center in 1986 (Pascalstrasse 8-9), the TUB became largest technical university in the then Federal Republic.

Internationalization from 2006

As part of the excellence initiative of the federal and state governments to promote science and research at German universities, the Technical University was granted a graduate school ( Berlin Mathematical School ) in 2006 and an excellence cluster ( Unifying Concepts in Catalysis ) in 2007 . With around 6,000 foreign students, the TU Berlin is internationally positioned; most of the students come from China, Turkey, Russia, Vietnam and Cameroon. The European Institute for Innovation and Technology selected two knowledge and innovation communities with the participation of the TU Berlin, which will each receive 100 million euros in funding over a period of five years. To compensate for dwindling public funds, the university has recently stepped up its cooperation with companies such as Deutsche Telekom AG , Telekom Innovation Laboratories and Siemens AG .


Original front facade of the main building
Today's front facade of the main building

The main building, designed by Richard Lucae  - after his death in 1877 planned by Friedrich Hitzig and Julius Carl Raschdorff  - was built from 1878 to 1884 as a monumental building in the neo-renaissance style . When the east-west axis was built in 1939, the driveway and green areas in front of the main building were replaced by an open staircase and paved areas. After severe damage at the end of the Second World War , three of the originally five inner courtyards, the side wings and the rear facade were rebuilt, while the front facade with the central projection was demolished in the early 1950s. In 1965, the new building, visible today from Straße des 17. Juni, based on a draft by Kurt Dübbers, was placed in front of the old building. The windowless auditorium is in front of the ten-story aluminum-clad high-rise .

The Institute for Mining and Metallurgy (1955–59 by Willy Kreuer ) and the buildings of the architecture faculty ( Bernhard Hermkes , Hans Scharoun ) were built on Ernst-Reuter-Platz . After 1960, the campus with numerous other institute buildings expanded north of Straße des 17. Juni to over the Spree (example: institute building for materials science).

Technical structure


Main building seen from the rear
Postage stamp of the DBPB (1949) from the series Berliner Bauten with the old main building
Malting of the TU research brewery

On April 1, 2001, the controversial division into seven faculties took place , to which the 14 departments were merged (see group university ). The faculties are divided into further institutes:

Humanities and educational sciences

  • Institute for Philosophy, the History of Literature, Science and Technology
  • Institute for Art History and Historical Urban Studies
  • Institute of Education Science
  • Institute for Language and Communication
  • Institute for Vocational Education and Training
  • Faculty direct centers
    • Center for Interdisciplinary Women and Gender Studies
    • Center for Metropolitan Studies
    • Center for Cultural Studies on Science and Technology in China
    • Center for Research on Antisemitism

Mathematics and natural sciences

  • Institute for Mathematics
  • Institute for Solid State Physics
  • Institute for Theoretical Physics
  • Institute for Optics and Atomic Physics
  • Institute of Chemistry
  • Faculty-related subject

Process science

  • Institute for Energy Technology
  • Institute for Process Engineering
  • Institute for Technical Environmental Protection
  • Institute for Materials Science and Technologies
  • Institute for Biotechnology
  • Institute for Food Technology and Food Chemistry

Electrical engineering and computer science

  • Institute for Energy and Automation Technology
  • Institute for High Frequency Technology and Semiconductor System Technologies
  • Institute for Telecommunication Systems
  • Institute for Technical Computer Science and Microelectronics
  • Institute for Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science
  • Institute for Information Systems and Quantitative Methods

Traffic and machine systems

  • Institute of Mechanics
  • Institute for Fluid Mechanics and Technical Acoustics
  • Institute for Psychology and Ergonomics
  • Institute for Land and Sea Transport
  • Institute of Aerospace
  • Institute for Construction, Micro- and Medical Technology
  • Institute for Machine Tools and Factory Operations

Plan Build Environment

  • Institute for Applied Geosciences
  • Institute for Architecture
  • Institute of Civil Engineering
  • Institute for Geodesy and Geographic Information Technology
  • Institute for Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning
  • Institute for Ecology
  • Institute for Sociology
  • Institute for Urban and Regional Planning

Business and Management

  • Institute for Technology and Management
  • Institute for Business Administration
  • Institute for Economics and Business Law


Nightly play of light in front of the central library of the TU and UdK

University library

The university library of the TU is divided into the central library and the two departmental libraries, departmental library for architecture and art studies and departmental library for physics . The central university library is the joint central library of the TU and UdK Berlin in the VOLKSWAGEN-Haus building on Fasanenstrasse (called Volkswagen library ) on the western edge of the Tiergarten as the easternmost boundary of the Charlottenburg campus . The building project, which cost 55 million euros and was opened in 2004, was sponsored by Volkswagen AG with 5 million euros, which is why Volkswagen also gave its name. The library grounds are located on the hippodrome built by Peter Joseph Lenné in 1846/1847 instead of the pheasantry , on which the new mathematics building of the TU is also being built. Besides the University Library's own libraries exist in different faculties: The two largest independent libraries here are The Library Business & Management Faculty of Economics and Management in the main building and the Mathematical Library of the Institute of Mathematics in Mathematics building.

The architecture museum of the Technical University of Berlin is run as a special department of the university library.

Data center

In 1958, the computing institute received the first Zuse Z22 computer from Wolfgang Haack . In 1974 the institute was integrated into the central computer center ( ZRZ ) of the TU. Information and telecommunication services, including the international Eduroam as well as Web 2.0 and social media services, were provided by the successor facility of the ZRZ under the name tubIT until December 31, 2018 . On January 1, 2019, tubIT was dissolved and transferred to the newly established Campus Management Center (ZECM). This restructuring is a consequence of the introduction of SAP.

Central Institution for Scientific Further Education and Cooperation (ZEWK)

The Central Institution for Scientific Further Education and Cooperation (ZEWK) is one of seven central institutions of the Technical University of Berlin.

The four areas of work at ZEWK include, on the one hand, interdisciplinary and supra-university-oriented advisory and cooperation opportunities between science, business, the world of work and society and, on the other hand, a wide range of interdisciplinary, university-didactic advice and training for academic staff and university lecturers at the TU Berlin in all phases of academic research Career. In the implementation of teaching and learning offers, the ZEWK supports scientific staff at the TU Berlin by providing technology and personnel.

In 2006, 2012 and 2018 the accreditation commission of the German Society for Higher Education Didactics successfully accredited the introductory course "Teaching for University's Best" and the curriculum "Promotion of the quality of teaching" of the Central Institution for Scientific Further Education and Cooperation. The aim of this seal of approval is to guarantee that "events and programs meet professional standards, that is, their objectives are legitimized, designed in line with scientific developments and tested in practice."

In 2013, the online teaching team at ZEWK initiated the practice blog: Digital teaching and e-learning at the Technical University of Berlin. The blog offers university lecturers and academic staff an overview of the infrastructure of the TU Berlin and university-wide offers with regard to digital teaching and learning. Interested parties can find digital tools there for use in university teaching and background information on various topics in university didactics . Various formats such as interviews and practical reports as well as audio and video recordings of events offer the university staff of the TU Berlin via this portal the possibility of an interdisciplinary exchange of experiences about digital strategies and fields of application in the respective faculties and institutions.

Collaborative Research Centers of the German Research Foundation (selection)

At the TU Berlin there were and still are numerous special research areas (SFB), large research networks set up by the German Research Foundation . These were:

  • Hospital construction (SFB 159)
  • Biological treatment of industrial and commercial wastewater (SFB 193)
  • Aviation Safety (SFB 212)
  • Anisotropic Fluids (SFB 335)
  • Blades and disks in gas turbines, material and component behavior (SFB 339)
  • Engineering Hybrid Service Bundle (SFB TRR 29)

Affiliated institutes and collaborations

On the right is the new electrical engineering building on the Landwehr Canal


With over 100 courses, the Technical University of Berlin is one of the largest, internationally renowned and traditional technical universities in Germany.

Offered courses with specializations:

Graduates and faculty of the educational institution who later gained notoriety

Wernher von Braun (1912–1977)
rocket designer
Konrad Zuse (1910–1995), developed the first modern computer and the first high-level programming language
Eugene Paul Wigner (1902–1995), Nobel Laureate in Physics 1963
Carl Bosch (1874–1940), Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 1931
Ulf Stahl

Scientists expelled by National Socialism

A selection of the scientists expelled by National Socialism :

Technical Equipment

Research nuclear reactor

Research nuclear reactor SUR BERLIN of the type Siemens teaching reactor . The reactor has been operated by the Institute for Energy Technology since 1963 on Strasse des 17. Juni (first criticality : July 26, 1963) and is to be shut down. The nuclear reactor has been out of service since 2002, and the nuclear fuel (enriched uranium) was removed from the facility in October 2008.



A large part of the subject areas is located on the main campus (also Campus Charlottenburg) on ​​Straße des 17. Juni. There are also other locations in the vicinity, for example the Severingelände (SG) at Salzufer 17-19.

There is also a collection of specialist areas on the Wedding campus in the former AEG factory buildings in Gesundbrunnen and in the Institute for Fermentation Industry and Biotechnology at Seestrasse 13 . There are other locations in Dahlem and on the EUREF site in Schöneberg .

Campus Charlottenburg

The main campus extends over the districts of Charlottenburg and Tiergarten . It is limited by Marchstrasse, Einstein-Ufer, Fasanenstrasse and Hardenbergstrasse . Individual buildings are outside these limits, but are counted as part of the main campus. The Straße des 17. Juni separates the campus into the larger southern part and the smaller northern part.

The main building with the university administration and the largest lecture halls are located here . There, a total of seven sessions of the 2nd and 3rd German Bundestag took place in the large lecture hall of the Physics Institute during the period of German division in 1955, 1956 and 1958 .

Together with external partners, the Solar Powers association, founded in 2014, is trying to multiply the generation of renewable energies on suitable roof areas of the university.

Severing area

Sign at the gate to the Severin site

In 1991 the TU Berlin concluded an inheritance contract with Gustav Severin. The contract stipulates that the university will receive the 19,000 m² site on the Salzufer after the death of the son, but no later than January 1, 2051. A sign at the entrance to the site speaks of a donation.

El-Guna campus

Campus of the TU Berlin in el-Guna

The first campus abroad was opened in 2012 in El Guna, Egypt . On the occasion of the campus opening, a buddy bear was unveiled as a symbol of the special connection between the two study locations. In El Gouna five master’s courses are offered: Energy Engineering, Urban Development, Water Engineering, IT for Energy and Business Engineering Energy. The entrepreneur and TU alumnus Samih Sawiris not only bore the costs for the setup, but also pays for ongoing academic operations.


Professors Vockel and Gobrecht founded the student loan association Berlin-Charlottenburg in 1950 , which in 1951 became the student loan association. V. has been renamed.

See also


  • Hermann Boost : Technical University Berlin-Charlottenburg. In: Michael Doeberl : The academic Germany. Volume 1, Berlin 1930, pp. 461-464.
  • Josef Becker: From the building academy to the technical university. 150 years of technical teaching in Berlin . Berlin 1949
  • Reinhard Rürup (Hrsg.): Science and society. Contributions to the history of the Technical University of Berlin 1879–1979 . 2 vols. Berlin 1979
  • Karl Schwarz (Ed. On behalf of the President of the TU Berlin): 1799–1999. From the building academy to the Technical University of Berlin. History and future. An exhibition by the Technical University of Berlin on the occasion of the 200th anniversary of the Bauakademie and the 100th anniversary of the technical universities' right to award doctorates. Essays. Ernst & Sohn Verlag for Architecture and Technical Sciences, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-433-01735-2
  • Eberhard Knobloch (Ed.): “The shoulders on which we stand” - pioneers of science - 125 years of TU Berlin. Springer, Berlin / Heidelberg [et al.] 2004, doi: 10.1007 / 978-3-642-18916-6

Web links

Commons : Technische Universität Berlin  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files
Commons : Technische Universität Berlin  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. [1]
  2. ↑ The new university management at TU Berlin introduces itself
  3. Christian Thomsen becomes the new President of the TU Berlin . Press release from January 8, 2014 at the Informationsdienst Wissenschaft (
  4. a b c Technical University of Berlin: Facts & Figures. Technical University of Berlin, accessed on June 15, 2020 .
  5. Performance report for 2018 on the implementation of the university contract. Land Berlin, p. 35 , accessed on August 3, 2020 .
  6. Network. List of universities in the DFH network. In: Franco-German University, accessed on October 6, 2019 .
  7. a b c Ernst M. Schmachtenberg (Ed.): Congratulations, Dipl.-Ing.! A seal of quality made in Germany is 111 years old , series of the TU9 . Alliance of leading technical universities in Germany
  8. ^ Berlin University Alliance: Excellence Strategy. Retrieved June 27, 2020 .
  9. ^ State of Berlin: Excellence Strategy. Retrieved June 27, 2020 .
  10. DFG - German Research Foundation: Decisions in the Excellence Strategy: Excellence Commission selects ten Excellence Universities and an Excellence Network. Retrieved June 27, 2020 .
  11. ^ H. Koch: The Technical University of Berlin . In: Zeitschrift für Bauwesen , Volume 36, 1886, Sp. 157–162, Sp. 331–338, panels 19–23, panels 49–50. ( Digital copy in the holdings of the Central and State Library Berlin )
  12. ^ Friedrich Schucht : Agricultural University Berlin. In: Michael Doeberl : The academic Germany. Volume 1, Berlin 1930, pp. 645-646.
  13. Werner Hahmann: How the Technical University of Berlin came into being: Chronicle of the time from May 2nd, 1945 to April 9th, 1946, recorded from personal experience , Berlin: Technische Universität 1963
  14. a b cf. Oskar Blumentritt: Max Volmer (1885–1965). A biography , Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin 1985, ISBN 3-7983-1053-X , 1985, p. 50 ff.
  15. FAQ TU Berlin [2] , on the official website of TU Berlin. Accessed: January 21, 2020
  16. Compare the following link on the history of the Technical University Berlin: History , on the official website of the TU Berlin. Last updated: January 26, 2009
  17. Martin Winter: Departments and faculties, existing organizational structures and current reform projects at universities (PDF, 224 kB) Retrieved on August 10, 2010
  18. Clemens Knobloch: We're not stupid! The entrepreneurial college . Westfälisches Dampfboot Verlag, 2010, ISBN 978-3-89691-790-4
  19. Faculties & Central Institutes . TU Berlin. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  20. Departmental library TIB site already included in the holdings of the central library
  21. Departmental Library Architecture and Art History
  22. Departmental Library of Physics
  23. ^ Capital city portal Volkswagen library of the TU Berlin
  24. ^ ARGE Campus Charlottenburg, 2010: Campus Charlottenburg. The Art Of Ideas
  25. ^ Online encyclopedia Baunetz Wissen : University library in Berlin. Self-service with transponder technology , saved as a memento, downloaded on January 8, 2020
  26. ^ The Economics & Management Library
  27. ^ Mathematical specialist library
  28. Technical University Berlin, Central Facility Campus Management (ZECM), About Us
  29. TUB organization chart
  30. courses and workshops
  31. Technische Universität Berlin: Central Institution for Scientific Further Education and Cooperation: Via ZEWK
  32. eScouts
  33. Central Institution for Scientific Continuing Education
  34. ^ German Society for University Didactics: Aims
  35. German Society for University Didactics: Accredited Programs
  36. Practice blog: Digital teaching and e-learning at the Technical University of Berlin
  37. Teaching Day
  38. ^ German Research Foundation (DFG): Funded projects at the TU Berlin. Accessed July 30, 2020 .
  39. ARGUS GmbH . ARGUS - Statistics and Information Systems in Environment and Health GmbH
  40. About us . DCAITI - TU Berlin
  41. ^ The range of courses at the Technical University of Berlin . TU Berlin. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  42. ^ Obituary Gustav Jung, Eisen und Stahl, Zeitschrift für das Eisenhüttenwesen, Volume 49 (1929), Issue 32, Page 1184
  43. ↑ Site plan of the Institute for Energy Technology, former Department of Energy, Impulse and Mass Transport ( Memento from March 5, 2000 in the Internet Archive )
  44. Research reactors in Germany ( Memento from June 23, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) as of December 2008
  45. There is still a teaching reactor in the middle of Burtscheid . Aachen news
  46. The four Berlin locations at a glance . TU Berlin. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  47. ^ Reichstag building in divided Germany , German Bundestag
  48. German Bundestag: Plenary Protocols 02/106 , 02/107 (PDF files)
  49. German Bundestag: Plenary minutes 02/163 , 02/164 (PDF files)
  50. German Bundestag: Plenary Protocols 03/41 , 03/42 , 03/43 (PDF files)
  51. Make one hundred watts out of one. Retrieved on May 24, 2019 (German).
  52. ^ TU media information: The TU Berlin mourns Gustav Severin
  53. Mutual recognition . In: TU intern , the university magazine of the Technical University of Berlin, No. 12 / December 2015, p. 12
  54. TUB Campus El Gouna. Retrieved June 15, 2020 .
  55. Tagesspiegel: TU Berlin opens campus in El Gouna. Retrieved July 24, 2020 .