from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portal history | Portal Biographies | Current events | Annual calendar

| 12th century | 13th century | 14th century |
| 1260s | 1270s | 1280s | 1290s | 1300s | 1310s | 1320s |
◄◄ | | 1295 | 1296 | 1297 | 1298 | 1299 | 1300 | 1301 | 1302 | 1303 | | ►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

With the birth of the legendary Tenoch the era of the Aztec kings begins in the history of the Aztecs .
Osman I.
Osman I. proclaims the independence of his Beylik from the Rum Seljuks and thus founds the Ottoman Empire .
Battle of Wadi al-Khazandar
The Mongols defeat the Mamluks
in the battle of Wadi al-Khazandar .
1299 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 747/748 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1291/92
Aztec calendar 1. Rabbit Ce Tochtli (from late January / early February)
Buddhist calendar 1842/43 (southern Buddhism); 1841/42 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 66th (67th) cycle

Year of the Earth-Pig己亥 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Dog 戊戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 661/662 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 677/678
Islamic calendar 698/699 (turn of the year 27/28 September)
Jewish calendar 5059/60 (August 28/29)
Coptic calendar 1015/16
Malayalam calendar 474/475
Seleucid era Babylon: 1609/10 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1610/11 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1337
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1355/56


Politics and world events


  • With the support of his brother Constantine III. Hethum II takes back power in the Armenian kingdom of Cilicia after he was overthrown, imprisoned and partially blinded by his brother Sempad in 1296 . In the summer, King Hethum II sends a message to Ghazan , the Mongolian Il-Khan of Persia , asking for his support. Ghazan marches with his troops towards Syria to jointly carry out an attack on the Mamluks . The Mongols and their allies defeated the Mamluks at the Battle of Wadi al-Khazandar on December 23 or 24 . Armenian aid contingents play a decisive role in the victory of the Mongols.
  • Osman I , prince of a Beylik dependent on the Rum Seljuks , increasingly began to claim sovereignty for himself. The year 1299 is therefore considered to be the founding year of the Ottoman Empire in Asia Minor . Through his conquests, for example of İnegöl , Bilecik and Yenişehir , Osman expanded his territory, which originally only comprised about 1,500 km², to finally 18,000 km².
  • The Germiyan come into possession of Ankara through a treaty with the Rum Seljuks .


Statue of the Scottish King Robert I in front of Stirling Castle

City rights and first documentary mentions




Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1299


January to July

Tomb of Raimondo della Torre in the Basilica of Aquileia

August to December

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1299

Web links

Commons : 1299  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files