Calendar overview 1138
|Conrad III. is elected Roman-German king in an urgent election chaired by the Archbishop of Trier Albero .|
|1138 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||586/587 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1681/82 (southern Buddhism); 1680/81 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||500/501 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||516/517 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||532/533 (September 7/8)|
|Jewish calendar||4898/99 (September 7/8)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1448/49 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1449/50 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1194/95 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- March 7th : Konrad III. is elected Roman-German king in a rush election chaired by Archbishop Albero of Trier in St. Castor in Koblenz .
- Conrad III. calls on the Diet of Augsburg of Henry the Proud of his duchies back: Bavaria or Saxony.
- In the context of Senioratsprinzips which occurs partition of Poland among the children Bolesław III. Wrymouth in four parts.
England / Scotland
- After King David I of Scotland , who was on the side of the heiress Matilda in the English Civil War , had already invaded northern England twice but was thrown back by King Stephen , he finally succeeded in the summer while Stephan had to fight a noble revolt in the south to penetrate deep into English territory. He can conquer Cumberland , Northumberland , the city of Carlisle and the royal castle at Bamburgh .
- August 22nd : In the Battle of the Standards at Northallerton, the Scots suffer a crushing defeat against an English army under Archbishop Thurstan of York, in which between 11,000 and 12,000 Scots are killed. David has to return to Scotland. The high losses made further attacks by the Scots in the following period impossible.
Byzantine Empire / Middle East
- The Byzantine Emperor John II Comnenus goes on the offensive against the Crusader states of the Levant and besieges the city of Aleppo, held by the Principality of Antioch . He forced Prince Raymond of Poitiers to take the oath of allegiance, but was then forced to retreat by an uprising instigated by Count Joscelin II of Edessa .
- February 9 : Muhammad ibn Buzurg-Umid succeeds his late father Kiya Buzurg-Umid as head of the Shia of the Nizari-Ismailis of Alamut .
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of the city of Marburg as property of the Landgrave of Thuringia and of Häfnerhaslach as well as of Chénens .
- February 25th : The Altenryf Cistercian Abbey is consecrated in the presence of the Bishop of Lausanne.
- May 29 : Antipope Viktor IV resigns from the papacy a few weeks after his election in January. The intervention of Bernhard von Clairvaux encouraged this decision.
Exact date of birth unknown
- Dreux IV. De Mello , participant in the 3rd crusade, Connétable of France († 1218 )
- Hōjō Tokimasa , Japanese feudal prince († 1215 )
- Casimir II , Senior Duke of Poland, Duke in Wiślica, Sandomir, Mazovia and Kujawia († 1194 )
- Rudolf von Saint-Omer , Seneschal of Jerusalem and titular Prince of Galilee († 1219 )
Born around 1138
Date of death secured
- January 25 : Anaclet II , antipope (* around 1090 )
- February 9 : Kiya Buzurg-Umid , head of the Shia of the Nizari-Ismailis of Alamut (Assassins)
- March 8 : Adela von Blois , French noblewoman (* around 1062 )
- May 27 : Hadmar I. von Kuenring , Austrian ministerial nobleman and Burgvogt von Dürnstein
- September 30th : Reginmar , Bishop in the Diocese of Passau
- October 28 : Bolesław III. Wrymouth , Duke of Poland (* 1085 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Al-Rashid , Abbasid Caliph
- Arwa bint Ahmad , Queen of the Sulaihids in Yemen (* 1050 )
- Chayülwa Shönnu Ö , teacher of the Kadam tradition of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1075 )
- William de Warenne , 2nd Earl of Surrey