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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Depiction of the Battle of Evesham and the death of Simon de Montfort from the Chronica majora of Matthew Paris, 13th century
In the battle of Evesham , Crown Prince
Edward Plantagenet prevailed against Simon de Montfort .
Statue of Charles of Anjou at the Palazzo Reale in Naples
Charles I of Anjou
is enfeoffed with the
Kingdom of Sicily .
Pope Clement IV
Guy le gros Foulques
becomes Pope Clement IV.
1265 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 713/714 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1257/58
Buddhist calendar 1808/09 (southern Buddhism); 1807/08 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 66th (67th) cycle

Year of the Wood Ox 乙丑 ( at the beginning of the year Wood Rat R)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 627/628 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 643/644
Islamic calendar 663/664 (turn of the year 12/13 October)
Jewish calendar 5025/26 (September 11-12)
Coptic calendar 981/982
Malayalam calendar 440/441
Seleucid era Babylon: 1575/76 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1576/77 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1303
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1321/22 (turn of the year April)

In 1265 the first representative parliament of England met in London. De Montfort's Parliament was convened by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester , who fought last year in the Barons' Second War against King Henry III. and raised his son Edward . But after the devastating defeat at the Battle of Evesham , the barons' uprising quickly collapses.

In Italy the newly elected Pope Clement IV enfeoffed Karl von Anjou , the brother of the French King Louis IX. , with the Kingdom of Sicily . He is to the terminal where the spell Staufer King Manfred expel from the throne.


Politics and world events


Kenilworth Castle
  • July 31 : Simon VI. de Montfort is defeated by royal forces in a surprise attack at Kenilworth Castle . Simon's banner also falls into Edward's hands, which he uses four days later for a ruse.
  • August 4th : At the Battle of Evesham in Worcestershire , the royal troops under Crown Prince Eduard Plantagenet prevail against an army of insurgent English barons headed by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester . In the battle, Montfort is killed, as is his son Henry .
  • Immediately after the battle, King Heinrich III. and Prince Edward to restore royal authority. They call on Bristol Castle and the other remaining castles in the hands of the supporters of Montfort to submission, whereupon most of the castles surrender.
  • August 10 : Walter Giffard , bishop of the Diocese of Bath and Wells since January 4th, who excommunicated Simon de Montfort and his followers on behalf of Archbishop Boniface of Canterbury, who lived in exile in France , is promoted to Lord Chancellor .
  • On October 1st , Heinrich III. the cancellation of all measures that he had to take after the Battle of Lewes under the control of Montfort. The king rewards his followers and favorites with the goods of the rebels. However, in the parliament called to Winchester in mid-September there is also resistance to royal politics.
  • Simon VI. de Montfort continues to occupy Kenilworth Castle. The rebels who remained and who were driven from their estates, the so-called "disinherited", form bands of robbers. Due to the change of ownership and the continued looting, the administration and the economy collapse in large parts of the country over the next two years.

Holy Roman Empire

Wartenberg Castle

Southern Europe

Charles I and Clement IV
Alfons X and the Partidas page

Asia and North Africa

City foundations, city rights and first documentary mentions

  • September 27th : King Ottokar II of Bohemia commissions the locator Konrad von Levendorf to found the city of Politschka as a base for his kingdom. The king gives the locator the favor of running an inn in the village of Laubendorf.
The cow gate (field side) from the 13th century.


science and technology

  • Construction of the Pont Saint-Esprit , a stone arch bridge over the Rhone , begins. For a long time it was the only stone bridge between Lyon and the sea and the longest bridge in Europe.


Pulpit in the Duomo of Siena


Historical maps and views

Asia Minor and the Balkans 1265


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1265


Date of death secured

Grave of Godfrey de Ludham in York Minster
The funeral of Hülegü
Double conversion of Ulrich and Agnes
in the collegiate church in Stuttgart

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1265

Queen Anna on her deathbed; Fresco in the Sopoćani Monastery

Web links

Commons : 1265  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files