Food technology

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Food Technology is a technical scientific discipline that deals with the system and the structures of the production processes of food and the material processes of physical, chemical and biological nature in the overall process of processing, including technological emission management, thus the food technology science, on the basis of technical, economic, ecological and social laws.

The food technology research thus represents the best use of usually agriculturally produced raw material whose industrial processing to foods or food ingredients with high quality and safety standards based on modern technological development, including the environmental protection at the center of activities.

In food production, it is important to use the available ecological and economic resources sparingly and to achieve a high level of enjoyment and nutritional value .

The following processes are used in food production:

  • Mechanical processes such as crushing, pressing and mixing
  • Thermal processes, for example heating and cooling
  • Biological processes such as alcoholic fermentation and the use of bacteria and fungi in cheese production
  • Chemical processes, e.g. B. the coagulation of proteins

education and study

Food technology has been offered as an independent degree in Germany since the 1970s . Depending on the university, the Dipl.-Ing. or Dipl.-LM-Ing. (University of Hohenheim) and the B.Sc. ( Bachelor of Science) and B.eng. (Bachelor of Engineering) in the Bachelor and M.Sc. can be obtained in the Master’s course . Furthermore, there are in Austria two higher technical schools in Wels and Hollabrunn .

The study of food technology has an interdisciplinary structure and makes use of various “classic” natural sciences (propaedeutics), engineering, economics and various specific subjects for specialization and consolidation. The degree of involvement of the various disciplines varies depending on the university.

Natural sciences
Engineering sciences (among others)
Economics (among others)
Specific subjects
  • Fruit and vegetable technology or technology of foods of vegetable origin
  • Technology of food of animal origin

Name of the degree

While in Germany graduates of food technology studies are commonly referred to as “food technologists”, in Switzerland this title is not associated with a degree, but only with a so-called apprenticeship (comparable to the German training). To differentiate, the term “Food Engineer FH” is used for graduates from universities of applied sciences, and “Food Engineer ETH” for graduates from universities. The designation by the abbreviation ETH therefore does not mean that only graduates of the ETH be sought. In Switzerland, after the apprenticeship as a food technologist, there is the opportunity to take the BP professional examination and then the higher professional examination for the federal diploma. To graduate food technologists.

List of German-speaking training centers

Apprenticeship in Austria

In Austria there is also the possibility of learning food technology as an apprenticeship within a dual training program. The duration of the training is 3.5 years.

Web links

See also