San Jose (California)

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San Jose
Nickname : Capital of Silicon Valley
Seal of San José
Flag of San Jose
Location in California
San Jose (California)
San Jose
San Jose
Basic data
Foundation : 1777
State : United States
State : California
County : Santa Clara County
Coordinates : 37 ° 18 ′  N , 121 ° 52 ′  W Coordinates: 37 ° 18 ′  N , 121 ° 52 ′  W
Time zone : Pacific ( UTC − 8 / −7 )
Inhabitants :
Metropolitan Area :
1,026,350 (as of 2016)
1,978,816 (as of 2016)
Population density : 2,266.2 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 461.5 km 2  (approx. 178 mi 2 ) of
which 452.9 km 2  (approx. 175 mi 2 ) is land
Height : 26 m
Postcodes : 95101-95103, 95106, 95108-95139, 95141, 95142, 95148, 95150-95161, 95164, 95170-95173, 95190-95194, 95196
Area code : +1 408
FIPS : 06-68000
GNIS ID : 1654952
Website :
Mayor : Sam Liccardo ( D )
San jose satellite map.jpg
Satellite image

San José [ ˌsænhoʊˈzeɪ ] (Americanized to San Jose ) is a city in California and the seat of the county administration of Santa Clara County . According to the last census in 2010, the city had 952,555 inhabitants (2016 estimate: around 1,000,000, US Census Bureau). It is located at the southern end of San Francisco Bay within the informal boundaries of Silicon Valley .

The name San José corresponds to the Spanish spelling from the time the city was founded. Names with special national characters are usually not used in the USA, so the spelling San Jose is usually used there. However, the Spanish name is used on the city's official website.

The city is the seat of San José State University and the seat of the Diocese of San Jose in California .


According to the 2010 census , the city had a population of 945,942 ( 2004: 904,522, 2001: 894,943 ), making it the largest city in Northern California and the third largest in California after Los Angeles and San Diego .

According to an estimate by the US Census Bureau , the city had 1,025,350 inhabitants in 2016. Currently (2016) San José is the tenth largest city in the United States in terms of population.

The city of San Jose shows a rapid growth in population : From 1950 to 2010 the population increased tenfold. From 1980 to 2010 it still rose over 50%.

year Residents¹
1950 95,280
1960 204.196
1970 459.913
1980 629,400
1990 782.248
2000 903.937
2010 952.555
2016 1,025,350

¹ 1950–2010: census results; 2016: US Census Bureau estimate

According to the 2010 census, the population was 28.7 percent white and 3.2 percent African-American; 32.0 percent were of Asian origin. 26.9 percent of the population were Hispanics . The median income per household was 2,017 at 96,662 US dollars . 10 percent of the population lived below the poverty line. The poverty rate was one of the lowest of any major American city.


Plaza de César Chavez in the city center

The city covers an area of ​​461.5 km², of which 452.9 km² are land and 8.6 km² are water (1.86 percent). The Guadalupe River rises in the Santa Cruz Mountains (which separate the South Bay from the Pacific coast), then flows north through San José and ends in San Francisco Bay near Alviso . This river is known as the only spawning area for salmon where they have to migrate through the inner city of a large city.

The lowest point in San José is the sea level on San Francisco Bay near Alviso, the highest is at 1,327 meters on Copernicus Peak, Mount Hamilton .

City structure

The city is divided into the following districts :

  • Center: Downtown San Jose, Japantown , Rose Garden, Sunol-Midtown, Willow Glen, Naglee Park, Newhall / College Park
  • North: Alviso, Berryessa, North Valley
  • East: Evergreen, Alum Rock, East Foothills , King and Story, Little Portugal
  • South: Almaden Valley, Blossom Valley, Coyote Valley, Evergreen, Santa Teresa, San Felipe Valley, Silver Creek Valley
  • West: Burbank, Cambrian Park, West San Jose, Winchester


San Jose around 1875

El Pueblo de San José De Guadalupe was founded on November 29, 1777 and was the first settlement in Alta California that did not emerge from a mission or military post. The city was founded as an association of farmers who produced food for the presidios of San Francisco and Monterey .

On March 27, 1850, San Jose was the first city to be incorporated into the US state of California. It was also the first capital of the state to hold the first two legislative assemblies in 1850 and 1851.

San Jose, with its almost 200 ethnic groups, is a prime example of successful integration policy ( see the sociology of migration using the example of San Jose )

Economy and Infrastructure

San José is mainly a dormitory city for people commuting to the surrounding communities of the Silicon Valley . Because of the high incomes achieved there, the city has the highest median income per household of all major US cities of 96,662 USD in 2017. Due to specific regulations in California, the municipal finances do not benefit from this, so that the city administration has hardly been in the city since shortly after the turn of the millennium Is able to fulfill its central functions.

The metropolitan area of ​​San José, which also includes the neighboring cities of Sunnyvale and Santa Clara, generated an economic output of 252 billion US dollars in 2016. The GDP per capita was $ 119,695, making it the second richest metropolitan area in the country.


San José is the headquarters of companies such as Cypress Semiconductor Corporation and its solar offshoot, SunPower . Both companies maintain their research and development departments here as well as their headquarters. In addition, eBay , Cisco , Netgear and the software group Adobe Inc. have their headquarters in San José. IBM has a development center in Santa Teresa (Silicon Valley Lab) and a research center in Almaden Valley (Almaden Research Center).


Air traffic

There are some international short, medium and long haul routes from San José Airport . The American flag carriers American Airlines , Delta Airlines , Hawaiian Airlines and Southwest Airlines offer point-to-point connections to many transfer airports in metropolitan areas within the USA, including New York , Atlanta , Chicago and Los Angeles . International long-haul routes are served by ANA to Tokyo , Lufthansa to Frankfurt , British Airways to London Heathrow and Hainan Airlines to Beijing .

More international destinations, especially long-haul flights, are mostly served by the larger San Francisco International Airport , this airport is the ninth largest in the USA and the second largest on the west coast. It is connected with a direct bus shuttle.

Railways and public transport

The city's central train station is Diridon Station and is located downtown. The train connections along the west coast and in the San Francisco Bay Area are operated by Amtrak and Caltrain, respectively. The Altamont Corridor Express , which runs as a regional train through California, is also located on site. The inner-city tram VTA Light Rail runs to the train station as the central stop in the city.



Near the city center which is SAP Center , a closed multi-purpose arena, among other things, by the San Jose Sharks , the NHL - Hockey Team , is used in the city. Other events such as concerts and the annual SAP Open tennis tournament also take place here. The San José Earthquakes soccer team , which plays in Major League Soccer , plays its home games in nearby Santa Clara .

Town twinning

Sister cities of San José are

Sons and Daughters of the City (selection)

Basilica of St. Joseph
Rotunda City Hall of San José

See also

Web links

Commons : San José (California)  - Collection of images, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. City of San José - About San José
  2. US Census Bureau: American FactFinder - Community Facts. Retrieved November 8, 2017 .
  3. Citylab: Budget Woes in One of America's Wealthiest Cities , February 25, 2016
  4. ^ US Department of Commerce, BEA, Bureau of Economic Analysis: Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved July 4, 2018 (American English).
  5. Per capita US Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2016, by metro area | Statistic. Retrieved July 4, 2018 .
  6. ^ San Jose's Sister City Program . Retrieved May 17, 2014
  7. Guadalajara is New Sister City for San Jose, March 3, 2014