Richard Burton , CBE (born November 10, 1925 in Pontrhydyfen , Wales ; † August 5, 1984 in Geneva , Switzerland), born Richard Walter Jenkins jr. , was a British actor . Burton, who initially emerged as a Shakespeare actor, is considered one of the most important English-speaking stage actors . He also appeared in numerous films and gained international stardom in the 1960s through his association with Elizabeth Taylor .
Childhood and youth
Richard Burton's mother died when he was two years old. He was one of thirteen children. The father's life was marked by alcoholism . The large family lived in poverty, and even after the mother's death, the struggle against general poverty remained life-defining. In 1927 - after his mother's death - Burton came to live with his sister Cecilia ("Cis"), who raised him.
Despite poor conditions, Burton made a name for himself in the acting profession because of his talent. He studied at Oxford , played in the student theater and ended up on the stage at the Old Vic . He was considered an excellent actor for Shakespeare plays. He adopted the family name as a stage name from his language teacher Philip Burton, who had driven out his Welsh accent, which was a hindrance to an international career. He made his debut in London's West End when he was nineteen . In 1949 he made his breakthrough at the Globe Theater with the play The Lady Is Not For Fire by Christopher Fry in a production by Sir John Gielgud .
In 1952 he starred with Olivia de Havilland in his first Hollywood film My Cousin Rachel , which earned him an Oscar nomination. This was followed by film successes such as Das Gewand and Blick zurück im Zorn . While he was on stage at the side of Julie Andrews in the musical Camelot in 1960 , he was engaged for the monumental film Cleopatra , in which he met Elizabeth Taylor .
From then on, Burton was in the public eye because of the checkered and scandalous relationship with his two-time wife Elizabeth Taylor. Because of her, he divorced his first wife Sybil Williams after 14 years. The movie Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? of 1966, like many other films in which the couple appeared together, was viewed by audiences as a projection screen for their married life.
The Taylor-Burton couple were the highest-paid actor couple in the business in the 1960s. Their total income was estimated at approximately 50 million US dollars. Much of their box office success owed these films to the curiosity of the audience that the couple, ubiquitous in the tabloids of the 1960s, wanted to see on screen together, even if many of these films were not of great artistic importance. As Burton's best achievements of this time are his roles in three films, each without the participation of Taylor: Becket (1964), The Night of the Iguana (1964) and The Spy Who Came Out of the Cold (1965).
For the film adaptation of The Fifth Offensive - Kesselschlacht an der Sutjeska (1973), which reconstructs the Battle of the Sutjeska , Burton, a top Western actor, was hired, unusual for an Eastern European film production at the time. During the filming there was also an encounter between Burton and the Yugoslav head of state Tito , who also had a reputation for being a good drinker. Burton continued to perform in the theater, but his theatrical success waned in the 1970s. Over the course of that decade, Burton increasingly appeared in films that were heavily commercial and earned him high salaries. In 1980 Camelot was revived with him in the lead role, and in 1983 he last appeared on stage with Elizabeth Taylor in the theatrical comedy Private Lives by Noël Coward .
Burton has been nominated seven times for an Oscar without ever receiving one. Only Peter O'Toole received more nominations as an actor (eight in total), also without winning the award. In 1968 Burton received a Bambi in Germany , but the authors of The Golden Turkey Awards also gave him the Worst Actor of All Time award .
Burton has appeared in nearly 70 films over the course of his career, including Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? , The Exorcist II - The Heretic , Steiner - The Iron Cross II and The Wild Geese are coming . In 1978, Burton lent his voice to the journalist in Jeff Wayne's musical Version of the War of the Worlds , who leads the story as the moderating narrator - a speaking role he played like no other. For this reason, its image was digitally rejuvenated in 2006 and inserted into the live show via a hologram .
His last film was in 1984 , based on the novel of the same name by George Orwell . Shortly after filming was completed, he suffered a cerebral haemorrhage in his home in Céligny , from which he died. His participation in the film Wild Geese 2 did not materialize, so Edward Fox took over the role of Burton.
After the marriages with Elizabeth Taylor (1964-1974 and 1975-1976) he was married from 1976 to 1982 to Susan Hunt, the former wife of the Formula 1 racing driver James Hunt , who contributed to the fact that he reduced his alcohol consumption considerably. Burton's fourth and last wife was the press agent Sally Hay, whom he met while filming the television series Wagner - The life and work of Richard Wagner about the life story of the composer Richard Wagner and with whom he lived until his death on August 5, 1984 .
- 1949: Now Barabbas
- 1949: The Last Days of Dolwyn
- 1949: The Woman with No Name
- 1950: Between ebb and flow (waterfront)
- 1951: Green Grow the Rushes
- 1952: My Cousin Rachel (My Cousin Rachel)
- 1953: The Desert Rats (The Desert Rats)
- 1953: The Robe (The Robe)
- 1955: The big rain (The Rains of Ranchipur)
- 1955: King of the actor (Prince of Players)
- 1956: Alexander the Great (Alexander the Great)
- 1959: Look Back in Anger (Look Back in Anger)
- 1960: Titans (Ice Palace)
- 1962: The Longest Day (The Longest Day)
- 1962: Dylan Thomas (short film, voice)
- 1963: Cleopatra
- 1963: Hotel International (The VIPs)
- 1964: Becket
- 1964: The Night of the Iguana (The Night of the Iguana)
- 1964: Hamlet
- 1965: ... who desire everything (The Sandpiper)
- 1965: The Spy Who Came in from the Cold (The Spy Who Came in from the Cold)
- 1966: Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?)
- 1966: The Taming of the Shrew (The Taming of the Shrew)
- 1967: Doctor Faustus (Doctor Faustus)
- 1967: The Comedians (The Comedians)
- 1968: surf (boom)
- 1968: Agents Die Alone (Where Eagles Dare)
- 1968: Under the stairs (Staircase)
- 1968: Candy
- 1969: Queen for a Thousand Days (Anne of the Thousand Days)
- 1971: Hell broke loose at dawn (Raid on Rommel)
- 1971: Villain
- 1972: The Girl and the Murderer (L'assassino di Trotsky / L'assassinat de Trotsky)
- 1972: Bluebeard (Barbe bleu)
- 1972: Hammersmith is out (Hammersmith Is Out)
- 1972: Under Milk Wood (Under Milk Wood)
- 1973: His Divorce, Her Divorce (Divorce His, Divorce Hers)
- 1973: The fifth offensive - Kesselschlacht on the Sutjeska (Sutjeska)
- 1973: Rappresaglia - Fatal Error (Rappresaglia)
- 1974: The trip to Palermo (Il viaggio)
- 1974: Cursed They All (Klansman)
- 1977: Equus - blind horses (Equus)
- 1977: The Wild Geese (The Wild Geese)
- 1977: Exorcist II - The Heretic (Exorcist II: The Heretic)
- 1978: The Medusa (The Medusa Touch)
- 1978: The War of the Worlds (voice)
- 1978: absolution
- 1979: Steiner - The Iron Cross II (Breakthrough)
- 1980: Two hearts full of love (Circle of Two)
- 1981: Tristan and Isolde (Lovespell)
- 1982: A Colt for All Cases ( The Fall Guy , TV series, episode Ticket to Ride )
- 1983: Wagner - The life and work of Richard Wagner ( Wagner , TV series, ten episodes)
- 1984: 1984 (Nineteen Eighty-Four)
Radio plays (selection)
- 1954: Dylan Thomas : Under Milk Wood (Narrator) - Directed by Douglas Cleverdon ( original radio play - BBC )
- 1953: Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor for My Cousin Rachel
- 1954: Oscar nomination for best leading actor for Das Gewand
- 1965: Oscar nomination for Best Actor for Becket
- 1966: Oscar nomination for Best Actor for The Spy Who Came Out of the Cold
- 1967: Oscar nomination for Best Actor for Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
- 1970: Oscar nomination for best actor for Queen for a thousand days
- 1978: Oscar nomination for Best Actor for Equus - Blind Horses
- 1953: Golden Globe as the most promising newcomer for my cousin Rachel
- 1965: Golden Globe nomination for Best Actor for Becket
- 1966: Golden Globe nomination for Best Actor for Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
- 1970: Queen's Golden Globe nomination for Best Actor for a Thousand Days
- 1978: Golden Globe for Best Actor for Equus - Blind Horses
- 1960 nomination: best British actor for Look Back in Anger
- 1968 nomination: Best British Actor for The Taming of the Shrew
- 1967 Best British Actor for Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
- 1968 best foreign Cast in Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
David di Donatello
- 1966 best foreign Actor (Migliore Attore Straniero) for The Spy Who Came in from the Cold
- 1967 best foreign Actor (Migliore Attore Straniero) for The Taming of the Shrew (together with Peter O'Toole for La noche de los generales).
Fotogramas de Plata
- 1965 best foreign Actor (Mejor intérprete de cine extranjero) for Becket (1964)
National Society of Film Critics Awards
- 1967 Second place in the vote for Best Actor Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
(together with Max von Sydow for Hawaii).
New York Film Critics Circle Awards
- 1966 Second place in the vote for Best Actor Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Taormina International Film Festival
- 1973 Best Actor for Rappresaglia (1973)
Valladolid International Film Festival
- 1984 Best Actor (with John Hurt) for 1984
- 2013 Star on the Walk of Fame (6336 Hollywood Blvd.)
- Melvyn Bragg , Sally Burton: Richard Burton. The biography. (OT: Rich, the Life of Richard Burton. ) Neff, Vienna 1988, ISBN 3-7014-0268-X . Droemersche Verlagsanstalt, Munich 1992, ISBN 3-426-02424-1 .
- Graham Jenkins, Barry Turner: Richard Burton: My Brother. St Martins Mass Market Paper, 1990, ISBN 0-312-91758-9 .
- Peter Stead: Richard Burton: So Much, So Little. Sera , 1991. ISBN 1-85411-040-3 .
- Paul Ferris: Richard Burton. His films, his life. Heyne, 1992, ISBN 3-453-86058-6 .
- David Jenkins: Richard Burton: A Brother Remembered. Random House, London 1993, ISBN 0-7126-5768-1 .
- Gethin Matthews: Richard Burton: Seren Cymru. Gomer Press, 2002, ISBN 1-84323-060-7 (Welsh).
- Sam Kashner and Nancy Schoenberger (from the American by Johanna Sophia Wais): Furious love: Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton - The love story of the century, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-453-20012-8 .
- Christa Maerker: "We loved each other desperately": Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton, Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-548-61145-7 .
- Literature by and about Richard Burton in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Richard Burton in the German Digital Library
- Richard Burton in theInternet Movie Database(English)
- Official website
- Richard Burton at Prisma-Online.de
- Richard Burton. In: synchronkartei.de. German dubbing file , accessed on March 2, 2017 .
- The official Richard Burton website: Life . Official website of Richard Burton, Life 1971–1984. Retrieved June 2, 2010.
- Grave of Richard Burton knerger.de
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Jenkins, Richard Walter Jr.|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||British actor|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 10, 1925|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Pontrhydyfen , Wales , United Kingdom|
|DATE OF DEATH||5th August 1984|
|Place of death||Geneva , Switzerland|