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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Håkon and his son Magnus
After the death of Håkon IV. Håkonson
, his son Magnus Lagabætir becomes King of Norway .
1263 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 711/712 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1255/56
Buddhist calendar 1806/07 (southern Buddhism); 1805/06 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the Water Pig癸亥 ( at the beginning of the year Water Dog 壬戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 625/626 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 641/642
Islamic calendar 661/662 (turn of the year 3rd / 4th November)
Jewish calendar 5023/24 (September 5-6)
Coptic calendar 979/980
Malayalam calendar 438/439
Seleucid era Babylon: 1573/74 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1574/75 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1301
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1319/20 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire


King Magnus of Norway

England / Wales

Southern Europe

Asia and North Africa

  • March: After the death of Manuel I , his son Andronikos II becomes Emperor and Grand Commander of Trebizond in Asia Minor. Under his rule the empire became a flourishing trading center.
  • Spring: Baibars I , Sultan of the Mamluks in Egypt, conquers Kerak and takes the Emir al-Mughith Umar prisoner, whom he has executed a little later. On the way he conquered the Christian-Frankish Nazareth and led a first attack on Acre , which however was repulsed. Then he begins in Cairo with large-scale armaments in preparation for a war against the Christian crusader states in the Levant .
Depiction of the Battle of the Terek River

Founding of cities and first mentions in documents


science and technology

Religion and culture

  • from 1263: Raimundus Lullus attempts to prove the sole truth of Christian teaching and, above all, to proselytize the Arab world.



First half of the year

Gravestone of Eberhard IV, in the monastery Rosenthal , Palatinate

Second half of the year

The grave of Gobert d'Apremont in Villers Abbey

Exact date of death unknown

Hōjō Tokiyori's tomb
Epitaph by Hugo Libergier

Died around 1263

Web links

Commons : 1263  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files