The word arrondissement [ aʁɔ̃dismɑ̃ ] is derived from the French verb arrondir ( dt. Round off ) and is used to designate various administrative districts in France , Belgium , Canada and other countries influenced by French law, in some countries also as a designation for judicial districts .
Subdivision of the departments
The main town ( chef-lieu ) of an arrondissement is also the seat of the competent administrative authority, the sub-prefecture ( sous-préfecture ) with the sub-prefect ( sous-préfet ) at the head. They are intended to support the prefect in safeguarding the interests of the central state on the ground. The administration of the arrondissement, in which the main town of the département is located, is led by the prefect (i.e. without its own sub-prefect).
Until 1814, in what was then French, what is now Germany on the left bank of the Rhine , the four departments ( Département de la Sarre , Département de la Roer , Département de Rhin-et-Moselle and Département du Mont-Tonnerre ) had the Arrondissements Arrondissement d'Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen), Arrondissement de Clèves (Kleve), Arrondissement de Cologne (Cologne), Arrondissement de Crévelt (Krefeld), Arrondissement de Coblence (Koblenz), Arrondissement de Simmern , Arrondissement de Bonn , Arrondissement de Trèves (Trier), Arrondissement de Birkenfeld , Arrondissement de Prum (Prüm), Arrondissement de Saarebruck (Saarbrücken), Arrondissement de Mayence (Mainz), Arrondissement de Kayserslautern (Kaiserslautern), Arrondissement de Spire (Speyer), Arrondissement de Deux-Ponts (Zweibrücken).
Subdivision of municipalities
Arrondissement as an administrative district in other states
The ten Belgian provinces , which date back to former French departments , are divided into 43 districts as part of the central administrative structure, called arrondissementen in Dutch and arrondissements in French .
The 10 departments of Haiti are divided into 41 arrondissements.
From 1964 to 1998, the Republic of Niger was divided into departments and arrondissements according to the French model. Since 2010 the boroughs of Niamey , Maradi , Tahoua and Zinder have been referred to as arrondissements.
Based on the model of the city of Paris , which has 20 arrondissements, the four cities of the Dakar metropolitan region have been subdivided into 43 communes d'arrondissement since 1996 . The city of Dakar itself has 19 of these arrondissements.
Central African Republic
Arrondissement as a judicial district
In addition to the administrative districts mentioned above, the Belgian provinces are also divided into judicial districts, since 2014 a total of 12, which are called arrondissement judiciaire in French .
- Historique de la decentralization. (No longer available online.) ANIYA. Réseau des collectivités nigériennes et françaises, archived from the original on April 6, 2012 ; Retrieved January 23, 2014 (French).
- République du Niger: Ordonnance n ° 2010-56 on September 17th, 2010. Portant érection des communautés urbaines de Niamey, Maradi, Tahoua et Zinder en communes à statut particulier ou villes et les communes les composant en arrondissements. (PDF) (No longer available online.) Association des Municipalités du Niger, archived from the original on February 2, 2014 ; Retrieved January 23, 2014 (French).