Calendar overview 1363
|Margarete von Tirol transfers her property to the House of Habsburg .||
Philip the Bold ,
son of John II of France,
becomes Duke of Burgundy .
|1363 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||811/812 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||13. Rabbit - Matlactli omey Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 12th house - Matlactli omome Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1906/07 (southern Buddhism); 1905/06 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||725/726 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||764/765 (New Year 9/10 October)|
|Jewish calendar||5123/24 (September 8/9)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1673/74 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1674/75 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1419/20|
Politics and world events
- Simone Boccanegra is believed to be poisoned during his second term as Doge of Genoa . To his successor is on March 14 Adorno Gabriele selected. The latter passed a series of laws to establish rules for admission to office and to secure the supremacy that the non-noble citizens of Genoa had over the old aristocratic families in the future. Therefore, he has to face constant attacks from the expelled nobles supported by the Visconti of Milan - e. B. the Spinola and Doria - who seek to regain their former power.
- August 8 : The Cretans ' refusal to pay an extra annual tariff to clean the port and repair the dams in the capital Candia calls on the Republic of Venice to suppress the rebellion in this colonial property. Of up to 1366 permanent Revolt of Saint Titus is one of the most serious vibrations of the Venetian colonial empire and leads to an economic crisis.
Holy Roman Empire
- January 13th : Meinhard III. , Duke of Upper Bavaria and Count of Tyrol , surprisingly probably dies of poisoning. Since he leaves no offspring, his mother inherits Margarete von Tirol against the claims of Meinhard VI. von Gorizia and the Wittelsbacher Tirol to Rudolf IV. von Habsburg , the brother of their daughter-in-law. Contrary to the agreement in the Landsberg contract, Upper Bavaria falls to Meinhard's uncle Stephan II of Bavaria-Landshut . In the same year he also had Tyrol occupied.
- May 21 : Emperor Charles IV takes Elisabeth of Pomerania, around 30 years his junior, to his fourth wife in Krakow . With this he succeeds Elisabeth's grandfather, the Polish King Casimir III. from the coalition of his opponents with the Hungarian King Ludwig I and the Danish King Waldemar IV and also improves the relationship with the latter two, with whom Elisabeth is also related. On June 18, Elisabeth is crowned Queen of Bohemia in Prague. In September the cities of Königsgrätz , Hohenmauth and Chrudim received it as a treasure trove.
- June 21 : Adolf III. von der Mark , previously Bishop of Münster , is appointed Archbishop and Elector of Cologne by Pope Urban V in place of Johann von Virneburg, who was elected by the Cathedral Chapter on June 13th . When Adolf took office in Cologne, however, he encountered resistance from Johann, who continued to see himself as the administrator of the archbishopric. Only after Adolf acknowledges the donations to Johann's relatives does Johann give in. Instead he becomes Bishop of Munster. So that the loss of the archbishopric is not too painful, the Pope continues to grant him the income of a Cologne cathedral dean for six years.
- September 6th : The Bergische Ämterverstellung is handed over in a document. Numerous cities and offices are mentioned in it.
Empire of China
- August 30 to October 4 : Zhu Yuanzhang's Chinese rebels defeated those of his rival Chen Youliang in the naval battle on Lake Poyang . The battle contributes to the rise of the Ming Dynasty , which replaces the Yuan Dynasty five years later. It is one of the greatest sea battles in human history.
First documentary mentions
science and technology
Religion, culture and society
- The Magdeburg Cathedral (Germany's first Gothic church, construction began in 1209; west towers not until 1520) is consecrated.
- Vicars Close , the UK's oldest townhouse development, is completed.
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Margaret of Bavaria , Duchess of Burgundy († 1423 or 1424 )
- Jean de Montaigu , advisor to the French kings Charles V and Charles VI. († 1409 )
- Zeami Motokiyo , Japanese playwright, theorist and actor of the Nō theater († 1443 )
Date of death secured
- January 13th : Meinhard III. , Duke of Upper Bavaria and Count of Gorizia and Tyrol (* 1344 )
- January 23 : Peter Kröll von Reichenhall , Bishop of Lavant
- February 6 : Henry III. of Braunschweig-Lüneburg , Bishop of Hildesheim (* around 1296 )
- May 10 : Aldouin Alberti , Bishop of Maguelonne and Auxerre
- July 15 : Heinrich II von Neuhaus , Bohemian nobleman
- August 23 : Chen Youliang , Chinese founder of the rebel state Dahan (* 1320 )
- August 29 : Philip of Navarre , Count of Longueville (* 1336 )
- October 21 : Hugues Roger , French bishop (* 1293 )
- October 27th : Matthäus an der Gassen , Prince-Bishop of Brixen (* around 1300 )
- October 28 : Lupold von Bebenburg , Bishop of Bamberg (* around 1297 )
- November 27th : Teodossi von Tarnowo , Bulgarian clergyman and scholar
- December 10 : Elizabeth de Burgh , Anglo-Irish nobleman (* 1332 )
Exact date of death unknown
- before March 14th: Simone Boccanegra , first and third Doge of Genoa
- before May 12th: Johannes Komnenos Asen , ruler of Valona
- between August 15 and September 21: Johann Wittenborg , Lübeck merchant and mayor (* around 1321 )
- Autumn: Blanche of Namur , Queen of Sweden and Norway (* around 1320 )
- Late autumn: Wicker Frosch , Frankfurt patrician, clergyman and founder (* before 1300)
- Friedrich von Hutten , bailiff in the Wetterau and Reichsschultheiß of Frankfurt am Main
- Gerhard von Ehrenberg , Bishop of Speyer
- Gottfried von Arnsberg , Bishop of Osnabrück (* around 1285 )
- Herdis Torvaldsdatter , Norwegian landowner (* around 1310 )
- John I , Lord of Châtillon and Crécy, Grand Master of France (* 1283 )
- Longchen Rabjam , scholar and person of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1308 )
- Ténoch , Aztec ruler (* 1299 )
- Matteo Villani , Italian merchant and historian (* around 1285 )