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Monterey County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Carmel-by-the-Sea Highlighted.svg
Location in California
Basic data
Foundation : 1770
State : United States
State : California
County : Monterey County
Coordinates : 36 ° 33 ′  N , 121 ° 55 ′  W Coordinates: 36 ° 33 ′  N , 121 ° 55 ′  W
Time zone : Pacific ( UTC − 8 / −7 )
Residents : 3,897 (as of 2017)
Population density : 1,391.8 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 2.8 km 2  (approx. 1 mi 2 ) of
which 2.8 km 2  (approx. 1 mi 2 ) are land
Postal code : 93921
Area code : +1 831
FIPS : 06-11250
GNIS ID : 1658224
Website :
Mayor : Jason Burnett
Carmel-by-the-Sea 14.jpg
Entrance sign to the city

Carmel-by-the-Sea is a small town with the status of a city with 3,897 inhabitants. It is located on Route No. 1 in Monterey County , on the west coast of California about 190 km south of San Francisco and 5 km south of Monterey .

Many well-known authors and artists lived in the Carmel-by-the-Sea region for some time and made nature the subject of their works. Among them were the writers Ernest Hemingway , John Steinbeck and Jack London, as well as the photographer Edward Weston , who lived here for many years until his death and took many landscape pictures, including those of the nearby Point Lobos. Even today, many celebrities like Brad Pitt and Jennifer Aniston appreciate the pleasant climate and high quality of life in the small town . In 2019 the actress Doris Day died here . The land prices are accordingly very high by California standards.

The place also became famous because the actor Clint Eastwood was elected mayor by a large majority as a candidate for the Republican Party in April 1986 . He is the owner of the Mission Ranch hotel complex there , which he acquired and renovated in the early 1980s. He remained mayor until 1988.

The Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo , an old Spanish mission from 1770, is of historical importance. The mission station was founded by Gaspar de Portolà , Juan Crespí and Junípero Serra , who wanted to convert the Indians to the Catholic faith. The latter was beatified by John Paul II on September 25, 1988 . After Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821, the monastery began to decline and was finally secularized in 1834 . In 1863 the Catholic Church was able to acquire the buildings again, renovated them and set up a parish church there for the place, which belongs to the diocese of Monterey. Of all California missions, Carmel is the only one that still has its original clock tower.

The buildings of the monastery, a registered National Historic Landmark ( National Historical Monument ) of the National Park Service , is part of a museum.

Carmel is also known to tourists for its nature. The 17-Mile Drive leads around the headland of Monterey, over Carmel-by-the-Sea, past Pebble Beach , through Pacific Grove and back to Monterey. Further south on California State Route 1 is the mountainous coastal landscape of Big Sur . Just a few miles south on the coast is the Point Lobos State Reserve, which is rich in fauna and flora.

Carmel-by-the-Sea has achieved international significance through the Carmel Bach Festival , one of the most important music festivals in the USA, directed by the renowned German conductor Bruno Weil .


To differentiate itself from other cities, Carmel has some curious law-based traditions: there are no mailboxes or house numbers . Post has only been delivered on request for a few years now (which, however, is rarely used; previously the residents had to pick up their mail from the post office box ). Likewise, there are still no street lights , pedestrian paths and neon signs . There are also no parking meters ; a trial program on Ocean Avenue ran from December 2014 to June 2015; At the beginning of July 2015, the local council decided to dismantle the devices.

There are no shops directly on the coast; new buildings have to be built around trees. Anyone who wants to wear high heels needs a permit from the public order office; this regulation from the 1920s was intended to prevent claims for damages.


sons and daughters of the town


Web links

Commons : Carmel-by-the-Sea  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. KION: Carmel City Council votes to remove controversial parking meters , 7 July 2015
  2. ^ Carmel by the Sea: Municipal Code # 8.44