|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Circle :||Duchy of Lauenburg|
|Height :||36 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||30.29 km 2|
|Residents:||14,525 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||480 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||23909|
|Area code :||04541|
|License plate :||RZ|
|Community key :||01 0 53 100|
|LOCODE :||DE RZG|
City administration address :
|Unter den Linden 1
|Mayor :||Gunnar Koech ( independent )|
|Location of the city of Ratzeburg in the Duchy of Lauenburg district|
Ratzeburg ( Ratzborg in Low German ) is a small town in Schleswig-Holstein , near the border with Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . Ratzeburg is the district town of the Duchy of Lauenburg . It is known as a climatic health resort and due to the location of its old town in the middle of the Ratzeburg Lake and its connection with the mainland, which only runs over three dams, it is also an "island town". In addition to the old town island, St. Georgsberg, Vorstadt and Dermin also belong to the urban area.
The name goes back to the prince Ratibor / Ratse , who was at the head of the Obodritischen sub-tribe of the Polabians . He resided here in the early 11th century in a ring wall. The “Racesburg” is mentioned in 1062 in a certificate of receipt from Heinrich IV issued in Worms but not handed over . According to the document, he gave the castle to Ordulf, Duke of Billung . Even Adam of Bremen mentioned 1076, the then Slavic Ratzeburg in his description of the death of Ansverus on 15 July 1066 on the Rinsberg at Einhaus above the Ratzeburg Lake: Ansverus monacus et cum eo alii apud Razzisburg lapidati sunt. Idus Iulii passio illorum occurrit. (The monk Answer and others with him were stoned near Ratzeburg. Their martyrdom took place on the Ides of July.) The Ansverus cross can still be seen today on the edge of the forest in Einhaus near Ratzeburg. Christianization took place in three attempts , the city was founded and the diocese was finally established in 1154 by Heinrich the Lion (see also the article in the diocese of Ratzeburg ) . A memorial stone erected after 1163 commemorates Heinrich von Badenide , the first Count of Ratzeburg . The stone on the cathedral island bears the (Latin) inscription:
“During the times of King Conrad and Duke Heinrich of Saxony, Count Heinrich came to Ratzeburg and was the first to give Christianity a solid foundation. Rest his soul in peace. Amen."
Since the 17th century
While the city for later Saxe-Lauenburg , who later became Prussian land circle Lauenburg , was one that got pen area with the Domhof 1648 by the Peace of Westphalia as Principality of Ratzeburg into the hands of Mecklenburg and became in 1701 part of Mecklenburg-Strelitz .
The city, which was heavily fortified by Duke Georg Wilhelm von Braunschweig-Lüneburg in 1692, aroused the displeasure of the Danish King Christian V , who more or less completely reduced Ratzeburg to rubble and ashes except for the Cathedral Island in 1693, so that a complete reconstruction in the Baroque style the example of the city center of Mannheim became necessary. The last fortifications were removed by the Danes in 1816.
On the market square in front of the Alte Wache, the more than 300-year-old peace linden tree from Ratzeburg , which has been a natural monument since 1935, commemorates the destruction of Ratzeburg . This linden tree was supposed to give way to a new marketplace in 2010, but has been preserved after violent public protests. Ratzeburg is generally known for its stock of old linden trees, which the romantic writer Victor Scheffel described in the summer of 1848 on his trip with Reich Commissioner Carl Theodor Welcker .
From 1705 to 1976 Ratzeburg was the seat of the (state) superintendent of Lauenburg . It was followed in 1977 by the parish of the Duchy of Lauenburg and in 2009 by the Lauenburg provost in the parish of Lübeck-Lauenburg.
Equipped with a recommendation from the poet Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock , the English romantic Samuel Taylor Coleridge spent the winter of 1798/1799 in Ratzeburg with the local pastor. He describes the city and its surroundings with very flattering words (“The whole has a sort of majestic beauty, a feminine grandeur”), but criticizes: “The only defect in the view is, that Ratzeburg is built entirely of red bricks, and all the houses roofed with red tiles. To the eye, therefore, it presents a clump of brick-dust red. "
Relations with Bismarck and Moltke
On September 26, 1865, Prime Minister Otto von Bismarck appeared for the first time to accompany the Prussian King Wilhelm I in Ratzeburg. He wanted to receive the hereditary homage to the knights and landscape in the Petrikirche . The Duchy of Lauenburg had been linked to the Kingdom of Prussia in personal union since 1865, and Bismarck negotiated on behalf of the Prussian King (as Minister for Lauenburg) with the Lauenburg estates in order to achieve full integration into Prussia (in 1876 it became a Prussian district). In 1871, as a thank you for his role in the unification of the empire, Bismarck received part of the property in the Schwarzenbek office that had fallen to the Prussian king in Lauenburg (including the Sachsenwald), which the king raised to a knighthood. Bismarck was also awarded the duchy of Lauenburg when he left in 1890, but he did not use the title.
He came into contact with the Lauenburg Jäger Battalion No. 9 for the first time during the Franco-Prussian War, when it moved into a bivouac behind St. Ingbert on August 9 while advancing from the Saar .
It was not until November 30, 1890 that Bismarck returned to Ratzeburg, now as former Reich Chancellor, to inspect the monument before it was unveiled. He then visited the officers 'corps' casino.
He was an honorary citizen of Ratzeburg and appeared several times at the meetings of the district council, in which an armchair with the coat of arms of the first Chancellor of the German Reich remembered him.
Close relationships developed between the battalion and Bismarck in Friedrichsruh, about an hour away by train . This culminated when the battalion band congratulated the prince with a morning serenade on his 80th birthday.
Moltke had never officially been in Ratzeburg. But he had visited his sister who lived there several times. One of his favorite walks there was the path around the small Küchensee to the Waldesruh restaurant . In the immediate vicinity of the restaurant, a monument was erected in a large granite boulder on a field stone substructure. It shows the gold-plated inscription: Field Marshal Graf Moltke's favorite place. 1853-1888. The year numbers reminded of his first and last visit to Ratzeburg.
The monument to Kaiser Wilhelm I.
On September 26, 1890, the ceremonial unveiling of the imperial monument took place on the Ratzeburg market square. The construction of the monument was made possible by committed citizens of the city through collections of voluntary donations. The total cost of the monument was around 34,000 marks.
This 310 cm high statue of the deceased monarch , created by the Berlin sculptor Robert Bärwald and cast bronze by the bronze foundry of the Aktiengesellschaft [formerly] Hermann Gladenbeck & Sohn in Friedrichshagen near Berlin , stood on a pedestal made of red Swedish granite . On the front of the base was the dedication: "DEM EINIGER / DEUTSCHLANDS / KAISER WILHELM I. / DEM SIEGREICHEN / DAS THANKBARE LAUENBURG."
The reverse bore the inscription: "The King of Prussia paid homage / the Duchy of Lauenburg / on September 26, 1865." and underneath "Erected on September 26, 1890."
The statue and the reliefs were victims of the metal donation by the German people in 1944 ; the empty base was removed after 1945.
Since the 20th century
Unlike the rest of the city, the cathedral courtyard was long under the rule of the bishop and had belonged to Mecklenburg-Strelitz since 1803 . Only with the Greater Hamburg Law in 1937 did the cathedral district become part of the municipality. When it was reorganized in 1937, the cathedral courtyard was also part of the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein . The parish of the cathedral remained part of the Evangelical Lutheran State Church of Mecklenburg ; After the end of the war, the cathedral archives kept the collection of older church records from (almost) all Mecklenburg parishes for many decades, which have since been returned to the Schwerin regional church archive . Ratzeburg has been the seat of the Luther Academy since 2003 .
At the end of the Second World War, the population of Ratzeburg grew significantly due to refugees and displaced persons from the former German eastern regions . In mid-March 1945, a trek control center was therefore set up in Ratzeburg. Ratzeburg was overcrowded and many of the refugees had to be transported on, only the sick remained. Not every refugee survived the rigors of their flight. In the cemetery on Seedorfer Straße, 191 graves of refugees, including 25 of children, testify to this suffering.
On May 2, 1945, Ratzeburg was occupied by the British without a fight. On the same day, the executive government fled from the Eutin - Plön area 50 kilometers further north to Flensburg - Mürwik . Only two days later, all German troops in north-west Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark were surrendered .
Since the local elections on May 6, 2018 , the 31 seats of the Ratzeburg city council have been distributed among the individual parties and lists as follows:
|Party / list||Share of votes||Seats||+/-|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||15.42%||5||+ 2|
|The left||4.08%||1||± 0|
|Free Ratzeburg Voting Association (FRW)||18.92%||6th||± 0|
|Citizens for Ratzeburg (BfR)||7.16%||2||+ 2|
The turnout was 44.17%. Compared to the 2013 election, the number of seats in the city council has increased by seven.
The mayor is the chairman of the city council. Ottfried Feußner (CDU) has held this office since April 2003.
coat of arms
Blazon : “In silver, a continuous red castle with an open, arched gate, crenellated wall reaching to the lower edge of the shield and three crenellated towers, of which the middle, higher one has a blue pointed roof (on which a red knob); next to the opened, golden gate wings, three golden low palisade posts growing up from the lower edge of the shield. "
- Châtillon-sur-Seine in Burgundy , France , since July 10, 1960
- Esneux in Wallonia , Belgium , since August 23, 1969
- Walcourt in Wallonia , Belgium , since August 23, 1969
- Ribe in Jutland , Denmark , since April 1st, 1989
- Schönberg (Mecklenburg) , Germany , since October 7, 1990
- Sopot , Poland , since June 4, 1994
- Marciano della Chiana , Tuscany , Italy , since 1994
- Strängnäs , Sweden , since June 29, 1996
Transport and public facilities
Ratzeburg is in the immediate vicinity of federal highway 207 , which runs as the old salt road from Lüneburg to Lübeck on the western city limits. The B 208 from Bad Oldesloe to Gadebusch and Wismar and in the direction of Schwerin runs through the city. To the north there is a connection to the Baltic Sea motorway A 20 (connection point Groß Sarau ), south to the A 24 Hamburg - Berlin , (connection points Talkau and Hornbek ). On February 20, 2012, one of the largest construction projects in the history of the island city began in Ratzeburg, namely the complete redesign of the eastern access to the island with the construction of two new bridges. Because of the special importance of this construction project, the city had set up its own website on this topic. On August 27, 2014, the so-called “southern collecting road” was opened to traffic and the construction project was essentially completed.
Until 1945 Ratzeburg was a railway junction . Here the Kaiserbahn crossed from Berlin via Hagenow and Zarrentin to Kiel (via Bad Oldesloe and Neumünster ). The route between Hollenbek and Zarrentin was interrupted by the division of Germany. The Bad Oldesloe – Ratzeburg section was shut down and dismantled in 1971. Since 1998, the Ratzeburg adventure railway trolleybuses have been running on the section to Hollenbek, which has become an important tourism factor with 50,000 guests annually.
Ratzeburg is also the seat of a local court (Herrenstrasse 11).
Culture and sights
- District museum in the manor house at the cathedral
- A. Paul Weber Museum
- Ernst Barlach Museum Ratzeburg
- The predecessor of the cathedral and the oldest church in the Duchy of Lauenburg is St. Georg auf dem Berge on Georgsberg. The first church on this site was destroyed in the Wende uprising in 1066 . The original field stone church from the 12th century with its rectangular choir, which later became typical for Lauenburg, was renewed at the beginning of the 13th century over the brick foundations of the field stone . The late baroque altar is reminiscent of the former Fredenhagen altar by Thomas Quellinus in Lübeck's Marienkirche .
- The Romanesque cathedral , which towers above the city island , was completed in 1170 and houses the remains of St. Ansverus . The cathedral was donated by Heinrich the Lion , it is one of the oldest churches in the country. The church has a cloister and a cemetery.
- The classicistic St. Petri Church , built from 1787 to 1791 by Johann Friedrich Laves as a pure sermon church, is the rare example of a transept- aisle hall church . Altar table, pulpit and organ front form a room-high unit in plait style , making this church exemplary for Protestant church building in northern Germany in the 18th century.
- The late Baroque manor house of the Dukes of Mecklenburg from 1766 at the cathedral courtyard , built for Duke Adolf Friedrich IV of Mecklenburg-Strelitz , now houses the Duchy of Lauenburg District Museum . Concerts and other cultural events take place in the Rococo Hall.
- The powder cellar is the remainder of a fire and bulletproof ammunition depot built in 1691 ; explosive materials such as gunpowder were stored in the basement, weapons, fuses and equipment of the Guelph troops on the ground floor. Now there is a public restaurant in this vaulted cellar under the Burgtheater.
- The Burgtheater in Ratzeburg : Under the direction of the architect Cäsar Pinnau , the classicist (film) theater building was built in 1950, which is still unique in the Duchy of Lauenburg today. The Ratzeburg cinema is still located here today.
- The water tower on the Hindenburghöhe was built in 1904. In 1935 the structure was expanded and re-walled. The old tower is still inside.
- The water tower in the St. Georgsberg district is smaller, but higher up .
Education and culture
- Primary schools of the Ratzeburg School Association with the locations Scheffelstraße and Mechower Straße (suburb), 688 students in 32 classes
- Lauenburgische Seen Community School, Heinrich-Scheel-Straße, 717 students in 32 classes
- Lauenburg School of Academics, Bahnhofsallee, 773 students in 32 classes
- Pestalozzi School Support Center, seminar path, 65 students in 5 classes (211 supervised persons in total)
Student numbers from the school year 2018/2019
- Adult Education Center Ratzeburg, Unter den Linden
- City library, Unter den Linden
- June: International rowing regatta on the Großer Küchensee
- June: Dragon boat race on the Küchensee
- July: Ratzeburg pottery market
- Open air cinema in summer
- August: Racesburg Wylag ( medieval market since 1995)
- August: Ratzeburg Citizens' Festival
- August: International fencing tournament "Alte Salzstraße" (since 1960 on the last whole weekend in August)
- December: Ratzeburger Advent Run (always on the 1st Advent sometimes already at the end of November, organized by the Ratzeburger Sportverein)
- The YMCA operates a leisure and sailing center in Ratzeburg.
- The Evangelical Family Education Center has a wide range of events for people of all generations.
- The Ratzeburg Adventure Railway offers a leisure program on the Ratzeburg-Hollenbek railway line and at other stations in and around Ratzeburg.
- Rowing Academy Ratzeburg .
- The Burgtheater Kulturgesellschaft takes care of theater, cinema, cabaret and many other events in the Burgtheater Ratzeburg.
- Youth hostel .
- The Ratzeburg Federal Police Department, founded as Grenzschutzgruppe 7 (GSG 7), has been located in Ratzeburg since 1955, with three deployment teams and one technical deployment team.
- A pastoral college is maintained by the North Church , founded in 2012 , which is a fusion of the former North Elbian , Pomeranian and Mecklenburg regional churches .
- Ratzeburg Canoe Club (RKC)
- Ratzeburg Sailing Association (RSV)
- Ratzeburg Rowing Club (RRC), founded in 1953 under the aegis of the rowing trainer Karl Adam and his mentor Alfred Block.
- Ratzeburg Sports Club (RSV)
- Ratzeburg chess club Inselspringer from 1937 e. V.
- Fencing Club Inselstadt Ratzeburg (FCIR)
- Ratzeburg rifle guild from 1551 e. V.
- Spielmannszug of the Ratzeburger Schützengilde from 1946 e. V.
- Ratzeburg sport fishing club from 1925 e. V.
- Riding and driving association Ratzeburg
- To-Judo-Kan Ratzeburg from 1972 e. V. (TJK Ratzeburg)
- Tennis club Blau Weiss
- Heimatbund and history association Herzogtum Lauenburg e. V. (founded in 1949 with headquarters in Ratzeburg)
- Allotment gardeners association Ratzeburg e. V. (founded 1948)
- Association Former Jäger Ratzeburg (founded in 1908 in the tradition of the Lauenburg Jäger Battalion No. 9 )
- 1877: David Joachim Jakob Richter (1794–1880), 1821–1877 city secretary of the city of Ratzeburg and editor of a collection of Lauenburg ordinances and laws; Awarded honorary citizenship on the occasion of retirement in 1877.
- 1890: Otto von Bismarck (1815–1898), Reich Chancellor; Awarded honorary citizenship on the occasion of his 75th birthday in view of his services to the well-being of the city and its residents.
- Johannes Spehr (1849–1916), businessman, senator, 2nd mayor; Awarded honorary citizenship on the occasion of the resignation of his mayor's office (exact date unknown).
- 1962: Karl Saalfeld (1887–1963), 1926–1938 mayor, 1951–1962 mayor of the city of Ratzeburg; Awarded honorary citizenship on the occasion of the city's 900th anniversary in 1962.
- 1962: Karl Adam (1912–1976), teacher and rowing coach; Awarded honorary citizenship on the occasion of the victory at the World Rowing Championship in 1962.
- 1975: Gustav Drevs (1907–1988), member of the Schleswig-Holstein state parliament, district president.
sons and daughters of the town
- Francis II of Saxony-Lauenburg (1547–1619), from 1581 to 1619 Duke of Saxony-Lauenburg
- August von Sachsen-Lauenburg (1577–1656), from 1619 to 1656 Duke of Sachsen-Lauenburg
- Just Ludwig von Fabrice (1713–1771), landlord, administrative lawyer and canon
- Conrad Nahmmacher (1734–1768), Protestant theologian and educator
- Johann Friedrich von Kaufmann (1757–1833), lawyer, senior magistrate, court, chancellery and consistorial councilor and court mayor
- Friedrich Christian Block (1763–1842), Lutheran pastor and superintendent, co-founder of the Lauenburg-Ratzeburg Biblical Society
- Friedrich Wilken (1777–1840), historian (orientalist) and librarian
- Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Catenhusen (1792-1853), Evangelical Lutheran theologian
- Ernst Brockelmann (1799–1878), businessman and politician
- Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Rußwurm (1812–1883), historian and genealogist
- Richard Eckermann (1862–1916), naval officer, ship commander, vice admiral in World War I,
- Friedrich Weidemann (1871–1919) opera singer, baritone, member of the Vienna Court Opera
- Vollrath von Hellermann (1900–1971), general and knight's cross holder
- Fritz Berendsen (1904–1974), officer, executive and politician (CDU)
- Hermann Bengtson (1909–1989), ancient historian
- Wilhelm Hornbostel (* 1943), archaeologist and art historian
- Gerhard Sellin (1943–2017), Protestant theologian
- Gunther Tiersch (* 1954), meteorologist and gold medalist at the Olympic Games in rowing
- Hans Barlach (1955–2015), entrepreneur
- Carsten Köthe (* 1962), radio presenter
- Ulrich Koglin (* 1963), television journalist
- Niclas Herbst (* 1973), politician (CDU)
- Florian Hartmann (* 1975), historian
- Florian Mennigen (* 1982), rower
See also: Domhof Ratzeburg # Sons and Daughters
Connected with Ratzeburg
- Karl Adam , rowing coach , trained the legendary "Ratzeburger Eighth ", who became Olympic champion in 1960 and 1968 . Adam was made an honorary citizen of Ratzeburg in 1962.
- Ernst Barlach , grew up in Ratzeburg and is buried here.
- Neithard Bethke , church music director and founder of the Ratzeburg Summer Academy
- Regine Bonke , object artist, lives and works in Ratzeburg.
- Hans Bunge-Ottensen , painter, book artist and wood carver, lived and worked in Ratzeburg from 1943 until his death in 1983 after it was bombed out in Hamburg
- Karl Gatermann the Elder Ä. , Painter, draftsman and graphic artist, lived and worked after its bombing in Lübeck from 1942 until his death in 1959 in Ratzeburg.
- Hans Ferdinand Gerhard , writer, archivist and local researcher, publisher of the Lauenburgische Heimat , founder of the local history museum (now the district museum)
- Hans Lenk , philosopher, high school diploma at the Lauenburg School of Academics, rowers with Karl Adam, gold medalist
- Ferdinand von Notz , Colonel a. D., military and regional writer
- Friedrich-Franz Pingel , art teacher and painter
- Henny Porten , star of the German silent film, lived in Ratzeburg from 1945 to 1957
- Gottfried von Reventlow , last president of the Lauenburg court in Ratzeburg
- Lothar Roeßler , senior teacher at the Lauenburg School of Academics, naturalist and local researcher
- Carl Lorenz Sachau , Land War Commissioner, Auditor, Court Clerk and City Governor, Founder of the Patriotic Archive for the Duchy of Lauenburg
- List of the bishops of Ratzeburg
- List of general superintendents, state superintendents and superintendents for Saxony-Lauenburg
- Description of the Polaben country and the ancient monastery, town and castle of Ratzeburg located in it. Next to it the same outline as it was in a different state before itzo . 1693 ( digitized version )
- L. Hellwig: Chronicle of the city of Ratzeburg, supplemented up to the present, with an appendix: Ratzeburg police order from 1582, a city view from 1588 and an aerial photo of Ratzeburg . Freystatzky, Ratzeburg 1929
- Hans-Georg Kaack: Ratzeburg history of an island town . Wachholtz, Neumünster 1987, ISBN 3-529-02683-2
- Günther Bock: Ratzeburg and the Billunger - Polabia as a Slavic-Saxon contact region of the 11th and 12th centuries. In: Natural and regional studies. Journal for Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg and Mecklenburg, Vol. 122 (2015), pp. 209–226 ( online version ).
- City of Ratzeburg
- Illustration of the city in 1588 in Civitates orbis terrarum by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg
- North Statistics Office - Population of the municipalities in Schleswig-Holstein 4th quarter 2019 (XLSX file) (update based on the 2011 census) ( help on this ).
- Schleswig-Holstein topography. Vol. 8: Pölitz - Schönbek . 1st edition Flying-Kiwi-Verl. Junge, Flensburg 2007, ISBN 978-3-926055-89-7 , pp. 109 ( dnb.de [accessed on July 23, 2020]).
- H.-G. Kaack: Ratzeburg. History of an island city. Wachholtz Verlag, Neumünster 1987.
- History of the Lübeck-Lauenburg Church District ( online ).
- Samuel Taylor Coleridge: Biographia literaria. London 1817, Volume II, pp. F234 f.
- The old district house - a house of history
- Inge and Rolf Kießhauer: Bronzenes for Germany from the Gladenbeck foundries 1851 to approx. 1926 - Der Norden, Antiquariat Katrin Brandel (ed.): Friedrichshagener Hefte No. 57/1, Berlin 2010, p. 101 f.
- Lübecker Nachrichten : Escape from Bombs and the Red Army , from: April 22, 2015; accessed on: May 27, 2018
- Lübecker Nachrichten : The air raids on Geesthacht and Büchen , from: April 11, 2015; accessed on: May 27, 2018
- 1932 he was a citizen of Munich . See chapter Race to the Sea from Curt Badinski : From Great Times. Reminder sheets of the Jäger-Feld-Battalion No. 9. World War 1914–1918. ; Ratzeburg 1932, Lauenburgischer Heimatverlag, HHC Freystatzky's Buchdruckerei - Mayor Goedecke delivers the first charity transport to the Lauenburg Jäger No. 9 , their reserve battalion and the newly created Reserve Jäger battalion No. 18
- Otto Hofer, Dr. phil. and graduate farmer, was a member of the Corps Littuania and Albertina.
- Gunnar Koech becomes the new mayor of Ratzeburg. Lübecker Nachrichten Online, April 1, 2019, accessed on April 5, 2019 .
- Schleswig-Holstein's municipal coat of arms
- % 2F01% 2F24% 2Fa0066 & cHash = bc7f606e42 A pathetic adventure ( memento of the original from May 20, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , taz , January 24, 2009
- Burgtheater - our cinema ; Retrieved August 3, 2017
- Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein: Directory of general education schools in Schleswig-Holstein 2018/2019
- Federal Police Department Ratzeburg ( Memento of the original from March 14, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , bundespolizei.de