|Edward I of England conquered the Scottish War of Independence , the last Scottish castle Stirling Castle .|
|1304 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||752/753 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||6. Pipes - Chicuace Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 5th Rabbit - Macuilli Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1847/48 (southern Buddhism); 1846/47 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||666/667 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||703/704 (turn of the year 3rd / 4th August)|
|Jewish calendar||5064/65 (August 31 / September 1)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1614/15 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1615/16 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1360/61|
Politics and world events
Scotland / England
- July 20 : With the conquest of the last Scots- held fortress Stirling Castle, the English King Edward I stifles the Scottish fight for freedom .
France / Flanders
In the dispute between Flemings and Dutch over Zeeland , a Flemish force of around 120,000 men pulls up before Zierikzee , which a few years ago served as a refuge for the Dutch Prince Willem from the House of Avesnes . They besieged the city for several months until finally a fleet of Dutch and French warships arrived under the command of the Monegasque Admiral Raniero Grimaldi . The fleet is inferior to the Flemish in numbers and fighting power, but the luck of war and the tides bring victory to the Dutch and their allies in the battle that broke out on August 10th . Willem, who is on board one of the ships, moves into the city again, but now not on the run.
- August 22nd : Count Johann II dies, so his son is named Willem III. Count of Holland , Zeeland and Hainaut . His cousin Emperor Heinrich VII recognizes him in his inheritance, but he still has to struggle for his inheritance for years.
- August 18 : In the battle of Mons-en-Pévèle , the armies of the French king Philip IV and the Flemings under John I of Dampierre split largely in a draw with slight advantages in favor of the French, who can maintain the battlefield.
Holy Roman Empire
- March 7th : Alboino I della Scala succeeds his late brother Bartolomeo I della Scala as Lord of Verona .
- Heinrich II. Von Virneburg is elected Elector and Archbishop of Cologne to succeed Wigbold von Holte , who died on March 26th .
- August 17th : Konrad von Schöneberg discovers that certain parts of the Reinhardswald he sold to the Landgrave of Hesse remain with the Hilwartshausen monastery .
- Nikolaus Mangold, town clerk , legal scholar and canon at the Grossmünster in Zurich , compiles the most important laws, decrees and ordinances from the town books . The letter of judgment is the oldest surviving city law in Zurich.
- Rudolf I of Saxony-Wittenberg forbids Jews to stay in Wittenberg .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of Beuren (near Nürtingen), Freudental , Jenfeld , Langendorf , Schwieberdingen and Werdau .
- Glurns receives town charter .
- The Koh-i-Noor is first mentioned when the Sultan Ala ud-Din Khalji stole it from the Raja of Malwa .
Culture and religion
- January 31 : Wulfing von Stubenberg becomes Prince-Bishop in Bamberg .
- April 20 : The Bishop of Cammin Heinrich von Wacholz permits the Augustinian hermit monastery in Stargard in Pomerania to build a monastery in Anklam .
- July 7th : Pope Benedict XI. dies in Perugia after only one year of pontificate of the Ruhr . The conclave convened at the place of his death , which consists of about half each of Italian and French cardinals, cannot agree on a successor by the end of the year.
- Ulrich I. von Colditz becomes Bishop of Naumburg .
- Beginning of the Gothic rebuilding and renovation of St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna .
- November 1st : A flood of All Saints' Day causes severe damage to the southern Baltic Sea coast, especially in Western Pomerania.
Date of birth saved
- February 24 : Ibn Battuta , Arab explorer († 1377 )
- May 2 : Margaret Mortimer , English noblewoman († 1337 )
- July 20 : Francesco Petrarca , Italian poet († 1374 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Magnus I , Duke of the Principality of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel († 1369 )
- Heinrich von Burghausen , Bishop of Seckau († 1337 )
- Lodewijk Heyligen , Flemish Benedictine monk and music theorist († 1361 )
- Mary of Luxembourg , Queen of France († 1324 )
- Engelbert III. von der Mark , Archbishop of Cologne († 1368 )
- Ibn al-Shatir , Arab astronomer, mathematician and inventor († 1375 )
- Günther XXI. , Count of Schwarzburg-Blankenburg († 1349 )
- Toqa Timur , Mongolian Emperor of China († 1332 )
Born around 1304
- Catherine Grandison , mistress of Edward III. of England († 1349 )
- Walram von Jülich , Archbishop of Cologne († 1349 )
- Marie de Saint-Pol , Anglo-French nobleman († 1377 )
First half of the year
- January: Bruno von Langenbogen , Bishop of Naumburg
- February 14 : Guido of Jaffa , titular count of Jaffa (* 1250 or 1255 )
- March 7th : Bartolomeo I della Scala , Lord of Verona
- March 26th : Wigbold von Holte , Archbishop of Cologne
- April 27 : Petrus Armengol , Spanish Mercedarian (* 1238 )
- April: Olivier IV of Rougé , Breton knight
- May 11th : Ghazan Ilchan , Mongolian Ilchan of Persia (* 1271 )
- May 23 : Jehannot de Lescurel , Trouvère
- June 11th : Albrecht von Löwenstein-Schenkenberg , Count of Löwenstein
- June 17th : Eberhard I. von Limburg-Styrum , Count of Isenberg-Limburg and Lord of Styrum (* 1252 )
- June 25th : Otto I , Prince of Anhalt-Aschersleben
Second half of the year
- July 7th : Benedict XI. , Pope (* 1240 )
- August 16 : Johan II. Van der Leede , Dutch nobleman (* around 1270 )
- August 17th : Go-Fukakusa , Emperor of Japan (* 1243 )
- August 18 : Wilhelm von Chalon-Auxerre , Count of Auxerre (* 1248 )
- August 18th : Wilhelm the Younger , Dutch nobleman and general
- August: Henry of Castile , Spanish regent (* 1230 )
- September 5th : Rüdiger Manesse the Elder , collector of Minnelongs
- September 25 : Petrus de Alvernia , French philosopher (* around 1240)
- September 29th : Agnes of Brandenburg , Queen of Denmark (* 1257 )
- October 11 : Konrad III. , Duke of Silesia (* between 1260 and 1265)
- November 2nd : Ruprecht VI. , Count of Nassau
- November 30th : Gottfried VI. , Count of Ziegenhain (* 1262 )
- December 4 : John de Pontoise , Bishop of Winchester (* around 1240 )
- December 5th : William Latimer, 1st Baron Latimer , English nobleman and military man
Exact date of death unknown
- to September 29 : John de Warenne , commander of the English kings Henry III. and Eduard I. (* around 1231 )
- Demetrios Michael Dukas Komnenos Kutrules , Byzantine despot
- Eberhard , Count Palatine of Tübingen
- Walter de Fauconberg , English peer
- Arnd von Gröpelingen , Bremen councilor (* around 1250 )
- Heinrich I , Count of Holstein-Rendsburg (* 1258 )
- Jan van Renesse , Dutch nobleman
- Konrad I , Margrave of Brandenburg (* around 1240 )
- Ludolf von Rostorf , Bishop of Minden (* around 1240 )
- Riccardo Orsini , Count Palatine of Kefalonia (* around 1230 )