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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Pedro Menéndez de Avilés
Pedro Menéndez de Avilés - Spanish governor of Florida - founds the city of St. Augustine .
The Deccan sultanates Ahmednagar, Bidar, Bijapur and Golkonda and the Hindu Empire of Vijayanagar in the early 16th century
The Dekkan Sultanates
defeat the Vijayanagar Empire
in the Battle of Talikota
Matteo Perez d'Aleccio: Siege of Malta - the Ottoman fleet reaches Malta
The siege of Malta
, which lasted several months, ends with the withdrawal of the Ottoman army.
1565 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1013/14 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1557/58
Buddhist calendar 2108/09 (southern Buddhism); 2107/08 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the Wood Ox 乙丑 ( at the beginning of the year Wood Rat R)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 927/928 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3898/99 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 943/944
Islamic calendar 972/973 (turn of the year 28/29 July)
Jewish calendar 5325/5326 (August 26-27)
Coptic calendar 1281/82
Malayalam calendar 740/741
Seleucid era Babylon: 1875/76 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1876/77 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1621/22 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Siege of Malta

The conquest of St. Elmo,
Matteo Perez d'Aleccio

Other events in Europe

  • February: The Battle of Affane is one of the last private battles in Ireland . It takes place in the province of Munster , County Waterford, between the troops of the Fitzgeralds ( Earl of Desmond ) and the Butlers ( Earl of Ormonde ). The battle ends with the defeat of Desmond's troops. In particular, the fact that both sides display their private banners during the battle is an affront to the English crown. Thereupon Elizabeth I ordered the leaders of both lordships to London. While Thomas Butler (3rd Earl of Ormonde) is pardoned as a relative of the Queen, Gerald Fitzgerald and his brothers John and James are arrested and locked up in the Tower of London . The power vacuum that followed in Munster finally led to the first Desmond rebellion in 1569 .
Mary Queen of Scots and Her Consort Lord Darnley


Map of America 1565


  • February 13 : The Spanish expedition fleet under commander Miguel López de Legazpi and chief navigator Andrés de Urdaneta , which is in search of the Spice Islands , reaches the island of Cebu after a three-month journey . After a brief battle with the indigenous population , they leave Cebu and sail to the neighboring islands of Leyte and Camiguin . On March 16, the ships drift to the coast of Bohol . There, Legazpi and his team will receive spices and gold after convincing the locals that they are not Portuguese. He concludes a blood contract with the chief Datu Sikatuna as a sign of friendship between the two peoples. Legazpi and his men sail back to Cebu on April 27th and destroy a village, on the ruins of which they found their first settlements named Villa del Santísimo Nombre de Jesús and Villa de San Miguel . Shortly afterwards, the first monastery of the Augustinian order was founded there, and its activities will play an important role in the Christianization of the islands in the future.
  • The expedition member Alonso de Arellano deserted after several battles against the locals with a ship and made his way home to New Spain . Legazpi then sends Andrés de Urdaneta home on a ship to request support for the colony. On October 8th he reached Acapulco . Arellano, who caught more favorable winds, arrived in Barra de Navidad three months earlier .



science and technology


Visual arts

Bruegel: painter and buyer



Catholic Church

Pope Pius IV, painting by Bartolomeo Passarotti


Schulchan Aruch, first edition


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1565


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

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