Calendar overview 1505
Francisco de Almeida
becomes Viceroy of Portuguese India .
Leonardo da Vinci
completes the Mona Lisa .
|Martin Luther enters the Augustinian monastery in Erfurt .|
|1505 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||953/954 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||12. Feuerstein - Matlactli omome Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 11th Rohr - Matlactli ozce Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||2048/49 (southern Buddhism); 2047/48 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||70th (71st) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||867/868 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3838/39 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||910/911 (turn of the year 3rd / 4th June)|
|Jewish calendar||5265/66 (August 29/30)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1815/16 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1816/17 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1561/62 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Grand Duchy of Moscow
- June 25 : Khan Mohammed Eimin , who was installed in Kazan in 1502 with Moscow's help, breaks off diplomatic relations and lets the ambassador of the Muscovite Tsar Ivan III. to arrest. The subsequent military advance across the Volga on August 30th failed shortly before Nizhny Novgorod , which withstood a three-day siege.
- October 27th : dies in Moscow with Ivan III. one of the most important rulers in Russian history after more than 40 years of reign . His successor is Vasily III. , his son from his marriage to Sofia Palaiologa . This continues the great power politics of his father. In domestic politics he relies on the church, which supports him against the opposition of the nobility.
- The Nihil Novi constitution becomes one of the most important foundations of the Polish aristocratic republic . King Alexander installs the Sejm on the Reichstag in Radom as a two-chamber parliament consisting of the senate consisting of royal advisors and the chamber of messengers sent by the nobility, and moves the majority of the deliberations to the second chamber.
Holy Roman Empire
- June 15 : After the death of Ercole I d'Este , his son Alfonso I d'Este becomes Duke of Ferrara , Modena and Reggio .
- July 30 : At the Reichstag in Cologne , the Roman-German King Maximilian I decides the Landshut War of Succession : the Duchy of Palatinate-Neuburg is established.
- 10 / October 11 : Lucien Grimaldi stabs at night his brother Jean II. , Lord of Monaco , in an escalating dispute. Self-defense is later recognized and Lucien succeeds Jean.
- Cesare Borgia , who has been in Spanish captivity for a year , is being transferred from the Castillo de Chinchilla de Montearagón to the La Mota prison in Medina del Campo .
Portuguese colonial empire
- March: Francisco de Almeida is appointed Viceroy of Portuguese India by the Portuguese King Manuel I after the originally planned Tristão da Cunha cannot take office due to temporary blindness. In the same year he set out with 22 ships on the route discovered by Vasco da Gama . The German Balthasar Sprenger is also on one of these ships and later describes this trip to India in his book “Sea Voyage”. Another expedition participant is the young Fernão de Magalhães .
- Portuguese sailors start building the fortress of Santa Cruz do Cabo de Gué north of Agadir . It is the southernmost base in the Algarve across the sea in what is now Morocco .
- The Portuguese begin building a fortress in Sofala, in present-day Mozambique, to secure the sea route to India .
- Portuguese sailors land on Grande Comore and are the first Europeans to set foot on the Comoros .
- The city of Kilwa Kisiwani , one of the leading cities on the East African coast , comes under Portuguese control.
Voyages of discovery
- The French navigator Binot Paulmier de Gonneville is returning from a two-year voyage of discovery on which he claims to have discovered Terra Australis .
- June 8 : With the death of his father Hongzhi , 14-year-old Zhengde becomes the tenth Chinese emperor of the Ming Dynasty . While still on his deathbed, the dying emperor implores his grand secretaries to keep an eye on his son, saying: He is very intelligent, but loves lightness and pleasure.
- After the death of his father Muhammad al-Sheikh al-Mahdi, Abdallah Muhammad becomes the second sultan of the Wattasids in Morocco . However, he can neither prevail against the Bedouin and Berber tribes in the country nor prevent the advance of the Portuguese . The Saadians under Sherif Abu Abdallah al-Qa'im use this loss of authority to build a power base in southern Morocco .
- Portuguese sailors found Agadir .
- Afonso I. becomes Mani-Congo of the Congo Empire .
- In the postal contract dated January 18, 1505 , Franz von Taxis received an annual lump sum from Philip the Fair in order to maintain the service on the Dutch postal rate , which was founded in 1490 , and to transport the mail in precisely defined periods of time.
- January 28th : The Fondaco dei Tedeschi , the branch of the German merchants in Venice, is in ruins after a fire in the morning . Reconstruction is required.
- King Maximilian I confirms the privilege granted in 1498 for two annual markets in Braunschweig .
- Mariengroschen are minted for the first time in Goslar .
science and technology
- Joseph Grünbeck founds the Poeticum grammar school in Regensburg .
- The Wetterbüchlein , a meteorological folk book by Leonhard Reynmann , appears for the first time. It is the first register of weather rules based not only on meteorology from ancient and medieval sources, but also on observations.
- around 1505: Leonardo da Vinci wrote the codex on the flight of birds in his characteristic mirror writing .
- Leonardo da Vinci completes the painting Mona Lisa .
- Sodoma paints a large cycle of frescoes from the life of St. Benedict for the monastery of Monte Oliveto Maggiore and at the same time the Descent from the Cross, now in the Museum of Siena.
- Elector Friedrich called the painter Lucas Cranach the Elder to his Wittenberg court. He worked in Wittenberg for decades and created lasting works that carried the Reformation period from Wittenberg into the world.
- Götz von Berlichingen , who lost his hand in the Landshut War of Succession last year, gets an iron hand prosthesis .
- July 17th : Martin Luther enters the monastery of the Augustinian hermits in Erfurt and thereby fulfills his vow .
Date of birth saved
- January 12 : Ludwig zu Stolberg , German regent († 1574 )
- January 13 : Joachim II. Hector , Elector of Brandenburg († 1571 )
- February 5 : Aegidius Tschudi , first Swiss historian and Glarus politician († 1572 )
- February: Johannes Hartung , German Graecist and Hebrew († 1579 )
- March 10 : Johannes Scheyring , Mayor of Magdeburg and Chancellor of the Duke of Mecklenburg († 1555 )
- September 17 : Maria von Habsburg , Princess of Castile, Austria and Burgundy, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary († 1558 )
- December 18 : Philipp von Hutten , German Welser conquistador and imperial captain general of Venezuela († 1546 )
- December 21 : Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton , English nobleman († 1550 )
- December 25th : Christina of Saxony , Landgrave of Hesse († 1549 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Pomponio Amalteo , Italian painter († 1588 )
- Anton I , sovereign and imperial count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst († 1573 )
- Charles I. de Cossé, comte de Brissac , Marshal of France and French diplomat († 1563 )
- Thomas Kantzow , German chronicler and historian († 1542 )
- Pho Thisarath I , King of Lan Xang († 1548 )
- Margaret Roper , English translator and author, daughter of Sir Thomas More († 1544 )
- Nicholas Udall , English playwright, educator and canon in Windsor († 1556 )
Born around 1505
- Cornelis Anthonisz , Dutch painter and cartographer († 1553 )
- Jacquet de Berchem , Franco-Flemish composer and conductor († around 1565 )
- Sokollu Mehmed Pasha , commander and grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire († 1579 )
- Jane Parker , English lady-in-waiting († 1542 )
First half of the year
- January 1st : Juan Castellar y de Borja , Archbishop of Trani and Monreale (* 1441 )
- January 20 : Johann IX. Long coat from the rafter , Augsburg patrician and city caretaker (* around 1440 )
- January 21 : Albert von Vechelde , Braunschweig wholesaler and mayor of the city center of Braunschweig (* 1427 )
- January 28 : Giovanni Garzoni , Italian humanist, rhetorician and teacher (* 1419 )
- January: Arnold von Harff , German knight, pilgrim and travel writer (* 1471 )
- February 4th : Jeanne de Valois , Duchess of Orleans and Queen of France (* 1464 )
- March 5 : Philipp von Kleve , Bishop of Nevers, Amiens and Autun (* 1467 )
- March 6th : Hinrich Boger , German poet, theologian and humanist (* before 1450)
- March 8 : Friedrich II. Von Zollern , Bishop of Augsburg (* 1451 )
- March 29 : Sidonie von Bayern , Princess of Bavaria-Munich (* 1488 )
- March 30th : Paulus , abbot of the Benedictine monastery in Münsterschwarzach
- April 25th : Margaretha von Venningen , German nobleman and abbess
- May 4 : Ladislaus von Gielniów , Polish St. Bernard monk and poet (* 1440 )
- May 28th : Ascanio Sforza , Archbishop of Eger and Cardinal (* 1455 )
- June 8 : Hongzhi , Emperor of the Ming Dynasty (* 1470 )
- June 15 : Ercole I. d'Este , Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio (* 1431 )
Second half of the year
- July 30th : Johannes Welmecher , auxiliary bishop in Paderborn, Cologne and Havelberg (* 15th century)
- July: Jacob Obrecht , Flemish composer, singer and clerics (* 1457/ 58 )
- August 8 : Niccolò de Rubini , Bishop of Lacedonia
- August 30 : Elisabeth von Habsburg , Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania (* 1437 )
- August 30 : Tito Vespasiano Strozzi , Italian humanist (* 1425 )
- September 1 : Wok II , Bohemian nobleman from the Rosenbergs (* 1459 )
- September 5 : Raimund Peraudi , Bishop of Gurk and Saintes (* 1435 )
- September 24th : Barbara Schwab , victim of the witch hunt in the Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach
- October 6 : Johannes Adorf , German Catholic theologian
- October 10 : William Boleyn , English nobleman and high sheriff of Kent (* 1451 )
- October 11th : Jean II , Lord of Monaco (* 1468 )
- October 10 or 11 : William Barnes , English cleric
- October 13 : Takeda Nobumasa , Japanese daimyō towards the end of the Muromachi period (* 1447 )
- October 20 : Henri de Lorraine-Vaudémont , Bishop of Thérouanne and of Metz (* presumably after 1430)
- October 27 : Ivan III. , Grand Duke of Moscow (* 1440 )
- October 30 : Paul Scriptoris , German Franciscan and theologian (* around 1460 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Anton Archer , Bernese military leader and statesman
- Matthäus Böblinger , German builder (* 1450 )
- Adam von Fulda , German composer and music theorist (* around 1445 )
- Semen Holszański , Lithuanian prince, grand hetman of Lithuania and voivode of Nowogródek (* around 1450 )
- Konoe Masaie , Japanese nobleman and regent (* 1444 )
- Muhammad al-Sheikh al-Mahdi , first sultan of the Wattasids of Morocco
- As-Suyūtī , Islamic scholar (* 1445 )
- Hans Schüchlin , German painter in Ulm
- Alexander Stewart, 2nd Earl of Buchan , Scottish nobleman (* after 1465)
- Heinrich Westfal , Lübeck councilor and carnival poet