Richard Lucae (born April 12, 1829 in Berlin ; † November 26, 1877 there ; full name: Johannes Theodor Volcmar Richard Lucae ) was a German architect and from 1873 director of the Berlin Building Academy .
Lucae came from an old Berlin pharmacist family. His father was Dr. phil. H. c. August Friedrich Theodor Lucae (1800–1848), first class pharmacist in Berlin, and owner of the “Rothen Adler pharmacy” and a mineral water factory in Berlin. His mother was Caroline Lucae born. Wendel (1803–1870), daughter of Johann Georg Wendel (1754–1834), a professor of drawing at the Erfurt high school. One of his siblings was the doctor and otologist August Lucae . His mother's sister was married to the architect August Soller .
Lucae married in Berlin in 1874 Marie Emilie Luise Schacht (1846–1875), a daughter of the Medical Council and owner of the Polish Pharmacy in Berlin, Julius Eduard Schacht (1804–1871), and his wife Marie Louise Dorothee Löser.
First, Lucae received practical training and completed a surveyor apprenticeship from 1847–1849. At the instigation of Johann Gottfried Schadow , he was accepted into the plaster class and studied from 1850 to 1852 at the Berlin Building Academy. From 1853–1855 he was employed in the construction of Cologne Cathedral and continued his studies at the Bauakademie from 1855–1859, where he also worked as a teacher from 1859. From 1869 he was a member of their academic committee. Student strikes had taken place at the building academy in 1852 because of the slow reform policy of the state building administration.
After a trip to Italy in 1859, Lucae worked as a private architect in Berlin and designed residential buildings and interiors. From 1856 to 1859 the Church of the Resurrection in Katowice was built according to his plans.
Heinrich Friedrich von Itzenplitz , Minister for Trade, Industry and Public Works, applied to "His Imperial and Royal Majesty" at the beginning of April 1873 to appoint Lucae director of the building academy. According to this application, Lucae “had been employed since 1859, in which he passed the master builder examination with distinction, first as an assistant for the teaching of ancient and modern architecture at the building academy, in April 1862 he was promoted to a full teacher and in October 1869 as such, after he had already been awarded the title of professor on October 10, 1866. ”In mid-June 1869,“ he was appointed a member of the technical construction deputation ”and at the end of July 1872 he received“ the character of Baurath ”.
The successor of the center in May 1873 resigned Itzenplitz, Heinrich von Achenbach , described Lucae in October 1873 that "(is) a major transformation, and partly to use other than the current premises of the Construction Academy building necessary" not only. He also criticized the fact that "a room (missing) in the Bau-Akademie [...] is not only desirable, but actually a necessity, namely a large, hall-like place to stay in which the students can relax during the breaks between classes, Enjoying something and being able to smoke. "Lucae saw nothing" luxurious "in this, but the reasons in the following difference:
“The student of the Bau-Akademie does not only listen to individual colleges during the day like the university student and then does not work the rest of the time at home, but spends the whole day with the exception of lunchtime in the Bau-Akademie. Therefore, if he is to love his work home, he must also find rooms there for his relaxation, because otherwise, despite all prohibitions, he looks for it in unsuitable places in the building or outside the academy and in the latter case usually extends further than it is with tolerates serious studies. "
As director, Lucae prepared the reconstruction plans for the building academy in 1874/1875 and the new building plans for the Technical University (Berlin-) Charlottenburg in 1876/1877 . These representative new building plans clearly expressed the right to the right to award doctorates for the technical universities , but this was only introduced 20 years later for the engineering subjects.
He took part in the competitions for the new construction of the Magdeburg City Theater and for the Opera in Frankfurt am Main , both of which he won. Jury member for the Frankfurt competition was u. a. Gottfried Semper , the building of the opera is based on the style of the Italian high renaissance .
Lucae's drawings are now in the Architecture Museum of the Technical University of Berlin . His remains were reburied in the 1930s from the Old St. Matthew Cemetery in Berlin-Schöneberg to the south-west cemetery in Stahnsdorf in a still-preserved collective grave. A memorial stone was later set up by EFEU eV on the original grave site.
Richard Lucae could not produce a certificate for the entrance exam for the plaster class of the building academy. Schadow therefore asked him to simply draw an ear out of his head. When Lucae met the demand with ease, Schadow is said to have accepted him - against all the rules - in the plaster class.
- 1856–1858: Church of the Resurrection in Katowice
- 1857–1859: own house and villas in Viktoriastraße , Berlin
- around 1859: burial chapel v. Lepel , Wieck
- 1860: Villa Kitsche interior
- 1861: Villa Soltmann, Berlin
- 1862: Villa Heckmann, Berlin (original image of Villa Treibel by Theodor Fontane )
- 1866: Villa Prieß, Rostock
- 1868: Fleitmann house, Berlin
- 1868–1870: Villa Henschel, Kassel
- 1868: Villa Dr. Lucae, Marburg
- around 1869: Villa Lucius , Erfurt
- 1870–1871: Villa for Joseph Joachim in Berlin
- 1872: Villa Friderici, Leipzig
- 1872–1876: City Theater in Magdeburg (destroyed)
- 1873–1880: Opera house (called " Alte Oper ") with Lucae fountain in Frankfurt am Main (fountain only built in 1983)
- 1873: House for his brother August Lucae on Lützowplatz , Berlin
- 1873–1874: Drafts for the von Heyden villa , Berlin-Tiergarten
- 1874–1875: Conversion of the Berlin Building Academy (destroyed)
- 1874–1876: Dance hall extension of Villa Siemens, Berlin
- 1875–1878: Palais Borsig in Berlin, Voßstraße 1 (destroyed)
- 1875–1878: Extension for the Prussian Ministry of Public Works in Berlin, Voßstraße 35
- 1876–1877: Design for the Technical University of Charlottenburg in Berlin-Charlottenburg
Lucae has published the following articles in the journal for construction :
- 1865: Schinkel's importance for posterity
- 1869: On the power of space in architecture
- 1870: About the aesthetic development of iron construction
- 1873: Why we celebrate Schinkel
- Eva Börsch-Supan : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 15, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1987, ISBN 3-428-00196-6 , p. 268 f. ( ).
- Holdings on Lucae at the Architekturmuseum der Technische Universität Berlin
- Börsch-Supan, Eva, "Lucae, Richard" in: Neue Deutsche Biographie 15 (1987), pp. 268–269 [online version]; URL: https://www.deutsche-biographie.de/pnd11725942X.html#ndbcontent
- GStA PK I. HA Rep. 89 No. 20399 fol. 134 ff.
- GStA PK I. HA Rep. 76 V b Sect. XV No. 3 vol. 1, fol. 41 f.
- GStA PK I. HA Rep. 76 V b Sect. XV No. 3 vol. 1, fol. 43 r / v
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Lucae, Johannes Theodor Volcmar Richard (full name)|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||German architect, director of the Berlin Building Academy|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 12, 1829|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Berlin|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 26, 1877|
|Place of death||Berlin|