Calendar overview 1282
|Sicilian Vespers breaks out in Palermo , an uprising against Charles I of Anjou that spreads to all of Sicily .|
|Peter III of Aragón conquered the Kingdom of Sicily .|
|1282 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||730/731 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1825/26 (southern Buddhism); 1824/25 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||644/645 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||680/681 (turn of the year 10/11 April)|
|Jewish calendar||5042/43 (September 4th / 5th)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1592/93 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1593/94 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1338/39 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Sicily / Aragon / Byzantine Empire
- March 30th : An uprising against the rule of Charles of Anjou breaks out in Palermo on Easter Monday at Vespers . Over 8,000 French are murdered that day. The so-called Sicilian Vespers quickly spread to all of Sicily .
- April 28 : Sicily's second largest fortress, Messina , joins the uprising. Charles's crusade fleet, anchored in the harbor, with which he wanted to recapture Constantinople , is destroyed.
- August 30th : Peter III. von Aragón lands at Trapani after he received a message from Palermo for help in the fight against the unloved King Charles of Anjou on a campaign near Tunis .
- September 4th : Peter III. von Aragón accepts the crown offered by the Sicilian nobles and is proclaimed King Peter I of Sicily in Palermo . Charles of Anjou is subsequently ousted from Sicily, the House of Anjou only retains power in the Kingdom of Naples .
- November 18 : The Pope Martin IV, who is dependent on Karl von Anjou, bans the Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII at Karl's pressure . At the same time, excommunication proceedings against Peter III. initiated by Aragón.
- December 11th : Emperor Michael VIII dies, successor to the Byzantine throne is his son Andronikos II Palaiologos .
Holy Roman Empire
- December 17th : King Rudolf I enfeoffs his sons Albrecht and Rudolf "in common hand" with the duchies of Austria and Styria as well as Carniola and the Windische Mark at the Reichstag in Augsburg . The court day ends on December 21, and the decision is notarized on December 27 .
- In Florence , the power of government passed to the upper guilds ( arti maggiori ) (appointment of the guild chief as signoria ).
- The first edition of the Land and Lehnsrechtsbuch or Kaiserrechts (only called Schwabenspiegel in the 17th century ) will appear this year at the latest.
- First battle near Uetersen , the Holstein counts defeat Heinrich IV von Barmstede with the support of Hamburg
England / Wales
- Edward I of England leads his second campaign against Wales . This will last until 1284 and will end with the conquest of the country .
- June 16 : The Battle of Llandeilo Fawr ends with a clear Welsh victory.
- November 6th : The Welsh men led by Llywelyn ap Gruffydd also win the Battle of Menai Strait .
- December 11th : In the Battle of Orewin Bridge, the English under King Edward I defeat the Welsh. Their leader Llywelyn ap Gruffydd is killed in the fighting. Wales becomes dependent on England.
- June 24th : In Portugal , King Dionysius marries the twelve-year-old Isabella of Aragón , the daughter of King Peter III. of Aragon .
- April 1 : Abaqa , the pre-Christian second Mongolian Ilkhan of Persia , probably dies of delirium tremens after a drinking bout . Like his father, he is buried on the island of Šahi in Lake Urmia . His successor is his brother Tekuder , who converts to Islam as Ahmad shortly after his accession to the throne.
- April 10 : Kublai Khan's Finance Minister Ahmad Fanakati is murdered by conspirators.
First documentary mentions
- First documented mention of Bürglen TG , Freimettigen , Finsterwalde , Kaisten , Kreischa , Langenstriegis , Lebamünde , Loßburg and Röt
science and technology
- The Hertford College of Oxford University is founded.
- Oldest watermark on paper known in Bologna .
- In view of the “1000 scholars”, school regulations are being issued for the first time in Erfurt .
- The Italian monk Ristoro d'Arezzo wrote the work Composizione del mondo , a comprehensive natural history work and the first known book in Italian prose ever. Ristoro mainly deals with geographic and astronomical topics. But he also describes finds of fossil marine animals and round pebbles on high mountains, whose presence he explains with the Flood . Human curiosity justifies Ristoro as a God-given quality that should serve to recognize God's works.
- January 11th : Agnes Countess von Württemberg , eldest daughter of Ulrich I , called the founder , Count von Württemberg and Mechthild von Baden marries Count Friedrich II von Truhendingen .
- On behalf of Bishop Bernard de Castanet , the construction of Albi Cathedral begins .
- Paris : In the Littera septem sigillorum, seven Parisian Franciscan theologians incriminate a number of theological sentences from the sentence declaration by Petrus Johannis Olivi .
- Raimundus Lullus , also known as Doctor illuminatus because of his encyclopedic education , begins his philosophical novel Blanquerna .
nature and environment
- Germany: Early onset of blossom and a harvest three weeks early, which can be attributed to warm weather throughout the first half of the year and which speaks for a warm summer.
Date of birth saved
- April 15 : Frederick IV , Duke of Lorraine († 1328 )
- May 5 : Juan Manuel , Castilian statesman, Prince of Villena and writer († 1348 )
- June: Gwenllian ferch Llywelyn , daughter of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd († 1337 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Erik Magnusson , Duke of Södermanland († 1318 )
- John Lestrange , English nobleman († 1311 )
- Maud de Chaworth , English nobleman († around 1322)
- Oshin of Armenia , King of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia († 1320 )
- Usbek Khan , Khan the Golden tray († 1341 / 42 )
Born around 1282
- Ludwig the Bavarian , Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and Duke of Bavaria († 1347 )
- Margaret of France , as wife of Edward I, Queen of England († 1318 )
First half of the year
- January 9 : Abu Uthman Said ibn Hakam al-Quraschi , Raʾīs of Menorca (* 1204 )
- around February 10 : Baldwin Wake , English nobleman (* around 1238 )
- February 24th : Philippe Mouskes , Bishop of Tournai
- March 6th : Agnes of Bohemia , Bohemian princess (* 1211 )
- April 1 : Abaqa , Mongolian Ilkhan from Persia (* 1234 )
- April 4 : Bernhard Ayglerius , abbot and theological writer
- April 10 : Ahmad Fanakati , Finance Minister of Kubilai Khan
- May 3rd : Hugo Lippi-Ugoccioni , Italian saint, founder of the order
- May 9th : Volkmar , Benedictine monk and abbot of Niederaltaich Monastery (* around 1235 )
- June 19 : Eleanor de Montfort , English nobleman (* around 1258 )
Second half of the year
- July 5th : Friedrich I , Count of Rietberg
- July 24th : Heinrich , Count von Pfannberg, Governor of Styria and Chief Justice of Styria
- August 19 : Hartmann von Heldrungen , Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (* around 1210 )
- August 25th : Thomas de Cantilupe , English Lord Chancellor and Bishop of Hereford (* around 1220 )
- August 28 : Peter von Thure , provost and canon of Brandenburg
- August / September: Conrad of Belmont , Bishop of Chur (* 1240 / 45 )
- September 2nd : Ingrid Elovsdotter , Swedish Dominican
- October 26 : Roger Mortimer , cambro-Norman nobleman (* 1231 )
- October 30 : Ibn Challikān , Arab biographer and Islamic legal scholar (* 1211 )
- November 6th : Luke de Tany , English knight and military man
- November 9th : Waldemar , Herr zu Rostock
- November 12th : Robert IV , Count of Dreux and Braine (* 1241 )
- November 14th : Nichiren , Japanese Buddhist reformer, the schools of Nichiren Buddhism refer to him as their founder (* 1222 )
- December 1 : Margarete Sambiria , regent of Denmark (* around 1230 )
- December 8th : Friedrich von Montalban , Bishop of Freising
- December 11 : . Michael VIII , Byzantine Emperor (* 1224 / 25 )
- December 11th : Llywelyn ap Gruffydd , Lord of Gwynedd in North Wales (* 1246 )
- December 17th : Wichard von Pohlheim , Bishop of Passau (* 1237 )
- December 21 : Jon Raude , Archbishop of Norway
- December: Giles d'Argentine , English nobleman, one of the leaders of the aristocratic opposition in the Second War of the Barons (* around 1210 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Georgios Akropolites , Byzantine diplomat, high government official, philosopher and historian (* 1217 )
- Barone Berlinghieri , Franciscan and Italian painter (* 1228 )
- Isabella of Beirut , mistress of Beirut
- Kai Chosrau III. , Sultan of Rum
- Mechthild of Magdeburg , "mystic" and Beguine (* 1208 / 10 )
- John Marshal , English nobleman (* around 1257 )
- Raoul II. Sores , Marshal of France
- Benedetto Sinigardi , Italian Franciscan (* 1190 )
- Sosteneus di Sostegno , Italian saint, founder of the order (* 1205 )
- Abu Yahya Yaghmurasan ibn Zayyan , Sultan of the Abdalwadids in western Algeria
Died around 1282
- Owain Goch , Welsh Prince of Gwynedd