Calendar overview 1139
|Alfonso I named himself the first king of Portugal after defeating the Moors at the Battle of Ourique .||Order of the Knights Templar is confirmed by the bull Omne datum optimum by Innocent II and subordinated directly to the Pope .|
|1139 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||587/588 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1682/83 (southern Buddhism); 1681/82 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||501/502 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||517/518 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||533/534 (August 27-28)|
|Jewish calendar||4899/4900 (August 27-28)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1449/50 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1450/51 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1195/96 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- July 25th : Foundation of the national state of Portugal : Alfonso I named himself the first king of Portugal after defeating the Moors in the Battle of Ourique , thus establishing the independence of Portugal from Castile-León . The first capital of independent Portugal is Guimarães .
- English Civil War from 1135 to 1154
Central and Eastern Europe
- March 29th : The Knights Templar is confirmed by the bull Omne datum optimum by Innocent II and subordinated directly to the Pope . As a result, he is exempt from tax, can collect taxes himself and lend money against interest.
- Heinrich the Lion awards Polabia with its main castle Ratzeburg as a fief to Count Heinrich von Badewide .
- The Holsten ( Holsteiner , Stormarner and Dithmarscher ) conquer the land of the Wagrier ( Abodriten ).
- Leopold IV becomes Duke of Bavaria .
- Eberhard becomes the first Count of Sayn .
- Vsevolod II becomes Grand Duke of the Kievan Rus .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- The first documented mention of Bever , Bressaucourt , Bure , Bursinel , Champfèr , Courcelon , Courgenay , Courtemaîche , Develier , Epauvillers , Fischerbach , Gamburg , Gaugenwald , Glovelier , Ihlienworth , Istein , Jenin , Koppigen , Langnau im Emmental , Montfaucon , Ocourt , Rot am See , Rüegsau , Saint-Ursanne , Sand am Main , Schlat , Steinach , Tegernau , Unterharmersbach , Unterheinriet , Wittershausen , Wanna and Zell am Harmersbach
- Reims receives city rights .
- After John I am Aug. 8 died, is Sylvester , abbot of the Benedictine monastery Sazau , his successor as bishop of Prague elected to receive episcopal ordination without however.
- The second Lateran Council takes place. It confirms the ban on simony , introduces celibacy for priests and excommunicates Roger II of Sicily . The council also banned the use of crossbows in battles among Christians.
- Foundation of the St. Sebastianus Brotherhood Gymnich , one of the oldest rifle brotherhoods in Germany
- According to a chronicle from Benevento, Vesuvius spewed fire for eight days.
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Jakuren , Japanese poet († 1202 )
- Minamoto no Tametomo , Samurai († 1170 )
- Mongaku , politically active Japanese monk († 1203 )
Date of death secured
- 13./14. January: Simon I , Duke of Lorraine (* around 1076)
- January 25 : Gottfried VI. , Duke of Lower Lorraine (* around 1063 )
- April 4th : Euphemia of Kiev , Queen of Hungary
- June 23 : Andreas von Kuik , Bishop of Utrecht
- June 30th : Otto von Bamberg , canonized bishop of Bamberg (* around 1060)
- June: Shihab al-Din Mahmud , Emir of Damascus
- July 16 : Walram III. Paganus (the Heide) , Count of Arlon and Count of Limburg (* around 1085)
- August 8th : John I , Bishop of Prague
- August 19 : Gottfried , Count of Namur
- October 20 : Heinrich the Proud , Duke of Bavaria and Saxony (* 1102 or 1108)
- December 11 : Roger of Salisbury , Bishop of Salisbury and Lord Chancellor
Exact date of death unknown
- Niall Mac Aodh , successor to Patrick in Armagh
- Robert de Ferrers, 1st Earl of Derby , English nobleman