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Heads of State · Nekrolog

James II
James II becomes
King of Scotland .
Henry the Navigator
Henry the Navigator
fails in his attempt to take
Tangier .
Dresden Marienaltar: open wings with Madonna enthroned
Jan van Eyck paints the Marien Altar in Dresden .
1437 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 885/886 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1429/30
Aztec calendar 9. Feuerstein - Chicuhnahui Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 8th pipes - Chicuei Acatl )
Buddhist calendar 1980/81 (southern Buddhism); 1979/80 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 68th (69th) cycle

Year of the Fire Snake丁巳 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Dragon 丙辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 799/800 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 815/816
Islamic calendar 840/841 (turn of the year 4th / 5th July)
Jewish calendar 5197/98 (August 30/31)
Coptic calendar 1153/54
Malayalam calendar 612/613
Seleucid era Babylon: 1747/48 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1748/49 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1475
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1493/94 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Holy Roman Empire


Grandmaster's coat of arms Jeans de Lastic

Portugal / Morocco

  • An attempt by King Edward of Portugal to conquer the city of Tangier in North Africa from the Merinids ends in disaster: his brother Heinrich the Navigator , who commands the Tangier campaign, has to surrender to the overwhelming Arab forces. Part of the surrender provisions is that Portugal should return the exclave of Ceuta to the Merinids under Abdalhaqq II . To vouch for this provision, Prince Ferdinand von Avis , another of the king's younger brothers , must be held hostage by the Moors . Since Eduard dies the following year and the Cortes , the Portuguese aristocratic parliament, refuses to give up Ceuta, Ferdinand remains in Arab captivity for the rest of his life.

Eastern Europe

City rights and first documentary mentions


From the life of St. Nicholas of Bari



  • The construction of the Olomouc Charterhouse begins as a replacement for the Dolein Charterhouse that was destroyed during the Hussite Wars .



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1437


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Emperor Sigismund

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1437

Web links

Commons : 1437  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files