John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch ,
begins building Blair Castle in Scotland .
|1269 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||717/718 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1812/13 (southern Buddhism); 1811/12 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||631/632 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||667/668 (turn of the year 30/31 August)|
|Jewish calendar||5029/30 (August 28/29)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1579/80 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1580/81 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1325/26 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
In August, the French King Louis IX receives . in Paris the English Prince Edward Plantagenet to plan the organization of the coming crusade with him . The port of Aigues-Mortes is set as the collection point for the fleet and August 15, 1270 as the date for departure to the Levant. On the occasion of this crusade, the French king had his own ships built for the first time, while ships from Genoa and Marseille had taken over the transport of the army twenty years earlier . Florent de Varennes is appointed admiral of the upcoming fleet.
While Louis IX. is still busy with the construction of his fleet, on September 1st King James I of Aragón sets sail with his ships from Barcelona . But still near the coast he gets caught in a storm and his fleet is pushed back to the coast, whereupon he ends his crusade again. Only a squadron led by two illegitimate sons of the Catalan reached the port city of Acre , one of the last bases of the Crusaders in the Kingdom of Jerusalem , and got into the first skirmishes with the Mamluks there .
Holy Roman Empire
- April 1st : Duke Mestwin II of Pomerania and Schwetz signs the Treaty of Arnswalde with Margraves Johann II and Otto IV of Brandenburg in the New Mark castle town of Arnswalde on the Küstrin - Danzig road . With the treaty, Duke Mestwin II takes his duchy as a fief from the Brandenburg Ascanians , who in turn are obliged to protect him. In addition, he hands over the land of Belgard to them as a direct pledge . Mestwin's brother Wartislaw II. , Who received the northern part of Pomerellen when their father Swantopolk II died in 1266 , and his uncle Sambor II then allied themselves with the Schwetz knighthood against him.
- June 16 : During his last stay in the empire , the elected German King Richard of Cornwall marries sixteen-year-old Beatrix von Falkenburg in Kaiserslautern . Richard is 60 years old at this point.
- October 27th : When Duke Ulrich III. From the noble family Spanheimer dies without descendants, the Bohemian King Ottokar II. Přemysl takes over the Duchy of Carinthia and the Mark Carniola on the basis of an inheritance contract signed in Podiebrad last year . This brings him into conflict with Ulrich's brother Philipp von Spanheim , who also claims the inheritance.
- Eisenbach Castle is destroyed by the Fulda abbot Bertho II von Leibolz in the course of his fight against robber barons.
- John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch begins building Blair Castle at Blair Atholl in Perthshire , Scotland .
First documentary mentions
- January 17th : The village of Unterbruch was first mentioned when Gottfried von Schafhausen sold his farm on the Rur to the provost of Heinsberg.
- King Theobald II of Navarre founds Espinal to protect and relax pilgrims.
- The places Langenbrücken , Bhene , Dunavarsány , Ebersbach , Hirzel , Jenbach , Kaditz , Rain , Rimsberg , Rinzenberg , Schwadernau , Sankt Stefan im Rosental , Stilli , Weikershof and Woppenroth are first mentioned in a document.
science and technology
- August 8 : Pierre de Maricourt describes a perpetual motion machine based on magnets in a letter entitled Epistola Petri Peregrini Maricurtensis de Magnete . The letter is also considered to be the first experimental study on geomagnetism .
Economy and culture
- The term ' watchmaker ' appears for the first time in a document in a beer bill from the Cistercian monastery of Beaulieu.
- April: After three years of traveling to the Mongol Empire and back again, Niccolò Polo and his brother Maffeo arrive in Akkon .
- Election of the Pope 1268–1271 : Throughout the year, the College of Cardinals cannot agree on a successor for Pope Clement IV, who died at the end of the previous year . The sedis vacancy will last until 1271 . After several months without result, during which the cardinals only meet temporarily, the city prefect has the cardinals locked up in the papal palace.
- January: The traveling judge John le Breton is elected Bishop of Hereford to succeed Peter D'Aigueblanche, who died the previous year . The consecration takes place on June 2nd .
- Konrad von Braunschweig-Lüneburg becomes Bishop of Verden as the successor to Gerhard I von Hoya , who died on May 4th .
- Jean de Nanteuil becomes Bishop of Troyes .
- At the General Chapter of the Dominicans in Paris , the decision was made to divide up the German province of Teutonia for the first time (the division did not actually take place until 1303 ).
- Thomas Aquinas received a second appointment to one of the two chairs for non-French people at the University of Paris (until 1272 ). His students include a. Petrus de Dacia (s. 1268 ), which the General Studies at the convent of the Dominicans in Cologne leaves and comes for one academic year in Paris, and the Augustinian -Eremit Giles of Rome (also until 1272). On the basis of the pamphlet against the mendicant orders published by Gerhard von Abbeville the year before ( 1267 ) , Thomas von Dominican and Bonaventura and Johannes Peckham from the Franciscan side write refutations, to which Gerhard again replies with replicas, which will drag on until 1271 .
Date of birth saved
- February 9 : Ludwig III. , Duke of Lower Bavaria († 1296 )
- February 13 : Radu Negru , voivode and ruler of Wallachia
- March: Almaric St Amand, 1st Baron St Amand , English nobleman, military and diplomat († 1310 )
- September 5 or 9 : Agnes of Böhmen , Duchess of Austria and Styria, Duchess of Swabia, Alsace and Aargau († 1296 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Cecco d'Ascoli , Italian poet, doctor, astronomer, astrologer and free thinker († 1327 )
- Friedrich Tuta , Margrave of Lusatia and Regent of the Margraviate of Meißen († 1291 )
- Philippe d'Artois , Lord of Conches-en-Ouche, Mehun-sur-Yèvre, Nonancourt and Domfront († 1298 )
Born around 1269
- June 1264 or 1269: Eleanor of England , Countess of Bar († 1298 )
- 1268 /1269: Vedanta Desika , guru of the Sri Vaishnava (d. In southern India 1369 / 1370 )
Date of death secured
- February 23 : Isabelle de France , French nobleman and donor of the Poor Clare Abbey Longchamp Humilité-Notre-Dame in the forest of Rouvray (* 1224 )
- May 4th : Gerhard I of Hoya , Bishop of Verden
- October 27 : Ulrich III. , Duke of Carinthia and Lord of the Mark Krain (* around 1220 )
- November 18 : Widukind von Waldeck , Bishop of Osnabrück
- December 7th : Gruffydd Maelor ap Madog , Prince of the North Welsh Principality of Powys Fadog
- December 7th : Madog Fychan , Lord of the North Welsh Principality of Powys Fadog
Exact date of death unknown
- before March 5: Henry Hastings , English nobleman and rebel (* around 1235 )
- April: Geoffroy de Sergines , French knight, seneschal and regent of Jerusalem (* around 1205 )
- al-Shushtari , Andalusian Sufi and poet (* 1212 )
- He Ji , Chinese neo-Confucian philosopher (* 1188 )
- John III Lestrange , Anglo-Norman Marcher Lord (* around 1194 )
- Oberto Pallavicino , Italian field captain, imperial vicar in imperial Italy and captain general of Milan (* 1197 )
- Svarnas , Prince of Halicz and Grand Prince of Lithuania (* around 1230 )
Died around 1269
- Ulrich von dem Türlin , Middle High German epic