Calendar overview 1226
|Louis IX becomes King of France at the age of 12 .|
gold bull of Rimini , Emperor Friedrich II confirms the rule over the Kulmer Land to
the Teutonic Order .
|1226 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||674/675 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1769/70 (southern Buddhism); 1768/69 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||65th (66th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||588/589 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||622/ 623 /624 (Year 1-2 January. // 21-22. December)|
|Jewish calendar||4986/87 (23/24 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1536/37 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1537/38 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1282/83 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- March 4th ( Ash Wednesday ): Foundation of the city of Hamm as a result of the punitive actions following the murder of the administrator of the Holy Roman Empire and Archbishop of Cologne Engelbert von Berg in the previous year. The castle and predecessor town of Nienbrügge, about 1 km west of the old town of Hamm, was the property of Count Friedrich von Isenberg, who is regarded as the main conspirator, and was destroyed by his cousin Adolf I. Graf von der Mark, Altena and Krieckenbeck on behalf of the Cologne Church, the citizens and their belongings moved to the Ham - the corner between Lippe and Ahse . As the oldest town in the county of Mark, Hamm becomes its capital and remains the administrative headquarters of the most important secular territory in Westphalia until the 19th century .
- March 6th : Milan renews the Lombard League with Bologna, Brescia, Mantua, Padua, Vicenza and Treviso against Emperor Frederick II , who has called a court day in Cremona for Easter. Piacenza, Verona, Alessandria and Faenza join the alliance a little later. The federal government prevents Frederick II's meetings with imperial princes on Italian territory by roadblocks and is therefore subject to the papal ban because of the obstruction of the crusade .
- March 26th : In the gold bull of Rimini , Friedrich II confirms the rule of the Kulmer Land to the Teutonic Order . In this way, the order is effectively put on a par with the imperial princes .
- In June, Lübeck was the first German city to acquire the right to mint with imperial freedom . Emperor Friedrich II. Issues the Lübeck imperial freedom letter in Fidenta in the province of Parma and hands it over to messengers of the city council . The Hanseatic cities are gaining in importance for trade . However, the emperor demands a levy on the coin winnings. In the Holy Roman Empire, the imperial cities directly subordinate to the emperor emerged .
- November 14 : Friedrich von Isenberg is as leader of the murderers of the Archbishop of Cologne and Regent of Cologne before Severinstor whacked . His cousin Adolf I. von der Mark then took control of the Isenberg possessions. Years later, this leads to the Isenberg turmoil , a feud with Dietrich von Altena-Isenberg .
Northern Germany / Denmark
- After he got moral backing from Pope Honorius III on June 26th . fetched, the Danish King Waldemar II begins a campaign of reconquest against the North German princes, especially Heinrich von Schwerin , who kidnapped him in 1223 . First he marches into Dithmarschen .
- May: With the backing of the papal legate Romano Bonaventura , the French King Louis VIII embarks on another “crusade” against Occitania in order to incorporate it directly into the French crown domain . Most of the cities and counties that were bled by the Albigensian Crusade submit without a fight. Only Raymond VII of Toulouse takes up the fight again. The cities of Toulouse , Agen and later Avignon join him.
- June 7th : Avignon refuses to allow the crusaders to pass. Louis VIII begins the siege of the city, which has to surrender in September. Nîmes , Beaucaire , Narbonne , Carcassonne , Montpellier and Pamiers surrender without a fight. Ludwig decided against a siege of Toulouse because his army was weakened by illness. He makes his way back north, but leaves an army under the leadership of Humbert de Beaujeau in Languedoc .
- November 8th : On the return journey to the north, Ludwig VIII dies in Montpensier of dysentery. On his deathbed, he lets the greats of his kingdom swear by his still underage eldest son.
- November 29th : Louis IX. is anointed and crowned king in Reims at the age of 12 by the Bishop of Soissons , Jacques de Bazoches . A traditional consecration by the Archbishop of Reims has to be dispensed with, as this church office has been vacant since the death of Archbishop Guillaume de Joinville three weeks earlier. Ludwig's mother Blanka of Castile took over the reign , however, a strong aristocratic opposition formed under the leadership of Peter Mauclerc , Hugo X. von Lusignan and Count Theobald IV. Of Champagne , who demonstratively stayed away from the coronation of Ludwig.
- Raimund von Toulouse conquered Auterive , among others, and won Roger Bernard II von Foix as an ally. On the other hand, the Archbishop of Narbonne , Pierre Amiel , renewed his excommunication and expropriation as well as those of his allies.
- Portugal under King Sancho II suffered a setback during the Reconquista with the defeat in the Battle of Elvas against the Moors .
Middle East / Caucasus
- March 9 : Jalal ad-Din and the Khorezm Shahs conquer the Georgian capital Tbilisi and commit a massacre of the population. Queen Rusudan has fled to eastern Georgia.
- Philip of Antioch is poisoned after two years in captivity. On June 14, Constantine of Lambron married Philip's wife Zabel to his son Hethum , who thus became de iure uxoris king of Lesser Armenia .
- July 10th : Only nine months after his accession to the throne, az-Zāhir bi-amr Allaah dies . His son al-Mustansir becomes the thirty-sixth Abbasid Caliph .
First documentary mentions and foundations of a place
- Znojmo is around 80 years re-established after its destruction and the Bohemian king I. Ottokar Premysl to the royal city levied.
- Arboldswil , Boningen , Dörlinbach , Gunzgen , Gysenstein , Hersberg , Holderbank , Itingen , Kilchberg , Lampenberg , Läufelfingen , Nikolausrieth , Ringsheim , Rodersdorf , Rötgesbüttel , Scheunen , Sissach , Starnberg , Stüsslingen , Wisen and Ziefen are first mentioned in a document.
- The click mill near Hanover is first mentioned in a document.
- The Burg Hohenstein in Alsace is first mentioned.
- The construction of Lahneck Castle begins.
- The Grace Dieu Abbey in Wales is founded.
Date of birth saved
- June 21 : Bolesław V , Duke of Poland († 1279 )
- November 2 : Isabel de Clare , Anglo-Scottish noblewoman († after 1264)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Ata al-Mulk Juwaini , Persian historian († 1283 )
- Gertrud von Babenberg , Duchess of Mödling, titular duchess of Austria and Styria and Margravine of Baden († 1288 )
- Maria von Brabant , Duchess of Bavaria and Countess Palatine near the Rhine († 1256 )
- Ulrich I , Count of Württemberg († 1265 )
- Xie Fangde , Chinese man of letters († 1289 )
Born around 1226
- 1225 or 1226: Gregorius Bar-Hebraeus , polymath and Maphrian of the east of the Syrian Orthodox Church († 1286 )
January to August
- March 7th : William Longespée , English magnate (* around 1167 )
- April 8th / 9th : Conrad IV. Von Frontenhausen , German Count, Bishop of Regensburg and Chancellor of King Philip of Swabia (* around 1170 )
- May 1 : Richard Marsh , Bishop of Durham and Lord Chancellor of England
- before June 14th: Philip of Antioch , King of Lesser Armenia
- June 19 : Agnes von Bar , Duchess of Lorraine (* around 1177 )
- July 10 : az-Zāhir bi-amr Allāh , Caliph of the Abbasids (* 1175 )
- July 10 : Budilov , Bishop of Prague
- around July 18 : Dietrich III. von Isenberg , Bishop of Munster
- August: Guido I , Count of Saint-Pol and Auxerre
September to December
- September 9 : Rudolf von Güttingen , Abbot of St. Gallen and Bishop of Chur
- September 13 : Bouchard I. de Marly , French knight and crusader, Lord of Marly and Saissac
- 16 / September 17 : Pandulf , papal legate in England and Bishop of Norwich
- October 3 : Francis of Assisi , founder of the Christian Franciscan Order, Holy Catholic Church (* 1181 / 1182 )
- November 6th : Guillaume de Joinville , Bishop of Langres and Archbishop of Reims
- November 8 : Louis VIII , King of France (* 1187 )
- November 14th : Friedrich von Isenberg , German count, executed for murder
- November 24th : William Brewer , English nobleman, civil servant and judge (* around 1145 )
- December 5 : Heinrich Borwin II , Prince of Mecklenburg and Lord of Rostock (* 1170 )
- December 18 : Benedict of Sawston , Bishop of Rochester
Exact date of death unknown
- Anna von Zähringen , Countess of Kyburg (* 1162 )
- The wrong Baldwin , impostor
- Falkes de Bréauté , foreign mercenary in the service of the English king
- William Hastings , English nobleman and rebel (* around 1190 )
- Philip II of Courtenay , Margrave of Namur (* 1195 )
- Roger de Montbegon , English nobleman and rebel (* around 1165 )
- Slauko the Great , Bohemian prince, highest chamberlain and castellan of Bilin
- Walram IV , Duke of Limburg, Margrave of Arlon and Lord of Monschau (* around 1160 )
- William the Breton , French chronicler (* around 1165 )