Tate Gallery is a network of four galleries in the United Kingdom : Tate Britain (opened in 1897), Tate Liverpool (1988), Tate St Ives (1993) and Tate Modern (2000) and an associated website: Tate Online (1998). The museum annually awards the Turner Prize to a British artist under the age of 50.
Henry Tate , who by sugar - plantations had come to wealth had offered the government to hand over his art collection to the public and to build a museum for it if the state provide a plot of land and the house would then manage. So the original was Tate Gallery in 1894 officially designated as "National Gallery of British Art" (National Gallery of British Art) planned and opened the 1897th The building was erected on the banks of the Thames on the site of the huge Millbank prison in Millbank , Pimlico , London , which was demolished for this purpose .
Originally the collection consisted exclusively of English works of art of the time ( Victorian style ). Foreign artists were later added to the collection. Finally, in the 20th century, acquisitions comprised principally modern art.
In December 1992, the Tate Trust Fund announced that the collection's exhibition space in London would be divided into two locations. The entire building in Millbank was supposed to showcase British art from 1500 to the present day and was called Tate Britain . The unique collection of William Turner's works can also be seen there in its own wing. A gallery for international modern and contemporary art, the Tate Modern , was to be created elsewhere .
On 12 May 2000, was Tate Modern in an old oil-fired power plant , the Bankside Power Station , in the heart of London opened. The original building was designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott and erected in two stages between 1947 and 1963. In 1981 the power station was no longer needed and closed. The renovation was carried out from 1993 by the Swiss architects Herzog & de Meuron in collaboration with the Zurich landscape architects Kienast Vogt & Partner (outdoor facilities). The cost of the conversion amounted to 134 million pounds sterling (approximately 196 million euros ).
Galleries are located on the third, fourth and fifth floors of the building. Thematic exhibitions from the gallery's permanent collection are located on floors 3 and 4, while temporary exhibitions are shown on the fourth floor. The very high main hall of the building, which originally housed the turbines and in which the overhead crane is still preserved, is used for temporary exhibitions of specially created works by contemporary artists. This is sponsored by the Unilever company. This series was originally only intended to be retained for the first five years, but has now been extended to 2008 due to its popularity.
In 1988 the Tate Liverpool opened in a converted warehouse in the Albert Docks in Liverpool . It hosts two main types of exhibitions: selected works from the Tate collection and special contemporary art exhibitions on loan from public and private collections. There is also an exhibition about the Beatles story.
The director of Tate Liverpool was the German art historian Christoph Grunenberg from 2001 to 2011 .
Tate St Ives
The Tate St Ives in the county of Cornwall was opened in June 1993 and offers a unique insight into modern art, because you can see a lot of work in the area and the atmosphere that has inspired them. There are also exhibitions over a period of time that show the work of contemporary artists who have emerged from art projects initiated by the gallery. The gallery goes back to an artist colony founded in 1928 by Londoners Ben Nicholson and Christopher Wood and to which the local painter Alfred Wallis was invited. Tate St Ives has also directed the Barbara Hepworth Museum in St Ives since 1980 , the former studio of the British sculptor, which was converted into a museum together with her sculpture garden after her death .
In October 2017, a long controversial extension of the gallery was opened. The first exhibition in the new space was titled Rebecca Warren . All That Heaven Allows .
Tate Online is the overall website for the four Tate Galleries. It was set up to make the galleries accessible to a larger group of people and to allow them to participate more in the activities of the galleries. The website also shows many works from the galleries' holdings and provides information about the exhibitions in particular.
- www.tate.org.uk - Official site (English)
- Tate St Ives / Barbara Hepworth Museum (English)
- History of TATE
- Peter Groth: New director from Liverpool. From November 1, 2011, Christoph Grunenberg will be in charge of the Bremen art gallery / first workstation in Germany . In: Weser-Kurier of July 13, 2011, p. 23 (and p. 1).
- Encounters in the Atlantic light in FAZ from November 1, 2017, page 12