Chicago O'Hare International Airport
|O'Hare International Airport|
|Height above MSL||203.6 m (668 ft )|
|Distance from the city center||25 km northwest of Chicago|
|Street||I-90 / I-190 / I-294 / US 45 / IL-19 / IL-72|
|train||METRA North Central Service|
Elevated Railway :
CTA Chicago Elevated Blue Line
Pace Route 250/330
|operator||Chicago City Department of Aviation|
|Air freight||1,862,353 t (2018)|
|04R / 22L||2461 m × 46 m asphalt|
|04L / 22R||2286 m × 46 m asphalt|
|09R / 27L||2428 m × 46 m asphalt|
|09L / 27R||2286 m × 46 m concrete|
|10R / 28L||2286 m × 46 m concrete|
|10C / 28C||3292 m × 61 m concrete|
|10L / 28R||3962 m × 46 m asphalt|
The O'Hare International Airport ( IATA : ORD , ICAO : KORD ) is the largest international airport in the city of Chicago in the state of Illinois , USA . In 2018, it was the third busiest airport in the country with an annual passenger volume of 83,245,472 passengers after Atlanta and Los Angeles . It was also the sixth largest airport in the world in 2018 . It is the largest airport in the world by the number of flight movements. The O'Hare International Airport is the destination of numerous intercontinental flights and forms the most important aviation hub of the airline United Airlines , but also acts as the second most important hub of the competitor American Airlines .
The airport complex, which currently has a total of eight runways, houses four large passenger terminals with 191 gates for national and international arrivals and departures. Terminals one to three are used for domestic flights, while terminal five is used for international air traffic. Terminal Four no longer exists after the old international departure lounge was converted into a Chicago city bus transportation hub. The Chicago Elevated Blue Line links the airport to the Chicago Transit Authority's local public transport system.
The airport is named after Edward O'Hare , who served as a pilot during World War II . Next to it there is another airport in Chicago , the Chicago-Midway Airport . A small airfield built on Lake Michigan, Merrill C. Meigs Field Airport , was demolished in 2003.
Location and transport links
Chicago O'Hare International Airport is located 25 kilometers northwest of downtown Chicago . The airport is mostly in the area of the city of Chicago, smaller parts are in the area of the places Bensenville , Des Plaines and Schiller Park . In addition, a large part of the airport area is in Cook County , a small part is in DuPage County .
Both terminal complexes are on Interstate 190 . East of the airport, Interstate 190 crosses US Highway 45 , Interstate 294 and joins Interstate 90 . In addition, Illinois Route 19 runs south of the airport, while Illinois Route 72 runs north of the airport.
Chicago O'Hare International Airport is integrated into local public transport by the Chicago Elevated Blue Line, METRA North Central Service and two bus routes . The Chicago Elevated Blue Line only stops at the western terminal complex. The trains of the Metra North Central Service do not stop directly at the terminals, but at three train stations at the airport. The northern train station, the O'Hare Transfer Station , is located next to the O'Hare Multi-Modal Facility , which is connected to the terminals via the People Mover Airport Transit System . In addition, routes 250 and 330 of the bus operator Pace stop at car park E.
The airport was originally built during the 1942-1943 war as a works airfield for the Douglas Aircraft Company , which manufactured C-54 Skymaster machines here . The contract with Douglas expired in 1945 and plans to build civil aircraft here came to nothing. After the plant was closed, the airport was renamed Orchard Place Airport and formed the basis for the IATA code ORD, which is still valid today . In 1949, in honor of the naval aviator Lt. Cmdr. Edward "Butch" O'Hare changed the name to the name that is still valid today.
In the early 1950s, Chicago-Midway Airport, Chicago 's main airport since 1931, became too busy; Midway was not suitable for the emerging first generation jet planes. The city of Chicago and the United States Federal Aviation Administration set out to develop O'Hare as the future city airport. The first scheduled flights started in 1955, a terminal for international flights was built in 1958, but it wasn't until the expansion in 1962 that domestic air traffic shifted from Midway here. With around ten million air passengers annually, Chicago-O'Hare Airport suddenly became the busiest airport in the world and doubled the number of passengers in the two years that followed. In 2005 O'Hare counted around 76 million passengers. The new 09L / 27R runway was opened in November 2008. All slopes are equipped with CAT IIIb equipment .
In 2003, with the closure of runway 18/36, a major renovation began, which was originally supposed to be completed by the end of 2015 and the cost of which amounts to 8.2 billion US dollars. The runway system is to be changed in order to handle even more passengers. This had become necessary because the previous configuration had led to an intersection with another at each runway. In contrast, the new configuration is almost free of crossings. Three runways are to be demolished, four new ones built and two extended. In addition, the terminal configuration should change. This is intended to increase the possible flight movements from 2700 daily in 2011 to 3800 per day. The runway 9L / 27R was renamed to 9R / 27L in 2007.
In 2008 runway 9L / 27R and then 10C / 28C in 2013 were completed and opened, as well as 14R / 32L shortened to avoid crossings, while the former runway 10/28 was renamed 10L / 28R. Phase 2 of the renovations was thus completed. The southernmost runway 10R / 28L was opened on October 15, 2015. Since the southern runways are very far from the previous tower at Terminal 2, a second one was built in the southern freight area.
Runway 14R / 32L has meanwhile been renamed 15/33.
The further conversion concerns the closure of runway 14L / 32R and the construction of the last planned further runway directly north parallel to 9R / 27L, as well as the reconfiguration of the terminals.
Chicago O'Hare International Airport covers 2,914 acres.
Chicago O'Hare International Airport has a total of seven runways , five of which run parallel to each other in an east-west orientation, the remaining two run in a parallel northeast-southwest orientation. All runways except runway 04L have instrument landing systems (ILS). Another runway is under construction, while three runways have been closed.
|04L / 22R||2286 × 46||asphalt||North East South West||1943|
|04R / 22L||2461 × 46||asphalt||North East South West||1971|
|09L / 27R||2286 × 46||concrete||East West||11/20/2008|
|09R / 27L||2428 × 46||Asphalt / concrete||East West||1943|
|10L / 28R||3962 × 46||Asphalt / concrete||East West||1968 / 09-25-2008|
|10C / 28C||3292 × 61||concrete||East West||10/17/2013|
|10R / 28L||2286 × 46||concrete||East West||15/10/2015|
- The old runway 09L / 27R was renamed 09 / 27L on August 30, 2007.
- The old runway 09R / 27L was renamed 10/28 on July 5, 2007 and expanded by around 914 meters by 2008. The expansion went into operation on September 25, 2008. It was later renamed 10L / 28R.
|designation||Length in meters||Alignment||Planned commissioning|
|09C / 27C||3427||East West||November 5, 2020|
|09R / 27L
|14L / 32R||3050 × 46||asphalt||Northwest-Southeast||1943||07/21/2016|
|14R / 32L
|3962 × 200
2949 × 200
|Asphalt / concrete||Northwest-Southeast||1957||March 29, 2018|
|18/36||1628 × 46||asphalt||North South||1943||09/29/2008|
- The runway 14R / 32L was shortened from May 6, 2010 as part of the O'Hare Modernization Program and renamed 15/33 on September 15, 2016.
Chicago O'Hare Airport has four passenger terminals with a total of 191 gates . Two or more terminals are possible on the west side of the airport when the runway expansion is complete. They serve the following airlines in the following configuration:
Terminal 1 ( United Airlines Terminal)
The original passenger terminal, which was built in 1955, was replaced in 1987 by the new Terminal 1, which was designed by Helmut Jahn . The terminal consists of two buildings (Concourse B and C) which are connected by a tunnel. Terminal 1 has 50 gates at two concourses:
- Concourse B - 22 gates
- Concourse C - 28 gates
Terminal 2 ( United Express & Delta Air Lines Terminal)
Terminal 2 originally opened on January 17, 1962. It is to be replaced by a new terminal in the future.
Terminal 2 is primarily used for Delta and United Express flights. The latter airline operates from Terminal 2, but check-ins for these flights are carried out from Terminal 1. Terminal 2 has 41 gates at two concourses:
- Concourse E - 17 gates
- Concourse F - 24 gates
United Airlines operates a United Club on Concourse F near Gate F4A, while Delta operates its SkyClub on Concourse E. United Continental Holdings, the parent company of United Airlines, is planning to expand its facilities at Terminal 2, including ten new boarding bridges for its United Express flights and a newly constructed United Club to replace the current United Club.
Terminal 3 originally opened on January 17, 1962. In 1984 it was expanded to include Concourse L, which was then used by Delta Air Lines . On May 10, 1990, American Airlines completed a renovation of the terminal. In 2018 American Airlines opened a building with five additional gates. It is located north of Concourse L and is known as the L-Stinger.
Terminal 3 serves as a hub for American Airlines and (for departures) also for other airlines within the Oneworld Alliance . In addition, domestic flights from non-affiliated low-cost airlines are handled in Terminal 3. Terminal 3 has 79 gates, spread over four concourses:
- Concourse G - 24 gates
- Concourse H - 18 gates
- Concourse K - 16 gates
- Concourse L - 21 gates
Concourse G is primarily home to American Eagle flights, while Concourses H and K primarily serve American Airlines, and Concourse L (formerly Delta) now primarily serves low-cost airlines. Terminal 3 has two American Airlines Admirals Clubs and a flagship lounge .
Terminal 5 (International Terminal)
Terminal 5 opened on May 27, 1993. When it opened, it had 21 gates and a capacity of four million passengers a year.
All international flights (with the exception of flights from pre-handling locations ) arrive in Terminal 5. In addition, a number of non-US companies and some low-cost airlines fly from Terminal 5. Terminal 5 has 20 gates and a concourse ( Concourse M ).
Terminal 5 houses several airline lounges, including the Aer Lingus Gold Circle Club, Air France Lounge, Alitalia Sala Freccia Alata, British Airways Lounge, Korean Air Lounge, SAS Business Lounge and Swiss Lounge.
Former passenger terminals
Old Terminal 1
The old Terminal 1 was originally opened on October 29, 1955 as the airport's first passenger terminal. At last it consisted of three concourses with the designations A to C. It was demolished in the mid-1980s and the new Terminal 1 was built in its place.
The international Terminal 4 was opened on March 15, 1985 as an interim solution to make room for the new Terminal 1. It was in the large parking garage at the airport. The passengers were taken by buses to the parking positions for aircraft on international flights. The parking positions were to the east of Terminal 3.
The freight terminals are spread over a north-eastern apron and three aprons between the runways 10C / 28C and 10R / 28L in the south of the airport.
At Chicago O'Hare International Airport, three control towers operate simultaneously. The oldest control tower still in operation is located between the rotunda and the access road to the terminal. It has a height of 79 meters and was opened in October 1996. In 2008, a 78-meter-high northern control tower (North Airport Traffic Control Tower) was opened in order to be able to fully see the runway 09L / 27R. Since the runway 10R / 28L is also not completely visible from the old control tower, another control tower was built in the south of the airport (South Airport Traffic Control Tower) at the same time.
Former control tower
A control tower between the airport hotel and Terminal 2 was put into operation on May 4, 1971. At the time, it was the tallest control tower in the United States at 61 meters . In 1993 it was replaced by a new control tower.
Airlines and Destinations
In March 2019, non-stop flights were offered to 166 national and 62 international destinations. The following destinations are served non-stop in German-speaking countries:
- Frankfurt am Main twice a day with Lufthansa ( Airbus A340 or Boeing 747-8 ) and United ( Boeing 767-300ER and Boeing 777-200 )
- Munich twice a day with Lufthansa (Airbus A340) and once a day with United (Boeing 777-200)
- Vienna 1 × daily with Austrian ( Boeing 767-300ER ) and ( Boeing 777-200ER )
- Zurich 1–2 times a day with Swiss ( Boeing 777-300ER )
|year||Passenger volume||Air freight ( tons )
- Until 1999
- Until 1999
|1||New York – LaGuardia , New York||1,597,220||American , Delta / Delta Connection , Spirit , United / United Express|
|2||Los Angeles , California||1,397,580||Alaska , American, Spirit, United|
|3||San Francisco , California||1,109,930||Alaska, American, United|
|4th||Dallas / Fort Worth , Texas||1,082,870||American, Spirit, United / United Express|
|5||Denver , Colorado||999.930||American, Frontier , Spirit, United|
|6th||Boston , Massachusetts||978.450||American, Delta Connection, JetBlue , Spirit, United|
|7th||Atlanta , Georgia||860,540||American / American Eagle , Delta, Spirit, United / United Express|
|8th||Phoenix – Sky Harbor , Arizona||827.040||American, Frontier, United|
|9||Seattle / Tacoma , Washington||817,650||American, Alaska, Delta, Spirit, United|
|10||Washington-National , Washington, DC||780.820||American, United / United Express|
- On August 16, 1965, a vanished Boeing 727-22 of United Airlines ( air vehicle registration N7036U) approaching the Chicago O'Hare Airport from 6,000 feet altitude and was about 50 km east-northeast of the airport in the water of Lake Michigan found. The cause of the accident could not be clarified. All 30 people on board were killed.
- On March 21, 1968, the captain of a Boeing 727-22C on a United Airlines cargo flight (N7425U) broke off take-off from Chicago O'Hare Airport shortly after take-off. The acoustic warning of unsafe start-up configuration was active almost continuously during the start-up run; however, the start was initially continued. The cause turned out to be that the landing flaps and slats had been extended to a position of 2 ° instead of the necessary 5 ° to 25 °. All three crew members survived.
- On May 25, 1979, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10 machine lost its left engine ten seconds after take-off from O'Hare Airport. The pilots then routinely reduced their speed, not knowing that the hydraulic lines had been damaged by the demolition of the turbine and that the slat had retracted. At reduced speed, the right wing still provided lift and the left no longer. The plane tilted to the left and crashed, killing all 271 people on board and two people on the ground (see also American Airlines Flight 191 ).
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