Calendar overview 1302
battle of the Spurs near Courtrai
, Flemish infantry defeat a French army of knights.
|1302 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||750/751 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||4th house - Nahui Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 3rd Feuerstein - Jei Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1845/46 (southern Buddhism); 1844/45 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||664/665 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||701/702 (turn of the year 25/26 August)|
|Jewish calendar||5062/63 (23/24 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1612/13 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1613/14 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1358/59|
Politics and world events
- May 1st : Flemish insurgents from Bruges under the leadership of Jan Breydel and Pieter de Coninck conquer the castles of Sijsele and Male . The French garrison stationed there is killed.
- May 18 : Insurgent Flemings under the leadership of Jan Breydel and Pieter de Coninck carry out a massacre of a French garrison in the city of Bruges , the so-called “ Bruges morning mass ”. The hated governor Jacques de Châtillon escapes with a few others. After the massacre, Breydel and de Coninck are celebrated as folk heroes. Within a few days, the other Flemish cities with the exception of Ghent joined the uprising.
- July 11th : The infantry of the Flemish rebels defeated the army of knights of Philip IV in the battle of spurs near Courtrai . Flanders retained its independence until 1382 .
- August 31 : The Peace of Caltabellotta aims to resolve the conflict between the House of Anjou and the House of Barcelona over property in southern Italy. The Kingdom of Sicily is divided. Frederick II of Aragon receives the island, the Kingdom of Trinakria , as a domain, Charles II the parts on the mainland . The treaty also stipulates that Trinakria should go to Anjou after the death of Frederick II. Until then, however, Charles II has to pay tribute to Friedrich. Frederick II hands over his possessions in Calabria and elsewhere on the mainland and releases Charles II's son, Philip of Taranto, from custody in Cefalù . The marriage between Karl's daughter Eleonore von Anjou and Friedrich II is arranged.
- Roger de Flor gathers the Catalan mercenaries , the Almogàvers , who became unemployed in Sicily after the peace treaty , and offers the Byzantine emperor Andronikos II the services of his Catalan company .
- The Guelfs under Guido della Torre drive out Matteo I. Visconti and take power in Milan . The Visconti, loyal to the emperor, flee to Verona .
Crusades / Ottoman Empire
- July 27th : In the Battle of Bapheus , the Ottomans under Osman I defeat the Byzantine army under Georgos Mouzalon. The battle heralds the complete conquest of Byzantine Bithynia by the Ottomans.
- September 28th : After a short siege, the Mamluks conquer the island fortress of Aruad on the Syrian coast. Thus the last attempt of the Knights Templar to establish a base in the Holy Land fails .
- After the death of Muhammad II. Al-Faqih , his son Muhammad III. his successor as Emir of Granada . In the next few years he tries to expand the influence of the Nasrids on Morocco.
First documentary mentions
- Rhenish cities receive duty-free .
science and technology
- The first documented forensic body opening takes place in Bologna .
- Flavio Gioja invents the wind rose for the compass .
- Boniface VIII formulates the bull Unam Sanctam directed against King Philip IV the Beautiful of France , in which he asserts the claim to the universal supremacy of the Pope . The Pope expressly forbids French clerics from paying the taxes requested by Philip to the king, declares the king deposed, and summons him to an excommunication trial in Rome for heresy , simony and a number of other crimes . Philip then declares the Pope a heretic , sorcerer and sodomite .
- Robert the Bruce marries his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh , daughter of Richard Og de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster , a close friend of the King of England. The wedding takes place in Writtle, near Chelmsford , Essex .
Date of birth saved
- August: Johann V , Margrave of Brandenburg (co-regent) († 1317 )
- December 7th : Azzo Visconti , city lord of Milan, imperial vicar and conqueror († 1339 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Domhnall , Scottish nobleman, Guardian of Scotland († 1332 )
- Gutta von Oettingen , Austrian nobleman († 1329 )
- Edmund Mortimer , English aristocrat († 1331 / 1332 )
- Otto I. , Margrave of Hachberg-Sausenberg and Lord of Rötteln († 1384 )
- Raoul I. de Brienne , Count of Eu, Count of Guînes and Deputy of the French King, Connétable of France († 1344 )
First half of the year
- January 2 : Heinrich I , Lord of Mecklenburg (* around 1230 )
- January 13 : Ludwig I of Savoy , Lord of Vaud (* after 1253)
- January 13 : Wolfhard von Roth , Bishop of Augsburg
- January 19 : al-Hakim I , Abbasid Caliph
- January 26 : Godfrey Giffard , Royal Chancellor and Bishop of Worcester (* around 1235 )
- January: Friedrich von Bolanden , Bishop of Speyer
- March 9 : Richard FitzAlan , English magnate and military (* 1267 )
- April 9 : Constanze of Sicily , Queen of Aragon and Sicily (* around 1249 )
- May 1st : Vidkunn Erlingsson , member of the Norwegian Imperial Council
- May 2nd : Blanche d'Artois , regent of Navarre and Champagne (* 1248 )
- shortly before May 18th: Arnaud de Gabaston , French knight
Fallen in the Spore Battle
- July 11 : Guy I. de Clermont , Lord of Breteuil and Offemont, Marshal of France (* 1286 )
- July 11th : Pierre Flote , French lawyer
- July 11th : Gottfried von Aerschot , Herr von Aerschot and Vierzon
- July 11th : Jacques de Châtillon , Lord of Leuze, Condé, Carency, Buquoy and Aubigny and Governor of Flanders
- July 11th : Johann I , Count of Aumale
- July 11th : Johann I , Count of Dammartin
- July 11th : Johann III. , Count of Eu and Guînes
- July 11th : Raoul II. De Clermont , Lord of Nesle, Vice-Count of Châteaudun, Chambellan and Connétable of France
- July 11 : Robert II , Count of Artois (* 1250 )
- July 11th : Simon de Melun , Marshal of France
Second half of the year
- July 13 : Alexander Lüneburg , councilor and mayor of Lübeck (* 1240 )
- September 6th : John de St John , English nobleman and diplomat
- September 26th : Barthélemy de Quincy , Marshal of the Templar Order
- September: Heinrich III. Count of Bar (* 1247 / 50 )
- October 10 : Theodorich von Neuhaus , Bishop of Olomouc
- October 28th : Matteo d'Acquasparta , Franciscan General and Cardinal (* around 1240 )
- December 2 : Audun Hugleiksson , Norwegian politician in the 13th century (* 1245 )
- December 12th : Adolf II von Waldeck , Bishop of Liège (* around 1258 )
- December 21 : Jean II. D'Harcourt , French knight, Lord of Harcourt, Baron of Elbeuf, Vice-Count of Châtellerault and Saint-Sauveur (* 1245 )
- December 26th : Waldemar , King of Sweden (* 1243 )
- December 29 : Wizlaw II , Duke of Pomerania and Prince of Rügen (* 1240 )
- December 31 : Friedrich III. , Duke of Lorraine (* 1238 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Heinrich II. , German knight, Vogt von Plauen, administrator of the fortress Freyburg, captain of Eger
- John II Comyn , Scottish nobleman
- Muhammad II. Al-Faqih , Emir of Granada (* 1235 )
- Gérard de Rhéninghe , Bishop of Metz
- Rhys Fychan , Welsh lord
- Rhys Wyndod , Welsh Lord of Deheubarth
- Rudolf II of Montfort , Count of Montfort-Feldkirch
- Wok II of Krumlov , Bohemian nobleman
Died around 1302
- November 17, 1301 or 1302: Gertrud von Helfta , German Cistercian in the Helfta monastery near Eisleben (* 1256 )
- Cimabue , Italian painter (* around 1240)