Dieppe-1 (main town)
Dieppe-2 (main town)
|Community association||Region of Dieppoise|
|surface||11.67 km 2|
|Residents||29,080 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||2,492 inhabitants / km 2|
View from the castle to Dieppe
Dieppe [ djɛp ] is a French town in the department of Seine-Maritime in the region Normandy . It is a sub-prefecture of the arrondissement of the same name and the capital ( chef-lieu ) of two cantons .
The sea and fishing port on the Alabaster Coast with 29,080 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) is located at the point where the Arques River flows into the English Channel . Opposite him, on the English side of the Canal, is Newhaven , East Sussex .
Dieppe was settled by the Normans around the year 900 about 150 years before the conquest of England by William the Conqueror . The English word deep for "deep" and "Dieppe" have the same Germanic origin. It refers to the natural harbor entrance of the place, which has always been ideal for sea trade.
The place was completely destroyed twice: the first time in 1195 by the Capetian Philip II August , the second time in 1694 by a Dutch - English fleet under Admiral Berkeley, who wanted to destroy the positions of the French corsairs operating in the English Channel . Dieppe owes its baroque appearance to the rebuilding after the bombardment of 1694, which caused a wildfire .
In 1848 the railway line from Paris to Dieppe was opened. At the time of Napoleon III. Dieppe became the first glamorous seaside resort in France based on the example of the English seaside resort of Brighton . Both the train from Paris and the ferries from Newhaven brought bathers to Dieppe. The magical light in the area attracted many artists. The impressionists Camille Pissarro and Eugène Delacroix were the first painters who discovered Dieppe for themselves. They were followed by Eva Gonzalès , Ernst Oppler and others. The romantic composer Camille Saint-Saëns was also drawn to the town, as was the naturalistic writer Guy de Maupassant . When Léon Blum's Popular Front introduced holiday pay in 1936 , tourism in Dieppe took off again.
During the Second World War , Operation Jubilee took place on August 19, 1942 : Allied troops , especially from Canada , tried to land around 6,000 men on the beach at Dieppe. Dieppe was occupied by German troops at this time. 907 Canadians and several hundred soldiers from other nations (British, American and German) fell; 119 Allied aircraft were lost (106 of them, the highest daily loss in the history of the RAF ), about 2,000 men were taken prisoner by Germany . Of the 4,963 Canadians, 2,210 returned after the mission, many wounded. On September 1, 1944, the II. Canadian Corps reached Dieppe. Canadian scouts (they drove from Rouen to Dieppe by motorcycle) had reported that the Wehrmacht had evacuated Dieppe the day before.
Culture and sights
- The Dieppe Castle from 1433 now houses the City Museum (local history, crafts, ivory carvings, Militaria, modern painting (u. A. Georges Braque ) collection of paintings (u. A. Two pictures of Renoir )).
- The gothic Saint-Jacques cathedral.
- Saint-Rémy church from the 16th and 17th centuries.
- Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours church from 1876 in the Le Pollet district with a beautiful view over the city.
- The Cité de la Mer museum with aquariums and exhibitions on shipbuilding, the merchant fleet and fishing.
- Illustration by Frans Hogenberg from 1590: Diepe. Diepe the stat was occupied, By des von Meyne hears, Nauarra who wolt horror, ... ( digitized )
The kite festival that takes place on Dieppe beach in late summer is considered the largest organized kite festival in the world. Every two years hundreds of hang-gliders from all over the world are invited to the Channel Coast to display the typical kites of their country in a tent on a 150-meter-long promenade. There are large delegations as well as individuals such as Peter Lynn from New Zealand or Robert Brasington from Tasmania .
Economy and Infrastructure
Dieppe is an important sea and fishing port and has a marina with 500 berths . Mainly exotic fruits like bananas and pineapples are delivered. There are up to four car ferry connections to Great Britain every day . The crossing takes a good four hours; in summer there is also a small SeaCat fast ferry ; with this the journey only takes about two hours.
The city is about a two-hour drive from Paris and is a popular destination for the Parisians, especially on weekends.
The airfield Dieppe-Saint-Aubin has only a minor role.
The sports car company Alpine is based in Dieppe.
The FC Dieppe is the most famous football club in the city.
- Jehan Ango (1480–1551), Norman shipowner
- Pierre le Grand (16th and 17th centuries), pirate
- Isaac de Caus (1590–1648), architect, horticultural architect, engineer and eraser
- Abraham Duquesne (1604–1688), naval officer and admiral in the Swedish service
- Jean Crasset (1618–1692), Jesuit, theologian, writer
- Jean Pecquet (1622-1674), anatomist
- Mary Anne Atwood (1817-1910), author
- Victor Langlois (1829–1869), orientalist and traveler
- Emmanuel Louis Masqueray (1861–1917), architect, in the USA from 1887
- Louis Valtat (1869–1952), painter
- Louis-Victor de Broglie (1892–1987), physicist
- Jean Rédélé (1922–2007), rally driver and founder of the Renault Alpine company
- Pierre Dupuis (1929-2004), comic artist
- Valérie Lemercier (born 1964), actress
- Emmanuel Petit (* 1970), football player
- Dieppe , Canada
- Brighton , UK
- Luckenwalde , Brandenburg (during the GDR period; the relationship was no longer maintained after German reunification)
- John Davis: 50 Years Ago - September 1944. Originally posted on Usenet newsgroup SOC.HISTORY.WAR.WORLD-WAR-II and on the World War II mailing list. Retrieved January 12, 2016 .
- Copp, Terry: Return to Dieppe: September 1944 . In: Canadian Military History . tape 1 , no. 1,2 , 1992, pp. 71-78 ( scholars.wlu.ca ).