Calendar overview 1627
Chongzhen becomes the last emperor of
the Ming Dynasty .
|Johannes Kepler completes the Rudolfinian tablets .|
aurochs died in Poland .
This wild cattle has since been exterminated.
|1627 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1075/76 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1619/20 (September 11-12)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1032/33 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2170/71 (southern Buddhism); 2169/70 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||Year of the Fire Rabbit 丁卯 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Tiger 丙寅)|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||989/990 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3960/61 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1036/37 (New Year 11/12 September)|
|Jewish calendar||5387/88 (September 10-11)|
|Coptic calendar||1343/44 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1937/38 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1938/39 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1683/84 (April)|
Politics and world events
Thirty Years' War
- May 10 : Ferdinand II enacts the Renewed State Order for the Kingdom of Bohemia . In the absolutist document, the estates are disempowered, the elective monarchy is abolished, and Bohemia is declared a hereditary property of the Habsburgs . The state order is thus the substantive counter-program to the Bohemian Confederation of 1619 .
- September 24 : In the battle at the Oldenburger Graben near Heiligenhafen on the Baltic Sea, the Danes under Georg Friedrich von Baden-Durlach suffer a crushing defeat against the imperial under Heinrich Schlik zu Bassano and Weißkirchen and have to capitulate. Georg Friedrich then left the Danish service in a dispute in October.
- November 28 : In the Polish-Swedish war prevail Poland in the Battle of Oliwa and thus break the Swedish siege of Danzig .
Eighty Years War
- After heavy fighting, Friedrich Heinrich von Orange finally conquered the city of Groenlo for the Netherlands in the Eighty Years' War .
- August 4th : Huguenot Wars : Beginning of the siege of La Rochelle by troops of the French King Louis XIII.
Other events in Europe
- February 12 : After the death of Karl I , his son Karl Eusebius becomes second Prince of Liechtenstein .
- July 16 : Corsairs capture local women and young people on Vestmannaeyjar in order to sell them as slaves in North Africa . Other residents are killed.
- October 29 : Ferdinando Gonzaga , Duke of Mantua and Margrave of Montferrat since 1612 , dies. He is succeeded by his younger brother Vincenzo II Gonzaga , who also dies on December 25 , at the age of 33. At the deathbed he tried to arrange the succession by marrying his niece, Maria, to the distant relative Carlo II Gonzaga . Nevertheless, the Mantuan War of Succession broke out in early 1628 .
Empire of China
- September 30th : After the death of his brother Tianqi , Chongzhen becomes the sixteenth and last Chinese emperor of the Ming Dynasty .
Other events in Asia
- October 28 : After the death of his father Jahangir is Shah Jahan with the support of his uncle Asaf Khan , who turns off his rivals, the fifth Mughal Emperor of India . Only Jahan , Jahangir's widow, who is placed under house arrest in Lahore , supports Shah Jahan's half-brother Shahriyar , who formally ascends the throne on November 7th .
- After the death of Pho Thisarath II , his younger brother Mom Kaeo becomes king of the Laotian kingdom of Lan Xang .
- British colonization of Barbados begins
economy and society
- Three years after Hamburg, the Hanseatic City of Lübeck also orders the establishment of a slave fund , which is set up on May 8, 1629 .
- The King Ludwig XIII. The privileged French trading company Compagnie de la Nouvelle France is founded. It receives from Cardinal Richelieu the trade monopoly between Florida and the Arctic regions, and between the Atlantic coast and in Europe as yet unknown west of North America . In return, it undertakes to bring 4,000 settlers from France.
science and technology
- August: Johannes Kepler completes the Rudolfinische Tafeln in Ulm , a collection of different tables and rules for the prediction of planetary constellations.
- The first part of the Parian Chronicle is discovered.
- Francis Bacon's fragmentary utopian work Nova Atlantis appears in neo-Latin language a year after the author's death.
- On April 1, 1627, the first German-language opera, Dafne , is performed at Hartenfels Castle in Torgau at the wedding of Sophie Eleonore of Saxony with Landgrave Georg II of Hesse-Darmstadt . Composer: Heinrich Schütz , libretto: Martin Opitz .
nature and environment
- In Poland the last aurochs , a cow, probably dies of old age. The wild form of domestic cattle has thus been eradicated worldwide.
First half of the year
- January 1 : John Gadbury , English astrologer († 1704 )
- January 25 : Johann Georg Lorenz , German educator († 1689 )
- February 4 : Robert Boyle , Irish scientist († 1692 )
- February 4 : Ludolf Lorenz von Krosigk , Brandenburg War Council, Chamberlain and Colonel († 1673 )
- February 28 : Aubrey de Vere, 20th Earl of Oxford , English nobleman († 1703 )
- March 8 : Elisabeth Angélique de Montmorency , French noblewoman, Duchess of Châtillon († 1695 )
- March 9 : Thomas Howard, 5th Duke of Norfolk , English nobleman († 1677 )
- April 12 : Christoph Arnold , German theologian, hymn poet and poet († 1685 )
- May 16 : Willem van Aelst , Dutch still life painter († 1683 )
- May 16 : Rudolf August , Duke of Braunschweig and Lüneburg, Prince of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel († 1704 )
Second half of the year
- July 1 : Anna Maria von Mecklenburg , Duchess of Saxony-Weißenfels († 1669 )
- July 28th : Johann Franz Desideratus , Count or Prince of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden and Diez († 1699 )
- August 1 : Luise Christine von Savoyen-Carignan , Princess of Savoy, by marriage Margravine von Baden († 1689 )
- August 2 : Samuel van Hoogstraten , Dutch painter († 1678 )
- August 11 : Theodor Timmermann , pharmacist, mayor of Mannheim and mayor of the Palatinate colony in Magdeburg († 1700 )
- August 30 : Itō Jinsai , Japanese Confucian philosopher († 1705 )
- August 31 : Christian von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Bartenstein , court official and politician († 1675 )
- September 11 : Johann Ernst II , Duke of Saxe-Weimar († 1683 )
- September 16 : Philip of the Palatinate , Prince of the Palatinate († 1650 )
- November 17 : Johann Georg II , ruling Prince of Anhalt-Dessau († 1693 )
- November 20 : Charlotte of Hessen-Kassel , Princess of Hessen-Kassel, by marriage Electress of the Palatinate († 1686 )
- November 29th : John Ray , British naturalist, sometimes called "father of British natural history" († 1705 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Christoph Ignaz Abele , Austrian legal scholar and court official († 1685 )
- Benedict Annon , Italian stonemason and sculptor († 1702 )
- John Hall , English writer († 1656 )
- Dorothy Osborne , British writer of letters († 1695 )
- Francesco della Torre , royal Prague stone mason master († 1687 )
- Lurainz Wietzel , Swiss lawyer and translator of the Geneva Psalter and pietistic edification literature into Ladin († 1670 )
First half of the year
- January 27 : Cäcilie Wasa , Swedish princess and margravine of Baden-Rodemachern (* 1540 )
- January 28 : Gerhard Rantzau , 1600–1627 Danish governor in the royal part of Schleswig-Holstein (* 1558 )
- January 30 : Sophia Agnes of Langenberg , Cologne nun, victim of Cologne witch hunts (* 1597 / 1598 )
- February 12 : Charles I , Bohemian nobleman, first Prince of Liechtenstein (* 1569 )
- February 22nd : Olivier van Noort , Dutch navigator (* 1558 )
- March 22nd : Cornelis van Aerssen , Dutch statesman, diplomat and lawyer (* 1545 )
- March 23 : Ludovico Zacconi , Italian music theorist (* 1555 )
- March 30th : Enoch Pöckel , lawyer, council member and council builder in Leipzig, Hammerherr in the Erzgebirge (* 1578 )
- May 1 : Friedrich Balduin , German Lutheran theologian (* 1575 )
- May 18 : Valerius Herberger , German Lutheran theologian (* 1562 )
- May 19 : Katharina Henot , Cologne patrician and postmistress, victims of witch hunts Cologne (* 1570 / 1580 )
- June 4th : Marie de Bourbon , Duchess of Montpensier in her own right (* 1605 )
- June 22nd : François de Montmorency-Bouteville , French nobleman (* 1600 )
Second half of the year
- August 4th : Christina Morhaubt , victim of the witch hunt in the Bamberg diocese
- August 27 : Francesco Maria Bourbon Del Monte , Italian cardinal (* 1549 )
- September 8 : Juan Sánchez Cotán , Spanish painter (* 1560 )
- September 17 : Wilhelm Ulrich Romanus , German legal scholar (* 1598 )
- September 29 : Johannes Acronius , East Frisian theologian (* 1565 )
- September 30 : Tianqi , fifteenth emperor of the Chinese Ming dynasty (* 1605 )
- December 16 : Sebastián Aguilera de Heredia , Spanish organist and composer (* 1561 )
- December 25 : Vincenzo II Gonzaga , Duke of Mantua (* 1594 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Martin Galíndez , Spanish painter and wood carver (* 1547 )
- Abdul Rahim Khan-e-Khana , general and poet in the Mughal Empire