from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portal history | Portal Biographies | Current events | Annual calendar

| 12th century | 13th century | 14th century |
| 1190s | 1200s | 1210s | 1220s | 1230s | 1240s | 1250s |
◄◄ | | 1224 | 1225 | 1226 | 1227 | 1228 | 1229 | 1230 | 1231 | 1232 | | ►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

The death of Jolanda of Jerusalem, miniature in a 13th century manuscript
Isabella II , Queen of Jerusalem
and wife of Emperor Friedrich II , dies in Andria .
1228 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 676/677 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1220/21
Buddhist calendar 1771/72 (southern Buddhism); 1770/71 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the earth-rat戊子 ( at the beginning of the year fire-pig 丁亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 590/591 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 606/607
Islamic calendar 625/626 (turn of the year 29/30 November)
Jewish calendar 4988/89 (September 1st and 2nd)
Coptic calendar 944/945
Malayalam calendar 403/404
Seleucid era Babylon: 1538/39 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1539/40 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1266
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1284/85 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Crusade of Frederick II

The path of Frederick's crusade in 1228
  • June 28th : After the epidemic in the crusaders' camp subsided and Emperor Friedrich II himself recovered, he set off with 40 ships from Brindisi on his crusade, which has been planned for three years, to the Holy Land, without having previously met Pope Gregory IX. who excommunicated him the previous year to seek a reconciliation. He is accompanied by Hermann von Salza , Grand Master of the Teutonic Order , among others . The largest crusader contingents in support of Frederick come from Central Germany (Hesse, Meissen, Thuringia) and from the Hohenstaufen power regions in the south-west of the empire (Swabia, Alsace and Burgundy). His armed forces include around 1,000 knights and around 10,000 foot soldiers.
  • July 21 : The crusade army lands in the Cypriot port city of Limassol . After a dispute, there was a brief armed confrontation with the local regent, John I of Beirut , who, however, submitted within a few days.
  • September 7th : After a six-week stopover in Cyprus , where the supreme sovereignty of the empire has been affirmed, Friedrich reaches Acre in the Kingdom of Jerusalem . The conflict with the Pope divided his crusader army. Templars and Johanniter refuse allegiance to the excommunicated ruler.
  • Autumn: Al-Kamil , Sultan of the Ayyubids in Egypt , who has allied himself with his brother al-Ashraf Musa against his nephew an-Nasir Dawud , gradually conquers his fortresses in Syria, including Jerusalem , Bethlehem and Nazareth . Then he enters into negotiations with Friedrich.

Byzantine Empire / Crusader States

The Latin Emperor Robert de Courtenay dies on the way back from Rome to Constantinople . His eleven-year-old brother Baldwin II succeeds him on the throne. Instead of his mother Maria von Courtenay , the barons appoint Narjot de Toucy as guardian and regent. This negotiates a one-year armistice including free trade with the despot and self-proclaimed Byzantine emperor in exile Theodoros I. Komnenos Dukas from Thessaloniki .

Gottfried II von Villehardouin succeeds his deceased father Gottfried I as Prince of Achaia .

Holy Roman Empire

France / Occitania

  • Humbert de Beaujeu starts a military operation in the summer, which leads to the collapse of the Occitan resistance against the crusade of Louis IX. leads: He first conquered Lavaur , but then apparently spontaneously swung his army in the direction of Toulouse . Count Raymond VII of Toulouse is not present in the city at this time. Instead of wiping out his forces in a siege of the heavily fortified city, Beaujeu only lets them cut off from the outside world by occupying its access routes. He then sets out to devastate the outskirts of the city with a systematic application of the “scorched earth” tactics. Around the same time in Paris, the Queen Regent Blanka of Castile and the papal cardinal legate Romano Bonaventura were already planning to end the war.
  • June 25 : Pope Gregory IX. Issues a dispensation from the Holy See for a possible marriage project between the heiress Raimund and a brother of the king.
  • December 10 : Raimund and the consuls of Toulouse agree to the regent's terms of submission, i.e. oath to the crown and the obligation to fight heretics. In addition, Raimund renounced the Margraviate Provence and the Duchy of Narbonne .

England / Wales

  • April: The English King Henry III. transfers the Welsh castle Montgomery Castle to his Justiciar Hubert de Burgh for administration. The Welsh men under Llywelyn from Iorwerth , Prince of Gwynedd , respond with attacks on the workers and begin the siege of the castle in August.
  • With a small contingent , de Burgh and Heinrich march to Wales . The Welsh withdrew before the English army, so that the English can relieve Montgomery Castle on September 3rd . Then de Burgh burns the nearby Cistercian Abbey of Ceri , which served as a base for the Welsh people. Instead of the monastery, he begins building a castle, but the poorly supplied English are attacked by the Welsh on the construction site, who destroy the castle under construction and take the Marcher Lord William de Braose prisoner. After three months, the king has to make a shameful peace with the Welsh prince.

Iberian Peninsula


Emblem of the fratribus militiae Christi in Prussia

Baltic states


The Kingdom of Ahom at its greatest extent

City rights and first documentary mentions


The Tannhäuser ( Codex Manesse , around 1300)
  • After more than 75 years of construction, the St. Zeno Church in Bad Reichenhall is consecrated; today it is the largest Romanesque basilica in Old Bavaria.
  • The beginning of the creation time exploitable Tannhauser (between 1228/ 1229 and 1256 / 1266 )
  • around 1228: "Modesty" (collection of rules of life and proverbs) Freidanks arises.



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1228


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1228  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files