Calendar overview 1227
|Gregory IX. Pope.|
|Battle of Bornhöved , the Danish King Waldemar II is again subject to a North German coalition army.|
|1227 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||675/676 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1770/71 (southern Buddhism); 1769/70 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||65th (66th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||589/590 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||624/625 (turn of the year 11/12 December)|
|Jewish calendar||4987/88 (September 12-13)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1537/38 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1538/39 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1283/84 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- January 8 : Heinrich III. , King of England since 1216 , declares himself of legal age at a council meeting in Oxford. He suppressed a brief revolt by his brother Richard of Cornwall by transferring more lands to him. The government remains with Hubert de Burgh for the time being .
- January: Blanka of Castile succeeds through clever negotiations, Theobald IV of Champagne and Heinrich II of Bar from the opposition alliance of the barons against their son Louis IX. to detach.
- February 6th : Blanka releases Count Ferrand of Flanders , captured for more than ten years , who from then on shows himself loyal to the French crown.
- The nobility insurgency has been weakened by the break, Theobald and Henry so that on March 16 and Peter Mauclerc and Hugo X of Lusignan submit. Their ally Richard of Cornwall signs an armistice and withdraws to England.
- In autumn the uprising breaks out again when Peter Mauclerc tries to usurp the person of the king from Corbeil . Louis IX However, he and his small entourage can flee to the strong Montlhéry castle in good time and inform his mother in Paris, who rushes to the rescue with a relief army.
- In Occitania there are alternating skirmishes between units of Languedoc under Raimund VII of Toulouse and royal troops under Humbert de Beaujeau .
Holy Roman Empire / Denmark
- March 28th : Margarete von Babenberg is crowned Roman-German queen in Aachen after her wedding with fellow king Heinrich .
- July 22nd : A north German coalition army under Adolf IV von Schauenburg and Holstein, Heinrich von Schwerin , the Bremen Archbishop Gerhard II and Duke Albrecht von Sachsen defeated the Danish King Waldemar II in the battle of Bornhöved ; the Eider becomes the German-Danish border and Lübeck re- establishes its independence from Denmark. Dithmarschen becomes part of the Archdiocese of Bremen.
- July 28th : In the Battle of Ane , the knight army of the Utrecht bishop Otto II von Lippe meets the troops of Burgrave Rudolf II von Coevorden . The latter, supported by the farmers from Drente , wins. The bishop is killed.
- November: The Polish dukes, knights and bishops gathered for a Wiec in Gąsawa are attacked by the governor in Pomerania , Swantopolk II, with his men. Leszek I , the reigning Princeps in the Kingdom of Poland , is killed.
- After the death of Stefan Nemanjić , his son Stefan Radoslav becomes King of Raszien , the coastal countries and all Serbs .
The crusade of Frederick II.
- August: When a serious epidemic breaks out in his camp, killing numerous crusaders, Emperor Friedrich II , who is ill himself, has to postpone the planned crusade again. The new Pope Gregory IX. does not recognize the reasons for the postponement and excommunicated Friedrich on September 29th because of his broken promise to crusade.
- September 11th : Among others, the Thuringian Landgrave Ludwig IV from the Ludowinger family dies in Friedrich's field camp near Otranto . The official successor is his five-year-old son Hermann II , for whom, however, his uncle Heinrich Raspe takes over the reign of the Landgraviate.
Byzantine Empire / Crusader States
- Spring: The Latin Emperor Robert de Courtenay hands over the business of government to his sister Maria von Courtenay and travels from Constantinople to Rome to ask the Pope for support for his beleaguered empire.
- 1225 /1227: Theodoros I Komnenos Dukas , despot of Epirus , can be of Demetrios Chomatenos , the Archbishop of Ohrid , crowned emperor of Thessaloniki.
Islamic empires in North Africa and the Middle East
- November 12 : When al-Mu'azzam dies, his son an-Nasir Dawud takes over the rule as Emir of the Ayyubids in Syria with the capital Damascus . His two uncles, al-Kamil of Egypt , who had already fought against an-Nasir's father, and al-Ashraf in Mesopotamia ally against him .
- From al-Andalus , Idris I al-Ma'mun , the governor of Seville , starts an uprising against his brother Abdallah al-Adil . He lands in Morocco with 12,000 Castilian mercenaries and makes himself caliph of the Almohads . Due to his strong roots in the culture of al-Andalus, Idris I has little understanding of the Almohad institutions that have so far ensured the relative stability of the empire. Under him, the council of 10 tribal leaders and 40 tribal delegates were abolished, and Mahdi Ibn Tūmart was not mentioned in the administrative files and coins were dispensed with, which seriously shook the loyalty of the subjects.
- August 18 : When Genghis Khan dies, all living beings around him, including 2000 people who attended the funeral, are killed. According to Mongolian tradition, the location of the burial site is kept secret. In keeping with the agreement of 1218 , Ögedei Khan becomes his successor.
First documentary mentions
- around 1227: Ulrich von Liechtenstein travels to Rome and, disguised as Venus, goes on a tournament tour from Venice to Bohemia .
- March 18 : Pope Honorius III. dies in Rome. Just one day later, Ugolino dei Conti di Segni was elected his successor and took the name Gregory IX. on.
- The Minden Bishop Konrad I von Rüdenberg founded the Cistercian monastery in Levern .
- The Wettingen Abbey is founded.
- A provincial synod in Trier reprimands the worship of tree spirits and springs.
Date of birth saved
- September 29 : Gertrud von Altenberg , Thuringian Premonstratensian, Catholic Blessed († 1297 )
- September 30th : Girolamo Masci d'Ascoli, under the name of Nicholas IV Pope († 1292 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- March: Charles I of Anjou , King of Sicily and Naples, King of Albania, anti-king of Jerusalem, Prince of Achaia, Count of Anjou and Maine and Count of Provence († 1285 )
- Hōjō Tokiyori , regent of the Kamakura shogunate in Japan († 1263 )
- Johann von Akkon , grand cupbearer of France († 1296 )
Born around 1227
- 1224/1227 : Bolesław VI. the Pious , Duke of Greater Poland and Kalisz († 1279 )
- 1227/ 1230 : Henry III. , Duke of Silesia-Breslau († 1266 )
Date of death secured
- January 28 : Heinrich Borwin I , Prince of Mecklenburg
- February: Jötschi , Mongolian prince, eldest son of Genghis Khan (* 1183 )
- March 18 : Honorius III. , Pope (* around 1148 )
- April 28th : Heinrich (V) the Elder of Braunschweig , Count Palatine near Rhine (* around 1173 )
- May 31 : Guala Bicchieri , papal legate for England and member of the English Regency Council (* around 1150 )
- July 28 : Bernhard the Good , German knight and diplomat (* around 1170 )
- July 28th : Otto II von Lippe , Bishop of Utrecht
- September 11th : Ludwig IV. , Landgrave of Thuringia and Count Palatine of Saxony (* 1200 )
- September 11th : Thomas Olivier , Bishop of Paderborn (* around 1170 )
- September 30th : Konrad von Urach , Cardinal Bishop of Porto, cardinal legate in France and Germany and Cistercian abbot (* around 1180 )
- October 13 : Minamoto no Michitomo , Japanese poet and politician (* 1171 )
- November 12 : Al-Mu'azzam , Emir of the Ayyubids in Syria and Palestine (* 1176 )
- November 12th : Siegfried I. von Lichtenberg , Bishop of Hildesheim
- November 23 : Leszek I , Senior Duke of Poland (* 1186 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Guérin , Bishop of Senlis and Keeper of the Seal and Chancellor of France
- Lambert von Ardres , French chronicler (* around 1160 )
- ʿAbd as-Salām ibn Maschīsch , Islamic clergyman and philosopher (* 1140 )
- Philip of Ibelin , Bailli of Cyprus (* around 1180 )
- Qiu Chuji , Chinese Daoist (* 1148 )
- Rainald I. von Dammartin , Count of Boulogne, Dammartin, Mortain and Aumale (* around 1165 )
- Marco Sanudo , Duke of Archipelagos
- Stefan Nemanjić , King of Serbia
- In the history of the Slovenian language and literature , a rhyme report from Frauendienst is often quoted in which he quotes Slovenian words by Duke Bernhard von Spanheim . He had greeted him on his passage through Carinthia in Thörl-Maglern / Vrata Megvarje on May 1, 1227 in Slovenian with the following words: "The prince and the journeymen sin / I am welcome sin. / Ir gruoz something against me alsus: / “Buge waz primi, gralva Venus!” (The prince and his entourage welcomed me. Their greeting to me was like this: “Greetings from God, royal Venus). Ulrich had been disguised as Venus. See: Reginald Vospernik, Pavle Zablatnik, Erik Prunč, Florjan Lipuš: The Slovenian word in Carinthia = Slovenska beseda na Koroškem, literature and poetry from the beginning to the present = Pismenstvo in slovstvo od začetkov do danes. ÖBV, Vienna 1985, pp. 22-23. ISBN 3-215-04304-1