Walks through the Mark Brandenburg
The five-volume work walks through the Mark Brandenburg is the most extensive of the German writer Theodor Fontane (born December 30, 1819 in Neuruppin , † September 20, 1898 in Berlin ). In it he describes castles, monasteries, places and landscapes of the Mark Brandenburg , their inhabitants and their history. Published between 1862 and 1889, the work is an expression of a growing Prussian national consciousness and romanticism . The impressions and historical knowledge that Fontane gained while working on the hikes formed the basis for his later great novels such as Effi Briest or Der Stechlin .
History of the walks
The idea for the walks
The idea for the walks came to Fontane, as he tells in the foreword to the first and in the closing words to the fourth volume, during his literary journey to Scotland in Beyond the Tweed in the summer of 1858. The sight of the old Scottish castle Loch Leven Castle on an island in Loch Leven evoked a wistful image of Rheinsberg Castle with the feeling that the Rheinsberg tour in “home” was no “less beautiful” than the Scottish one. “Well, Mark Brandenburg has that much too. Go there and show it. ”The decision“ born out of love and attachment to home ”to look for the treasures of the landscape and culture at home instead of abroad left him between 1859 and 1889 for thirty years hike through the Mark Brandenburg.
“I crossed the mark and found it richer than I dared hope. Every foot's breadth of earth came to life and gave rise to figures […] wherever the eye fell, everything bore the broad historical stamp. ”The sources of the“ wealth ”found for Fontane were observations and experiences as well as conversations with members of all classes on his hikes. He also immersed himself in letter literature, memoirs , monographs , sagas, legends and novels and carried out thorough studies of history. He sifted through family archives, and in order to inspect the oldest church book in the Mark, he traveled several times to the village of Gröben . He usually cited his sources as comments.
Arches around Potsdam and Berlin
With all historical realism and study of sources, Fontane's way of working also had a chaotic, pleasure-oriented element (“preferably without a prescribed route, whatever the mood”). In connection with this way of working, the arches that Fontane struck around the "big" Potsdam and the "big" Berlin because of his preference for the "small things" are understandable. On the one hand, it was difficult to hike in the two big cities , on the other hand, the source work that he should have done here seemed endless. The villages , small towns, monasteries , aristocratic families , knight families or landscapes described were manageable, the historical source work was limited and could be completed within a given time frame. With this selection, he was able to combine both to a certain extent, as intended, as he pleased - hiking and writing and source work. Even without the detailed recording of the cities of Potsdam and Berlin (which he describes only with a few independent villages that were now incorporated), Fontane had compiled such an amount of material and literature, slips of paper and notes that he temporarily planned the hikes in a total of 20 To bring out volumes.
Fontane recorded his impressions in writing and as drawings in notebooks. A digital edition of Theodor Fontane's notebooks, 21 of which were used for the walks , has been created and published since 2015.
The five volumes
- 1862: The County of Ruppin (subsequent editions during Fontane's lifetime: 1865, 1875, 1883, 1892, 1896)
- 1863: The Oderland (1868, 1880, 1889, 1892)
- 1873: Havelland (1880, 1889, 1892)
- 1882: Spreeland (1886, 1892)
- 1889: Five castles (more like "five mansions" according to Fontane's foreword)
Fontane undertook his first hike in the Brandenburg region in the period from July 18 to 23, 1859, to Ruppinsche . In September of the same year the first essay In den Spreewald appeared and as early as October 1859 a six-part series of essays began in the Neue Preussische (Kreuz-) Zeitung under the title Märkische Bilder . In the morning paper for educated readers , sequels appeared between 1860 and 1864 under the title Pictures and Stories from the Mark Brandenburg . In October 1860, Fontane decided to combine previous articles in one volume. The first volume of the hikes, Die Grafschaft Ruppin , was written and published in November 1861, predated to 1862, by the Berlin publisher Wilhelm Hertz.
The volumes Havelland , which was still called “Osthavelland” in the first edition, and Spreeland did not appear in 1873 and 1882, as stated, but at the end of the previous years. The later complete edition of the first four volumes from 1892 with the final version had the title on its title page: Low-cost edition . For this “people's edition” Fontane made both deletions and additions; Chapters that were deleted at that time are partly reproduced in the appendix in today's complete editions. Essays that Fontane did not include in the books, as well as drafts, plans and versions from the estate are contained in an eight-volume edition of the hikes (1997), which was published as part of the Great Brandenburg Edition on Fontane. The titles of the additional three volumes are:
- Villages and spots in the Ruppin region
- The little country Friesack and the Bredows
- Register of persons, geographical register
In addition to the description of landscapes and places as well as the rendering of history, legends and sagas, Fontane dedicates extensive sections to the Brandenburg landed gentry, important families and knight families - in many passages the "story" consists of "family history". The following overview lists some of the most important families in brackets at the end of each chapter.
The County of Ruppin, 1862
The title refers to the district of Ruppin, also known as the county . Fontane begins the hikes with a detailed description of his hometown Neuruppin , which is around 50 kilometers northwest of Berlin, and its history. The architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel (1781–1841) was born there , 38 years before Fontane . In 1688 Neuruppin became one of the first garrison towns in Brandenburg; two regiments find a detailed description. Walks lead to the Ruppiner See and hikers undertake their first forays into the surrounding area, Ruppiner Schweiz in today's Stechlin-Ruppiner Land nature park with one of the clearest lakes in Northern Germany, the Stechlinsee . The northern Rheinsberg with castle and lake receives a literary appreciation and historical review. Excursions into the river landscapes at Rhin and Dosse and the lake landscapes at Lindow and Gransee follow. The next roads lead to writers in other villages on the plateau of the Ruppin plate as full and Kränzlin or Gottberg , where he first takes insight into church records. Fontane is particularly interested in the records of the systematic devastation of the Ruppin country during the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648, families: Schinkel, Gentz , von Quast , Gadow , von Jürgaß ).
The Oderland, 1863
In addition to the Oder and Oderbruch , the second volume focuses on eastern parts of Barnim and the Lebuser Land . Fontane describes in detail the efforts to drain the Oderbruch and make it usable. From the ruin mountain in Freienwalde the following view of the Oder landscape was offered: “It lies there like a vat, flowed through by three water arms: the lazy, old and new Oder, and dammed by mountains over here and over [...]. For miles only meadows, no fruit fields, no villages, nothing but haystacks dense and countless, [...] just green space; in between some goiter willows; sometimes a boat that glides over this or that arm of the Oder, now and then a wagon loaded with hay or a tiled roof whose bright red is like a point of light on the picture. "
Fontane's pearl of Märkische Schweiz , the town of Buckow and the hills and lakes of this “Switzerland”, such as the Schermützelsee , which he loves , are the subject of the following sections. He also describes Küstrin under Margrave Hans , Friedland , Cunersdorf , Friedersdorf Castle and Neuhardenberg Castle as well as Werbellin , the " Sparrenland " and the " Pfulenland " on the Hohen Barnim . (Families: Uchtenhagen , von Friedland, Itzenplitz , von Görtzke , von der Marwitz , von Massow , von Pfuel , von Sparr )
"The historical (as opposed to" Oderland ") takes a back seat in this third volume, and landscape and genre prevail," Fontane tells us in the foreword to the 2nd edition from 1880. Nonetheless, this volume begins with a detailed, around 25-page historical treatise on The Wends in the Mark and the founding of the Mark Brandenburg in 1157 by Albrecht the Bear , followed by the presentation of The Cistercians in the Mark - all of this in preparation for the chapter on that Lehnin Monastery , founded in 1180 , which in turn almost exclusively depicts its history and comprises around 80 pages. The importance Fontane attaches to this presentation is confirmed by the latest research results on the outstanding importance of the monastery for the stabilization and regional development of the young Margraviate of Brandenburg under its Ascanian margraves.
With the following description of the Lehnin daughter monastery ( filiation ) monastery Chorin , the historical does not recede in the following pages either. There are also the following sections about Oranienburg Castle , cities and villages around Spandau , Brandenburg an der Havel and Potsdam with today's Berlin Peacock Island , with Fahrland , Sacrow , Paretz , Wust , Caputh (Fontane: Chicago des Schwielowsee ), Petzow and Werder are largely excursions into history, Fontane's self-assessment of the volume Havelland leaves the reader somewhat perplexed.
Fontane does not mention the village of Ribbeck , whose name and pear tree are known far beyond Brandenburg through Fontane's famous poem Herr von Ribbeck auf Ribbeck auf Ribbeck im Havelland (from 1889); however, the noble family von Ribbecks is noted in the chapter on Groß Glienicke . Like Potsdam and Berlin, Fontane does not deal with the culturally important city of Brandenburg an der Havel for the reasons mentioned above - but also because he “never got to study what was once the most important city in the state […]”. The Havel, Fontane's cultural stream , received the River Landscape of the Year award in 2004/2005 .
Märkische landed gentry like the von Gröben , von Schlabrendorf and von Thümen families determined the fate of Fontane's so-called Thümenschen Winkel between the small rivers Nuthe and Nieplitz close to Berlin, which as the "Nuthe-Nieplitz lowland" is now the core area of the Nuthe Nature Park -Nieplitz forms. The rivers, lakes, families and villages of this region such as Gröben near Ludwigsfelde , Blankensee , Stangenhagen and Trebbin are the focus of this volume. In the oldest surviving church book in the Mark, in Gröben, he found an extensive source for his research and family histories. Since this area also played an important role in the founding of the Margraviate of Brandenburg, Fontane researched in Saarmund - in vain - for the legendary Nutheburgen from the time of the eastward expansion of Germany into the areas of the Slavic tribes.
In the introduction, the poet of the Mark presents the landscape in what is now the Spreewald Biosphere Reserve, which is unique in Central Europe, with its 970-kilometer network of small and medium-sized watercourses on both sides of the main waterway of the Spree, whose ( Sorbian ) population has been able to retain its linguistic and cultural independence to the present day. The still “compulsory” boat trip from Lübbenau to the village of Lehde impressed Fontane around 135 years ago: “The first half mile is a scenic piece of scenery ... it is the lagoon city in pocket size, a Venice as it was 1500 years ago like [...] you can't see anything more lovely than this Lehde [...]. "
Today's Berlin district Köpenick with the castle , the Müggelsee and the Müggelbergen , a research trip on the Dahme (Fontanes Wendische Spree ), a Whitsun trip in the Teltow to Königs Wusterhausen and Mittenwalde and the description of the battle of Großbeeren and some smaller villages round off the depictions in this volume. (Families: von der Gröben , von Schlabrendorf , von Thümen , Woltersdorf , von Scharnhorst , von Minckwitz )
Five locks, 1889
According to Fontane's summary in the foreword, this historical special work comprises “a history of Mark Brandenburg that continues exactly through five centuries, beginning with the death of Emperor Charles IV and ending with the death of Prince Karl and his more famous son ( Friedrich Karl ) no section of our history, neither in the Joachimic nor in the Frederician times, neither in the days of the Great Elector nor the Soldier King, but least of all in the battles and forms of our own days completely carelessly bypasses. "
The author focuses on the development of the five Brandenburg castles and mansions: Schloss Quitzöbel , Schloss Plaue , Schloss Hoppenrade , Schloss Liebenberg and Jagdschloss Dreilinden , whereby, according to Fontane, only Plaue is actually a castle and otherwise manor houses. Not only colloquially, but also officially, the people of Brandenburg still like to upgrade manor houses to castles, such as the so-called Blankensee Castle or Nennhausen Castle . Because the inhabitants of the Mark in their flat inland ("landscape we have a lot") have no alpine peaks or at least a smaller Mecklenburg beach section, some Markkers sometimes turn smaller hills into true Swiss (Fontanes "many Swiss ") with a mixture of self-irony and defiance , see above) mountain ranges, and occasionally castles from larger agricultural areas. The von Quitzow (" robber barons "), von Königsmarck and von Hertefeld families appear as examples in his work . While the Dreilinden hunting lodge (Berlin-Wannsee) is no longer there, the four other castles or mansions in Plaue , Hoppenrade , Liebenberg and Quitzöbel still exist; the usage concepts and the structural condition are different. Since Fontane, in contrast to the others, describes Quitzöbel Castle in far less detail, there is a presumption that he probably did not enter it.
The hikes through the Mark Brandenburg are still resonating today. Brochures, travel guides and landscape descriptions quote from the Mark Fontane. The historical research has dealt with the work. The author, who is considered one of the most important representatives of bourgeois realism , carried out intensive research on the history of the Brandenburg region for his depictions. The hikes are ascribed a mixture of precise description, cultural and historical background and literary expressiveness of the narrator Fontane.
In contrast to his novels and stories, Fontane wrote the walks primarily for a male reading public. Although he does portray women such as the actress Rachel Félix , the agricultural pioneer Helene Charlotte von Friedland and Julie von Voss , the mistress of the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm II., "In the four-volume monumental work, men's topics and men's biographies predominate". The female life images in the hikes also show that Fontane relativizes their achievements on several levels.
Fontane reached the climax of the historical account with the last volume Five Castles , because, as he explains in the foreword, "If I may call my walks a chat or feature pages, these Five Castles are just as many special historical works [...]." Fontane had not planned this special work as a continuation of the four volumes that had been published up until then; it was only included in the wanderings after his death . In contrast to the fifth, the first four volumes “really hike, and how often I dismiss the knapsack and put the walking stick down to hear the story of the place and person first and then tell it further, I'm always on the go , always on the move and preferably without a prescribed route, whatever the mood. "
The historian Fontane
Fontane did not always incorporate historical changes that occurred during his lifetime in the subsequent editions of his volumes. In the volume Havelland published in 1873, for example, Fontane describes the ruins of the Lehnin monastery, which he had visited before 1870. Between 1871 and 1877 the monastery church was rebuilt and successfully reconstructed. In the foreword to the second Havelland edition from 1880, he said: "I decided, however, with consideration that all reworking and adding usually only creates clumsiness, I finally preferred to leave most of it as it is [...]"
In the closing words of the fourth volume, Fontane quotes, without citing the source, a criticism from his time as follows: “The“ wanderings ”, which are overestimated for more than one page, are works on which the man of the trade, i.e. the professional historian, shrugged or at least as Fontane did not find the criticism necessarily wrong, but considered it unjustified insofar as he never claimed to be ranked among the great historians. "Anyone who simply calls his book" Hikes "and fills the larger half of it with descriptions of the landscape and genre scenes in which coachmen and kossaeans and then again Krüger and sexton make the big difference, has probably indicated enough that he willingly renounce it, to be ranked among the dignitaries and grand cordons of historical science. "
With his representations, Fontane has also achieved great historical significance and reception . On December 17, 1969, the members of the Association for the History of Berlin and the Historical Society of Berlin met in Charlottenburg Palace to celebrate his 150th birthday. In the closing remarks, Ernst Schulin, Vice Chairman of the Historical Society, stated: “He is ... a more likeable and recommendable role model for us than most professional historians; […] “The fact that the historians have now made their peace with Fontane, as mentioned at the beginning, is illustrated not least by the inclusion of the migrations in the literature lists of recent research work, such as in Stefan Warnatsch's dissertation on the Lehnin monastery. The migrations have a source value simply because of their age , regardless of the accuracy of the information in detail and the subjective assessment of his views by historians.
Fontane coined terms such as Thümenschen Winkel , which have survived to this day, and he has recorded and thus preserved some things that no longer exist today. However, the purely historical facts communicated by Fontane are now partly out of date. For example, in the history of the monastery of Lehnin, he draws on the representations of Přibík Pulkava in the Bohemian Chronicle , who traces the name Lehnin back to the legend that the monastery was founded. According to more recent research by Stefan Warnatsch, this interpretation is hardly tenable. Even today, no “hiker” would come up with the idea of looking for the lost fourth Nutheburg (This Fatamorgana of the Zauche Desert) like Fontane in Saarmund, because archaeological research has since shown that this castle was a little further north near Drewitz .
The popular historical image of the emergence of the Mark Brandenburg is based on a historical myth , namely a founding myth . Fontane described the process of the subsequent development of the country and the cultivation of the Slavs most popularly in the volume Havelland, chapter "The Wends and the Colonization of the Mark by the Cistercians " . Since the literary treatment of historical material is most widespread due to its high circulation, non-scientific literature has shaped the popular image of history the most. This popular view of history, which is correct in its narrowest core, but distorted by national-ethnic perspectives, has been relativized by historical-archaeological research results, especially since 1945. The most important differences between the general view of history, which is still effective today and strongly influenced by Fontane, and the current scientific view of history are based primarily on the research results of Germania Slavica .
For a wide audience, Fontane's mixture of local color , stories, anecdotes and legends with the “hard” historical data is still worth reading today; a large number of hiking groups undertake specific tours on its historical footsteps. Even if Fontane never was and did not want to be a historian, in this way he nevertheless contributed more effectively to the understanding of Brandenburg history and to the understanding of the history of the Brandenburgers than some scientific treatises.
Basis for the novels
“He was the first here to realize that a novel can be the valid, lasting document of a society, of an age, that it can shape and convey social knowledge [...] [...] Effi Briest is with Madame Bovary, the Brandenburg country lady next to her Peasant's daughter from Normandy ”wrote Heinrich Mann (1871–1950) in his essay“ Theodor Fontane ”in 1948 . The knowledge of his encounters and historical studies, which Fontane collected during his hikes , laid the foundation for his great novels such as Effi Briest (1895) or Der Stechlin (1899). Barren sandy areas and impassable marshlands, Luche and Elsbrüche , castles and churches, characters and stories that he describes in the five volumes can be found in the novels. The legend of the red rooster, the leitmotif of the "Stechlin", was told by Fontane as early as 1862 in the first migration volume.
The deep knowledge Fontane had gained of the Brandenburg society and its problems in adapting to the changes of the time was shown in his story Schach von Wuthenow, first published in 1882 in the “Vossische Zeitung” . He portrayed the Rittmeister Schach neither as a superficial bon vivant nor as an officer frozen in the Prussian concept of honor, but as a person who is both: a disciplined Prussian officer and a witty man who succumbs to his senses - a contradiction that he cannot unite in life knows and that leads to suicide . Heinrich's younger brother, Thomas Mann (1875–1955), worked on the Buddenbrooks in the year Fontane died and read “Effi Briest” as a fruitful accompanying reading, which he counted among the six best novels in world literature and described it as the best novel since Goethe's elective affinities .
With his late works, largely based on the migrations , Fontane is represented in almost all literary compilations today, for example in the canon (20 novels) by Marcel Reich-Ranicki with Effi Briest and in 2004 in the ZDF survey “ Our best - The great reading "With Effi Briest and Der Stechlin twice among the top 50 as" The Germans' Favorite Book "(20th and 43rd place).
"Lousy poet, out of passion"
While Fontane's novels are better known today, the wanderings were more valued during his lifetime and at the beginning of the 20th century. For all their success, however, they were also controversial in contemporary assessment. They were too liberal for the nobility, too conservative for the liberals. This ambiguous reception reflected Fontane's ambivalent attitude towards the nobility and the state, which has not yet been clarified and perhaps cannot be clarified, but can be interpreted as a contradicting trait of Fontane and can be explained from his biography. On the one hand, Fontane was full of love and admiration for the Prussian nobility, to whom he erected a monument during the walks , and full of admiration for traditional Prussia, which he sang about with eight Prussian songs. On the other hand, he was on the side of the March Revolution in 1848 and wrote skeptical and critical passages as in a letter to Georg Friedlaender on May 6, 1895: “My hatred of everything that is holding the new era is growing steadily. And the possibility, yes the probability, that the victory of the new must be preceded by a terrible battle, cannot prevent me from wishing this victory of the new. [...] Prussia was a lie, the light of truth is dawning [...]. "
Both contemporary and recent reviews have cited Fontane's verbosity. With Herbert Roch, who with his book Fontane, Berlin and the 19th Century from 1962 , had a decisive influence on the Fontane renaissance that began at this time, some chapters gave the impression of a “local junk room ”. Fontane explained this not entirely false accusation, which was similarly raised at the time, in a letter to his wife on August 8, 1883, stating that he was “always quick to come to terms with the so-called main issues in order to dwell lovingly, perhaps too lovingly, on the minor issues to be able to [...] After that I am a louse poet, partly even out of passion; but also because of the absence of the lion. ”(With Laus und Löwe Fontane refers to a sonnet by Vormärz poet Georg Herwegh (1817–1875) quoted by him :“ And if a “lion” stands before you, you shouldn't singing about the «insect» on it ”. As mentioned, the lousy poet made no attempt to tame“ lions ”like Potsdam and Berlin.
While the hikes in the GDR were highly valued, as Brandenburg was a preferred East German recreation area, since reunification many West Germans have rediscovered the travel destination Brandenburg as a location for hikes . After extensive, sometimes still ongoing and often very successful restorations of old village and historical town centers , churches, monasteries and castles, after equally successful renaturation and the designation of further landscapes as nature parks or nature reserves , many historical sites and gems of nature are now presented in the garment described by Fontane. The recent boom of hiking groups and literary trips in Fontane's footsteps, the clubs, events and lectures in the writer's environment are an expression of the Fontane renaissance, which found its preliminary literary climax in the novel "A Wide Field" by Nobel Prize winner Günter Grass .
"The wanderer as he is in the book"
Günter Grass' novel A Wide Field from 1997 bears a quote from Effi Briest as the title and is a unique homage to Fontane. The main character Fonty jumps back and forth between the turning point of 1989 and the time of Fontane, accompanied by her day and night shadow of Hoftaller , the direct speech “Fonty” consists of countless original quotes by the Brandenburg poet - Grass also lets his Fontane visit some places of the hikes and from today's perspective with him comment on the old words.
With the description of a hike “Fontys” on the Baltic island of Hiddensee , Günter Grass commemorates the writer of the Mark and his work “Wanderings through the Mark Brandenburg”, which has been timeless for almost 150 years: “The hiker as he is in the book. We see Fonty from the monastery over the Plattenweg on the way to Vitte, past dog roses and ripening sea buckthorn ... He walks with a stick under his Bulgarian summer hat and wears a straw-yellow linen jacket with light trousers, both a little wrinkled. "
In the novel, Fontane is given the unusual honor of sitting post mortem as “Fonty”, so to speak, next to himself on his own monument from 1907 and celebrating himself: “Of course, my good Neuruppiners, as the memorial, have something magnificent Wetter, was unveiled on June 8th, not the little read novelist, but partout - one could also say exclusively - wanting to honor the poet who wandered through the Mark [...]. "
- 1986 - Walks through the Mark Brandenburg - Director: Eberhard Itzenplitz (with Klaus Schwarzkopf as narrator); a 5-part production from 1985 that was broadcast on ZDF in 1986/87 . Horst Pillau wrote the script . The content and sequence of the five parts were based on the five volumes of the walks .
Various fontane hiking trails were laid out in Brandenburg to trace the trail of hikes . In the northwest of Brandenburg there is a cycle path, the Fontane.Rad -Route.
The Fontane quote on Alexis / Scott from a letter is taken from the contribution by Gerhard Fischer.
The Fontane quote from a letter to Georg Friedlaender dated May 6, 1895 is taken from Dieter Meichsner's contribution.
- Theodor Fontane: Walks through the Mark Brandenburg . 4 volumes. Hertz, Berlin 1862-1882.
- Volume 1: [The County of Ruppin. The Barnim. The Teltow]. Hertz, Berlin 1862. ( Digitized and full text in the German text archive )
- Volume 2: The Oderland. Hertz, Berlin 1863. ( digitized and full text in the German text archive )
- Volume 3: East Havelland. Hertz, Berlin 1873 ( digitized and full text in the German text archive )
- Volume 4: Spreeland. Hertz, Berlin 1882. ( digitized version and full text in the German text archive )
- Theodor Fontane: Notebooks. Digital genetic-critical and annotated edition. Edited by Gabriele Radecke . Göttingen 2015 (includes: 21 hikes - notebooks with first sketches, excerpts and notes that were made during the journeys through the Mark Brandenburg).
The Fontane quotations from the walks are taken from the following edition; they are not listed individually because of the large number of different editions:
- Theodor Fontane: Walks through the Mark Brandenburg . Paperback edition in 5 volumes. Nymphenburger Verlagshandlung, Munich 1971, Frankfurt am Main, Berlin. various ISBN. For the 8-volume edition, see Fontane Complete Edition
- Theodor Fontane: My childhood . Autobiographical novel. 1st edition 1894. Used here: 3rd edition. dtv-text-Bibliothek, 1976, ISBN 3-423-06004-2 .
- Theodor Fontane: Willibald Alexis . Essay, first version 1872. Today in: Theodor Fontane: Schriften zur Literatur , Berlin 1960. Here received after the contribution by Gerhard Fischer, s. u.
- Theodor Fontane: Wondrous Women . Female life pictures from the "Walks through the Mark Brandenburg". Edited by Gabriele Radecke and Robert Rauh. Manesse, Zurich 2019, ISBN 978-3-7175-2500-4 .
Fontane Complete Edition
- Large Brandenburg edition . Edited by Gotthard Erler . Aufbau Verlag, Berlin, since 1994, estimated at 75 volumes. An overview of all the volumes published by Aufbau Verlag can be found on the website of the Theodor-Fontane-Arbeitsstelle . With the completion of the department The Narrative Work , the GBA appears in a different edition; it is now being continued under the scientific direction of Gabriele Radecke and Heinrich Detering at the Theodor Fontane office at the University of Göttingen. The edition of the Aufbau Verlag contains:
- Walks through the Mark Brandenburg in 8 volumes . Edited by Gotthard Erler, Rudolf Mingau. Construction Verlag, Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-351-03104-1 .
- Theodor Fontane: Walks through the Mark Brandenburg . Audiobook, 23 CDs, spoken by Gunter Schoß . Unterlauf & Zschiedrich Hörbuchverlag, 2002, ISBN 3-934384-25-0 .
- Hans-Dietrich-Loock (ed.): Fontane and Berlin . Colloquium Verlag, Berlin 1970 (ceremony for Fontane's 150th birthday). Closing quote from Ernst Schulin p. 46
- Dieter Meichsner: Theodor Fontane and Berlin 1969 viewed from Duvenstedter Brook. In: Fontane and Berlin. see above. Quote from letters to Friedländer p. 31.
- Heinrich Mann : Theodor Fontane , essay. Reproduced in: Fontane and Berlin , s. o, p. 84,85 (written in 1948 on the 50th anniversary of Fontane's death for the Munich cultural press service )
- Gerhard Fischer: The "Brandenburg Walter Scott". For the 200th birthday of Willibald Alexis . In: Berlin monthly magazine ( Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein ) . Issue 6, 1998, ISSN 0944-5560 ( luise-berlin.de ). Quote p. 1, original quote from Fontane letter p. 5.
- Herbert Roch: Fontane, Berlin and the 19th Century . Gebrüder Weiss, Berlin 1962
- Hubertus Fischer: Counter-migrations. Forays through the Fontane landscape. (= Ullstein book. 35237). Frankfurt am Main / Berlin 1986.
- Hanna Delf von Wolzüge (Ed.): Fontane's “Walks through the Mark Brandenburg” in the context of European travel literature . Boarding school Symposium of the Theodor Fontane Archive in cooperation with the Theodor Fontane Society , Sept. 2002 in Potsdam. Würzburg 2003, ISBN 3-8260-2634-9 .
- Erik Lorenz , Robert Rauh : Fontane's five castles. Old and new stories from the Mark Brandenburg. be.bra Verlag, Berlin 2017, ISBN 978-3-86124-701-2 .
- Michael Ewert: Home and World. Fontane's walks through the marrow. In: Konrad Ehlich (ed.): Fontane and the foreigner, Fontane and Europe . Würzburg 2002, pp. 167-177.
- David Darby: Theodor Fontane and the networking of the world: The Mark Brandenburg between pre-modern and modern. In: Roland Berbig, Dirk Göttsche (Ed.): Metropole, Provinz und Welt. Space and Mobility in the Literature of Realism . Berlin / Boston 2013, ISBN 978-3-11-030950-8 , pp. 145–162.
- Michael Ewert: Paths of Life. Forms of biographical narration in "Fontane's walks through the Mark Brandenburg". In: Roland Berbig (Ed.): Fontane as a biographer . Berlin / New York 2010, ISBN 978-3-11-022478-8 , pp. 95-114.
- Brandenburg notes. Fontane - Krüger - Kienzle , Verlag für Berlin-Brandenburg , Berlin 2019, ISBN 978-3-947215-42-3 .
- Gabriele Radecke , Günter Rieger and Krafft von dem Knesebeck: Fontane meets Knesebeck. A journey of discovery to Karwe. Edition Rieger, Karwe 2019, ISBN 978-3-947259-16-8 .
- Robert Rauh : Fontanes Ruppiner Land. New walks through the Mark Brandenburg. be.bra Verlag, Berlin 2019, ISBN 978-3-86124-723-4 .
- Günter Grass : A broad field . Novel. Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-423-12447-4 ; Quotations p. 341, 583f.
- Willibald Alexis : Herr von Bredow's trousers. 1st edition. 1846. (Edition used here: Verlag Neufeld & Henius, Berlin (1925). Detailed description of the Lehnin Monastery. P. 126 ff.)
Technical literature on the historical background
- Stephan Warnatsch: History of the Lehnin Monastery 1180–1542. (= Studies on the history, art and culture of the Cistercians. Volume 12.1). Lukas Verlag, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-931836-45-2 (also: Berlin, Free University, dissertation, 1999)
- Lutz Partenheimer : Albrecht the Bear. 2nd Edition. Böhlau Verlag, Cologne 2003, ISBN 3-412-16302-3 .
- Theodor Fontane: Walks through the Mark Brandenburg at Zeno.org .
- Hikes through the Mark Brandenburg in the Gutenberg-DE project
- New walks through the Mark Brandenburg
- Fontane Society
- Theodor Fontane University of Göttingen
- Theodor Fontane: Notebooks. Digital genetic-critical and annotated edition. Edited by Gabriele Radecke . (fontane-nb.dariah.eu)
- Fontane's notebooks reveal astonishing things about the hikes . In: Märkische Allgemeine Zeitung. March 26, 2019.
- to notes . fontanes-wanderungen.de, accessed on September 3, 2019.
- Erik Lorenz , Robert Rauh : Fontane's five castles. Old and new stories from the Mark Brandenburg. be.bra verlag, 2017 (online)
- Gabriele Radecke, Robert Rauh: Much more than lovers and wives of famous men. In: Theodor Fontane: Wonderful women. Female life pictures from the "Walks through the Mark Brandenburg". Zurich 2019, pp. 163–169.
- Wolfgang Wippermann: "Gen Ostland we want to ride!" Order state and eastern settlement in the historical fiction of Germany. In: Wolfgang H. Fritze (Ed.): Germania Slavica II. (= Berlin historical studies. Volume 4). 1981, p. 190. Herfried Münkler points out the particularly powerful significance Fontane had for the image of history : The Germans and their myths . Berlin 2009, pp. 223-227.
- Fontane.Rad on the TMB Brandenburg website , accessed on January 16, 2020
- Notebooks, digital edition