from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portal history | Portal Biographies | Current events | Annual calendar

| 12th century | 13th century | 14th century |
| 1180s | 1190s | 1200s | 1210s | 1220s | 1230s | 1240s |
◄◄ | | 1207 | 1208 | 1209 | 1210 | 1211 | 1212 | 1213 | 1214 | 1215 | |►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

Battle between Mongols and Chinese
The Mongols start under Genghis Khan
war with the Chinese northern kingdom of Jin Dynasty .
1211 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 659/660 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1203/04
Buddhist calendar 1754/55 (southern Buddhism); 1753/54 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the metal sheep辛未 ( at the beginning of the year metal horse 庚午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 573/574 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 589/590
Islamic calendar 607/608 (turn of the year June 14/15)
Jewish calendar 4971/72 (9/10 September)
Coptic calendar 927/928
Malayalam calendar 386/387
Seleucid era Babylon: 1521/22 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1522/23 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1249
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1267/68 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Iberian Peninsula

King Alfonso II of Portugal

Occitania / Iberian Peninsula

  • January: Peter II of Aragón , who needs calm conditions on his northern border because of an impending battle with the Moors, accepts Simon de Montfort's homage and legitimizes his conquests in recent years.
  • The Albigensian Crusade increasingly focuses on the fight against the banished Count Raimund VI. from Toulouse . The siege of Lavaur begins in March and is captured on May 3rd . After taking the city, the mistress Guiraude is thrown into a well and stoned; 80 Cathar knights, including Aimery de Montréal , are hanged or - after the gallows collapsed - killed by the sword; another 300 to 400 people are burned at a stake.
  • Raymond VI. takes a counterstrike and conquers the crusader castle Castelnaudary in one stroke.
  • May: Simon de Montfort bribes Raimund's brother Balduin of Toulouse to his side, who joins the crusade. Then Montfort took possession of Castelnaudary again and subjugated several towns along the Tarn in a lightning action . He returns an offer of submission to Raimund.
  • June 15 : The crusaders appear in front of Toulouse and the next day beat an opposing army at the bridge of Montaudran .
  • June 29th : After devastating the surrounding area for two weeks, the crusaders have to break off the siege of the well-fortified Toulouse. De Montfort turned the retreat into a campaign of conquest against the county of Foix .
  • An Almohad army under Sultan Muhammad an-Nasir crosses the Strait of Gibraltar and recaptures Christian territories on the Iberian Peninsula, including the order castle of the Order of Calatrava in Salvatierra. Simon de Montfort sends 50 crusaders under Guy de Lucy to the Iberian Peninsula to fulfill his military duty . But when he was besieged by an overwhelming Occitan force in Castelnaudary just a few weeks later, he ordered this contingent back, which Peter of Aragón saw as treason.

Holy Roman Empire / Italy

Other events in Europe

Asia Minor

The Rum Seljuks under Sultan Kai Chosrau I support the former Byzantine Emperor Alexios III. in his attempt to regain the crown and attack the Nikaia Empire . In the Battle of Antioch on the Meander, however, they suffer a crushing defeat. Kai Chosrau falls while Alexios is captured by his son-in-law Theodor I. Laskaris and put in a monastery. In the Sultanate of Rum there is a throne dispute between Kai Chosraus s sons Kai Kaus and Kai Kobad .

Other events in Asia

  • History of the Mongols : Under Genghis Khan the Mongols begin the war with the Chinese northern empire of the Jin dynasty . The Chinese army is defeated in the battle near Zhangjjakou and finally defeated near the city of Mukden , which is captured.
  • Aram Shah is defeated by Iltutmish after a military coup after only one year in reign . Nothing is known about his further fate. Iltutmish ascends the throne of the Sultanate of Delhi as the third sultan of the slave dynasty . The fledgling rule of Islam in India relies entirely on the military stationed in major fortresses such as Delhi , Gwalior , Ajmer , Kanauj and elsewhere. Due to the (still) negligible number of Muslims, administration and tax collection remain mostly in the hands of the long-established Indian authorities. The state is accordingly unstable and ambitious military officials try again and again to enrich themselves through an overthrow. Iltutmish's reign is therefore filled with almost uninterrupted battles with renegade governors and with Hindu princes.

First documentary mentions

  • Asel is first mentioned in a document.


Wine bill 1211

Religion and culture


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1211


Date of death secured

  • May 3 : Aimery de Montréal , southern French nobleman, lord of Laurac and co-lord of Montréal as well as prominent opponent of the Albigensian crusade
  • May 16 : Mieszko I , Duke of Silesia / Ratibor, Duke of Opole, Senior Duke of Poland

Exact date of death unknown

Kai Chosrau I.

Web links

Commons : 1211  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files