|Nickname : The Cradle of History, Language Capital of the World, California's “First” City|
|Location in California|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Monterey County|
|Time zone :||Pacific ( UTC − 8 / −7 )|
|Residents :||27,810 (as of 2010)|
|Population density :||1,269.9 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||30.4 km 2 (approx. 12 mi 2 ) of
which 21.9 km 2 (approx. 8 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||8 m|
|Postal code :||93940|
|Area code :||+1 831|
|GNIS ID :||1659762|
Cannery Row in Monterey
Monterey ( Spanish for Königsberg ) is a coastal city in Monterey County in the US state of California , United States , with around 27,800 inhabitants (as of the 2010 census ). The metropolitan area has a size of 30.4 square kilometers and is located on Highway 1 between San Francisco (185 kilometers north) and Los Angeles (about 560 kilometers south). The city is located on a peninsula at the southern end of Monterey Bay .
In 1602, the bay was explored by Sebastián Vizcaíno , who named it in honor of the Count of Monte Rey, viceroy of New Spain . June 3, 1770 is considered to be the founding date of the city. The first buildings were the Presidio Military Base and the San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo Mission . In 1776 Monterey was named the capital of Alta California and Baja California and was also the capital of the young US state of California for a short time.
With the conquest by the Americans in July 1846, the independence of California, which the Monterey junta was striving for, ended.
A Roman Catholic diocese has had its seat in the city since 1849. In the course of time, the area and name of the diocese changed several times, before the diocese of Monterey in California , which still exists today, was founded in 1967 . Its episcopal church is the Cathedral of San Carlos Borromeo .
Monterey was an important fishing and whaling port in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The catch of sardines was of particular importance, the processing plants of which were mainly found along Cannery Row .
Today Monterey's main source of income is tourism .
Most important employers
According to the 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the main private sector employers are:
|employer||# the worker|
|Community Hospital of the Monterey Peninsula||1,000 to 4,999|
|Ctb Mc Graw-Hill LLC||500 to 999|
|Dole Fresh Vegetables||250 to 499|
|Hyatt Regency Monterey Hotel & Spa||250 to 499|
|Language Line||250 to 499|
|Macy's||250 to 499|
|Monterey Bay Aquarium||250 to 499|
|Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey||250 to 499|
|Monterey Plaza Hotel & Spa||250 to 499|
|Portola Hotel & Spa||250 to 499|
As of the 2010 census , Monterey had a population of 27,810. The population density was 912.7 / km². 78.3% of the population were white and 2.8% were African. 3817 people were Hispanic regardless of race. The smallest population group were the Indians with 149 people.
In 2010 there were 12,184 households, of which 2,475 had children under the age of 18. 4,690 (38.5%) households were married couples, 7.4% of households had a female housekeeper without a man, and 3% had a male housekeeper without one Woman. 4,778 households (39.2%) had a housekeeper living alone and 1,432 households had a housekeeper 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.9 years. For those 100 females there were 101.2 males in 2010
The vacancy rate was 2%, the rent was 6.5%.
Culture and sights
Robert Louis Stevenson , author of the famous Treasure Island and The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde , stayed in Monterey in 1879. The city is quoted in his book of poetry, A Child's Garden of Verses . There's a Stevenson house with a lovely garden in Monterey. Monterey has served as the setting for several of John Steinbeck's novels , including Tortilla Flat (1935) and Sardine Street ( Cannery Row , 1945).
In 1967 the Monterey Pop Festival took place in the Monterey County Fairground , one of the most important concerts in rock music history (as a film: Monterey Pop , director DA Pennebaker ). The Monterey Jazz Festival has been held since 1958 .
Monterey is home to the Monterey Peninsula College (1947), the Naval Postgraduate School (1947), an officers' school that was also attended by numerous American astronauts, the Defense Language Institute , a language school for the military, and the Monterey Institute of International Studies ( 1955).
17-Mile Drive , a famous tourist street, begins on the outskirts of Monterey .
Monterey maintains city partnerships with
- Tainan in Taiwan , since 1963
- Lleida in Spain since 1980
- Nanao in Japan since 1995
- Dubrovnik in Croatia , since 2006
- Trapani in Sicily ( Italy ), since 2006
- Kusadasi in Turkey , since 2007
- Lənkəran in Azerbaijan , since 2010
sons and daughters of the town
- José Castro (1808–1860), commandant general of Alta California and leader of the Monterey junta in 1846
- Leon Panetta (* 1938), politician ( Democratic Party )
- Frido Mann (* 1940), psychologist and writer
- Molly Ivins (1944–2007), newspaper columnist, political commentator and bestselling author
- Sammy Hagar (* 1947), singer, guitarist and songwriter
- Hal Lindes (* 1953), English-American guitarist and composer
- Sean O'Keefe (* 1956), former head of the US space agency NASA
- Jean Bruce Scott (born 1956), actress
- Tory Belleci (* 1970), filmmaker
- Jonathan Bomarito (* 1982), racing car driver
- Jeremy Sumpter (born 1989), actor
- Allison Scagliotti (* 1990), actress
- Brita Sigourney (* 1990), freestyle skier
- Joel Courtney (born 1996), actor
- United States Census 2010 ( Memento from February 20, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- City of Monterey, California Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, for the Year ended June 30, 2015 . Retrieved November 8, 2015.
- Website Monterey - Sister Cities , accessed August 2, 2017