Deccan sultanates

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The Islamic Deccan sultanates Ahmednagar, Bidar, Bijapur and Golkonda, as well as the Hindu Empire of Vijayanagar in the early 16th century

The Dekkan sultanates are the five sultanates Ahmadnagar , Berar , Bidar , Bijapur and Golkonda on the Deccan in central India , which emerged from the Bahmani Sultanate at the turn of the 15th to the 16th century . Bijapur, Ahmadnagar and Berar became independent in 1490, Bidar in 1492 and Golkonda in 1512.


The cause of the emergence of the five Islamic states were internal disputes in the Bahmani Sultanate , which ultimately led to the complete loss of power of the last sultan Mahmud Shah IV (r. 1482-1518). Most of the time, the Dekkan sultanates were involved in wars with one another. In 1564, however, they formed an alliance against Vijayanagar , with the exception of Berar, and in the following year they defeated the common enemy in the Battle of Talikota to such an extent that this last Hindu empire in southern India was eliminated from Indian politics.

In 1574 after a coup in the Sultanate of Berar, this Sultanate was conquered by the Sultanate of Ahmadnagar. In 1619 the Sultanate of Bidar was annexed by the Sultanate of Bijapur. Later, the remaining three sultanates Ahmadnagar, Bijapur and Golkonda were conquered by the Mughal Empire : The Sultanate Ahmadnagar was completely overrun by the Mughal Empire between 1616 and 1636, and the Sultanates Golkonda and Bijapur were conquered by the Mughal regent Aurangzeb in the campaign of 1686-87.

With the subsequent fall of the Mughal Empire at the beginning of the 18th century, the rise of the Hindu Empire of the Maratha took place in the areas of the Deccan sultanates that had been eliminated by the Mughal emperor , which was ultimately destroyed by the British colonial empire .

See also


  • Hermann Kulke , Dietmar Rothermund : History of India. 3rd, updated Edition Munich: CH Beck 2018
  • George Michell, Mark Zebrowski: Architecture and Art of the Deccan Sultanates (= The New Cambridge History of India. 1: The Mughals and their Contemporaries. 7). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge et al. 1999, ISBN 0-521-56321-6 .
  • Ramesh C. Majumdar et al. (Ed.): The History and Culture of the Indian People. Volume 7: The Mughul Empire. 5rd edition. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Mumbai 1994.

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