Calendar overview 1303
to codify Bremen city law .
|1303 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||751/752 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||5th rabbit - Macuilli Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 4th house - Nahui Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1846/47 (southern Buddhism); 1845/46 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||665/666 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||702/703 (turn of the year 14/15 August)|
|Jewish calendar||5063/64 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1613/14 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1614/15 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1359/60|
Politics and world events
The Agnani assassination
- At the end of August, the rumor spread that Pope Boniface VIII intended to ban the French King Philip IV on September 8th at the portal of the cathedral of his summer residence Anagni , to release his subjects from their oath of allegiance and the alliances he made annulled.
- Philip's Chancellor Guillaume de Nogaret manages to forge an alliance with the influential Sciarra Colonna , a Roman nobleman whose family is at war with the Pope. In the morning hours of September 7th, a group of armed men led by Nogaret and Colonna entered the Pope's palace in Anagni, took him prisoner and asked him to resign, which Boniface refused to do.
- September 9th : The citizens of Anagnis free the Pope and drive away the attackers. Nevertheless, the already 68-year-old Pope is so carried away by the Anagni assassination that he dies on October 11th, after having returned to Rome .
- October 22 : Conclave 1303 : Nicolo di Boccasio, Bishop of Ostia is, after eleven days Sedisvakanz as Benedict XI. new pope . He pursued a policy that was friendly to France and finally lifted the excommunication of Philip IV of France that his predecessor Boniface VIII had pronounced .
Other events in Europe
- February 24 : A Scottish army under Simon Fraser and John Comyn defeats an English army in the Battle of Roslin during the Scottish Wars of Independence .
- May 20 : In the Treaty of Paris , France's King Philip IV gives in to the English King Edward I and recognizes the Guyenne as his fiefdom . This ends the Franco-English War from 1294 to 1298 . With the Treaty of Paris, Edward I was awarded the Guyenne as well as the cities of Bordeaux and Bayonne . The feudal oath that Edward I is supposed to take is taken on behalf of his son Edward , who is betrothed to Philip's daughter Isabelle .
- October 18 : Because of the loss of possessions in Italy , Gottfried von Hohenlohe signs his resignation as Grand Master of the Teutonic Order . Siegfried von Feuchtwangen is his successor . The procedure is controversial within the order, all the more so as Hohenlohe revokes his resignation soon afterwards.
- Pope Boniface VIII recognizes Albrecht I , who has been the German King and Duke of Austria and Styria since 1298 . The Pope promises him the coronation as emperor and receives Tuscany in return .
First documentary mentions / city rights
- February 2 : The city of Hanau receives city rights .
- October 19 : The city of Siegen receives the Soest town charter .
- The city council of Bremen decides to codify Bremen's city law , which comes into force in 1308 .
- Breitenbach , Full , Munster , Pfaffenhofen an der Roth , Rauenberg , Reichelsheim , Saxeten , Werthenstein and Wessental are first mentioned in a document.
- First mention of the Möthlitz Castle
- Hall in Tirol receives city rights .
science and technology
- April 20 : The University of La Sapienza in Rome is founded with the bull In suprema praeminentia dignitatis by Pope Bonifatius VIII. As a papal university to enable the formation of priests in close proximity to the Holy See .
- July 2 : In competition with the Paris Sorbonne , the University of Avignon is founded in the independent county of Avignon .
- King Albert I founded near the Hot Pot at jumping the monastery Königsbronn . The nearby Herwartstein ruins are used as a quarry for furnishing .
nature and environment
- A first earthquake shook the Alexandria lighthouse and caused extensive destruction (a second followed in 1323 ).
Exact date of birth unknown
- Birgitta Birgersdotter , Swedish court master, mystic and founder of the order, saint of the Catholic Church († 1373 )
- Heinrich VII von Kranlucken , prince abbot of Fulda († 1372 )
- Suddhipala , Emperor of China († 1323 )
Born around 1303
Date of death secured
- March 3 : Roger Bernard III. , Count of Foix
- March 4 : Daniel of Moscow , Prince of Moscow and founder of the Moscow line of the Rurikids (* 1261 ?)
- March 26th : Otto IV. , Count Palatine of Burgundy (* around 1238 )
- April: Eberwin von Kronberg , Bishop of Worms
- May 19 : Ivo Hélory , Breton lawyer and priest (* 1253 )
- July 12th : Manegold of Neuchâtel , Bishop of Bamberg and Bishop of Würzburg
- August 14th : Leopold I von Gründlach , Bishop of Bamberg
- October 8th : Beatrix von Grafschaft , abbess of Freckenhorst Abbey
- October 11 : Boniface VIII , Pope (* around 1235 )
- October 27 : Beatrix of Castile , Queen of Portugal, Princess of Castile (* 1242 )
- October 28 : Matteo d'Acquasparta , Italian cardinal (* around 1240 )
- November 1st : Hugo XIII. of Lusignan , Count of La Marche and Angoulême (* 1259 )
- November 3 : Elisabeth of Sicily , Queen of Hungary (* around 1261 )
- December 9 : Richard of Gravesend , Bishop of London
Exact date of death unknown
- Abu Said Uthman I , Sultan of the Abdalwadids in Algeria
- Adelheid von Markdorf , Abbess of Buchau
- Dragpa Öser , person of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1246 )
- Eberhard II. Von Varendorff , Osnabrück knight and ministerial (* 1268 )
- Ga Anyen Dampa , person of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1230 )
- Heinrich , titular count of Freiburg
- Heinrich II , Lord of Ligny
- Henry of Pomesania , Bishop of Pomesania
- Ivan Assen III. , Tsar of Bulgaria (* around 1260)
- Kai Kobad III. , Seljuk Sultan of Rum
- Constantine Dukas , ruler of Thessaly and central Greece
- Maol Choluim I , Scottish regent
- Prokop von Ustjug , merchant from Lübeck and saint of the Russian Orthodox Church
- Heinrich von Winkelried , Swiss knight