Calendar overview 1427
|Danish-Hanseatic War , the Hanseatic League suffers a devastating defeat in the sea battle in the Øresund .|
|Diogo de Silves discovered the Azores .|
|1427 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||875/876 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||12. Rabbit - Matlactli omome Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 11th house - Matlactli ozce Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1970/71 (southern Buddhism); 1969/70 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||789/790 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||830/831 (turn of the year October 21/22)|
|Jewish calendar||5187/88 (September 21/22)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1737/38 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1738/39 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1483/84 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- In the Battle of Zwettl on March 25th between Hussite and Imperial Austrian troops, the Hussites under Andreas Prokop fail to conquer the town of Zwettl in Lower Austria, which has been besieged since March 12th, but they can steal considerable booty and cause immense destruction in the area.
- August 4th : The fourth crusade against the Hussites fails in the Battle of Mies . For the first time, crusaders formed a wagon castle analogous to the opposing tactics , but inexperience with this contributed to the defeat of the Catholic troops.
- December 2 : To finance campaigns against the Hussites, the Reichstag in Frankfurt, under the Roman-German King Sigismund, approves an imperial war tax, later known as the Hussite pfennig.
- May 28 : The attempt of the Hanse , Flensburg recapture fails. Heinrich IV. , Count of Holstein , who has allied himself with the Hanseatic League against the Danish- dominated Kalmar Union under King Erik VII because of the dispute over the Duchy of Schleswig , falls during the attempt to conquer the Duburg . He is followed by his brother Adolf VIII as Count of Holstein and pretender of Schleswig. The Hamburg councilor Johann Kletze is held responsible for the defeat and brought to justice at the end of the year.
- July 11th : During the Danish-Hanseatic War , a Danish-Swedish fleet under Barnim VIII von Pomerania inflicts a devastating defeat on the Hanseatic fleet commanded by Tidemann Steen in a sea battle in the Öresund . Afterwards, they can conquer the entire now defenseless Hansa merchant fleet. The Mayor of Hamburg, Hein Hoyer, is captured in the battle. The defeat leads to political unrest in the involved Hanseatic cities of Hamburg, Lübeck , Rostock and Wismar . The mayor of Lübeck, Tidemann Steen, was deposed, expropriated and thrown into the tower prison of the Lübeck Marstall for three years , while the mayor of Wismar, Johann Bantzkow , was publicly executed by beheading on November 18th .
Other events in the Holy Roman Empire
- October 28th : The Battle of the Wild Fields means the end of tom Brok's rule over East Frisia . The winner Focko Ukena can only secure his rule for a short time.
- December 8 : The Mainz-Hessian War ends after two decisive victories by Landgrave Ludwig I over the Mainz military leader Gottfried von Leiningen on July 23 near Fritzlar and over Archbishop Konrad von Dhaun on August 10 near Fulda . With the peace treaty in Frankfurt am Main, a two-century conflict over territorial supremacy in Hesse between Kurmainz and the Landgraves of Hesse is settled in favor of the latter.
Other events in Europe
- Since Stefan Lazarević dies without descendants, his nephew Đurađ Branković follows him as despot on the Serbian throne. With the Ottoman Empire and Hungary he is faced with two overpowering opponents. The previous capital, Belgrade, must be returned to the Hungarian King Sigismund , and Đurađ then relocated his capital to Smederevo .
- The Portuguese navigator Diogo de Silves discovered Santa Maria, the first island in the Azores archipelago .
- Chimalpopoca , Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlán , is assassinated, either at the behest of Maxtla , ruler of the rival Tanzanian city-state Azcapotzalco , or by his uncle Itzcóatl , who succeeds him to the throne.
science and technology
- Heinrich Arnold invents the clock spring .
- The Lincoln College of theological training at the University of Oxford is founded.
- The Cistercian Monastery of Monte Sión in Castile is founded.
- The monastery in the Reuental , a Teutonic nuns' house in Bern, is dissolved. The last sister of the order Margaretha Zehnder is compensated with a personal thing.
Date of birth saved
- February 27 : Ruprecht von der Pfalz , Archbishop of Cologne († 1480 )
- May 8 : John Tiptoft , English statesman, 1st Earl of Worcester († 1470 )
- May 9 : Françoise d'Amboise , French noblewoman, Duchess of Brittany († 1485 )
- October 26 : Siegmund , Archduke of Austria and Regent of Tyrol and Upper Austria († 1496 )
- November 29 : Zhengtong , sixth Chinese emperor of the Ming dynasty († 1464 )
- November 30 : Casimir IV , Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland († 1492 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- David of Burgundy , Bishop of Utrecht († 1496 )
- Georg Hessler , Prince-Bishop of Passau († 1482 )
- Heinrich IV. Von Rosenberg head captain in Silesia († 1457 )
- Antonio Rossellino , Italian architect and sculptor († after 1478)
- Peter Schott the Elder , politician in Strasbourg († 1504 )
- Charles I , Margrave of Baden († 1475 )
Born around 1427
First half of the year
- January 1st : Viktorin of Podebrady , Bohemian-Moravian nobleman (* 1403 )
- January 18 : Eberhard III. von Neuhaus , administrator of the incorporated Reich Prelature Berchtesgaden and Archbishop of Salzburg
- April 7th : Uberto Decembrio , Italian translator and politician
- April 17th : Johann IV. , Duke of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg (* 1403 )
- May 16 : Johannes Rimer , Bohemian priest and martyr, saint of the Catholic Church
- May 23 : Rudolf von der Planitz , Bishop of Meissen
- May 28 : Heinrich IV of Holstein , Count of Holstein and pretender to the Duke of Schleswig (* 1397 )
- May 28 : Erich I , Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg and Prince of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen (* around 1383 )
Second half of the year
- July 23 : Siegmund Albich , Bohemian nobleman, personal physician to Emperor Sigismund, Archbishop of Prague (* around 1360 )
- August 1 : Gentile da Fabriano , Italian painter (* around 1370 / 85 )
- September 8 : Tommaso Brancaccio , Italian Cardinal
- September 8 : Franz von Retz , Austrian theologian, Dominican (* around 1343 )
- September 12th : Bertold von Bückelsburg , Bishop of Brixen
- September 14 : Jakob ben Moses haLevi Molin , Jewish scholar, rabbi (* around 1375 )
- October 21 : Raimond Mairose , Roman lawyer and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
- November 18 : Johann Bantzkow , German businessman, mayor of the Hanseatic city of Wismar
- December 4th : Hermann Bokholt , German Cistercian and abbot of Doberan Monastery
Exact date of death unknown
- Ondřej z Brodu , Czech theologian
- Chimalpopoca , Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlán (* 1404 )
- Hisko von Emden , East Frisian provost of Emden
- Qu You , Chinese writer of the Ming Dynasty (* 1341 )