|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||31 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||138.69 km 2|
|Residents:||12,065 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||87 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||19348|
|Primaries :||03876, 038793|
|License plate :||PR|
|Community key :||12 0 70 296|
|LOCODE :||DE PEB|
|City structure:||12 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayoress :||Annett Jura ( independent )|
|Location of the district town of Perleberg in the district of Prignitz|
The city of Perleberg is the district town of the Prignitz district in the state of Brandenburg . With around 12,000 inhabitants, it is the second largest city in the district after Wittenberge . Perleberg has had the unofficial suffix Rolandstadt since 2016 .
Perleberg lies in the Prignitz on the Stepenitz river , which flows into the Elbe glacial valley behind Perleberg . The old town of Perleberg is located on an island formed from sand deposits between two Stepenitz arms in the Stepenitz Valley. This area is almost level and has only a slight slope from the church square to the south. In the Pritzwalker and Berliner Straße, the area on the outskirts rises steadily to around 16 meters. Elevations can also be found in the north and northwest of the city. In contrast to this, the terrain in the west at Sükower Straße is flat and flat.
In the northeast of the city there are three elevations: the vineyard (83 m), which is partially designated as a nature reserve , the remains of the Golmer Berg (formerly 83 m), which was removed by gravel mining, and the White Mountain (80.7 m) near Spiegelhagen .
To the south, the city borders on the Perleberger Heide , an approximately seven kilometers wide and 56 kilometers long strip running parallel to the Elbe, which forms a dune-rich and less fertile valley sand plain, which is mainly overgrown with pine forests.
Urban structure and land use
The city of Perleberg is now divided into the actual city on the Perleberg district and twelve districts. The districts are rural. They each consist of a village and the surrounding areas. The districts were incorporated into the city in the second half of the 20th century.
(Status: residents 2011, areas 2011)
|District||Residents||Area in km²|
|Core city Perleberg||10,452||44.15|
|Large linden tree||45||4.40|
In addition, there are nine designated residential spaces : Alt Gramzow and Gramzower Mühle in the Gramzow district, Lübzow expansion in the Lübzow district, Platenhof in the Sükow district, colony in the Wüsten-Buchholz district, as well as Henningshof, Neue Mühle, Perlhof and forest settlement to the core town of Perleberg.
|Areas according to type of use||Area in hectares|
|Building and open space||719|
|Areas of other use||21st|
|Floor area (total)||13,782|
Climate table for Perleberg
Early history and the Middle Ages
The history of the town of Perleberg is closely linked to the history of Prignitz . As relevant finds show, the Stepenitz Island was already settled 3000 years ago. A Slavic settlement was later proven on the basis of ceramic finds. From the 2nd to the 6th century there was a gradual and almost complete emigration of the Germanic- speaking population from the local settlement areas to the west and south-west. Since the middle of the 6th century, Slavic-speaking tribal groups gradually immigrated from the east to the area of today's Prignitz. The Linonen 808, whose main settlement area was around Lenzen , is mentioned for the first time. A large castle was built there at the important river crossing between the mouth of the Elde and Löcknitz . It played an important role in the armed conflicts between Franks, Slavs and Saxons in the 8th and 9th centuries and became the seat of one of the tribal princes in the 10th century. On the watercourses of the Stepenitz , which rises near Meyenburg, flows through the Prignitz and finally flows into the Elbe , simple mills and the associated houses were built over time.
The Nikolaisiedlung is the oldest documented early medieval settlement. The last half of the 12th century is assumed to be the time of its origin. The road network was laid out in a regular grid shape, especially in the southern part of the settlement, where straight streets intersect at right angles. One of the building blocks was reserved for the St. Nikolaikirche, which was located in the area of today's St. Nikolaiplatz. Overall, an elliptical outline can be seen, which is an image of Wittenberge.
Favored by the good location, several businesses (including fisheries, wool laundries and tanneries) settled there and more and more traders such as merchants, traders, butchers, bakers, shoemakers, tailors, bricklayers moved to this area. Due to the heavy traffic, streets such as Bäckerstraße and Schuhstraße, as well as places such as the market square, the horse market (shoe market) and the Rosenhof were created.
In the course of the German colonization after the conquest of the East Elbe territories, which later became the Mark Brandenburg, Perleberg was founded under the care of the Gans family and was granted the town charter on October 29, 1239 . The oldest documented mention, however, comes from March 1239, when Johann Gans granted the shoemakers the privilege. The city charter was granted for good reason, because the city had grown into a relatively large place. He owned a castle - the Gänseburg -, a church, several streets and squares, guilds, guilds and a population active in handicrafts and trade. According to the Salzwedel document, the town charter was granted to Perleberg following a presentation by two men, namely Gerardus de Hertesberge and Vorlevus de Perleberge, as well as at the request of Mr. Johannes Gans . The city council initially consisted only of consuls (ten in 1294) and later of eight councilors and two mayors, each of whom held the administration for one year. There have always been only three entrances to Perleberg: in the east the Mühlentor (later Dobberziner Tor), in the west the Wittenberger Tor and in the north the Parchimer Tor. Silver pfennigs (so-called Perleberger Hohlpfennige ) were minted with the Perleberg coat of arms as early as the 13th century . The first coins appeared later in the 14th century. Since the year 1316, a leprosy was found in Perleberg "in front of the Parchimer Tor" , which was dedicated to St. George.
In 1303 an application was made to the margrave Hermann the Langen to acquire the Stepenitz in order to join the Hanseatic League . This application was approved, as was the right to navigate the Stepenitz and use the river banks. Perleberg began to build ships and deliver his goods to the Hanseatic League.
After the Battle of Bornhöved in 1227, in which the Gans family supported the Danes against the Counts of Schwerin and the Brandenburg Margraves, the County of Schwerin received the terra Perleberg as property. Johann Gans, the city lord of Perleberg, took this area as a fief . In 1275 the sons of Otto III. the feudal lordship over Perleberg from the Counts of Schwerin. Towards the end of the 13th century, with the death of Johann Gans, the line of Mr. Gans zu Perleberg expires. Perleberg fell as a settled fiefdom to the margraves and became an immediate city . After the Ascanian Margraves of Brandenburg died out , the Counts of Schwerin are proven to be the owners of the city until 1325. After joining the Hanseatic League in 1358/1359, Perleberg developed into the region's political and economic center.
Since 1310, the up-and-coming city was no longer under the rule of the noble goose of Putlitz . The councilors bought the "Wall", i. H. the surrounding walls with ramparts, the three city gates and ditches. To maintain security, an alliance between Perleberg, Pritzwalk, Kyritz, Havelberg, Freyenstein and Meyenburg was concluded in 1325, and a peace agreement with Lübeck in 1387. The von Karstedt brothers and cousins sold the village of Golm (nowadays only a desert) to the council of Perleberg. Seven years later the Perleberger Fürstentag took place. The gentlemen from Braunschweig, Pomerania, Meißen and the like came. v. a. as well as the members of the Hanseatic League to advise on the elimination of the increasing crime rate (looting, evacuation, etc.). The next decades were marked by many robberies.
In conflicts, Perleberg also took on the role of mediator. In 1420, for example, a feud between the cities of Hamburg and Lübeck and the Duchy of Saxony-Lauenburg was settled in Perleberg . The certificate of the "Perleberg Peace" is still in the archive of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck . In 1444, the elector Friedrich II asked the cities of Prignitz to take control of crime. This was also expressed again by Albrecht Achilles when, during his stay in Perleberg in 1471 , he asked Hans von Quitzow zu Stavenow , a well-known and feared robber baron, to stop the criminal offenses, which the latter also promised.
The 15th century was also marked by gradual economic decline. This can be traced back to the constant feuds in the Prignitz, to the war campaigns of the Mecklenburg princes, the loss of power of the Hanseatic League partly due to the relocation of foreign trade overseas and the lack of competitiveness of the Stepenitz compared to the Havel.
In 1474 Kaspar Gans sold the goose castle to the knight Mathias von Jagow . Five years later , a school was built near the St. Jacobi Church, which was first mentioned in writing in 1294 in a letter of indulgence from Pope Boniface VIII . In 1498 a Perleberger Roland was first mentioned, which at that time was made of wood. Then the castle came to the Lords of Winterfeld .
The St. Jacobi Church received four bells in the years 1517/1518 (the Katharinenglocke or Sunday bell, the Apostle bell [sold to Hamburg in 1537], the bell bell [cracked in 1823 and replaced in 1824] and the Marien bell), which the council of the City had commissioned the bell-founder Heinrich von Kampen from Lübeck.
Reformation and Thirty Years War
The Reformation started by Martin Luther also found its way into Perleberg in 1539. However, this did not happen without fighting. The city council and the mayor Konow were supporters of the Reformation promoted by Elector Joachim II . The last Catholic service took place in December of the same year, after which the Catholic pastor Mechow resigned from his office. With the introduction of the Reformation, ecclesiastical jurisdiction was abolished and replaced by the regional court in 1546, whose tasks initially primarily included guilt and inheritance matters. The first district judge was the Perleberg mayor Konow.
In 1558 the Elector granted the city of Perleberg the privilege of founding a rifle guild to cultivate the art of warfare. Shortly before the beginning of the 17th century, the plague spread in Perleberg. Some of the schools had to be closed temporarily. The epidemic cost many people their lives.
After the Thirty Years' War had passed Perleberg by for a few years, the Prignitz in 1627 became the "playground" of the Danish, Swedish and imperial troops . The fortifications, walls, gates and towers could not save the city from intrusion. Because of the unrestrained way of life of the soldiers, 40 houses burned down through carelessness in 1638. In the meantime, imperial and Saxon troops had set up camp in Perleberg before giving up and leaving the city to the Swedes. These robbed the citizens of their food and the residents had to give in cash as a contribution. But the Swedes were again driven out by the imperial troops under General Sergeant Johann Christoph von Buchheim . Meanwhile, up to 69 companies were stationed in the city. The houses of the citizens were partly used as stables for the horses of the emperor's troops. Those soldiers, like the Swedes, robbed the citizens. General von Buchheim even recommended that the Perlebergers leave the city. When von Buchheim finally withdrew his troops, he left a group of 50 men here as security. But this number was far too small for them to be able to protect the city. The following event happened on November 15th of the same year: some 100 riders stood in front of the gates of Perleberg and asked for admission. The Schutztrupp refused to do this, however, so it came to a fight in which the riders emerged victorious. Since this effort should not have been in vain, they wanted to plunder the city and its citizens. But there was nothing more worth stealing, so the riders believed that the citizens had hidden their valuables. They unleashed their anger over this through torture, murder and desecration of the population - even children were not stopped. After a few days Buchheim had these riders driven away by force of arms. Along with the war, the spread of the plague worsened. Hundreds of citizens died from the epidemic alone. When the battle of Wittstock raged in October 1636 , the wounded from that battle were brought to Perleberg. This fact contributed to the spread of the plague. Between 1636 and 1638 this epidemic killed around 700 people. Of the previous 3,500 inhabitants, only 300 survived the days of horror, of 300 residential buildings only 127 were still habitable. It was not until 15 years later (1653) that the situation was fairly orderly again and the city council was able to hold meetings again. In the same year the gallows were set up again on the vineyard, which had been destroyed during the Thirty Years War.
Perleberg recovered only very slowly from this time, but remained the most important place in the Prignitz. As in other cities in Brandenburg, it took almost 200 years for the population to return to pre-war levels.
A few years after the end of the Thirty Years' War, the postal route from Cölln ad Spree (Berlin) to Hamburg was set up, where Perleberg was about halfway.
In the period from 1645 to 1665, eight witch burnings took place in Perleberg. In 1704 Gottfried Arnold was employed as a preacher.
Economic development in the 18th and 19th centuries
From 1724 Perleberg was a garrison of the Prussian cavalry , from 1772 there was a permanent garrison in Perleberg. From then on, military life also determined the further development of the city.
Between 1730 and 1770 the population in Perleberg grew by 30 percent, it was the second largest town in Prignitz after Wittstock. In 1777 a knighthood management was established in Perleberg.
The ruins of St. Nikolaikirche were torn down and barracks were built in their place, in which a squadron of the Cuirassier Regiment von Beeren (Old Prussian K2) moved. In 1806 that regiment had to go to war against Napoleon in the battle of Jena and Auerstedt . The cuirassiers were subject to the French troops, so that in mid-October the French moved into Perleberg, plundered the city and robbed the citizens. In 1807 these troops withdrew, but continued to demand contributions .
On June 27, 1807 a lightning strike burned down 20 houses and many stables on the Great Market, in Kirchstrasse, Heiligegeiststrasse and Poststrasse.
The most famous case of missing persons in the Prignitz occurred on November 25, 1809. On that day, the British ambassador Benjamin Bathurst disappeared in a way that has not yet been clarified. He was on a business trip from Vienna to Hamburg and was followed by the French. The cavalry captain Friedrich von Klitzing had tried to investigate, which however remained inconclusive.
In 1812, a uniformed vigilante group called the "Bürgergarde" was founded in Perleberg. The battles against Napoléon did not leave Perleberg without a trace either: around 1000 volunteers from all over Prignitz registered with the task of preventing the French from crossing the Elbe. They finally managed to do this and in a book you can read the following: “They didn't dare, they feared the solid Prignitzers.” In recognition and gratitude of the freedom fighters, an oak was planted in the square west of the old town hall gable in 1815.
In 1817, the Prignitz was administratively divided and Perleberg was the district town of the Westprignitz .
In the spring of 1821 there were great floods. For example, the Great Market was under water and the wooden bridge at the Mühlentor was swept away. Six years later the Mühlentor, the Parchimer and the Wittenberger Tor were torn down and the construction of the Chaussee Berlin – Hamburg began, which led via Kyritz , Kletzke , Perleberg, Karstädt to Ludwigslust (today's B 5 ). The travel time on this route has thus been cut by more than half, and the adjacent inns and post offices have become important transshipment points for goods and messages.
Several companies were founded in Perleberg. The Perleberger CL bag, the inventor of the Perleberger Glanz wichse , began the factory production of this product in 1835, which he was able to sell particularly well to the local military, but which also became famous in Mecklenburg and Saxony. In addition, the brothers presented Kürsten Perleberger mustard ago. However, Perleberg's development in the course of industrialization could not keep up with other cities, such as the neighboring city of Wittenberge .
In 1836 oil lamps were hung from chains across the streets to illuminate the streets. The first newspaper was published that same year. The editor was Götze, a bookseller based here. The newspaper was printed in Rathenow and called itself "non-profit weekly paper for Perleberg and the surrounding area". Since 1837 the weekly paper has been printed in the newly established printing house in Perleberg.
In 1836 the town hall was torn down and a new one was built between 1837 and 1839. The town hall and the court arbor, which became a meeting room, were to be retained by order of the government - but the Ratskellerwirtschaft had to close. The topping-out ceremony of the new town hall and the installation of the weather valve took place on November 26th of the same year. During the construction work, a well-preserved hand was found in the wall of the so-called cloth hall above the vault of the old part of the building, which was probably chopped off with a sword or ax. There are several speculations about the reason. The most likely is that it should serve as a warning example - as was often the case in the past - next to a table of law of punitive justice.
In 1840 the construction of a railway line from Berlin to Hamburg via Perleberg was planned, but in 1845 the minister rejected it. Logistical and probably also financial reasons led to this cancellation. Ultimately, the decision was made to run the railway line via Wittenberge, as it had a larger river with the Elbe and a branch to Magdeburg could easily be built. In 1843 the Wittenberger Chaussee was completed after three years of construction. Five years later, Chaussee Perleberg – Pritzwalk was opened to traffic (now part of the B 189 ).
The jury, moved to Perleberg in 1848, met for the first time in June 1849 in the town hall. The first savings bank was set up at the beginning of 1854 in order to stimulate the people to save. At the beginning of July of the same year, the lithographer Carl Krüger founded the first lithography and stone printing company. This printing house was later commissioned to print the “Prignitzer Nachrichten”. In 1869 the Perleberg volunteer fire brigade was founded under the direction of master mason Achtel.
During the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/1871, 30 officers and 15 boys were housed as prisoners in Perleberg. It was not unusual that the officers lived in self-rented and furnished apartments and were allowed to move freely around the city. They only had to report to the registration office in the morning and in the evening. In memory of the soldiers who fell in the campaigns of 1864 ( German-Danish War ), 1866 ( German War ) and 1870/71 (German-French War), a war memorial was erected on Mühlenberg in the city park in 1882.
In 1885 the Perleberg – Pritzwalk – Wittstock (now also: Prignitz-Express ) railway line , which was of immense importance, was opened and the district command moved from Havelberg to Perleberg. Until 1892 the city was known as the "little Venice", because small canals flowed through the city center. Until people polluted the watercourses so much that it smelled very unpleasant. Because of this, the canals were filled in in 1892. Two years later, the new cemetery on Wilsnacker Strasse was inaugurated after the old Georgenfriedhof on Sophienstrasse, which stretched from the banks of the Stepenitz to the Jewish cemetery, had been closed.
From the turn of the century to the Second World War
During work on building the barracks in Kurmärker Straße in 1903, urns were found less than a meter below the surface of the earth in a recess made of flat and round stones. Most of the urns had an overlapping lid and were filled with ashes from the deceased. The bones were in small, dismembered pieces. On top of these there were often remains of skulls and above them there were still bronze grave goods , which presumably date from the 4th century AD.
In May 1905, several well-preserved molded bricks from the St. Nikolai Church, which was destroyed by lightning strike in 1632, were found on St. Nikolai Square during excavation work for the sewer system . In the years 1903 to 1905, Perleberg received modern and hygienic drinking water supply and sewer systems parallel to the construction of the barracks. Furthermore, the “Municipal Hospital” opened in Perleberg and a museum was founded to show the finds from the royal tomb of Seddin . Today only copies are kept in Perleberg.
One year later (1906) Wittenberger Strasse, Krämerstrasse, Bäckerstrasse and the shoe market were paved. In addition, the pavement was renewed and widened, and the mill gate bridge, which at that time was still made of wood, was replaced by one made of concrete .
In 1910 and 1911 the 65-kilometer-long Westprignitzer Kreisringbahn Perleberg – Karstädt – Klein Berge was built and opened in standard gauge . In 1912 the city had a memorial erected in Hagen in memory of “gymnastics father” Friedrich Ludwig Jahn .
After 100 years of economic upswing, the First World War in 1914 marked the beginning of a dark chapter for Perleberg and all of Germany. When the war broke out on August 1st with Germany's declaration of war on Russia, there was great euphoria throughout the German Empire, which resulted in many Perleberg pupils, students and young teachers volunteering for military service with the local field artillery regiment No. 39 reported. But after the first few weeks, the first reports of losses made it clear that the war could not be won in a short time. Seven emergency hospitals were set up in Perleberg to take care of the injured . Most of the seriously wounded died despite the self-sacrificing help of volunteer nurses. Many found their final resting place in the Perleberg cemetery. In 1922 - four years after the end of the war - a memorial stone was erected for the soldiers buried there.
Although the November Revolution in Perleberg that followed the war was bloodless, the city had to struggle with the consequences of the First World War. Due to inflation , Perleberg was also forced to print emergency money . There was also a housing shortage in Rolandstadt. The building deputation should therefore build new buildings and furnish apartments in empty houses. As a result, u. a. first settlements in Kurmärker Strasse and Hagenstrasse, the forest settlement and an almost new district in the settlement on Lanzer Chaussee.
In addition to the housing shortage, many Perlebergers were unemployed. To the unemployed to create a little workaround unemployed were busy with Pflasterungs- ways improvement work. They also enlarged the Beyerteich, fortified the bank and created promenade paths around it. Furthermore, a town hall was built between Quitzower Strasse and Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse by buying an old granary there and expanding it. In addition to the town hall, a gymnasium and a sports field that were modern for the time were created. The extremely poor labor market situation worsened during the global economic crisis . In addition, the town mill burned down in 1926 and the new mill in 1930.
As in the rest of Germany, right-wing parties like the NSDAP also gained political influence in Perleberg and Prignitz in the 1930s . From 1933 left opponents, including several leaders of the SPD, KPD and the trade unions, were arrested and taken to the assembly camp set up by the National Socialists in Feldstrasse. Some of the inmates were sent to Sachsenhausen concentration camp - many never came back.
After the National Socialists had been placed in the high leadership positions and general conscription had been introduced, Wehrmacht troops were stationed in the Perleberg barracks. A military airfield was built in 1936 on the site of the former Tonkital estate . On November 9, 1938, the Reichspogromnacht took place in Perleberg . The NSDAP local group leader held a hate speech in the market in order to mobilize the masses against the Jews. As a result, the Jews began to be humiliated in the most terrible way, their homes were destroyed, the Jewish cemetery was devastated and desecrated.
With the outbreak of the Second World War , as in the First World War, many volunteers signed up, including a number of young people who had just finished school. This was promoted through open days in barracks and through lessons shaped by National Socialism. When the war slowly came to an end and the bombers from Great Britain flew over Perleberg to Berlin, they also bombed the Perleberg airfield. Many fled to the west in the hope that the British and Americans would receive a milder welcome there than the Russians who came from the east. Before the latter could march into Perleberg, two bridges were blown up in the south. The Second World War claimed 501 victims in Perleberg.
Soviet occupation zone and GDR period
From 1945 Perleberg was a garrison of the Soviet Army . The 21st motorized rifle division was stationed here until 1991 . The " Egon Schultz " non-commissioned school for the GDR border troops was also located in Perleberg .
In 1952, after the dissolution of the state of Brandenburg and the formation of new districts in the GDR, Perleberg became a district town in the Perleberg district of the same name , which was the only formerly and now again Brandenburg region assigned to the otherwise Mecklenburg district of Schwerin .
During the same period, to stimulate the economy, wholesalers such as the slaughterhouse, the horticultural production cooperative, the Quitzow industrial park and the Düpow equipment combine were created.
In 1964 the Perleberg zoo was created.
Perleberg in reunified Germany
With the formation of the states after the reunification, the district of Perleberg was again assigned to the state of Brandenburg (and not Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania) in a referendum and in 1993 Perleberg became the district town of the newly formed district of Prignitz .
In June 1993 the Stepenitz caused unusual floods that also flooded parts of the Perleberg old town. As a result, a flood retention basin in the form of a main seal was built on the upper reaches of the Stepenitz near Neue Mühle .
On March 12, 1997, a 300-year military tradition ended with the withdrawal of the Bundeswehr medical battalion last stationed here for the garrison town of Perleberg.
In December 1999 the new building and the partial reconstruction of the district administration in Perleberg was completed, on February 6, 2003 a new building of the "District Hospital Prignitz" was completed.
On July 3, 1972, Düpow was incorporated. Spiegelhagen followed on May 1, 1973. Groß Linde (with Lübzow and Gramzow) and Rosenhagen were added on January 1, 1974, Dergenthin, Quitzow (with Schönfeld and Groß Buchholz) and Sükow only on December 6, 1993.
* (1697) adults only
** (1719, 1722) estimated values
*** (1780) with military
**** (1858) without Bollbrück, Neue Mühle and Perlhof
Territory of the respective year
The city council of Perleberg consists of 22 city councilors and the respective mayor.
|Parties and constituencies||%
|Perleberg City Guard||-||-||-||-||-||-||20.6||4th|
|Free voters Perleberg||-||-||-||-||-||-||8.1||2|
|Greens / B90||-||-||2.2||0||4.0||1||4.9||1|
|District farmers' association||-||-||-||-||4.8||1||-||-|
(Status: local elections 2019 )
After the death of the then mayor Manfred Herzberg, in a runoff election on February 11, 2007, the non-party candidate Fred Fischer (supported by the Linkspartei.PDS ) was defeated by 69.4 percent of the votes cast in front of his also non-party competitor Hans Rothbauer (supported by the SPD and CDU), who received 30.6 percent of the votes cast, was elected for a term of office of eight years. Fred Fischer took up his new position on February 11th. Due to allegations that Fischer had concealed the fact that he was an unofficial employee of the Ministry for State Security during his military service, he was suspended from work on May 4, 2012 by a decision of the city council. The Potsdam Administrative Court confirmed this decision in an urgent procedure with a ruling of February 20, 2013. According to this, Fischer was "not only active in the context of the official contacts he had granted, but as an unofficial employee willingly and knowingly for the MfS". After a complaint by Fischer, the Higher Administrative Court of Berlin-Brandenburg suspended this decision in April 2013 because he did not come to this office from the city council, but through an independent election. During the suspension, Fred Fischer was represented by his deputy Hans Rothbauer until April 18, 2013.
Annett Jura (independent) was elected in the mayoral election on January 18, 2015 with 54.5% of the valid votes for a term of eight years.
In 2000 the administrative budget was € 18.3 million. By 2007 it had fallen to € 14.7 million. The per capita debt was € 554.47 in 2010 and fell to € 515.08 in 2011. Since 2011/2012 Perleberg operates with a double entry ( Doppik ) and with a double household. The budget for 2012 should show a deficit of € 1,168,000, but can be balanced with the balance of € 2,547,270 from 2011, so that a surplus of € 1,379,710 is forecast. In 2011, the Perleberger Stadtforst's net profit was 369,000 euros. For 2011/2012, too, additional income was achieved with trade tax, wood sales and the municipal share of income tax . For the 2013/2014 double budget, the financial budget is 19 and 20 million euros. The city's budget will be balanced by 2015.
coat of arms
Most of the current coloring of the Perleberg coat of arms dates from the 19th century. The oldest known color representation can be found in Johann Christoph Bekmann's book Historical Description of Chur and Mark Brandenburg (Volume 2) from 1753. It shows an eight-pointed, red star on a white background.
In the center of today's Perleberg coat of arms is an eight-pointed golden star against a blue background. The rays are angled by eight silver pearls. Inside the star is a large silver inner pearl set with gold pearls. The coat of arms of Perleberg is a talking coat of arms , the shape of which is derived from the oldest city seal (SIGILLVM BVRGENSIVM IN PERLEBERCH) from the beginning of the 14th century. It is believed that the large inner pearl symbolizes the city of Perleberg as the capital of Prignitz and the other eight pearls the other cities in Prignitz.
The city's flag is striped blue and white (1: 1) and has the city's coat of arms in the center.
Culture and sights
The Perleberg City and Regional Museum with its historic fountain is located at Mönchort 7-11. It was founded in 1905 and, with its numerous prehistoric and early historical finds and exhibits from Westprignitz, is one of the most important museums in Brandenburg with the largest collection.
The oldtimer and technology museum is located at Wilsnacker Straße 12 and was founded by the Oldtimerfreunde Perleberg e. V. in the old gym at the Ziegelhof since January 2002. On May 1st, 2002 it was finally opened and made accessible to the public. Around 50 vehicles and some curiosities such as a self-made aircraft engine are on display all year round.
The GDR History Museum in the Perleberg Documentation Center in Feldstrasse 98a offers many exhibits from everyday life in the German Democratic Republic. You can see a kitchen, living room, children's room and bedroom, as well as consumer goods and agricultural equipment. The museum is located in a building that was built around 1850. It was used as an artillery depot for the Perleberg Uhlans during the imperial era and as a concentration camp during the Nazi era . After the end of the Second World War, the machine lending station (MAS), machine-tractor station (MTS) and polytechnical instruction moved in . The GDR History Museum opened on October 7, 2006 with ten exhibition rooms. The number of rooms that are open to the public has since grown to 18. Themed evenings have been held regularly since February 2009.
Modern graphics and lithographs from the 20th century are exhibited in the museum gallery , which is located at the city information center in Puschkinstraße 14. The focus is on Pablo Picasso , Salvador Dalí , Joan Miró , George Grosz and contemporaries.
- historical residential and commercial buildings, including Großer Markt 4 (built in 1525), Bäckerstraße 1, Schuhmarkt 1 (16th century), ensemble of gabled houses at Kirchplatz 9-12, Mönchort 7 (19th century); BIG (oldest of five medieval watermills, 14th century)
- Judenhof from the Middle Ages
- Water tower (Art Nouveau, 1906/07)
Parish Church of St. Jakobi
The earliest documented mention of the townscape-defining St. Jakobi Church dates back to 1294. The three-aisled Gothic hall church was built from brick on a field stone base in three construction phases. Your tower also underwent repeated changes in the centuries that followed, with multiple storms and fires caused by lightning strikes destroying the spire. It was last replaced by a simple gable roof after a fire in 1916. The church stands on the church square in the historic city center, in the south, west and north surrounded by listed houses. To the east is the Great Market with the Town Hall and Roland.
The Perleberger Roland is located on the northeast side of the Great Market in front of the former library. The Roland figure was mentioned as early as 1498 . In 1546 it was rebuilt from sandstone . The client was the municipality and the work was carried out by local craftsmen. The figure has a height of 4.26 meters and is striking because of the richly decorated weir. The so-called Maximilian harness is a special decoration of the statue.
Sources from 1347 attest to the existence of a Perleberg town hall for the first time. It is impossible to say exactly when it was created. Today's town hall has two different architectural styles: late medieval Gothic and neo-Gothic from the first half of the 19th century. The western part is a Gothic brick building, which is provided on the outside with seven buttresses on the three-tiered stepped gable. The ground floor of the western part then served as a court arbor. After the district library was housed in it in the meantime, it is now used as a wedding hall. The council and cupboard room was located above this. The cellar vaults were probably part of the "Ratskeller".
Judging by the stylistic features of the western part, the building dates from the first half of the 15th century. This means that this is already a successor building and one does not know what the original town hall looked like or whether it was in the same place at all.
In 1836, the wide eastern part was demolished and, over the course of the next three years, replaced by a three-story brick building designed by the architect Friedrich August Stüler . However, the two-story western section was retained. The topping-out ceremony was celebrated on November 26, 1839.
The rampart building, often incorrectly called Gänseburg, is located on Puschkinstrasse right next to the Gottfried-Arnold-Gymnasium and the Hagen. Originally four water arms, of which the southern one was probably created artificially, surrounded the building. It is believed that there was a Slavic rampart at this point before the 12th century. The ramparts were first mentioned in writing in 1310 and 1317. In the latter document, Margrave Waldemar assigned this property to the Perleberg Council ( fossatum castri in perleberch dictum in vulgari wal ). Later - probably in the 14th century - there was probably a residential building at this point, which was called dat slot to perleberghe . It was not until 1852 that the trench around the building was filled. In the course of time, the wall changed its function again and again: it served as a guest house, housed an armory, offered accommodation to municipal guards, was used as a school and much more. Today the district library, a restaurant, the information office, the district adult education center , the media center and the museum gallery are located on this square .
Next to the district library is the only preserved city wall tower with some remains of the wall. These evidence of the medieval Perleberg date from the 13th and 14th centuries.
The Union-Theater cinema at the intersection of Uferstrasse and Wollweberstrasse has existed since 1912 , built by Emil Rietsch and opened on November 1st. This moved to Wittenberger Strasse in 1936 under the direction of Franz Rietsch, Emil Rietsch's son. The building on Wollweberstrasse was converted into a warehouse for Heinrichs' furniture store. From 1966 the town of Perleberg took over the house and from then on it was u. a. used as a gym. Since Rietsch did not want to lease the cinema on Wittenberger Strasse to the Kreislichtspielbetrieb and it was therefore private property, he was only allowed to show inferior films. The Roland-Kino at Grosse Markt 10, which has existed parallel to the Union Theater since 1920, was allowed to show the homeland films popular with the population. Due to the increasing inefficiency of the Union Theater, Rietsch had to cede it to the Kreislichtspielbetrieb and the operator of the Roland cinema also took over this cinema. In 1992 the Union Theater was divided into Tivoli and Funhouse. The move to the completely renovated building on Wollweberstrasse did not take place until 1996. In January 2012 the Union Theater received a new owner who also operates a cinema in Wittenberge, Güstrow and Sangerhausen . In the course of the takeover, the premises of the cinema were completely redesigned. In addition, the halls were equipped with modern digital technology and 3D projectors.
Monuments and memorials
- Turnvater-Jahn-Monument from 1912, since 1970 on the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportplatz
- VVN Memorial from 1950 on Marienplatz for resistance fighters against fascism
- Two grave fields in the forest cemetery on Wilsnacker Chaussee for prisoners of war and forced laborers from different nations
- Memorial stone in the forest cemetery at the grave of Wehrmacht deserter Willi Rahde, who was shot in May 1945
- Jewish cemetery on Sophienstrasse , which was desecrated by the Nazis and restored in the GDR era, with a memorial stone to the Jewish victims of fascism
The hero monument was erected on Friedrich-Engels Platz - formerly Hindenburgplatz - to commemorate the soldiers who died in World War I. It was designed by Hans Dammann , a Berlin artist. The hero monument is a semicircular pillar construction with eight pillars, on which there were bronze plates with the names of the fallen soldiers. On a 1.30 meter high base stands a 2.50 meter high Roland figure with a shield and sword, which appears masculine, powerful and protective. The basic motto is: “Patience! I know my Germans! ”. The hero monument was ceremoniously unveiled on August 29, 1926.
The war memorial was built on Mühlenberg in 1882 based on a design by the Berlin sculptor O. Metzing. The Perleberg sculptor Gandow took over the execution. The monument has a high pedestal on which the bronze statue of Germania was once located. Financed by the Perleberger Kriegerbund and the Landwehrverein, it was built in honor of the soldiers who died in the war years of 1864, 1866 and 1870/71.
The Schlageter monument is located on the vineyard. It is made of cement concrete and represents a Landwehr cross . There was originally a sword on the front. The design comes from Walter Otto, the leader of the young steel helmet , and was erected by the young steel helmet men in Perleberg in honor of Albert Leo Schlageter , whom the Nazis called a hero . Until May 8, 1945, solstice fires were burned there in summer and winter.
- Hagen / Eichenpromenade (ecologically high quality, species-rich habitat and listed as an area or garden monument in the district monument list)
- Perleberg Zoo
- Goethe Park
The Perleberger Stadtpark is an artificially created park that extends east along Wittenberger Straße and Wittenberger Chaussee. It was created as a birch forest in 1856 during the tenure of Mayor Rohde (1854–1866). The highest point in the city park is the Mühlenberg, on which the war memorial was erected in 1882, of which only the pedestal remains today. When it was built, the park was redesigned in the French garden style with lawns and flower beds in geometric shapes. The city park now has an impressive variety of shrubs and trees. In addition to the native tree species, many trees from other parts of the world such as North America, East Asia and Southern Europe etc. have been planted here. Some trees are marked by buried signs with the exact name. At the foot of the Mühlenberg there are two boulders on the left and right . These once had round bronze plaques on which the heads of Roon and Moltke were depicted in relief. A little further in front of it stood a particularly large stone depicting the head of Otto von Bismarck . On the slope of the Mühlenberg, the Perleberg city coat of arms is depicted with flowers planted.
- Perleberg Festival for Folk, Lied and World Music (in June)
- Pub night (always on April 30th)
- Lotte Lehmann Week (always in the last week of school holidays in the state of Brandenburg)
- Perleberg day of the citizens' association (always on the first Friday in July)
- Perleberg Museum Night (always on October 30th)
- Festival of lights of the city and the Culturm e. V. in the listening tower (always on the Saturday before the 1st Advent)
The Perleberg men's gymnastics club was founded in 1862, making it one of the oldest gymnastics clubs in Prignitz.
One of the most famous sports clubs in town is SSV Einheit Perleberg . It counts 435 athletes who practice sports in seven departments and was founded in 1950. The most dominant sport is football with 246 members. The first men's team has been playing in the national class west since 2007. We are particularly proud of the youth department, whose teams are partly represented in the highest possible leagues in Brandenburg and occupy the top positions.
The SV Blau-Weiß Perleberg is the second major sports club. It comprises seven departments and was founded in 1990. The handball stands out the most. The first men's team plays in the Association League North in the 2013/14 season.
In Perleberg there is the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn sports field, four gyms and a swimming pool, as well as a skittle and bowling alley. There are also several sports fields in the districts.
The Knieper is one of the most famous culinary specialties in Perleberg and Prignitz . This traditionally consists of white cabbage, blue marrow stem cabbage and kale. In Perleberg he is also called Suren Hansen and Suern Hansen. Karl Hansen from Perleberg coined this name after the First World War when he praised his Knieper with the words “I don't have a Knieper, I only have Suern Hansen”.
Economy and Infrastructure
Federal highway 5 (Berlin - Hamburg), built between 1827 and 1830, runs through Perleberg . In addition, the federal highway 189 ( Wittenberge - Pritzwalk ) ran through the city until 2002 , until the by-pass with two lanes was built. This provides a connection to the federal motorway 24 (junction Pritzwalk ) at a distance of 35 kilometers . Perleberg has a well-developed network of cycle paths, which is also part of the Brandenburg tour and the goose tour .
The city has had a railway connection since 1881 via the Wittenberge – Strasburg line , the Wittenberge – Perleberg section of which was opened in 1881 by the Wittenberge – Perleberger Railway and the Perleberg – Wittstock section in 1885 by the Prignitz Railway Company . In addition, the station was the center of the normal and narrow-gauge network of the Prignitzer Kreiskleinbahnen .
For airport Schwerin-Parchim there are 51 and the airport Rostock-Laage and the Tegel Airport each more than 140 kilometers. There is a small airfield in the southwest of the city, which is mainly used by gliders from the Perleberg Aero Club.
The business location is one of 15 regional growth centers in the state of Brandenburg. This promotes selected future-oriented industries. Small and medium-sized companies are based in Perleberg.
- Volks- und Raiffeisenbank Prignitz
- Perleberger Bau GmbH & Co. KG has around 140 employees
- Günther Schmidt + Sohn GmbH (now PSKies; new owner after insolvency) Gravel works Groß Buchholz (approx. 20 employees)
- Lasertechnik Edelstahl und Blechververarbeitung GmbH in Quitzow has around 54 employees
- Hot-dip galvanizing plant Waldhelm Perleberg-Düpow GmbH, 30 employees
- Waldhelm Powder Coating Perleberg-Düpow GmbH, 15 employees
- Steinke KG (since 1879) 14 employees
- Thiede & Brauer GmbH, 13 employees
- Höpcke Naturstein GmbH (since 1886)
- Prignitzer Fleischzentrale GmbH Perleberg / Quitzow
- Klöpferholz GmbH & Co. KG (closed since 01/2013)
- District Hospital Prignitz non-profit GmbH
- Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg operates a regional studio in Perleberg, which broadcasts a regional program for the Prignitz.
- Scaffolding Dr. Ritter (since 1985)
- LTB LaserTechnik u. Bauservice K.-D. Ilchmann (since 1998)
- WaBe Industrieboden GmbH (since 2002)
The organization of the school and education system is subject to the requirements of the state of Brandenburg.
There are the following, exclusively state schools in Perleberg (school year 2007/08):
- Primary schools (grades 1–6): Rolandschule , primary school "Geschwister Scholl"
- High school (grades 7-10): Friedrich-Gedike-Oberschule Perleberg
- Gymnasium (grades 7–12): Gottfried-Arnold-Gymnasium
- Special school: General special school "Schule an der Stepenitz"
- Adult Education Center: Prignitz District Adult Education Center
The Prignitz District Music School can also be found in Perleberg.
Perleberg is the seat of the state education authority of the Prignitz, Ostprignitz-Ruppin and Oberhavel districts.
Library and Archives
The first city library was built in 1899. From 1930 to around 1969 she was housed in what is now the wedding hall before she moved to Großer Markt 15. The city library has been located in the wall building since 1999. On an area of 600 m², it offers around 28,000 media units. In addition to books, other media such as magazines, videos and games are also available for hire. In 2013 the library had about 900 users who made 35,000 loans.
The city archive on Karl-Liebknecht-Straße collects regional archive material in order to make it available to the public and to preserve it permanently. These include image and written documents, including documents that go back to the 13th century. Administrative files of the city, address books, lists of residents, photographs, slides and newspapers are also kept there. The archive material is supplemented by a library with reference works and regional literature on Brandenburg, Prignitz and Perleberg. The archive has been participating in Archive Day since 2004 .
The Prignitz district archive is also located in Perleberg. This was possibly set up in 1952 as a result of the ordinance on archiving in the GDR. After the district reform in Brandenburg in 1993 , in which the Perleberg and Pritzwalk districts were united, the archive moved to the basement of the new district administration building at Berliner Straße 49. A branch was still located in Pritzwalk. Since the premises were soon no longer sufficient, in 1997 the company moved to the switchboard of the former district military replacement office in Wittenberger Strasse, where the archive material from Pritzwalk was also housed in 1998. Since the municipalities of Putlitz-Berge, Karstädt, Groß Pankow and Meyenburg do not have their own archives, their archive goods are kept in the district archive. Since December 2012, construction work has been going on on the outbuilding, which until 2010 housed the health department, in order to create a modern magazine. In addition to administrative files, the archive contains photographs, postcards, books and other items.
Perleberg is the seat of the Perleberg District Court .
Medical care for the city of Perleberg and the surrounding area is provided by the Prignitz district hospital. This employs around 570 people. The hospital has 364 beds and ten specialist clinics. The building, which was completed in 2003, has a modern cardiac catheterization laboratory, which went into operation in May 2009, as well as the latest generation of MRI equipment and a stroke unit with 4 beds for rapid first aid for patients with strokes. The rescue helicopter "Christoph 39" was put into operation in June 2008 for air and ground rescue. Since February 2011 the hospital has been a local trauma center in the Brandenburg North-West trauma network . In cooperation with the University of Rostock , it has been functioning as an academic teaching hospital for medical students since April 2010.
Ruppiner Medien GmbH owns a studio for the regional broadcaster NBF3 on the Großer Markt in Perleberg, which has also been available via satellite since September 2013. A fully digitized radio studio of the RBB , which also includes the radio station Antenne Brandenburg , is located at the intersection of Berliner Straße / Wilsnacker Straße and is responsible for reporting from Prignitz. In addition, there are newspaper editors of the Märkische Allgemeine Zeitung and the Prignitzer in Perleberg.
The most famous Perleberger is probably the opera singer Lotte Lehmann , who achieved international fame as a German soprano. Hubert Fichte , whose family moved to Hamburg shortly after his birth in Perleberg, was a well-known writer and ethnographer . In the Age of Enlightenment, Ernst Georg Sonnin , who built the second large Michaeliskirche in Hamburg, became one of the most important engineers and architects of the 18th century.
The theologian Gottfried Arnold , who was a pastor in Perleberg and who wrote the “Unparty Church and Heretic History” (1699/1700) , is one of the personalities who were not born in Perleberg but who are still associated with the city . The actress Eva-Maria Hagen lived in Perleberg for a few years during her childhood, the politician Angela Merkel spent her early childhood in Quitzow, which is now part of Perleberg . With the disappearance of the British diplomat Benjamin Bathurst , Perleberg also owns a nationally known criminal case that has never been solved.
Perleberg in the film
Perleberg has been the location of several films. In 2010, various scenes from the biography Beate Uhse - The Right to Love (2011) were shot there. Among other things, the buildings in the street Am Hohen Ende could be seen, in particular the old post office, as well as the St. Jakobi Church, the town hall and the runway of the Perleberg airfield.
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