Clint Eastwood


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Clint Eastwood at the 2010 New York Film Festival

Clinton "Clint" Eastwood Jr. (born May 31, 1930 in San Francisco , California ) is an American film actor , director , producer , composer and former politician of the Republican Party . As a taciturn western and action hero , he advanced to a globally successful star from the 1960s, and the Oscar winner is now also a renowned film director and producer.

After Eastwood in 1959 by the Western Series miles dust thousand was revealed to him the role brought the nameless gunslinger in the dollar trilogy of Sergio Leone mid-1960s, the international breakthrough. The role of shirt-sleeved cop Harry Callahan in the Dirty Harry film series made him even more popular. Eastwood was able to establish himself as an esteemed filmmaker from the 1970s with films such as The Texaner , The Bridges on the River , Gran Torino and American Sniper . He won the Oscar for Best Director and Best Picture, respectively , with the western Merciless (1992) and the sports drama Million Dollar Baby (2004) . Occasionally, primarily for his own films, he also composes film music . In addition to his film career, he was mayor of the small Californian town of Carmel from 1986 to 1988 and is involved in national politics.

Life

Clint Eastwood was born the son of the accountant Clinton Eastwood Sr. (1906-1970) and his wife Margaret Ruth Runner (1909-2006). He has Scottish, English, Irish and Dutch ancestry. During the Depression , the father was forced to work as a gas station attendant; in search of work, he moved with his family through the country. Eastwood lived temporarily with his grandmother, who ran a chicken farm in Sunol . Eventually the family settled in Oakland . Eastwood, considered shy and introverted, attended ten different schools and also dropped out of college in 1948. Among other things, he worked as a lumberjack, stoker, gas station attendant and warehouse worker.

In 1951 he was drafted into the army and transferred to Fort Ord, where he worked as a swimming instructor for two years. In the military he met David Janssen , who would later play Richard Kimble in the series On the Run . Janssen suggested the handsome, athletic Eastwood do the same and try his hand at acting in Hollywood .

In Carmel, Eastwood runs a hotel called “Mission Ranch”, in which, among other things, “Pale Rider Ale”, a beer named after the film of the same name, Pale Rider , is sold. The proceeds from this beer brand will be donated to charitable organizations.

Clint Eastwood was married twice and had a large number of extramarital relationships and brief affairs. He has at least eight children born between 1954 and 1996. He was married to Maggie Johnson from 1953 to 1984, their children are Kyle (* 1968) and Alison Eastwood (* 1972). From the mid-1970s to 1989 he lived with the actress and multiple film partner Sondra Locke in a long-term relationship that eventually led to her divorce with Maggie Johnson. Locke and Eastwood never married, however. A daughter and a son, the actor Scott Eastwood (* 1986), come from a relationship with the flight attendant Jacelyn Reeves .

The daughter Francesca Eastwood comes from a relationship with the actress Frances Fisher in the early 1990s that lasted about five years . In 1996 he married the news presenter Dina Ruiz , with whom he had a daughter Morgan that same year. At the end of 2014, the couple's divorce was finalized.

plant

Supporting roles and TV series

In the mid-1950s, Clint Eastwood completed test recordings at Universal Pictures and initially got a six-month contract including acting lessons. From 1955 he appeared in small roles and was seen as a laboratory assistant in the monster film Die Rache des Ungeheuers (1955). In Tarantula (1955) he played one of the jet pilots who fight the mutated giant spider with napalm (he is almost invisible behind his oxygen mask, however). Eastwood also received minor television roles.

In 1957, his contract was not renewed by Universal, which is why he was forced to work as a swimming instructor again. Since his wife became seriously ill, Eastwood ran into financial difficulties. In 1957 he was briefly contracted by the film company RKO Pictures , which, however, soon withdrew from the film business. In 1959, Eastwood was able to gain a foothold in television and took on the role of cowboy Rowdy Yates alongside leading actor Eric Fleming in the long-lived western series Rawhide (in Germany: A Thousand Miles of Dust or Cowboys ) . By 1965 he played this role in 217 episodes, spread over eight seasons.

Breakthrough in spaghetti westerns

Clint Eastwood , cartoon from Daniel Stieglitz : The plate of spaghetti plays on Eastwood's breakthrough in the spaghetti westerns of.

In 1964, Italian director Sergio Leone prepared his western For a Fistful of Dollars , a remake of Akira Kurosawa's yojimbo . Since he had to make this film on a low budget, he couldn't hire an established Hollywood star like Henry Fonda or James Coburn for the lead role . While searching for an affordable replacement, Leone became aware of the television actor Eastwood, whom he finally hired for $ 15,000. In the film, Eastwood played an adventurer who hired himself as a gunslinger in a small town with two warring clans in order to play them both off against each other.

For a handful of dollars it was initially considered obscure and was either panned out by critics or ignored at all. However, the film developed into a sensational box office success and sparked the Italo-Western wave of the 1960s that produced several hundred films. In the role of the cynical stranger without a name, who confronts his opponents in a poncho with provocative casualness, Clint Eastwood advanced to become an icon of pop culture . Countless western actors oriented themselves in the following years to the character type created by Eastwood and Leone.

In the follow-up film For a Few Dollars More (1965) the actor reappeared as an unshaven gunslinger and played a bounty hunter who, with his "colleague" Lee van Cleef, hunted down a gang of crooks. The success of the film enabled Leone to realize the lavish western Two Glorious Scoundrels in 1966 . Eastwood was once again seen as a bounty hunter in a poncho, chasing Lee van Cleef and Eli Wallach after a pot of gold that had been lost in the turmoil of the Civil War. Leone's third western was a huge box office hit and became a popular cult film over the decades. In the Internet Movie Database it is ranked 8th on the list of the best films and is considered the best western of all time (May 2015).

After Two Glorious Scoundrels , the relationship between Sergio Leone and his leading actor Eastwood was considered to be shattered, which is why the director hired Charles Bronson as the leading actor for his next film, Spiel mir das Lied vom Tod . Before Leone's death in 1989, the two men apparently reconciled. In 1992, Eastwood dedicated the Western Merciless , which he directed, to Sergio Leone, among others. With this film, in which he himself also played the lead role, he succeeded in paying homage to the genre as well as a critical examination and reckoning of its myths and transfigurations, including his own, highly successful role as a western hero. This achievement brought Eastwood the breakthrough in his second career as a film director.

First successes in Hollywood

Although Clint Eastwood had become very popular through his spaghetti westerns , it took a few years before he was able to gain a foothold as a film actor in his home country. The great success of Two Glorious Scoundrels , which had become a box-office hit in the US, finally enabled Eastwood to establish itself in Hollywood .

In 1968 he played a supposed cattle thief in the western Hang Him Higher who survived his execution. In the same year he began his successful collaboration with director Don Siegel and portrayed a provincial sheriff in the action thriller Coogan's Big Bluff , who caused a stir in New York. Eastwood also set comedic accents in the western A Feast for the Vultures (1970), where he acted as the reluctant protector of a supposed nun ( Shirley MacLaine ). In the western musical Westward the Wind in 1969, Eastwood appeared alongside Lee Marvin as a singing prospector.

Although Eastwood was already established as a star in the late 1960s, he left the lead role in the war film Agents Die Lonely (1968) to his colleague Richard Burton . Eastwood accepted because the producers - who absolutely wanted an American star in the film - paid him the enormous fee of $ 800,000 for the time. In the action-packed flick, Eastwood and Burton have to fulfill an important war mission behind the front lines. Eastwood also distinguished himself as an action hero in World War II in Shock Troop Gold (1970) . Both films were very successful at the box office.

In 1967, Eastwood founded his film production company Malpaso Production.

Dirty Harry and the 1970s

Clint Eastwood (1976)

In 1971, Eastwood made his breakthrough to superstar in Hollywood. Directed by Don Siegel , he played the eponymous role of police inspector Harry Callahan (" Dirty Harry "), who is hunting a psychopathic serial killer in San Francisco. The controversial film, in which Eastwood fights crime with dubious methods, became a great success and established the Dirty Harry character as a new cult figure. However, Eastwood was by no means the favorite for the title role, for which the famous entertainer Frank Sinatra was initially intended. After this was canceled due to a hand injury, Steve McQueen , Paul Newman and John Wayne were still in discussion for the role.

Eastwood has been one of the world's most successful film actors for decades. He appeared again in the role of Harry Callahan in 1973 and 1976 and continued to appear in action films ( The Last Bite the Dogs , 1974) and westerns ( A Stranger Without a Name , 1973). In the very successful action comedy The Man from San Fernando (1978), he was partnered with an unpredictable orangutan . He last starred in the prison thriller Escape from Alcatraz in 1979, directed by Don Siegel, and portrayed Frank Morris , the only inmate who probably managed to escape from the prison island of Alcatraz.

In 1971, Eastwood made his debut as a film director with the psychological thriller Sadistico . He then directed, among other things, the late west The Texaner (1975), in which he can be seen as a former farmer whose family was massacred and who goes through an epic odyssey in search of revenge. The film is considered a classic of its genre. Eastwood has also directed action films such as On behalf of the Dragon (1975) and The Man Who Never Gives Up (1977).

The 1980s

Also in the 1980s Eastwood - often under his own direction - was seen in western and action films. In Firefox (1982) he played a US fighter pilot who hijacked a Soviet superjet. In the thriller The Wolf Chases the Pack (1984), he hunted a serial killer in New Orleans (among others with his then twelve-year-old daughter Alison Eastwood in one of the leading roles). In the Western Pale Rider (1985) he appeared as a mysterious preacher, in the war film Heartbreak Ridge as a rough sergeant of the US Marines (1986). He was seen in two other Dirty Harry films (1983 and 1988) and made action comedies such as Full Throttle to San Fernando (1980) and Pink Cadillac (1989).

As a film director, Clint Eastwood was increasingly interested in artistically ambitious works that were not aimed at a mass audience. His success as an action star gave him the freedom to make smaller films like Bronco Billy (1980) or Honkytonk Man (1982) with his son Kyle and Alexa Kenin , in which he skeptically reflected on the American way of life . Bird (1988), a biographical film about the life of the legendary jazz musician Charlie Parker , only found a small audience, but received critical acclaim. Eastwood has been a great jazz fan all his life and has occasionally contributed to his films as a composer since 1980. Eastwood has worked with film editor Joel Cox since the 1980s .

In the late 1980s, Eastwood was awarded an Honorary César for Lifetime Achievement in France .

The 1990s: First Director's Oscar for Merciless

Between 1988 and 1990 Eastwood made several box office flops in quick succession: The Death Game (1988), Pink Cadillac (1989), White Hunter, Black Heart (1990) and Rookie The Beginner (1990). Then he managed to stabilize his career again, also because he began to expand his range of roles and often self-deprecatingly to address his advanced age. Since then, Eastwood has regularly appeared in commercially successful films, something that hardly any star in his age group has achieved so far.

Eastwood at the 1993 Cannes Film Festival

In 1993 the actor played in the thriller In the Line of Fire (Director: Wolfgang Petersen ) an aging Secret Service agent who thwarted an assassination attempt on the US President . The film became Eastwood's biggest box office hit. In 1992 he was seen under his own direction in the pessimistic Late West Merciless as a former gunslinger and was able to record an overwhelming success with critics and audiences. Eastwood received the full recognition of Hollywood and received two Academy Awards as a director and producer . In 1994 he received the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award for his work as a film producer .

From 1993 to 2008 Eastwood only stood in front of the camera under his own direction. In the crime drama Perfect World (1993) he starred alongside Kevin Costner as Texas Ranger. In 1995, the 65-year-old appeared in The Bridges on the River as a romantic lover of Meryl Streep and was very popular with the audience in this unusual role. The bestseller adaptation was very successful at the box office.

In the second half of the 1990s, Eastwood directed the two thrillers Absolute Power (1997) and A True Crime (1999), the latter of which became one of Eastwood's biggest box office flops. In 1997, the director received good reviews for the artistically ambitious drama Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil , which thematized the murder of a homosexual. Eastwood did not appear as an actor in the film.

On February 29, 1996, Eastwood received the Life Achievement Award from the American Film Institute (AFI) for a lifetime achievement as an actor, director and producer.

Second Director's Oscar for Million Dollar Baby

At the age of 70, Eastwood directed the comedic film Space Cowboys in 2000, about four aging astronauts sent on one final space mission. This film, in which Eastwood starred alongside the well-known old stars Donald Sutherland , Tommy Lee Jones and James Garner , was also a great commercial success. His less successful film adaptation of the thriller Blood Work followed in 2002, based on a novel by Michael Connelly , in which he also directed and played the lead role. Since then, Eastwood has worked regularly with cameraman Tom Stern .

In 2003, Eastwood was also able to achieve success with critics and audiences with the dark drama Mystic River, based on the novel by Dennis Lehane , which he also directed. In 2005 he was the big winner of the Academy Awards and received his second Oscar for directing for his highly commercially successful drama about a female boxer, Million Dollar Baby . The film was also named Best Picture of the Year , with Eastwood receiving another Oscar as a producer here as well as Merciless . The Oscars also went to Hilary Swank and Morgan Freeman for Best Leading and Best Supporting Role . The year before that, Sean Penn and Tim Robbins had already been recognized for Mystic River in the same way .

In 2006, Eastwood realized two more ambitious film projects exclusively as a director by making two films about a battle in the Pacific War from different perspectives. Flags of Our Fathers described the events from an American perspective, Letters from Iwo Jima from the Japanese perspective . Flags of Our Fathers was shown in American cinemas from October 20, 2006 and in German cinemas from January 18, 2007. The more successful of the two films, Letters from Iwo Jima , received four Oscar nominations in 2007.

At the Berlinale , where he presented Letters from Iwo Jima in 2007 , Eastwood announced that he would continue to work as a director. In 2008 he was represented with the feature film The Stranger Son in the competition of the 61st Cannes Film Festival , with which he competed for the Golden Palm for the fifth time . There he received an honorary award together with the French actress Catherine Deneuve (for Un conte de Noël ). At the end of February 2009, in a closed ceremony in Paris , Eastwood received the Golden Palm of Cannes for his life's work on the grounds that he had succeeded like no other in the “synthesis of classic and modern American cinema”. With the film drama Gran Torino , Eastwood was able to record another great success with critics and audiences in 2009. In addition to directing, he was seen again as the main actor after a long break.

His film Invictus - Unbeatened (2009), for which he served as director and producer and for which he also wrote the music, describes an episode from Nelson Mandela's life. After being freed from 27 years of imprisonment, Mandela, portrayed by Morgan Freeman, is trying to become the first black president of South Africa to gain more prestige and equality through a rugby world championship.

Eastwood at the premiere of J. Edgar (2011)

In 2012, Eastwood stepped in front of the camera for the first time in 19 years and played an aging baseball scout in Back in the Game (directed by Robert Lorenz) who had to reorient himself privately and professionally.

In 2018 he starred in the movie The Mule , when his film daughter is Alison Eastwood , his daughter in real life. Clint Eastwood also directed and was involved in production.

Overview of Eastwood's oeuvre

Status: 2009 / up to The Human Factor

Clint Eastwood has starred in 45 feature films since 1964. Since 1968 he has appeared 21 times on the list of the ten most commercially successful actors compiled by Quigley Publications once a year. Only John Wayne was added to the Quigley list more often (25 times). According to Quigley, he was the most commercially successful actor between 1972 and 1993 (in terms of the cumulative revenues of his films).

Eastwood is the oldest director to date to have received an Academy Award for Best Director - he was 74 years old when he won the Million Dollar Baby Award . He is also the only Hollywood star to have won the award twice as director and producer ( Warren Beatty , Robert Redford , Mel Gibson and Kevin Costner have each received the award once as a director). In total, he received four Oscars. As a director, Eastwood is known for being efficient at working, often finishing filming faster than planned and always on budget. In 2006, at the age of 76, he was “more willing to experiment than ever”, stated Franz Everschor in the film service .

A total of eleven different actors (in addition to Eastwood himself Morgan Freeman, Gene Hackman, Meryl Streep , Matt Damon , Hilary Swank, Marcia Gay Harden , Sean Penn, Tim Robbins, Angelina Jolie , Bradley Cooper ) have been nominated for an Oscar under his direction, including Morgan Freeman even three times and Eastwood himself twice. Five actors received an Oscar for leading and supporting roles under Eastwood's direction, Gene Hackman in 1993 for Merciless , Hilary Swank and Morgan Freeman in 2005 for Million Dollar Baby, and Tim Robbins and Sean Penn in 2004 for Mystic River .

Eastwood has directed 36 feature films since 1971 and produced 30 feature films since 1982. Since 1969 he has been involved in 17 films as a soundtrack composer, songwriter or singer.

“No actor, director or producer has such a mythical rank in the American film industry, no one has been so successful and popular for three decades, and no one has dealt with the legends and myths of America as consistently and effectively as Clint Eastwood in his films. "

- Bernd Kiefer

The actor Eastwood

Clint Eastwood has become one of the most popular stars worldwide over the decades and is recognized as a cult figure and icon across generations. The 1.93 meter tall star with the distinctive features developed a great attraction in the role of the silent action hero. He is known for uttering cynical one-liners with an unmoved expression ("Make my Day", "Do I feel lucky?" Well, do ya, punk? ").

Eastwood's image of the tough gunslinger was particularly controversial in the 1970s. The influential film critic Pauline Kael regularly attacked Eastwood sharply and accused his film characters of a reactionary and inhuman ideology , which the actor vehemently rejected. In the course of the decades and with increasing age, his role designs have become much gentler and more self-deprecating. Only in Gran Torino , which was meant to be a brilliant farewell performance, does Eastwood play a bitter character of cynical honesty and a ruthless moral conviction.

Eastwood as a singer

Eastwood has also acted as a singer several times. At the beginning of his career in the early 1960s, like many young aspiring television stars of the time, he made records that were aimed primarily at teenagers, often female. The first, a single called Unknown Girl , was released in 1961. This was followed by two more - Rowdy (1962), for which his role in the series A Thousand Miles of Dust (original title: Rawhide ) was the title, and For You, For Me, For Evermore , and a 1963 LP called Rawhide's Clint Eastwood Sings Cowboy Favorites , which also includes Rowdy .

In 1969, he interpreted the songs Elisa , I Talk to the Trees , Gold Fever and Best Things (duet with Lee Marvin) in the western musical film Westwärts der Windzüge .

For the soundtrack of Bronco Billy (1980) Eastwood sang a few songs, e.g. B. Barroom Buddies with Merle Haggard , and on the soundtrack for Full Throttle to San Fernando (1980) he sings Beers to You with Ray Charles . In 1981 the single Cowboy in a Three Piece Suit was released. In his film Honkytonk Man (1982) Eastwood plays a country singer and sings the songs himself, including the song Honkytonk Man . On the soundtrack for Midnight in the Garden of Good and Bad (1997) he sings the jazz piece Accentuate the Positive . You can also hear Eastwood's voice in the credits of Gran Torino (2008) when he performs the title track actually sung by Jamie Cullum . He also worked on a few country albums such as Randy Travis ' Heroes and Friends (1990, song Smokin' the Hive ) with. In TG Sheppard's hit single Make My Day for the film Dirty Harry Comes Back (1983) he speaks the famous Dirty Harry line “Punk, go ahead, make my day”.

synchronization

From 1965 ( for a handful of dollars ) to 2000 ( Space Cowboys ) , Eastwood's standard German voice was Klaus Kindler . In his absence, he was represented by Gert Günther Hoffmann (inter alia in Two Glorious Scoundrels and in Hang Him Higher ) or Rolf Schult (inter alia in Ein Fressen für die Geier and in Dirty Harry ). After Kindler's death in 2001, Eastwood himself appointed the spokesman Joachim Höppner , who was known through many documentaries, the knowledge magazine Galileo and as the spokesman for Gandalf in the Lord of the Rings trilogy , as his successor. This could only dub Eastwood in two films, since he died of a heart attack in 2006. Fred Maire spoke Eastwood once in the film Back in the Game from 2012. At Gran Torino , after Fred Maire had spoken the trailer, Jochen Striebeck Eastwood's German voice was. This has been Eastwood's current dubbing voice ever since.

politics

Political opinions

Eastwood with Louis Gossett Jr. (left) and President Ronald Reagan in July 1987

Eastwood as a voter for the since 1952 primaries of the Republican Party registered. He described his political orientation in interviews as libertarian or moderate, to which he said: “I think I was sociopolitically left and economically right before it became fashionable.” And “I don't see myself as conservative, but neither am I ultra-left. [...] I like the libertarian view of leaving everyone alone. Even as a child I was annoyed by people who wanted to tell everyone how to live. ”He was and is against the participation of the United States in wars in overseas territories such as Korea , Vietnam , Iraq and Afghanistan . Christopher Orr stated in 2012 that while Eastwood said he had never voted for a Democratic presidential candidate, he had views that were not on the Republican line: for the right to abortion and gay marriage and, above all, for the protection of the environment .

Eastwood is promoting an environmental protection campaign by the United States Department of the Interior

Eastwood supported, among others, the Republican presidential candidacies of Richard Nixon , John McCain and Mitt Romney , although more through individual remarks than through campaign appearances. He also supported Democratic politicians such as California Governor Gray Davis , for whom he hosted a donation dinner in 2003. At the Congress of the Republican Party for the US presidential election in 2012 he held a surprise appearance a short speech and called for the election of the Republican candidate Mitt Romney. Eastwood spoke to an imaginary US President Barack Obama , Romney's rival candidate, who was sitting on an empty chair next to him . Among other things, he accused Obama of not having done enough to combat high unemployment and not keeping his election promises, and asked why he used the plane so often when he liked to act as an environmentalist. He also accused him of having been in Afghanistan for the war. The party congress delegates received the speech positively. Many media commented critically on the speech; For example, Der Spiegel called the speech a “bizarre appearance”. US media called it "diffuse".

Before the 2016 presidential election , he supported Donald Trump's candidacy .

In February 2020, Eastwood publicly attacked Trump; Although he appreciated some of its measures, politics in the USA had become “repulsive” and domestic politics had become “too squabble”. Trump should "behave in a more elegant way, without tweeting and insulting people". Eastwood spoke out in favor of the Democrat and former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg , who should be "brought into [...]" the White House .

Public offices

In 1986, Eastwood was elected mayor of his hometown of Carmel with 72% of the votes cast. He held the office for a term until 1988.

From 2001 to 2008, Eastwood was a member of the California State Park and Recreation Commission . In this position he fought against the expansion of California State Route 241 , which was to be built through San Onofre State Beach , among other places .

Filmography (selection)

As a performer

As a director

As a producer

As a composer

Awards

Academy Awards

Eastwood's prints outside Grauman's Chinese Theater

Awards

  • 1993 : for the best director (merciless)
  • 1993: for the best film (Merciless)
  • 1995 : Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
  • 2005 : for best director (Million Dollar Baby)
  • 2005: for the best film (Million Dollar Baby) together with Albert S. Ruddy and Tom Rosenberg

The Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award is given to particularly creative film producers who have distinguished themselves through long years of consistent efforts to ensure high artistic quality in the production of films.

Nominations

  • 1993: as best leading actor (merciless)
  • 2004: for best director (Mystic River)
  • 2004: for the best film (Mystic River)
  • 2005: Best Actor (Million Dollar Baby)
  • 2007: for the best film (Letters from Iwo Jima)
  • 2007: for best director (Letters from Iwo Jima)
  • 2015: for the best film (American Sniper)

Golden Globes

Awards

  • 1971 : for the male world film favorite
  • 1988: Cecil B. DeMille Award
  • 1989 : for best director (Bird)
  • 1992 : for the best director (merciless)
  • 2004 : for best director (Million Dollar Baby)
  • 2007 : for the best foreign language film (Letters from Iwo Jima)

Nominations

  • 1993: for the best feature film - Drama (Merciless)
  • 1995: for the best feature film - drama (The Bridges on the River)
  • 2004: for best director (Mystic River)
  • 2004: for the best feature film - drama (Mystic River)
  • 2005: for best feature film - drama (Million Dollar Baby)
  • 2005: for the best film music (Million Dollar baby)
  • 2007: for Best Director (Flags of Our Fathers)
  • 2007: for best director (Letters from Iwo Jima)
  • 2008: for the best film music (Grace is gone)
  • 2008: for the best song (Grace is gone)
  • 2009: for the best film music (The Stranger Son)
  • 2009: for the best song (Gran Torino)

Further awards

National Board of Review

  • 2003: for the best film (Mystic River)
  • 2006: for the best film (Letters from Iwo Jima)
  • 2008: for the best leading actor (Gran Torino)
  • 2009: for best director (Invictus - Undefeated)

Cannes Film Festival

  • 2003: Golden Coach for Mystic River
  • 2008: Honorary award for The Stranger Son

César

  • 1998: Honorary César
  • 2003: César for the best foreign film (Mystic River)
  • 2004: César for Best Foreign Film (Million Dollar Baby)
  • 2010: César for the best foreign film (Gran Torino)

Venice Film Festival

  • 2000: Career Golden Lion
  • 2002: Future Film Festival Digital Award for Blood Work

American Film Institute

Hamburg Film Festival

  • 1995: Douglas Sirk Award

Jupiter

  • 2006: for a million dollar baby
    • Best international director
    • Best film internationally

Golden camera

  • 2009: for his life's work

Screen Actors Guild

National Medal of Arts

  • 2009: In absentia he is awarded the National Medal of Arts 2009 by Barack Obama .

French Legion of Honor

literature

Web links

Commons : Clint Eastwood  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. The Rock: For Clint Eastwood's 85th Birthday. May 31, 2015, accessed June 8, 2020 .
  2. Meet Hollywood Icon Clint Eastwood's 8 Children! In: Closer Weekly. May 28, 2020, accessed June 8, 2020 (American English).
  3. ^ Peter Bradshaw : Sondra Locke: a charismatic performer defined by a toxic relationship with Clint Eastwood . In: The Guardian . December 14, 2018, ISSN  0261-3077 ( theguardian.com [accessed June 8, 2020]).
  4. ^ Clint Eastwood Is Divorced. Retrieved June 8, 2020 .
  5. Clint Eastwood's wife files for divorce. October 24, 2013, accessed June 8, 2020 .
  6. Cinema : Background Article Full of Role: Hollywood's Casting Carousel. Edition 02/11, p. 80.
  7. Clint Eastwood received the Golden Palm. In: derstandard.at. Der Standard , February 26, 2009, accessed February 27, 2009.
  8. Quoted from: Bernd Kiefer. In: Thomas Koebner (Ed.): Film directors. Biographies, work description, filmography. 3rd, updated and expanded edition. Reclam, Stuttgart 2008 [1. Ed. 1999], ISBN 978-3-15-010662-4 , pp. 201-206, here 201.
  9. ^ Clint Eastwood - The World Wide Web Page. ( Memento of the original from September 4, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: clinteastwood.net. Retrieved January 16, 2017. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.clinteastwood.net
  10. Clint Eastwood. In: synchronkartei.de. German sync file, accessed on January 16, 2017.
  11. ^ Jeff Dawson: Dirty Harry comes clean. In: guardian.co.uk. The Guardian , June 6, 2008, accessed January 16, 2017 .
  12. ^ Premiere , March 1999.
  13. Chris Matthew Sciabarra: Dirty Harry is a Libertarian. ( Memento of the original from August 17, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: hnn.us. History News Network, January 26, 2004, accessed January 16, 2017. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / hnn.us
  14. Christopher Orr: Clint Eastwood, Political Wanderer. In: theatlantic.com. The Atlantic , August 30, 2012, accessed January 16, 2017 .
  15. Clint Eastwood's Bizarre Appearance: A Man and a Chair. In: spiegel.de. Spiegel Online , August 31, 2012, accessed January 16, 2017.
  16. ^ Presidential candidate Romney: "What America needs are jobs - lots of jobs". In: zeit.de. Zeit Online , August 31, 2012, accessed January 16, 2017.
  17. Republican Congress in Florida: Clint Eastwood - joke speech with an empty chair ... and Barack Obama answers immediately. In: bild.de. Image , August 31, 2012, accessed January 16, 2017.
  18. Kenneth Lim: Clint Eastwood Awaits 'True Crime', Praises Trump And Carson, Considers 2016 GOP Convention. In: inquisitr.com. The Inquisitr News, March 20, 2016, accessed January 16, 2017.
  19. ^ Change of page: Clint Eastwood breaks with Trump and Republicans - now he's behind Bloomberg. www.focus.de, February 24, 2020
  20. Awards of the Berlinale 2007 , accessed on April 29, 2017