|Regensberg feud escalated.|
|1267 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||715/716 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1810/11 (southern Buddhism); 1809/10 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||629/630 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||665/666 (turn of the year 21/22 September)|
|Jewish calendar||5027/28 (September 21/22)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1577/78 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1578/79 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1323/24 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Crusades and Crusader States
After his promise to Pope Clement IV , Louis IX. (“The Saint”), King of France , lifted the cross with his sons in Paris on March 24th and set out for the Holy Land . The Seventh Crusade begins. Within the French nobility, however, there was not a particularly high level of enthusiasm for another complex and cost-intensive crusade . For this reason, the bulk of the French crusader army this time comes mainly from the closest personal and courtly circle of the king, while the majority of the feudal nobility refrains from taking the cross. In return, Ludwig IX. His brother Karl von Anjou , who is now king in Sicily , the Catalan King James I and the English Crown Prince Edward Plantagenet promises to personally attend, including his own contingents.
- November: Hugo II , King of Cyprus and Regent of Jerusalem , dies as a minor and childless. His cousin Hugo, who has already reigned for him, is called Hugo III. new king. The reign in the Kingdom of Jerusalem remains unclear for the time being.
Kingdom of Sicily
Konradin , the last legitimate male heir from the Hohenstaufen dynasty after the death of his uncle Manfred , moved to Italy in late summer, accompanied by Frederick I of Baden, to assert his claims to the Hohenstaufen inheritance in Sicily against Charles I of Anjou . He receives the support of his uncle Duke Ludwig II of Bavaria and his stepfather Meinhard II of Carinthia and Tyrol. Pope Clement IV , however, who feels threatened by the Hohenstaufen, bans him from the church on November 18 . Due to financial problems, the army wintered as guests of the city master Mastino I della Scala in Verona .
Holy Roman Empire
The Archbishop of Cologne Engelbert II. Von Falkenburg , who lost control of Cologne in the course of a dispute with the patricians of the city , gets into a feud with the county of Jülich over newly levied tariffs in Neuss . After initial successes, he suffered a heavy defeat against Count von Jülich Wilhelm IV and his allies in the Battle of Zülpich on October 18, despite his numerical superiority . Engelberg and some of his allies are captured. Most of the prisoners such as Count Dietrich VII von Kleve and Paderborn Bishop Simon I von Lippe will soon be released for a ransom. Engelbert, on the other hand, was held in Nideggen Castle for several years .
The Regensberg feud , a war between Rudolf von Habsburg and the Habsburg allied city of Zurich against the Barons of Regensberg , escalated: The castles of Uznaberg , Uetliburg and Glanzenberg are said to be destroyed. However, violent destruction cannot be proven in any of the cases. This guerrilla war is probably not shaped by major battles, but by skirmishes and lists of wars, with in particular accompanying political maneuvers by Count Rudolf von Habsburg in areas ruled by Regensberg and among noble families allied with the Regensbergers.
England / Wales
- February 21 : Robert Wallerand, Lord of Kilpeck, is tasked with signing a two or three year truce with Prince Llywelyn ap Gruffydd of Wales. At the same time, the English King Heinrich III. his son Edmund Crouchback , Earl of Leicester and owner of several baronies in the Welsh Marches , negotiated a lasting peace with Wallerand. However, the negotiations soon stall.
- September 21 : The papal legate Ottobono Fieschi receives from Heinrich III. the authority to negotiate directly with the Prince of Wales. On September 25 deadline for agreement.
- September 29 : The Treaty of Montgomery between the Welsh prince Llywelyn ap Gruffudd and the English king Llywelyn is called Prince of Wales recognized, but must pay homage to King Henry and recognize some conquests of the English.
- After the Dictum of Kenilworth, issued on October 30, 1266 , was unable to end the desperate struggle of the disinherited , the remaining supporters of Simon de Montfort's reform party , King Henry III. the Marlborough Statute . The law passed at a parliamentary assembly in Marlborough in November takes up elements of the Provisions of Oxford and Westminster passed by the Reform Party before the Barons' War . It confirms the Magna Carta , but above all it regulates compensation for smaller landowners and contains provisions on confiscation and land transfer. Of great importance is the nominal abolition of the feudal lord's right to revert, which also applies to the king as supreme liege lord.
- Vaišelga resigns after three years of reign in favor of Svarnas , the ruler of the Rus , as Grand Duke of Lithuania and goes back to the monastery.
- January: Möngke Timur becomes khan of the Golden Horde after the death of his great-uncle Berke , who dies during an advance of his troops in Tbilisi , and is confirmed by the Mongolian khan Kubilai in the same year .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- First documented mention of Aetingen , Fraubrunnen and Meißenheim
- Radolfzell on Lake Constance receives city rights .
- Boizenburg / Elbe receives city rights .
- Ostrava (German Ostrau), today the third largest Czech city and capital of the Moravskoslezský kraj , is founded.
- Beijing reestablished by the Mongols
science and technology
- Roger Bacon sends Pope Clement IV. (Upon his request) three headings: the Opus maius, the Opus minus (a summary of the former) and the tertium Opus. In Opus maius he discusses alchemical, astrological, astronomical, mathematical and optical as well as other topics, whereby he also does important preliminary work for the development of glasses . In opus minus he reminds us a. because 40 years earlier ( 1227 ) the Paris Bible was created through collaboration between Parisian theologians and booksellers .
- The Maria-Magdalenen-Gymnasium in Breslau is founded as a Latin school .
- 1260 to 1267: The Florentine scholar Brunetto Latini wrote the Encyclopedia Trésor , which gives an overview of the scope of the scholarly education of his time.
- around 1267: Albertus Magnus rejects the theses of Averroes in his treatise De unitate intellectus (contra Averroem) (see Averroism ).
Culture and society
- March 26th : Hedwig of Silesia is canonized by Pope Clement IV .
- April 14th : Håkon , previously Bishop of Oslo , is solemnly inducted into his office as Archbishop of Nidaros . The new archbishop dies on August 18th .
- July 5 : Hermann I von Schladen , Bishop of Schwerin , consecrates the Benthen village church in honor of the Apostle Matthias and the Saints Florentius and Cassius.
- Summer: After a two-year vacancy, a schismatic election takes place in the diocese of Würzburg: Poppo III becomes the majority . von Trimberg elected by the cathedral chapter , but a large minority opts for Canon Berthold I von Henneberg . Both turn to the Archbishop of Mainz , Werner von Eppstein . Finally, Pope Clement IV also deals with the study of double elections.
- December 20 : The Dominican Petrus von Dacien meets the mystic Christina von Stommeln for the first time. They will meet thirteen more times in the course of their (love) relationship.
- Clement IV. Transfers the Cura monialium (again) to the Dominicans , d. H. the pastoral care of women.
- The Knights of St. John , the old name is Master of the Order by Grand Master replaced.
- Clement IV presents the creed of Michael Paläologus , with which he strives for the end of the oriental schism and the reunification of Latin and Byzantine Christianity.
Date of birth saved
- probably February 3 : Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel , English magnate and military († 1302 )
- July 12 : Henry of England , English prince to the throne († 1274 )
- August 10 : Jacob II , King of Aragón and King of Sicily († 1327 )
- October 9 : Alan la Zouche, 1st Baron la Zouche of Ashby , English nobleman († 1314 )
- December 17 : Go-Uda , Emperor of Japan († 1324 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Luigi I. Gonzaga , city lord of Mantua († 1360 )
- Raniero Grimaldi , Genoese politician, French admiral and first lord of Monaco († 1314 )
- Johann I , Count of Namur († 1330 )
- Sangye Pel , imperial teacher in China († 1314 )
- Sherab Mebar , Lama and Tertön of the Nyingma tradition of Tibetan Buddhism († 1326 )
Born around 1267
- Jaromar , Bishop of Cammin in Pomerania († around 1294 )
- Fulk Lestrange, 1st Baron Strange of Blackmere , English nobleman († 1324 )
- Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford , English magnate († 1322 )
- Hugh Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Stratton Audley , English aristocrat († 1325 / 1326 )
- 1267/ 1276 : Giotto di Bondone , Florentine painter and pioneer of the Renaissance in Italy († 1337 )
First half of the year
- January: Berke Khan , Khan of the Golden Horde (* after 1205)
- February 21 : Baldwin of Ibelin , Cypriot nobleman and seneschal of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
- March 17th : Pierre de Montreuil , French master builder, pioneer of high Gothic (* around 1200 )
- March: Robert de St John , English nobleman
- June 2nd : Heinrich I , Prince-Bishop of Utrecht
Second half of the year
- August 18 : Håkon , Bishop of Oslo and Archbishop of Nidaros
- August 31 : Bonajunkta Manetti (Johannes) , Italian saint, founder of the order (* 1206 )
- September 23 : Béatrice de Provence , Countess of Provence and Queen of Sicily (* 1231 )
- October 9 : Otto III. , Margrave of Brandenburg (* 1215 )
- November 26th : Silvestro Guzzolini , Italian abbot and founder of the order, saint of the Catholic Church (* 1177 )
- November: John FitzAlan , English nobleman and Marcher Lord (* 1223 )
- November: Hugo II , King of Cyprus and Regent of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (* 1252 )
- December 14th : Casimir I , Duke of Kujawien, Duke of Sieradz and Duke of Łęczyca (* around 1211 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Álvaro , Count of Urgell and Vice-Count of Áger
- Almerich Grafendorfer , Bishop of Lavant
- Henry III. , Count of Waldeck (* around 1225 / 1230 )
- Hugo IV , Count Palatinate of Tübingen and Vogt of Blaubeuren
- Johann I Count of Chalon-sur-Saône and Auxonne, Lord of Salins (* 1190 )
- Richard de Montfichet , English nobleman and rebel (* after 1190)