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Heads of State · Nekrolog

The Danebrog falls from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse, painting by Christian August Lorentzen (1809)
In the battle of Lyndanisse the Danes under
King Waldemar II against the pagan Estonians
, legend has it that the Danebrog falls from the sky.
1219 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 667/668 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1211/12
Buddhist calendar 1762/63 (southern Buddhism); 1761/62 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the Earth- Rabbit 己卯 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Tiger 戊寅)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 581/582 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 597/598
Islamic calendar 615/616 (turn of the year 18/19 March)
Jewish calendar 4979/80 (September 11-12)
Coptic calendar 935/936
Malayalam calendar 394/395
Seleucid era Babylon: 1529/30 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1530/31 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1257
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1275/76 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Northern and Eastern Europe

The Baltic Sea Region 1219


Manuscript page from the song of the Albigensian Crusade with the capture of Marmande
  • After conquering the city of Marmande, the crusaders massacre the population.
  • June 17th : The crusade troops arrive in Toulouse . After a siege of several weeks, Ludwig breaks off the crusade on August 1st and begins his return journey to northern France. Raymond VI. and his son Raimund VII attacked the remaining crusaders and set out to recapture the Languedoc .

Iberian Peninsula

  • July: After Count Sancho von Roussillon resigned the reign of the Crown Aragón last year , Pope Honorius III determined. a new Regency Council for the minor King James I of Aragon . Vice-Count Wilhelm II of Béarn is now in charge of this as procurator. At the same time, ten-year-old Jacob left the castle of Monzón of his own volition and joined one of the competing aristocratic factions of the country in Saragossa, among whose entourage he gained his first combat experience.

Fifth crusade

Giotto : Francis of Assisi preaches to the Sultan al-Kamil
Grandmaster coat of arms of Pedros de Montaigu
Friedrich's promise in Haguenau

Other events in the Middle East

Mongol Empire


City rights and first documentary mentions


The document of King Frederick II of August 15, 1219
Seal of Waldemar II.


  • January 16 : A severe storm surge hits the North Sea coast: around 36,000 to 50,000 people are killed in the First Marcellus Flood . West Frisia is particularly hard hit. Here the North Sea breaks through a naturally formed sand dike, creating the Zuiderzee bay , the IJsselmeer , which is now artificially separated from the North Sea . It is the first major storm surge in the North Sea of ​​which there is an eyewitness report: The Premonstratensian canon Emo von Wittewierum declares the natural event as a “ deluge ” as a punishment “for our crimes” .
  • On September 14, the natural barrier at Lac de Saint-Laurent in France breaks and the dammed lake empties. A tidal wave rushes down the Romanche valley to the mouth of the Drac and on to the Isère . Grenoble is largely spared from the first wave, but a backwater occurs in the Isère, which means that the escape route is cut off for the fleeing people. Half of Grenoble's population is killed by the floods.



First half of the year

The reclining figure of William Marshal in Temple Church

Second half of the year

  • after September 1st: Berthold II , Bishop of Naumburg
  • before September 22nd: John de Courcy , Anglo-Norman nobleman, Justiciar of Ireland (* around 1160 )
  • October: Walter III. of Châtillon , Lord of Châtillon, Troissy, Crécy, Montjay, Broigny and Pierrefonds, and Count of Saint-Pol

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1219

Web links

Commons : 1219  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files