Sir Arthur John Gielgud , OM , CH , [ ˈɡiːlɡʊd ] (born April 14, 1904 in Kensington , England , † May 21, 2000 in Wotton Underwood , England) was a British actor and director . He is considered one of the most outstanding English theater actors of the 20th century. Gielgud was also able to record successes as a film actor for decades; In 1982 he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for Arthur - No Child of Sadness . Gielgud is one of the few artists to have won Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony Awards .
John Gielgud's path to acting was already mapped out, he was a member of the Terry family , an important theater dynasty. He gained his first experience in 1922 with the acting troupe of Phyllis Neilson-Terry (1892–1977), his cousin. After graduating from the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London , he worked in the West End and the Old Vic Theater , and occasionally on Broadway in New York, in the decades that followed . He played Hamlet for the first time as early as 1930 and, along with Sir Laurence Olivier and Sir Alec Guinness, was considered the most important interpreter of the great roles of William Shakespeare of his time. At a young age, the stage star also directed and headed the Old Vic Theater for a long time, where he brought high-class Shakespeare productions to the stage. In addition to Shakespeare, Gielgud also appeared in the plays of younger authors. He also produced record versions of plays, for example Oscar Wilde's Bunbury for Columbia.
Gielgud made his film debut in 1924, but over the next few decades, despite many offers, he was only very selectively in front of the camera. One of his few films was the leading role in Alfred Hitchcock's secret agent of 1935. In 1953 he was Cassius in Joseph L. Mankiewicz's film adaptation of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar . After he had made rather derogatory comments about film acting for a long time, he was increasingly in front of the camera from the 1950s. Gielgud received an Oscar nomination in 1964 for the role of King Ludwig VII in the film adaptation of the play Becket by Jean Anouilh (1964). In 1982 he received an Oscar for the role of the sarcastic butler in the comedy Arthur - No Child of Sadness . He shot well into old age and appeared as a piano teacher in David Helfgott's Shine (1996). His last film was released the year he died.
In the German dubbing of his films, Gielgud was mainly spoken by four very similar sounding speakers of the dignified elderly gentleman type, who all four lent him their voices in almost as many films: Friedrich Schoenfelder , Leo Bardischewski , Friedrich W. Bauschulte and Wilhelm Borchert .
In 1953 Gielgud was sentenced to a criminal offense on the occasion of a flap visit. The public did not reject him because of this, but received a standing ovation after his next stage appearance. This helped promote the decriminalization of homosexuality in England and Wales . In the same year he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II . Between 1977 and 1989 Gielgud was also director of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art . His long-time partner Martin Hensler (1932–1999), whom he had met in the 1960s at an exhibition at the Tate Gallery , died a few months before Sir John.
A letter from Gielgud to his acting colleague Stringer Davis (known from the Miss Marple films), which he wore unopened in his pajama jacket when he died, provides a slightly morbid secret to this day . The letter was buried unopened with Davis. Gielgud kept silent about the content until his death.
The writer Val Gielgud (1900–1981) was his older brother.
In 1994 the Gielgud Theater in London was named after him.
- 1924: Who is the Man?
- 1929: The Clue of the New Pin
- 1933: The Good Companions
- 1936: Secret Agent (Secret Agent)
- 1941: The Prime Minister
- 1941: An Airman's Letter to His Mother (short film)
- 1953: Julius Caesar
- 1955: Richard III.
- 1956: In 80 days around the world (Around the World in Eighty Days)
- 1957: The Barretts of Wimpole Street
- 1957: Saint Joan (Saint Joan)
- 1964: Becket
- 1964: Hamlet (also director)
- 1965: Death in Hollywood (The Loved One)
- 1965: Falstaff - bells at midnight (Campanadas a medianoche)
- 1968: The mysterious Mr. Sebastian (Sebastian)
- 1968: The Charge of the Light Brigade (The Charge of the Light Brigade)
- 1968: The Shoes of the Fisherman (The Shoes of the Fisherman)
- 1969: Oh! What a lovely war
- 1970: Julius Caesar
- 1972: A certain General Bonaparte (Eagle in a Cage)
- 1973: The Lost Horizon
- 1974: gold
- 1974: Murder on the Orient Express (Murder on the Orient Express)
- 1975: Galileo
- 1976: The Picture of Dorian Gray (The Picture of Dorian Gray)
- 1977: Providence
- 1977: A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
- 1978: King Richard the Second
- 1979: The Human Factor (The Human Factor)
- 1979: Murder on the Thames (Murder by Decree)
- 1979: Caligula
- 1980: The Conductor (Dyrygent)
- 1980: The Elephant Man (The Elephant Man)
- 1980: The formula (The Formula)
- 1980: Omar Mukhtar - The Lion of the Desert
- 1981: The Victory's Hour (Chariots of Fire)
- 1981: Arthur - Not a Child of Sadness (Arthur)
- 1981: The Curse of the Sphinx (Sphinx)
- 1981: Priest of Love
- 1981: Brideshead reunited (Brideshead Revisited)
- 1982: Gandhi
- 1982: Marco Polo
- 1983: The Scarlet and the Black (The Scarlet and the Black)
- 1983: Wagner - The life and work of Richard Wagner (Wagner)
- 1983: The Wicked Lady
- 1984: Palace of the Winds (The Far Pavilions)
- 1985: A Demancipated Woman (Plenty)
- 1985: Time After Time
- 1986: The Ghost of Canterville
- 1986: The Whistle Blower
- 1988: Firestorm and Ashes ( War and Remembrance ; television miniseries)
- 1988: Appointment with Death (Appointment with Death)
- 1988: Arthur 2 - On the Rocks
- 1991: Prospero's Books (Prospero's Books)
- 1991: The Strauss dynasty (The Strauss Dynasty)
- 1992: Like a Light in a Dark Night (Shining Through)
- 1992: Swan Song (short film)
- 1995: The First Knight
- 1995: Haunted (Haunted)
- 1996: Hamlet
- 1996: Shine - The Path into Light (Shine)
- 1996: Dragonheart (speaking role)
- 1996: Portrait of a Lady
- 1996: Gulliver's Travels ( Gulliver's Travels ; TV movie)
- 1998: The Magic Sword - The Legend of Camelot (Quest for Camelot)
- 1998: Merlin (TV movie)
- 1998: The Tichborne Claimant
- 1998: Elizabeth
- 2000: Catastrophe (short film)
- several times (1948 The Importance of Being Earnest , 1959 Ages of Man , 1961 Big Fish, Little Fish ; 9 other nominations) Tony Award
- 1961: Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- 1965: Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor for Becket
- 1979: Grammy for best speaker for Ages of Man - Recordings from Shakespeare
- 1981: Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor for Arthur - No Child of Sadness
- 1982: Oscar for Best Supporting Actor for Arthur - No Child of Sadness
- 1988: Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor for War and Remembrance
- 1991: Emmy for Best Actor for Summer's Lease (5 other nominations)
- 2006: Name giver for the asteroid (39557) Gielgud
- John Gielgud: Acting Shakespeare . Pan Books, London 1997, ISBN 0-330-35224-5 (with John Miller).
- John Gielgud: An Actor and his Time . Penguin Books, Harmondsworth 1981, ISBN 0-14-005636-X ( autobiography ).
- John Gielgud: Stage directions . Greenwood Press, Westport, Conn. 1979, ISBN 0-313-21035-7 .
- Robert Mangan (Ed.): Correspondence Sir John Gielgud. A life in letters . Arcade Publ., New York 2004, ISBN 1-55970-729-1 ).
- Robert Tanitch: Gielgud . Harrap, London 1988, ISBN 0-245-54560-3 ( biography ).
- Literature by and about John Gielgud in the catalog of the German National Library
- John Gielgud in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- John Gielgud on Prism Online
- Acclaimed British actor Sir John Gielgud, the finest 'Hamlet' of the 20th century, dies at 96. Obituary and photos at Tributes.com (English)
- Obituary in the Guardian (English)
- ↑ John Gielgud in the German dubbing index
- ^ Roy Somlyo: The Tony Award: a complete listing of winners and nominees of the American Theater Wing's Tony Award with a history of the American Theater Wing . Heinemann, London 2001, ISBN 978-0-325-00294-1 .
- ↑ Jonathan Croall: Gielgud - A Theatrical Life, 1904-2000 . Methuen, London 2000, ISBN 978-0-413-74560-6 .
- ↑ John Gielgud . Hollywood Foreign Press Association . Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- ↑ John Gielgud . Hollywood Foreign Press Association . Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- ↑ John Gielgud . Academy of Television Arts & Sciences . Retrieved February 25, 2014.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Gielgud, Arthur John (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||British actor|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 14, 1904|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Kensington , England, UK|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 21, 2000|
|Place of death||Wotton Underwood , England, UK|