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Portal history | Portal Biographies | Current events | Annual calendar

| 12th century | 13th century | 14th century |
| 1190s | 1200s | 1210s | 1220s | 1230s | 1240s | 1250s |
◄◄ | | 1219 | 1220 | 1221 | 1222 | 1223 | 1224 | 1225 | 1226 | 1227 | | ►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

Coronation of Louis VIII and his wife Blanka
Louis VIII becomes King of France.
1223 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 671/672 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1215/16
Buddhist calendar 1766/67 (southern Buddhism); 1765/66 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the water sheep癸未 ( at the beginning of the year water horse 壬午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 585/586 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 601/602
Islamic calendar 619/620 (turn of the year 3rd / 4th February)
Jewish calendar 4983/84 (August 27-28)
Coptic calendar 939/940
Malayalam calendar 398/399
Seleucid era Babylon: 1533/34 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1534/35 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1261
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1279/80 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


The accession of Louis VIII.
The French crown domain (blue) before and after the government of Philip II, fiefdoms of the Plantagenets in red, other vassals in green, ecclesiastical territories in yellow

Anglo-Welsh War

Whittington Castle
Kidwelly Castle
Cilgerran Castle

Iberian Peninsula

Sancho II.
  • March 25th : After the death of his father Alfons II , Sancho II ascends the Portuguese throne. At this point the country is in the midst of a conflict with the Catholic Church, into which it has led the policy of Alfonso II. His father died excommunicated and the interdict imposed on Portugal. Sancho first comes to terms with the church, lets the Archbishop of Braga , whom his father has expelled from the country, return and pays him high compensation.

Kingdom of Sicily

The still-preserved arch of the portal with the inscription that construction began in 1223

Central and Northern Europe

Eastern Europe / Caucasus / Asia Minor

  • January 18 : Giorgi IV. Lascha , King of Georgia , dies unexpectedly and leaves behind only one underage, illegitimate son. For him, Giorgi's sister Rusudan should initially rule, but due to David's minority the high nobility crowns Rusudan as queen. War broke out with the Kipchaks in the first year of their reign . Displaced from their habitat by the Mongols , they move to Georgia, where they demand settlement land from the queen. When this was rejected, they turn to looting Ganja , and besiege the city Qabala . They surprised and defeated a Georgian punitive expedition. When the Kipchaks were still devastating the eastern border areas of Georgia and withdrawn with rich booty, Georgian troops pursued the enemy, defeated them and took the booty from them again.
  • May 31 : Among the generals Subutai and Jebe leading Mongols a first attack on Europe: The Battle of the Kalka River ends with a bitter defeat for the Rus . After their victory, however, the Mongols no longer advance into the territories of the ancient Russian principalities, but instead move home via the areas north of the Caspian Sea and the Aral Sea .

First documentary mentions


Delivery of the regula bullata , Giotto's fresco in Assisi


Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1223


First half of the year

King Alfonso II of Portugal

Second half of the year

King Philip II

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1223

Web links

Commons : 1223  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files