from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portal history | Portal Biographies | Current events | Annual calendar

| 12th century | 13th century | 14th century |
| 1230s | 1240s | 1250s | 1260s | 1270s | 1280s | 1290s |
◄◄ | | 1260 | 1261 | 1262 | 1263 | 1264 | 1265 | 1266 | 1267 | 1268 | | ►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

Memorial to the Battle of Lewes
Henry III. and his son Edward are captured by the opposition of the barons, led by Simon V de Montfort,
at the Battle of Lewes .
1264 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 712/713 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1256/57
Buddhist calendar 1807/08 (southern Buddhism); 1806/07 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65./66. (66./67.) Cycle

Year of the Wood Rat甲子 ( at the beginning of the year Water Pig 癸亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 626/627 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 642/643
Islamic calendar 662/663 (turn of the year 23/24 October)
Jewish calendar 5024/25 (22/23 September)
Coptic calendar 980/981
Malayalam calendar 439/440
Seleucid era Babylon: 1574/75 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1575/76 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1302
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1320/21 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Second War of the Barons in England

Henry III. submits to the award of Louis IX.
Battle of Lewes
  • May 14 : Heinrich III. and his son Edward are captured by the opposition of the Barons led by Simon V de Montfort at the Battle of Lewes . The king renounces any further resistance and accepts Montfort's Mise of Lewes the following day . After that Heinrich recognizes the Provisions of Oxford again, whereby Montfort allows him to renegotiate on contentious points.
  • 23 June : A parliament convened by Simon de Montfort resolves a major change in the government: instead of the 15-member Council of State, a three-member committee is formed, including Montfort, Gilbert de Clare and Bishop Stephen Bersted of Chichester. This committee is to elect a nine-member council of state to advise the king. However, the real power lies with the three-person committee. The king only has symbolic power left.
  • August 25 : De Montfort signs a truce with the Marcher Lords. But numerous followers of the king continue the fight.
  • December 14th : Simon de Montfort convenes De Montfort's Parliament for January 20th , in which not only barons and bishops, but for the first time also representatives of the knights and the cities take part.


Holy Roman Empire

Obizzo II d'Este

Eastern Europe

  • Beginning of the year: Vaišelga , who previously lived as an Orthodox monk, becomes Grand Duke of Lithuania as the successor to his father Mindaugas I, who was murdered the previous year . He takes up the fight with his father's murderers, Treniota and Daumantas . Treniota is murdered by opponents in the spring.
  • September 8th : Duke Bolesław VI. the pious from Wielkopolska enacted the Kalisch statute , which defines the position of the Jews in Poland and forms the basis for their relatively autonomous existence. The statute threatens , among other things, penalties for desecrating Jewish cemeteries and synagogues . The statute contains provisions for the punishment of those who accuse Jews of ritual murder . It regulates the principles of commercial activity by the Jews and guarantees them the inviolability of life and property. The protective function, which has been in effect for centuries, leads - despite repeated ritual murder pogroms - to a considerable increase in the Jewish population in Poland .

Crusader States

Family tree of Isabella of Beirut

Central and East Asia

Song Duzong
  • The Chinese emperor Song Lizong dies childless and is inherited by his nephew Song Duzong , who continues the Song dynasty in China. His reign is marked by the defensive struggle against the Mongols , whereby he largely leaves the business of government to his Chancellor Jia Sidao . He has extensive land expropriations to finance the army, but also has military commanders regularly audited, which makes him unpopular both with the population and with the generals.

City rights and first documentary mentions

  • November 5th : The village of Waldbach (today in Baden-Württemberg) is first mentioned in a document.
  • The Dražice Castle northeast of Benatek , built by the Prague burgrave Gregor von Litowitz, is first mentioned in a document.


Merton College, Oxford


Münster Cathedral from Cathedral Square from

nature and environment


  • Keizan Jōkin , Japanese monk, one of the founders of the Zen Buddhist Sōtō-shū († 1325 )
  • Louis of France , descendant of the Capetians, heir to the French throne († 1276 )

Exact date of birth unknown


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1264

Web links

Commons : 1264  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files