At German colleges and universities with a rectorate constitution, the prorector is the title of the deputy rector with his own area of responsibility within the rectorate. If there are several Vice Rectors, the order of representation within the Rectorate is determined. Universities with presidential constitution instead of using pro-rector the title vice president , in Bremen, the term is vice-principal used in Austria Vice Rector , in Switzerland, both are pro-rector and vice-rector and vice-president in use.
Like the rector, the vice rectors are also regularly elected by the university committees from among the university professors . It is seldom the case that a Vice-Rector is elected from among the ranks of the employees , and occasionally from among the students . Most of the time, the prorectors have specific areas of responsibility, and the terms prorector for teaching and prorector for research are often used .