|coat of arms||Map of Spain|
|Autonomous Community :||Catalonia|
|Area :||211.7 km²|
|Residents :||138,956 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Population density :||656.38 inhabitants / km²|
|Municipality number ( INE ):||25120|
|Mayor :||Angel Ros Domingo ( PSC )|
|Location of the municipality|
Lleida [ ˈʎɛjðə ] (local [ ˈʎejðɛ ]; no longer official Spanish name Lérida [ ˈleɾiða ]) is a city in the west of the autonomous region of Catalonia with 138,956 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2019). It is the capital of the province of Lleida and is 160 kilometers south of the Pyrenees on the Segre River .
Lleida was called Ilerda in antiquity and was an important place in pre-Roman times. It was the fortified capital of the Ilergeten, rich in trade, and minted its own silver coins with inscriptions in the Iberian alphabet. In the Second Punic War it stood on the side of the Carthaginians and opposed the Romans until the chief of the Ilergetes, Indibilis , 205 BC. Finally succumbed to the Romans. In Roman times the city belonged to the province of Hispania Tarraconensis . It was on a high hill on the right bank of the river Sicoris , today's Segre , which had a bridge here. It was also on the road from Tarraco (now Tarragona ) to Osca (now Huesca ). Here Caesar besieged his two legates Lucius Afranius and Marcus Petreius in the first year of his civil war against Pompey (49 BC) and forced them to surrender. Emperor Augustus raised Ilerda to a municipality . At the time of Ausonius the importance of the city had declined.
Lleida became a bishopric under the Visigoths ; In 546 a council was held here. In 713 it was conquered by the Moors who called it Lareda or Lerita . It flourished under their rule and was one of the most important cities in the province of Saragossa . Louis the Pious destroyed Lleida in 800 and incorporated it into the Spanish Mark , but the city soon fell back to the Moors. From these the Christian ruler Raimund Berengar IV recaptured it in 1149, in the 12th and 13th centuries it was temporarily the residence of the kings of Aragon . In the period 1300–1717 the University of Lleida was important; In 1991 it was rebuilt.
Its strategic location has made Lleida the scene of warlike events repeatedly in modern times . Conquered by the French in 1642, it was taken again by Philip IV the following year . Besieged in vain by the French in 1646 and again in 1647, Lleida had to surrender to the Duke of Orléans in the War of the Spanish Succession in November 1707 and endure a severe criminal court, whereby the residents forfeited all privileges ( Fueros ) that had been claimed up to that point .
When Spain revolted against Napoleon Bonaparte in 1808, the Lleida junta was among the first to declare war on Napoleon and to call on the population to resist the French. In the vicinity of Lleida, the Spaniards under O'Donnell were defeated by the French under Suchet on April 23, 1810, as a result of which the city surrendered to the French on the following May 14, after a brief siege. It came back to the Spaniards through treason in October 1813.
Economy and Infrastructure
Agriculture and tourism are important industries. There are also companies in the food, chemical and textile industries.
- Public transport
Lleida has a bus station and a train station for the Spanish national railways Renfe . This station is called Lleida-Pirineus and has been a stop on the AVE - high-speed line Madrid – Barcelona since 2004 .
- Private transport
The Autovía A-2 motorway connects Lleida directly with Barcelona to the east and Zaragoza and Madrid to the west. The motorway is partially subject to tolls. There are also well-developed country roads, which mostly run parallel to the motorway.
Since February 2010 Lleida has its own airport with connections to Mallorca.
education and parenting
The University of Lleida (UdL: Universitat de Lleida ) is one of the oldest universities in Spain. It was founded around 1300 and initially existed until its closure in 1717. In 1991 it was rebuilt.
|Lleida (185 m)|
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Lleida (185 m)
Culture and sights
sons and daughters of the town
- Josep Maria Abella Batlle (* 1949), Superior General of the Claretians, Bishop of Fukuoka
- Emilio Alzamora (* 1973), motorcycle racer, 1999 world champion
- Núria Añó (* 1973), writer
- Jaume Balagueró (* 1968), director, screenwriter and film producer
- Kílian Jornet Burgada (* 1987), ski mountaineer, mountain runner and duathlete
- Marc Cardona (* 1995), soccer player
- Albert Costa (* 1975), tennis player
- Bernat Erta (* 2001), sprinter
- Sergi Escobar (* 1974), racing cyclist
- Enric Gensana (1936-2005), football player
- Enric Granados i Campiña (1867–1916), composer and pianist
- Jordi-Agustí Piqué i Collado (* 1963), theologian, composer, organist, music teacher and Benedictine
- Sergej Milinković-Savić (* 1995), football player
- Aleix Porras (* 1999), athlete
- Jordi Quintillà (* 1993), football player
- Miquel Roqué Farrero (1988–2012), football player
- German Rovira (* 1931), theologian, priest and writer
- Óscar Rubio Fauria (* 1984), football player
- Ricardo Viñes (1875-1943), pianist
- Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero . Population statistics from the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (population update).
- Ley 2/1992, de 28 de febrero, por la que pasan a denominarse oficialmente Girona y Lleida las provincias de Gerona y Lérida ( Memento of the original of February 22, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Spanish law designating the provinces of Girona and Lleida of February 28, 1992 (Spanish)
- Caesar, De bello civili 1, 38f .; Appian , Civil Wars 2, 42; Titus Livius , Ab urbe condita , Epitome of Book 110; among others