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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Art Year · Literature Year · Music Year

Francisco de Almeida
Francisco de Almeida
becomes Viceroy of Portuguese India .
Mona Lisa
Leonardo da Vinci
completes the Mona Lisa .
Luther monument in Erfurt
Martin Luther enters the Augustinian monastery in Erfurt .
1505 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 953/954 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1497/98
Aztec calendar 12. Feuerstein - Matlactli omome Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 11th Rohr - Matlactli ozce Acatl )
Buddhist calendar 2048/49 (southern Buddhism); 2047/48 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the Wood Ox 乙丑 ( at the beginning of the year Wood Rat R)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 867/868 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3838/39 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 883/884
Islamic calendar 910/911 (turn of the year 3rd / 4th June)
Jewish calendar 5265/66 (August 29/30)
Coptic calendar 1221/22
Malayalam calendar 680/681
Seleucid era Babylon: 1815/16 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1816/17 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1543
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1561/62 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Grand Duchy of Moscow

Grand Duke Vasily III.
  • October 27th : dies in Moscow with Ivan III. one of the most important rulers in Russian history after more than 40 years of reign . His successor is Vasily III. , his son from his marriage to Sofia Palaiologa . This continues the great power politics of his father. In domestic politics he relies on the church, which supports him against the opposition of the nobility.


Image from the Balthasar Behem Codex

Holy Roman Empire


Portuguese colonial empire

Algarve ultramar: Portugal's former possessions on Morocco's coast

Voyages of discovery


Emperor Zhengde
  • June 8 : With the death of his father Hongzhi , 14-year-old Zhengde becomes the tenth Chinese emperor of the Ming Dynasty . While still on his deathbed, the dying emperor implores his grand secretaries to keep an eye on his son, saying: He is very intelligent, but loves lightness and pleasure.



science and technology

Da Vinci: Investigations into the flight behavior of birds


Visual arts

The three philosophers



The first "iron hand"



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1505


First half of the year

Tomb of Jeanne de Valois

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1505  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files