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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Luckenwalde
Map of Germany, position of the city of Luckenwalde highlighted

Coordinates: 52 ° 5 '  N , 13 ° 10'  E

Basic data
State : Brandenburg
County : Teltow-Fläming
Height : 48 m above sea level NHN
Area : 46.61 km 2
Residents: 20,582 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 442 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 14943
Area code : 03371
License plate : TF
Community key : 12 0 72 232
City structure: 3 districts

City administration address :
Markt 10
14943 Luckenwalde
Website :
Mayoress : Elisabeth Herzog-von der Heide ( SPD )
Location of the city of Luckenwalde in the Teltow-Fläming district
Am Mellensee Baruth/Mark Blankenfelde-Mahlow Dahme Dahmetal Großbeeren Ihlow (Fläming) Jüterbog Luckenwalde Ludwigsfelde Niederer Fläming Niedergörsdorf Nuthe-Urstromtal Rangsdorf Trebbin Zossen Brandenburgmap
About this picture

Luckenwalde ( Lower Sorbian Łukowc ) is the county seat of the Teltow-Fläming district in Brandenburg .



Deciduous forest in the Elsthal

Luckenwalde is about 50 kilometers south of Berlin , which is indicated by the motto Luckenwalde, Luckenkien, 50 kilometers from Berlin. is expressed. North of Luckenwalde is Trebbin , south Jüterbog , east Baruth / Mark and west Treuenbrietzen . It is 49 meters above sea level near the market tower and 77 meters in the vineyards to the west of the city center.

Geographical overview and geology

The city is located in a bay of the Baruther glacial valley , which extends far to the south and merges with a blurred border at Zinna Monastery into Fläming further south . This gentle transition, with its convenient location, certainly promoted the development of the city. A few kilometers southwest (Keilberg) and southeast ( Golmberg ) of the city, however, the border is very sharp.

The Brandenburg Eisrandlage runs through the urban area . This line marks the furthest advance of the Scandinavian inland ice during the most recent ice age (the Vistula Ice Age ) to the south. The vineyards, although the core was laid out during the older Saale Ice Age, are a terminal moraine of this ice advance. The slope of the vineyards to the west forms the associated sand area . In clay and sand pits on the vineyards, both the older Saale-time deposits (mostly clay-like boulder clay ) and the younger, sandy Vistula-Age sediments were mined.

Nuthe and former fire station of the volunteer fire department

Nevertheless, the landscape in and around Luckenwalde is essentially shaped by the glacial valley , sandy to boggy and level. The meltwater runoff in the glacial valley has removed or buried all other evidence of the ice advance except for the vineyards. While the older drains in the glacial valley were still directed to the west, the more recent drainage was already directed to the north. Today the Nuthe follows this direction given by the melt waters of the ice. However, there are indications that the course of the Nuthe initially ran west of the city in prehistoric times and that it continued to flow in the direction of the Pfefferfließ . Corresponding old courses of the Nuthe have been preserved to the south and south-west of the city to this day. Only later did it take its course to the east of the vineyards through what is now the city, although the exact time of the turning of the river has not yet been determined.

The otherwise quite flat glacial valley is noticeably enlivened by inland dunes , which were blown up especially at the end of the Ice Age. Such a drifting sand area begins with the Rough Mountains on the southern edge of the city . A special feature is the active inland dune on the former Soviet military training area Zinna, a few kilometers south of the city. The previously overgrown dune was reactivated by the military (probably a forest fire) and is still in motion today (approx. 1 m per year).

As the nickname Luch im Walde already suggests, Luckenwalde has always been surrounded by large forest areas. The deciduous forests in the area, including pines on sand areas , go directly into one of the largest forest areas in Brandenburg .

Weir at the Königsgraben, a side canal of the Nuthe .

The Nuthe flows through Luckenwalde . This often led to floods in the Luckenwalder city area or the surrounding area, the last major flooding in the city was in 1941. Therefore weirs and canals were built and the course of the river straightened. Some canals are the Königsgraben, the Röthegraben through the park and the Dämmchengraben. In the Middle Ages, the Nuthe was navigable with boats from Luckenwalde to the mouth of the Havel. At that time the river was up to 40 meters wide. Today the Nuthe in the Luckenwalder urban area has been channeled into a two-meter-wide and one-half to 1-meter deep river thanks to the meliorative measures.

The forests and meadows are a food source for wild boar , roe deer and hares . The landmark of Brandenburg, the Red Milan , is also at home here.

Luckenwalde lies on the edge of the Nuthe-Nieplitz nature park .

City structure

After the incorporation of the municipalities of Frankenfelde and Kolzenburg on December 6, 1993, the city ​​of Luckenwalde has the two districts of Frankenfelde and Kolzenburg.

In addition, there are the Elsthal, Lindenberg, Neu Frankenfelde, Vor dem Baruther Tor and Vor dem Trebbiner Tor residential areas .


Prehistory and early history

The presence of people in this area can be proven by archaeological finds in the area since the Middle Stone Age ( Mesolithic ). In the Roman Empire (around the time of the birth of Christ) the area of ​​Luckenwalde was the settlement area of ​​the Germanic Semnones . Burgundians moved west through the area during the Migration Period .

The place Lugkin in the early and high Middle Ages

Since the late 7th and 8th centuries, Slavs immigrated from East Central Europe settled in Brandenburg and Lower Lusatia . The comparatively sparsely populated area around Plane , Nieplitz and Nuthe appears later in the springs as pagus Ploni ("Plane- Gau ") and probably belonged to the settlement area of ​​the Heveller . Up until the beginning of the high medieval settlement in the east in the 12th and 13th centuries and far beyond, Slavs shaped local history.

The Slavic town of Lugkin existed at the point where Luckenwalde is today . Lugkin later became the German name Luckenwalde. Lug means “bay” or “bend, curve”. This refers to the location in a bay of the Baruther glacial valley and to the course of the Nuthe . Another interpretation leads the syllable Lug back to the Slavic term Luch , which stands for a damp lowland.

A wooden castle with a rampart, palisade fence and three water-bearing ditches was probably built in the early 10th century . The inner diameter should have been around 60 to 80 meters. Around the year 1007 Lugkin came under the domination of the expanding Piast state . In the middle of the 12th century - during the Wendenkreuzzug - Lugkin came under the domination of the Wettins . The Slavic castle was razed and replaced by new stone structures.

First mention

The castle complex was first mentioned as Lukenwolde on December 28, 1216, when the Brandenburg Bishop Siegfried II confirmed his archdeaconate rights to the Brandenburg Cathedral Chapter when he assumed office . It formed the center of a Burgward district . The market tower, which still exists today, was part of that castle complex.

Zinna Monastery and development into a trading town

Zinna Monastery

In 1285, the Zinna Cistercian monastery bought the place, the castle and eleven other surrounding villages. Until then, these were in the possession of the Magdeburg Ministerials von Richow. The place was called an oppidum (fortified market settlement). In the following decades the castle fell into disrepair. The monks used the building material to build the St. John's Church. Luckenwalde was at the intersection of two important roads. The salt transport from Halle in the direction of Berlin ran via Luckenwalde.

In addition, Luckenwalde began increasingly and successfully to brew and sell beer. According to Theodor Fontane , the Nuthefließ only seemed to exist "to flow into the [Luckenwalder] vats and brewing pans". This led to a complaint by the city of Jüterbog , which saw its city rights curtailed. The dispute over the beer resulted in a long feud with Jüterbog, which, according to Fontane, was "best fought at all church fairs" and Jüterboger mocking verses like: "Better the rod than Luckenwalde on the Nuthe."

Archbishop Gunther von Magdeburg , however, confirmed the brewing and commercial law on January 9, 1430: "They may brew, if they want, sell and all kinds of craftsmen have, to the extent that the cities are located, have and like to do." Luckenwalde received its first town charter, but remained popularly the village, patch or town. A mayor is mentioned for the first time in 1471. In 1540 Luckenwalde received its first city coat of arms. A linen weaver's guild from 1492 and a wine gentlemen's guild from 1556, a shoemaker, slipper maker, tanner, tailor and blacksmith's guild from 1559. In 1562 Luckenwalde was given the privilege of opening a second market. The brewery guild was founded in 1608. In 1616 there were around 600 to 700 inhabitants in the city. A town hall was built in 1663, but it was destroyed by fire in 1674 with all the files inside.

Brandenburg and development into an industrial city

Since 1680 the city belonged to the Brandenburg-Prussian Duchy of Magdeburg and formed its own circle as an exclave . In 1684 the gear maker Christian Mauhl from Schandau in Saxony founded a company to supply the Prussian regiments. Other cloth and fabric makers follow. From the year 1704 a wheel maker guild has been handed down, from the year 1716 the miller's guild. A year later the bakers 'guild and in 1723 the butchers' guild were founded. The cloth makers formed an association in 1725. The city's first pharmacy opened in 1733 at Markt 4 (in 2015 the Pelikan pharmacy). In 1740 the city had the new cemetery laid out. In 1745 Luckenwalde became an official city. In 1750, Frederick II had the Zinna suburb built southwest of the Jüterbog suburb. Numerous colonists from Saxony and Thuringia settled on his initiative and received two groschen per mile for recruiting . When they arrived in Luckenwalde, the city provided them with a colonial house, one acre of land and one acre of Wieswax. They were also exempt from tax for several years. On June 26, 1752, the magistrate and the citizens were given permission to build a city brick building in order to promote the continued building activity through the production of bricks. Three years later, another 32 colonist families settled in Heidestrasse (from 2015 on Rudolf-Breitscheid-Strasse). The population of Luckenwald exceeded the limit of 2000 for the first time. In 1772/1773 there was an intra-Prussian area swap, as a result of which Luckenwalde left the Duchy of Magdeburg and the Ziesarsche Kreis came to Magdeburg. In 1776, Luckenwalde had 2250 inhabitants in 346 houses. There were 20 guilds in the town, 16 vineyards, 150 horses, 200 dairy cows and 100 sheep.

After the great fire in Gera in 1780 and 1781, 24 families of cloth makers moved to Luckenwalde. Frederick II granted the concession for the “Great Factory” on the Hague, from which the Volltuch factory later emerged. At that time the "Geraer Fabriquen Etablissements bey Luckenwalde" was west of the Nuthe and thus outside the city limits. On November 19, 1808, Luckenwalde finally received complete city rights through the town reform of Freiherr vom Stein . In 1875 some cloth manufacturers switched to hat production and became competition for the hat town of Guben .

In 1811 the community tore down the cemetery wall of the old Gottesackers. In 1828 the city fathers enlarged the market square and had it paved. In that year the first steam engine was put into operation in the Lindenberg spinning mill. The cemetery wall of the New Cemetery was also dismantled and the building material used in 1834 for the construction of the district court at Zinnaer Straße 38. After it was connected to the Berlin - Halle railway line , the Anhalter Bahn , on June 21, 1841 , the city continued to grow. The town hall was built in 1844; In 1851 a gas works. In the middle of the 19th century Luckenwalde was an industrial center , in 1858 there were 15 public buildings, 736 residential buildings and 1169 farm buildings. The Kallenbach cloth factory was founded in 1864.

In 1867 Hermann Henschel patented the paper plate . Luckenwalde developed into the "city of chimneys". In 1876 the first Luckenwalde furniture factory, Hirschel, was founded. Important factories were a piano factory and, since 1878, Otto Hermann Koebe's fire extinguishing equipment factory . Several screw factories started production in 1881. The Stadtsparkasse opened its building in 1884. In 1892 the parish built the Petrikirche in Frankenstrasse; a year later the free church was built on Carlstraße (in 2015 Puschkinallee). Another year later the parish built the Jakobikirche on Zinnaer Straße. A synagogue was built in 1897. That year the first telephone connection in Luckenwalde was put into operation. In 1901 the chronicler counted 19 cloth and buckskin factories, 12 hat factories, 21,000 residents and 1,400 houses in Luckenwalde. A year later, the city renovated the Johanniskirche and expanded it another year later to include the north chapel and the main portal. In 1906 a slaughterhouse opened; 1907 the waterworks. In 1911 the city was connected to the sewer system. Two years later there was electricity in Luckenwalde. In 1914 the community built the Josefkirche in Lindenallee. In 1917 there were a total of 31 companies located in the city that could be attributed to the metal industry. Social democrats and communists were therefore strongly represented in the Weimar Republic . In 1922 the hat factory Steinberg, Herrmann & Co. was founded by Erich Mendelsohn . In 1930 a community building for a school and the city theater in the Bauhaus style was completed.

The prisoner-of-war camp, main camp III A, existed from 1939 until the end of the war in 1945 . Here were prisoners of war detained in ten countries. More than 5,000 prisoners - particularly from the Soviet Union - died, particularly of starvation and disease. The camp cemetery and an exhibition in the local history museum are a reminder of this time.

During the war, the local resistance group " Community for Peace and Construction " existed in Luckenwalde .

During the Second World War , the city was largely spared. There were only a few exchanges of fire when the Red Army took Luckenwalde on the morning of April 22, 1945. In the surrounding area, however, there was heavy fighting in forest and lynx areas between April 25 and May 1, 1945.

Soviet occupation zone and German Democratic Republic

On August 24, 1945 Luckenwalde became the district town of the Luckenwalde-Jüterbog district and replaced Jüterbog in this role. Around 90 percent of the industrial plant ended up in the Soviet Union as reparations . However, the community rebuilt the industry. In addition to the traditional trades, there were companies that produced concrete elements, roller bearings , switching elements and televisions.

With the administrative reform in 1952, Luckenwalde and Jüterbog became independent districts in what is now the Potsdam district .

Spirit from the Falckenthal factory, formerly "Distillery CW Falckenthal Söhne"

Luckenwalde also retained its position as an important industrial location in the GDR . Important companies were VEB Volltuch, VEB Wälzlagerwerk Willy Sägebrecht , VEB Kontaktbauelemente, VEB Baustoffwerk, VEB Feuerlöschgerätewerk (FGL) , VEB Hutmoden, VEB Luwal (shoe factory), VEB Deutsche Piano-Union Leipzig - BT Luckenwalde, VEB Cardboard and Paper, GPG Flower Joy , VEB Plastverarbeitung, VEB Beschläge, VEB Märkische Möbelwerke Trebbin - Luckenwalde business unit, VEB Bright screws, interior design, VEB beverage production (Lucks-Bräu) and the former spirits manufacturer "Distillery CW Falckenthal Söhne" - VEB fine brandies and spirits.

This led to increased residential construction. During construction work on the new Burg area , historical artifacts from the time of the Slavic ramparts were discovered and excavated. In the 1980s, the inner-city Breite Strasse was redesigned into a pedestrian zone ( boulevard ).

A Russian remedial class was set up in the Schmenkel School , which began teaching Russian in the 3rd grade. The sport was promoted with a children's and youth sports school (KJS). The wrestler Hans-Dieter Brüchert of Dynamo Luckenwalde won the silver medal at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal . Hartmut Briesenick , born in Luckenwalde in 1949 , won the European championship title in the shot put in 1970 and 1974.

Already in the GDR the population in Luckenwalde slowly began to decrease. After the Second World War there were almost 30,000 inhabitants, this number fell to around 27,000.

Post-turnaround time

With the turnaround and peaceful revolution , the production of almost all factories collapsed in 1990. A year later, the development of new commercial areas and the targeted search for new settlements began.

In 1993, the parties were Luckenwalde , Zossen and Jüterbog to Teltow-Fläming together. Luckenwalde became the district town of the newly formed district.

Luckenwalder district building

In 1995 the decision was made to build a new district building in Luckenwalde. The 24,800 m² building complex was officially inaugurated in 2000.

The emigration trend from GDR times continued after the fall of the Wall. The population fell from 26,544 in 1990 to 22,111 in 2001 to 20,324 (for comparison here without incorporations) in 2007. The average age rose rapidly due to the emigration of mainly young people and the drop in the number of births . In addition, as in other East German cities, there was an increased vacancy rate.

Its importance as an industrial city was lost. Many businesses have closed and unemployment rose to 23.7% (January 2005). Activities have therefore been undertaken to attract new key technologies - for example in 1997 through the establishment of a biotechnology park - and to strengthen the service sector. In 1999 the railway line was expanded as part of the German Unity No. 8 transport project . In 1999 and 2000 a leisure and sports center as well as the Fläminghalle and the Fläming-Therme were built. Nevertheless, the inner city in particular suffered from heavy traffic. In 2001, the state therefore began building a bypass for the 101 federal highway . In the years 2002 and 2003 the Berliner Platz was built , which was inaugurated on September 20, 2003. On March 4, 2004, the city inaugurated a plaque for the Luckenwalder resistance group on the station forecourt . Stolpersteine have been laid in the city since 2009 .

Population development

Population development in Luckenwalde from 1830 to 2017 according to the table below

Between 1933 and 1990, the city's population fluctuated between 25,000 and 31,000. In 1946, due to the influx of refugees from the eastern regions , Luckenwalde had the highest population in its history with around 31,000. After that, the city continuously lost its inhabitants due to the concentration of residential construction in the capital and the district towns. Since the fall of the Wall in the GDR, this process has intensified due to emigration and declining birth rates due to high unemployment. The city lost over 5000 inhabitants from 1990 to 2014, but has shown a slight upward trend since then.

The figure from 1830 is an estimate, then census results (¹) and official updates from the respective statistical offices or the city administration itself. From 1843, the information relates to the "local population" and from 1925 to the resident population and since 1966 on the "population at the place of the main residence". Before 1843, the number of inhabitants was determined according to inconsistent survey methods.

year Residents
1830 5.110
December 3, 1861 ¹ 10,300
December 3, 1864¹ 11,600
December 3, 1867 ¹ 12,700
December 1, 1875 ¹ 13,861
December 1, 1880¹ 14,706
December 1, 1885 ¹ 16,100
December 1, 1890¹ 18,398
December 2, 1895 ¹ 19,500
December 1, 1900 ¹ 21,000
December 1, 1905 ¹ 22,263
December 1, 1910¹ 23,476
December 1, 1916 ¹ 19,745
December 5, 1917 ¹ 19,607
October 8, 1919 ¹ 22,742
year Residents
June 16, 1925 ¹ 24,796
June 16, 1933 ¹ 25,763
May 17, 1939 ¹ 28,668
December 1, 1945 ¹ 28,788
October 29, 1946 ¹ 30,979
August 31, 1950 ¹ 30,725
December 31, 1955 29,631
December 31, 1960 28,610
December 31, 1964 ¹ 29,215
January 1, 1971 ¹ 29,000
December 31, 1975 28,357
December 31, 1981 ¹ 27,348
December 31, 1985 26,882
December 31, 1988 27,067
year Residents
December 31, 1990 25,668
December 31, 1995 24,185
December 31, 2000 22,389
December 31, 2005 21,373
December 31, 2010 20,471
December 31, 2011 20,230
December 31, 2012 20,154
December 31 2013 20.185
December 31, 2014 20,060
December 31, 2015 20,358
December 31, 2016 20,521
December 31, 2017 20,674
December 31, 2018 20,522
December 31, 2019 20,582

Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census

¹ census result


City Council

As an industrial city, Luckenwalde was classically a “red” city, whose citizens preferred Social Democrats during the Weimar Republic . After the fall of the Berlin Wall, the SPD became the strongest party again and in some cases won over 50% of the votes in state and federal elections. In local elections it was mostly the strongest parliamentary group, but in view of a strong PDS / Die Linke it was nowhere near to regaining an absolute majority.

Local elections 2019
Turnout: 49.4% (2014: 37.4%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-5.8  % p
-13.7  % p
-3.9  % p
+ 15.0  % p
+ 8.1  % p.p.
+ 4.1  % p
-1.4  % p
± 0.0  % p
-2.4  % p

The city council includes 28 elected city councilors and the full-time mayor as a voting member. Since the local elections on May 26, 2019 , the seats have been distributed among the individual parties and groups as follows:

Party / list Seats G / V
SPD 8th −1
LEFT 6th −4
CDU 5 −1
AfD 4th +4
Luckenwalde Ecological Social
& Alliance 90 / The Greens
2 +2
Free voters Luckenwalde 1 +1
FDP 1 0
Farmers' Association Teltow-Fläming 1 0

P / L = change compared to 2014 local elections


  • since 2002: Elisabeth Herzog-von der Heide (SPD)

After winning the runoff election on December 2, 2001, Herzog-von der Heide was officially appointed mayor by the city council on January 5, 2002, re-elected on September 27, 2009 and on September 24, 2017 with 57.3% of the valid votes for a further eight Years in office.

Bundestag election

In the Bundestag election on September 22, 2013, the Luckenwalder partial result of the second vote (only results over 1% of the valid votes cast):

Political party: CDU left SPD AfD Green NPD FDP Pirates
Share of votes: 30.6% 29.3% 25.2% 4.9% 3.1% 2.0% 1.9% 1.4%

coat of arms

Former Luckenwalder coat of arms, 1637

Luckenwalde only received its own coat of arms in 1540, over 100 years after the first town charter was granted . The picture shows the coat of arms from 1637. As in other old versions of the coat of arms, you can see a pelican with open wings. The tree shown, a deciduous tree , symbolizes the brewing right , which belonged to the prerogatives of land and state rule and was reserved only for them. In later illustrations, the tree became a pine .

The current coat of arms of the city of Luckenwalde was approved on November 8, 1995. Its blazon is defined as: “In blue an openwork golden Renaissance shield, covered with gold with two diagonally crossed crooks , angular in front and behind each with a six-pointed star and below by a conifer ; the shield is crowned in silver by an openwork nest with a pelican feeding its four young. ”The Luckenwalder coat of arms thus itself contains the image of a coat of arms, which forms the basis for a pelican's nest. This peculiar shape came about because the people of Luckenwalde wanted to see their symbol, the pelican, placed above the city coat of arms, but the authorities in charge did not want to accept this different form of coat of arms.

The two crooks in the inner coat of arms indicate the ecclesiastical overlords of Luckenwalde: the abbot in Zinna monastery and the archbishop in Magdeburg . The two stars indicate that Luckenwalde is also subject to the jurisdiction of these two cities. They are also symbols of luck and fame . The golden pine indicates the right to brew. Above this inner coat of arms is a pelican nest with four young birds and the pelican mother. Legend has it that during a famine, the mother tore her breast open in order to feed the young with her blood. This symbol is intended to remind of the concern of the city fathers for the citizens.


The city flag (proportion 3: 5) consists of two horizontal yellow-blue stripes of the same width, with the city coat of arms in the upper corner. The center of the coat of arms at a height of 2/3 of a stripe width is in the center of the upper corner. When used as a hoist flag in portrait format, the center of the coat of arms is 2/3 of a stripe width in the center of the upper corner.

Town twinning

During the GDR era, the French city ​​of Dieppe was twinned with Luckenwalde. However, the relationships were no longer maintained after the fall of the Wall. The association for the promotion of international city contacts is currently trying to improve relationships.

After the fall of the Wall, Bad Salzuflen in North Rhine-Westphalia was initially provisionally elected as a twin town on March 2, 1990, and this decision was confirmed after the elections on September 7, 1990.


The list of architectural monuments in Luckenwalde and the list of ground monuments in Luckenwalde contain the cultural monuments entered in the list of monuments of the State of Brandenburg .

City center

The city center is characterized by the market square and the adjoining Breite Straße (colloquially known as the boulevard ).

Kariedelbrunnen on the boulevard

As the city's main shopping street, Breite Straße is completely designated as a pedestrian zone. Here the annual Luckenwalder find Christmas market , whose trademark the fairy-tale characters are the graphic artist Gerd Gebert and a large fir tree next to the Kariedelbrunnen, the tower fixed and Luckenwalder Automeile instead.

St. Johanniskirche, behind it the market tower

The reconstructed Kariedel fountain is in the middle of Breite Straße. The original Kariedel figures were lost in the Second World War. The figures represent two children who are going to kariedeln , i. H. Collect food and put it on sticks.

The historical town hall building and the local history museum are located on the adjacent market square. Opposite the town hall is the Sankt-Johannis-Kirche and only a few meters next to it is the market tower, the trademark of Luckenwald. Market day is several times a week and the place is occupied by the traders' stalls.

Market tower

Market tower, the landmark of Luckenwalde

The market tower is the landmark of the city of Luckenwalde. It stands in the market square a few meters from the church, which led to a local legend:

In earlier times the market tower was right next to the church , it was still a church tower. The Jüterboger, however, were jealous and wanted to steal the church tower. So they loaded him onto a big wagon at night. But they didn't get far, after a few meters the car broke and the tower landed on the ground again. This is where it still stands today.

The oldest parts of the tower date from the 12th and 13th centuries. The Burgwart Luckenwalde ( castrum , northeast of the Johanniskirche in the lowlands, archaeological excavation 1987) was one of the more important Burgwart units in the Nieplitz-Nuthe area.

The tower of the parish church of St. Johannis has served as a bell tower since 1484 . He is 38 m high. When the weather is clear, you can see the Berlin television tower 50.5 km away from its viewing platform .

St. John's Church

The town's main church was built in the late Gothic style in the 15th century.

St. Jakobi Church

The St. Jakobi Church was built between 1892 and 1894 according to plans by the secret senior building officer Prof. Dr. Friedrich Adler built. The Empress and Queen Auguste Victoria took over the protectorate (from Latin protegere, 'to protect') . The architectural style was based heavily on Romanesque motifs. The tower has a height of 72 meters. The tower clock, manufactured in the Berlin clock factory C. F. Rochlitz, embodied the state of the art in 1893 and was presented to the public as a technical novelty on the occasion of the world exhibition in Chicago . The oak pulpit and the sound cover were made in the workshop of wood sculptor Gustav Kuntzsch in Wernigerode . The organ , built by the organ building company Gebrüder Dinse (Oswald [1845–1918] and Paul Dinse [1849–1916]), Berlin , was placed in a display case that had been manufactured by the Gustav Kuntzsch company.

city ​​Park

View through the city park

The city ​​park is a park on the edge of Luckenwalde. Paths, small forests, bushes, meadows and a park café form the basis for the park as an excursion destination. Part of the city park is taken up by the city zoo. Around 200 animals of 39 species live on the approximately two hectare site. A park festival is held once a year. The festival meadow used as an event location is right next to the city park.

Vierseithof art gallery

Vierseithof art gallery in Luckenwalde

The four-sided courtyard, which is now used as a hotel and is a listed building, was built between 1780 and 1785 at the instigation of Frederick II of Prussia , who had a cloth manufacture, the so-called large factory, set up here for the fabric makers who had become homeless as a result of a city fire in Gera . Today's art gallery (opened in autumn 1997) is located in the former turbine hall. In addition to works by well-known contemporary artists from Germany and abroad, it also exhibits works by young artists from East Germany .

The art gallery is run by the Association of Friends and Supporters of the Vierseithof Art Gallery in Luckenwalde” , chaired by the Berlin artist Reinhard Stangl . In addition to the exhibitions, the Kunsthalle also offers other cultural events such as music , theater or readings .


The HeimatMuseum Luckenwalde with the permanent exhibition opened in 2006 and numerous other offers shows from a historical perspective how, for example, resolutions by monarchs and politicians, inventors and factory owners, economic crises, the years of National Socialism, the planned economy and the monetary union shaped the life of Luckenwald.

There is also a Red Cross Museum in Luckenwalde, supported by the Rotkreuz Museum Foundation in the State of Brandenburg. It was expanded in 2012.


Today's Elsthal landscape protection area is a lowland in the south of Luckenwalde through which the Nuthe flows. That is why the Elsthal was repeatedly hit by floods in the past. Until the middle of the 20th century, people skated on the frozen Elsthalwiesen in winter . A river bathing establishment existed here as early as 1861, a natural swimming pool that was replaced by a modern outdoor pool in 1925. The Elsthal is still a beautiful, natural excursion destination today. In addition to the outdoor pool, which was renovated in the 1980s, the excursion destination is the Elsthal hunting restaurant.

The thousand-year-old linden tree in Elsthaler Hof, at the northern end of Elsthaler Straße, is a natural monument in Elsthal that is well worth seeing .

There is also a garden settlement in the Elsthal. The city park is in the neighborhood of the Elsthal, on the other side the Flaeming-Skate runs .

More Attractions

Erich Mendelsohn's hat factory

From 1928 to 1930 the city ​​theater and the Friedrich-Ebert-Grundschule were built in the style of the New Building . To this day it is a center of cultural life in Luckenwalde, where concerts, theater performances and official receptions take place.

The "Fläming-Therme" leisure pool and the former school building at Am Markt 12a, which was restored in summer 2003 and which now houses the cultural and meeting place, should also be emphasized . The building was erected in the middle of the second half of the 18th century on the disused cemetery of St. John's Church. During the restoration, numerous graves were found around the building. The former post office building in neo -renaissance style was built in 1890/1891. The postal service ceased in 1997.

On the outskirts there is a first-rate industrial monument, the former hat factory Friedrich Steinberg, Herrmann & Co. , which was built between 1921 and 1923 based on designs by Erich Mendelsohn , one of the most important architects of the 20th century.

The forest cemetery was built in 1921/1922 according to plans by the Austrian architect Richard Neutra as the first cemetery in the city that was open to all denominations .

The ruins of the “Kontaktbauelemente” factory in Mauerstrasse have been adorned with a giant poster of a painting by the Leipzig artist Aris Kalaizis since 2011 . This poster is easy to view from the train for train drivers on the ICE route Berlin-Leipzig.

The Church of St. Petri is a neo-Gothic hall church from the years 1890 to 1892.

Historical monuments

Former synagogue with a memorial plaque
  • Monument from 1979 in the city ​​park of the Luckenwalde district for the victims of the main camp III A in the Frankenfelde district
  • War cemetery Stalag cemetery on the historical site, with
    • Cemetery and memorial for the Italian military internees
    • Central memorial place with marble plaque for French prisoners
    • Field with individual and collective graves from different nations
    • Large complex with mass graves of the Soviet victims including a memorial wall
  • Honorary grave from 1946 in the cemetery at Baruther Tor in the Luckenwalde district for prisoners of war and forced laborers from eight countries
  • Commemorative plaque on the corner of Breiten and Parkstrasse for the worker sportsman Ernst Kloß , who was murdered there by SA men in 1933
  • Memorial plaque at the town hall on the market to several victims of the Nazi regime
  • Memorial plaque from 1988 at Puschkinstrasse 38 on the former synagogue from 1897 to commemorate the persecution of the Jewish community
  • Memorial stone from 1988 on the site of the former Jewish cemetery , which was established in 1818 and devastated in 1943

Air raid systems

  • Salzgitter bunker next to the Friedrich-Ebert-Schule
  • Air raid shelter "Am Weichpfuhl" day care center

Natural monuments

See the list of natural monuments in Luckenwalde

Economy and Infrastructure

Luckenwalde possessed great importance as an industrial city , since the German reunification , the developed tourism to the economic focus of the city and its surroundings.


The business location was determined in 2005 by the state of Brandenburg as one of 15 regional growth centers in the state. This promotes selected future-oriented industries.

  • On the former Volltuch site there is now a housing estate, hotel and art gallery Vierseithof as well as a bowling alley .
  • The buildings of the former spirits factory Gebrüder Falkenthal , whose best-known product was the Zinnaer Klosterbruder , were partially demolished in 2006 after the business was closed. The main building, however, has now been fully refurbished and is the eye-catcher of the new Luckenwalde industrial estate .
  • Rosenbauer Feuerwehrtechnik GmbH (formerly Metz-FGL Feuerwehrtechnik GmbH or Koebe ).
  • Hesco Kunststoffverarbeitung GmbH , formerly known as "Plasteschulze" (Helmut Schulze), largest cable clamp manufacturer in the GDR, successively nationalized and expropriated, reprivatised in 1990.
  • Luckenwalder Fleischwaren GmbH ( Luckenwalde was already known for its sausage production in the Middle Ages ).
  • European Panel Factory of Nanosolar GmbH , a subsidiary of Nanosolar Inc. based in San José (California) for the manufacture of photovoltaic panels (renamed to Smartenergy 2013; insolvency 2016)
  • Luckenwalder Specialty Brewery can look back on a brewing tradition of more than 100 years. The brewery filled beers in swing top bottles . The brewery later belonged to the owner family of the Peniger specialty brewery , which also took over the bottling in recent years. Brewing was stopped in 2012.
  • former Luckenwalder Tüten- u. Papptellerfabrik GmbH (originally founded by Hermann Henschel ), active until 2012.
  • The Niendorf grand piano and piano factory has existed since 1896.

Public facilities

The city is the seat of the Luckenwalde district court responsible for the southern part of the Teltow-Fläming district .


The federal highway 101 between Trebbin and Jüterbog ran through Luckenwalde until the bypass was completed in 2013 and has since then been extended to the west of the city with multiple lanes. The state road L 73 between Michendorf and Baruth / Mark crosses the city area.

Luckenwalde train station

The station Luckenwalde is located at the Berlin-Halle railway . The trains of the Regional Express line RE 3 Stralsund / Schwedt - Berlin - Falkenberg (Elster) / Lutherstadt Wittenberg stop here . The station building has been used by the city library for several years. After its modernization, a mobility center was set up in the former post station. The station ensemble is now a listed building .

The Kolzenburg station on the Zossen – Jüterbog line was closed in 1976.


The “ Flaeming-Skate ” skate track runs in the area of ​​Luckenwalde . Luckenwalde offers two entry points to the skate track for skaters and cyclists - one at the Kreishaus, one in Elsthal - and is therefore the gateway to Fläming-Skate . With a length of around 230 km, it is the longest inline skating route in Europe.

There is a BMX facility in the immediate vicinity of the skate track . It consists of three starting hills, has jumping hills and steep curves.

Club life

There are almost 30 sports clubs in Luckenwalde. Probably the largest of these is the 1. Luckenwalder Sportclub (1. LSC) with its wrestling and swimming departments. In March 2006 (2005/2006 season) LSC became the 1st German team champion in the 1st Bundesliga in wrestling . Wrestlers of the BSG Dynamo Luckenwalde took part in the Olympic Games, World and European Championships in the 1960s to 1980s.

The football club FSV 63 Luckenwalde has been playing in the Northeast Regional Football League , the fourth-highest division in German football , since the 2015/2016 season . In addition, in the run-up to the 2006 World Cup , he was drawn as the winner of the Club 2006 campaign to play against the German national soccer team . The game took place on May 16, 2006 in the Carl Benz Stadium in Mannheim . Germany won 7-0.


Memorial plaque for Fontane
Memorial plaque for Rudi Dutschke

Theodor Fontane visited the city and devoted his own chapter to Luch in the forest in the hikes through the Mark Brandenburg . There is a memorial plaque in the market square that commemorates Fontane. The Heimatverein also organizes Fontane readings.

Honorary citizen

sons and daughters of the town

Personalities associated with Luckenwalde


In alphabetical order by authors / editors:

  • Thomas Drachenberg: The building history of the city of Luckenwalde: from 1918–1933 (= research and contributions to the preservation of monuments in the state of Brandenburg . Volume 2). Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft, Worms 1999, ISBN 978-3-88462-168-4 .
  • Theodor Fontane: Walks through the Mark Brandenburg. Spreeland. Luch im Wald 4. Ullstein, Frankfurt am Main 1998, ISBN 3-548-24381-9 (quotations from this edition).
  • Christa and Johannes Jankowiak: On the way to Nuthe and Nieplitz . Stapp, Berlin 1995, ISBN 3-87776-061-9 .
  • Uwe Mai: Prisoner of war in Brandenburg, Stalag III A in Luckenwalde 1939–1945 . Metropol, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-932482-25-5 .
  • Dieter Noeske, Dieter Funke, Uta Högel: Luckenwalde in the Brandenburg region . Wartberg, Gudensberg-Gleichen 1993, ISBN 3-86134-132-8 .
  • Roman Schmidt: Luckenwalde . Sutton, Erfurt 2000, ISBN 3-89702-185-4 .
  • Ines Sommer: Luckenwalde: To count on the freedom in bananas . Edition Contemporary History, Vienna 2009, ISBN 978-3-9501836-7-2 .

Web links

Commons : Luckenwalde  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
  2. Main statute of the city of Luckenwalde from October 5th, 2010 (PDF; 31 kB)
  3. ^ Service portal of the state administration Brandenburg. City of Luckenwalde
  4. Dietrich Maetz: Die Zinnaer Vorstadt - A look into the history of the Colonisten Etablissements in front of the Jüterboger Tor between 1750 and 1755 , published in the Pelikan-Post, Luckenwalde, issue 8, week 18, April 28, 2015.
  5. Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. District Teltow-Fläming . Pp. 18-21
  6. Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2017 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
  7. ^ Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
  8. ^ Result of the local elections on May 25, 2014
  9. ^ Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
  10. Local elections October 26, 2003. Mayoral elections , p. 33
  11. Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
  12. ^ Result of the mayoral election on September 24, 2017
  13. site Luckenwalde federal election 22.Sep.13 second vote Luckenwalde
  14. Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
  15. HeimatMuseum Luckenwalde. City of Luckenwalde, accessed on March 25, 2018 .
  16. Archived copy ( memento of the original dated November 22, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  17. Eckart Roloff and Karin Henke-Wendt: First aid with many stations. (Foundation Rotkreuz-Museum im Land Brandenburg, Luckenwalde) In: Visit your doctor or pharmacist. A tour through Germany's museums for medicine and pharmacy. Volume 1, Northern Germany. S. Hirzel, Stuttgart 2015, pp. 46–47, ISBN 978-3-7776-2510-2 .
  18. "Thousand-year-old Linden in Luckenwalde" in the tree register at
  19. Air-raid shelter / Bunker Kita Luckenwalde at
  20. pv magazine: Deutsche Nanosolar becomes Smartenergy Renewables Germany and introduces new management. November 13, 2013, accessed June 5, 2019 (German).
  21. ^ Solar company Smart Energy is broke. Retrieved June 5, 2019 .
  23. Luckenwalde bypass now complete: Infrastructure Minister Jörg Vogelsänger will open the road the day after tomorrow Press release from the Brandenburg Ministry of Infrastructure and Regional Planning
  24. Luckenwalde. To count on the freedom in bananas. on
  25. ^ Erik Heier: Dutschke and the monument dispute , the daily newspaper, May 29, 2007