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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Song bing
With the death of Song Bing in the battle against Kublai Khan , the southern Song dynasty ends in China .
Dionysius of Portugal
After the death of his father Alfons III. Dionysius ascends
the Portuguese throne.
1279 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 727/728 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1271/72
Buddhist calendar 1822/23 (southern Buddhism); 1821/22 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 66th (67th) cycle

Year of the Earth- Rabbit 己卯 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Tiger 戊寅)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 641/642 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 657/658
Islamic calendar 677/678 (turn of the year 13/14 May)
Jewish calendar 5039/40 (September 8/9)
Coptic calendar 995/996
Malayalam calendar 454/455
Seleucid era Babylon: 1589/90 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1590/91 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1317
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1335/36 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Western Europe

Holy Roman Empire

Eastern Europe


Kublai Khan
  • March 19 : The Battle of Yamen is one of the greatest naval battles in world history. Despite the numerical superiority of the armed forces of the Song Dynasty under their Admiral Zhang Shijie, the Mongolian fleet of Kublai Khan wins and thus finally ends the rule of the Song Dynasty in China . The prime minister and imperial advisor Lu Xiufu realizes the hopelessness of the situation, takes the child emperor Song Bing and jumps with him into the river at Yaishan's to kill himself and his ruler before they reach the Mongol army on Mount Ya near the river. The Yuan dynasty founded by Kublai Khan thus united the Chinese empire by military means after more than 300 years of division.

First documentary mentions

Religion and culture


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1279


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1279  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files