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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Eutin
Map of Germany, position of the city of Eutin highlighted

Coordinates: 54 ° 8 '  N , 10 ° 37'  E

Basic data
State : Schleswig-Holstein
Circle : Ostholstein
Height : 33 m above sea level NHN
Area : 41.4 km 2
Residents: 17,013 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 411 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 23701
Area code : 04521
License plate : OH
Community key : 01 0 55 012

City administration address :
Markt 1
23701 Eutin
Website :
Mayor : Carsten Behnk (independent)
Location of the city of Eutin in the Ostholstein district
Ahrensbök Altenkrempe Bad Schwartau Beschendorf Bosau Dahme (Holstein) Damlos Eutin Fehmarn Göhl Gremersdorf Grömitz Großenbrode Grube Harmsdorf Heiligenhafen Heringsdorf Kabelhorst Kasseedorf Kellenhusen Lensahn Malente Manhagen Neukirchen Neustadt in Holstein Oldenburg in Holstein Ratekau Riepsdorf Scharbeutz Schashagen Schönwalde am Bungsberg Sierksdorf Stockelsdorf Süsel Timmendorfer Strand Wangels Schleswig-Holsteinmap
About this picture

Eutin is the county seat of the Ostholstein district in eastern Schleswig-Holstein . Fissau , Neudorf , Sibbersdorf , Sielbeck , Am Redderkrug, An der Schafwehde, Forsthaus Dodau, Forsthaus Wüstenfelde, Sandfeldkrug and Schäferei are in the city area.

Location and community structure

Eutin is located in the Holstein Switzerland Nature Park between the Great Eutin Lake , Small Eutin Lake , Kellersee and Ukleisee .

In addition to the actual city of Eutin with around 12,000 inhabitants, there are the four villages Fissau (1946 inhabitants), Neudorf (2855 inhabitants), Sibbersdorf (132 inhabitants) and Sielbeck (214 inhabitants), which form their own village heads.


The name Eutin (originally Utin) is of Slavic origin. Its meaning is not entirely certain, it is probably derived from the personal name "Uta". The Slavic Abodrites settled since the 7th / 8th. Century AD the eastern Holstein and built a castle on the Pheasant Island in the Great Eutin Lake . In the course of the German settlement in the east, Low German and Dutch settlers immigrated from the 12th century. Dutch families settled in and around Eutin. In 1156 Eutin became the market place and residence of the (prince) bishops of Lübeck , and it received town charter in 1257. Since 1439, a leper colony can be found in the town "in front of the Lübecker Tor" , which was called St.-Jürgen-Stift and later rose in St. George's Hospital . The district home museum (today the Ostholstein Museum Eutin ) was located in the hospital building .

Modern times

In the witch hunts from 1575 to 1650, 16 cases of witchcraft and sorcery are documented. At least eight people in Eutin were executed in the witch trials . Johann Gottfried Herder accompanied the Eutin Hereditary Prince Peter Friedrich Wilhelm as a travel preacher in 1770. Between 1776 and 1829 Eutin experienced a cultural boom. The Sturm und Drang lyricist Friedrich Leopold zu Stolberg , the poet and Homer translator Johann Heinrich Voss , the playwright Heinrich Wilhelm von Gerstenberg , the philosopher Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi and other well-known writers lived here and formed the Eutin Circle . Matthias Claudius , Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock , Wilhelm von Humboldt and other important personalities came to Eutin and sought an exchange of ideas with them. The world-famous romantic composer Carl Maria von Weber was born here in 1786. The Goethe painter Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein lived and worked in the city from 1808 until his death in 1829. This earned Eutin the honorary title Weimar of the North (see below: famous personalities).

After the abolition of the Hochstift Lübeck in the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss 1803, Eutin became part of the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg with the monastery area as the Principality of Lübeck .

20th century

The Eutin officer corps of the 162 marches into the war camp.
Market square with St. Michaelis

From 1913 Eutin was a garrison town . The new III. Battalion of the "Lübeck" infantry regiment (3rd Hanseatic) No. 162 was located here. Its local barracks, today's Rettberg barracks , were only completed during the First World War . After the war, the Lübeck volunteer battalion commanded by Otto Dziobek was there .

Eutin was already a stronghold of National Socialism during the Weimar Republic . In 1926 Adolf Hitler visited the city. The death of SS man Karl Radke, who was fatally injured by knife wounds during an argument under unexplained circumstances on the evening of November 9, 1931, resulted in a large influx of the National Socialist movement in Eutin. This not least because Radke's death made it possible for the NSDAP in Eutin to organize a martyr cult with his death in the Schleswig-Holstein Gau . This also included that the SS barracks of the 50th SS standard in Flensburg was given the name "Carl Radkehaus". After the seizure of power by the National Socialists who entertained SA in Eutin from July 1933 to May 1934, the concentration camp Eutin , an early concentration camps were held in which members of the democratic parties, anti-Nazis and Jews and abused.

From 1936 onwards, the Eutin Poets' Circle tried to tie in with the tradition of the historical Eutin Circle under National Socialist auspices. The almanac published by the group of poets mainly contained local art and served the blood-and-soil ideology . This made the Eutin poets' circle an important literary group in Germany during the Nazi era . The November pogroms of 1938 on November 9, 1938 passed Eutin largely without a trace. The reason for this was that only a very small Jewish minority lived here and there were no Jewish facilities, with the exception of the Jewish cemetery , which was devastated during the pogrom night and used until 1945. In response to an order from the Secret State Police on January 22, 1945 to list Jews fit for work so that they would be sent to “closed work assignments”, the deputy mayor and the senior medical officer sent a sick note for the two men concerned in response. Apparently there was no further reaction from the Gestapo.

In 1937, the province of Schleswig-Holstein took over the Eutin areas of the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg as the district of Eutin through the Greater Hamburg Act .

Eutin was spared from the air war during the Second World War , as the city with the Rettberg barracks there did not offer any worthwhile military targets. During the Battle of Berlin , immediately after Hitler's last birthday, on April 20, 1945, prepared evacuation measures were carried out by the Reich government, Reich ministries and the security apparatus. All Reich ministers were supposed to gather in Eutin, since the Eutin-Plön area was still free of combat at that time. The government and the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy, Karl Dönitz , stayed only briefly in Eutin and moved on to the neighboring Plön to the barracks of the Stadtheide barracks , where they stayed until the end of April. The Reich Minister for Armaments and War Production Albert Speer is said to have stayed with his employees in a trailer colony near Lake Eutin. After Hitler's suicide, Dönitz succeeded him as Reich President on May 1, 1945 . Before the approaching British troops, Dönitz and the Dönitz government fled to Mürwik on May 2, 1945 . Plön then became the Open City . On May 4, 1945, Hans-Georg von Friedeburg signed the surrender of all German troops in northwest Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark on behalf of Dönitz . The war finally ended with the unconditional surrender of the Wehrmacht on May 8th.

From 1945 to the 21st century

After the end of the war, the district of Eutin was assigned to the state of Schleswig-Holstein, which was founded in August 1946 . After the war, the Eutin parish took in pastors who were ideologically burdened and did not clearly distance themselves from Nazi injustice. It was not until 2017 that the Ostholstein Church District Synod passed a corresponding declaration on distancing itself.

In 1993 Eutin was named a climatic health resort.


Town hall Eutin; Year of construction 1791

City council

The election to the city council on May 6, 2018 led to an increase in the number of seats from 27 to 35 and the following result:

Election to the city council of Eutin 2018
Allocation of seats in the city council of Eutin since 2018
A total of 35 seats

The mayor , i.e. chairman of the city council, was Dieter Holst (CDU) until 2018.


The directly elected mayor has been the non-party Carsten Behnk since August 1, 2016.

Administrative community

Since January 1, 2007, the city has been managing the administrative business for the neighboring municipality of Süsel, which is not an office-based community .

coat of arms

Blazon : “In blue a golden bar cross, the trunk top and bottom decorated with a golden lily, the cross arm on both sides with an eight-petalled golden rose; in the corners the golden capital letters VTIN. "

The cross refers to the granting of city rights (1257) by the Lübeck bishop Johann von Diest, the roses are symbols of jurisdiction and the lilies are medieval symbols for purity, the inscription VTIN ("UTIN" in Latin letters) stands for the place name.

Town twinning

Sister cities of Eutin are

Public facilities


  • Evangelical Lutheran
    • St. Michaelis, Church Square
    • Martin Luther Church, Krete (Eutin-Fissau), z. Currently closed for renovation (2019)
    • Friedenskirche, Beuthiner Straße (Eutin-Neudorf), from February 2019 no longer used for church services
  • Roman Catholic
    • Marienkirche (Catholic rectory), Plöner Strasse
  • Other denominations
    • Free Evangelical Congregation (FeG), Industriestrasse
    • Evangelical Free Church Congregation (Baptists), Plöner Straße
    • New Apostolic Church, Plöner Strasse
    • Beacon Community, Friedrichstrasse


General education schools

Student numbers from the school year 2019/2020

  • primary school
    • Gustav-Peters-Schule with the locations in Blaue Lehmkuhle, Am kleine See (Lübsche Koppel) and Auestrasse (Fissau), 643 students in 29 classes
  • Community school
    • Wilhelm Wisser School (Eutin Community School) with locations in Elisabethstrasse and Roggenkamp (Hutzfeld), 657 students in 28 classes
  • High schools
    • Carl-Maria-von-Weber-School (European School), Plöner Straße, 646 students in 28 classes
    • Johann Heinrich Voss School , Bismarckstraße, 536 students in 24 classes
  • Funding Center (FöZ)
    • Albert Mahlstedt School (FöZ learning), Bahnhofstrasse, 132 supervised

Vocational schools

Student numbers from the school year 2019/2020

  • Vocational schools in the Ostholstein district, Wilhelmstrasse, 2877 students in 160 classes (at two locations in Eutin and one each in Malente and Bad Schwartau)
  • Training center for professions in health care (nursing school), Hospitalstrasse, 84 students in 5 classes
  • DRK Technical School for Elderly Care, Meinsdorfer Weg, 117 students in 13 classes


On June 1, 1956, the riot police department set up in Eckernförde-Carlshöhe in 1951 , the Schleswig-Holstein riot police, was relocated to a newly built police station in Eutin-Hubertushöh. In August 1957, the state police school also moved to the Eutin-Hubertushöh police station. The school was set up in October 1945 in the news school in Flensburg - Mürwik as a police school for the province of Schleswig-Holstein . In March 1946 it was relocated to Eckernförde ( Carlshöhe barracks ), where it was renamed the State Police School. From July 1950 it was then based in Kiel-Wik until it was moved to Eutin. In July 1974, the state police school was finally relocated to a new building in Kiebitzhörn, Malente-Gremsmühlen , not far from Eutin . On April 1, 1994, in accordance with a new Police Organization Act, the police station, which had meanwhile been referred to as the riot police department, and the state police school were merged to form a single police authority. Training, advanced training and work were now all under one roof. The name of the new Eutin police authority was now: Police directorate for training and advanced training and for the Schleswig-Holstein riot police , abbreviated: PD AFB. In addition to the eight police departments in Schleswig-Holstein, the PD AFB is a so-called specialist department . The state police school is currently back in Eutin itself.

armed forces

Eutin is the location of the reconnaissance battalion 6 of the Army Reconnaissance Force (Bundeswehr) .

The Rettberg barracks was named after Karl von Rettberg, the regimental commander of the Lübeck infantry regiment (3rd Hanseatic) No. 162 . Its III. The battalion was garrisoned here in October 1913.


Eutin is the seat of the Eutin District Court . The judicial district of the Eutin District Court includes the communities Ahrensbök , Bosau , Eutin, Kasseedorf , Malente , Scharbeutz , Schönwalde am Bungsberg , Süsel and Timmendorfer Strand .

Culture and sights

Eutin's lake promenade before the renovation for the 2016 State Garden Show

The old town of Eutin is grouped around the historical market square and includes both early modern half-timbered houses and classicist buildings.

Starting from the federal road 76 , the 500-year-old bridegroom oak with its own postal address is on a small forest path in the Dodauer Forest . It serves to bring married couples together.

The State Garden Show Eutin 2016 took place in Eutin from April 28 to October 3, 2016 under the motto “Become one with nature” . It was the third state horticultural show in Schleswig-Holstein. The perennial nursery of the master gardener Hänse Herms and her husband, the painter Ludwig Herms, was located in Eutin-Neudorf from 1927 to 1973. For decades they were on friendly terms with the Potsdam shrub grower and gardening philosopher Karl Foerster. The ornamental grass Panicum Virgatum 'Hänse Herms' and the silver candle Cimicifuga simplex 'Frau Herms' are named after the master gardener.

Special structures

Late classicist houses (Plöner Strasse)
Ostholstein Museum
Outdoor swimming pool from 1913 on the Fissau Bay of the Great Eutin Lake

Regular events

Around Pentecost, the “ Eutin Blues Festival ” is held on the central inner-city market square . Every year on a weekend in August, the Eutin city festival and flea market take place in the entire old town. The most famous sporting event of the year is the annual "Rosenstadt-Triathlon".

In honor of Carl Maria von Weber, the Eutin Festival (originally the Eutin Summer Games) has been taking place on an open-air stage in the palace garden since 1951 . In the summer months, operas and operettas are performed here in front of almost 2,000 visitors, occasionally Weber's operas, especially Der Freischütz . The house orchestra is the Hamburg Symphony Orchestra, who have already accompanied opera stars such as Hanna Schwarz , Leandra Overmann, Ruth-Margret Pütz , René Kollo , Kurt Moll , Nicolai Gedda , Theo Adam and Hermann Prey in Eutin . Since 2007, the Eutin Festival has also held monthly palace concerts all year round. The open-air stage has 1886 seats and, apart from an optional roof for the orchestra pit, has not yet been covered. On January 17, 2008, plans for an opera pavilion were presented for the first time, the financing of which is still unsecured.

The Histotainment Vielerley Feierey takes place on the day of the open monument .

"Eutin in Flammen" has been taking place in Eutin since 2004. This means that houses and buildings like the Eutin Castle are illuminated with spotlights in different colors. The light art campaign is also known under the name "City of Lights Eutin".

The Christmas market workshop of the angels takes place at and in the Eutin Castle at the end of November and has stands of 100 exhibitors with handcrafted and down-to-earth Christmas items. Contributing to the flair : the fire baskets at the entrance with burning logs, a Christmas crib with live actors and animals and a concert on a mobile carillon .


The existence of at least thirty independent sports clubs is documented in the history of the city of Eutin. The first sports club in the city was the men's gymnastics club from 1880 Eutin , thirteen years later with the gymnastics club "Eichenkranz" from 1893, the first workers' sports club in the city. In the decades that followed, the Eutin Reich Banner's sports department, which took part in football matches among other things, and the Eutin Football Club from 1930 were other sports clubs related to workers' sports, which were either banned with the rise of National Socialism or were in the Dissolve themselves in view of the imminent synchronization.

Historically, Eutin clubs achieved supraregional successes primarily in handball: In the 1950s and 1960s, PSV Eutin was initially the most successful club in town and belonged to the highest possible divisions in both field and indoor handball for men for several years . In the 1980s, TS Riemann Eutin provided the largest handball department in Schleswig-Holstein in phases and, in addition to several titles at state and regional association level, achieved a German C youth championship in the youth field. In the following decade, the Riemann handball players and HTC Eutin were also part of the men's regional league for several years. In addition to TS Riemann, there are a total of four active handball departments in the city: Eutin 08 , HSC Rosenstadt Eutin and TSV Sielbeck - only in Schleswig there is an equally large number of handball clubs in a district belonging to the state.

Several clubs were also successful on a regional level in football: In the pre-war period, VfL Eutin belonged to the then first-class Lübeck-Mecklenburg district league for a year. After 1945, with one exception (1997/98: BSG Eutin), the Eutiner SV 08 was always the strongest senior team in the city, with the blue-reds being promoted to the third -tier football league North in 1990/91 and the fourth -tier regional football league Nord made two leaps into national football in 2017/18 . The city is also represented in football via Eutin 08, BSG Eutin, TSV Fissau and Neudorfer SV with four clubs in the 2020/21 season, which is also the highest value in the Ostholstein district.


railway station

Since May 31, 1866 there has been a railway connection to Kiel and Neustadt through the Altona-Kieler Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft . Since April 10, 1873, there has been a rail link to Lübeck through the Eutin-Lübeck Railway Company (ELE). The Kiel – Lübeck railway line is now operated by Deutsche Bahn through its subsidiary DB Regio . The connection to Neustadt was shut down and the track dismantled.

The federal highway 76 connects Eutin with Kiel and the federal highway 1 to Lübeck and Fehmarn.

The nearest airports are Lübeck Airport (45 km) and Hamburg Airport (75 km). The Sierksdorf / Hof-Altona airfield is 12 km away.

Boat trips have been taking place on the Great Eutin Lake for over 100 years. Today, at Easter and between May and October, a passenger ship on the Eutin Lake Tour operates.


Honorary citizen

sons and daughters of the town

Other personalities who worked in Eutin


Eutin and the surrounding area, including the castle, the film was 1972 Cabaret shot with Liza Minnelli, 1977, the crime scene -Klassiker leaving certificate with Nastassja Kinski and Klaus Schwarzkopf .

In 2017, the third German meeting of the Urban Sketchers took place in Eutin.


  • Marion Heine: A life path for the perennials. The history of the Herms perennial nursery in Ostholstein . In: Jahrbuch für Heimatkunde Eutin 2010 (Part I) and Jahrbuch für Heimatkunde Eutin 2011 (Part II), ISSN  1866-2730 .
  • Ernst-Günther Prühs: History of the City of Eutin. 2nd Edition. Eutin 1994, ISBN 3-923457-23-5 .
  • Gustav Peters: History of Eutin. Neumünster 1971.
  • Klaus Langenfeld: Eutin, the city of roses. Lübeck 1998.
  • Klaus Langenfeld: The history of Eutin from the founding of the city to today. The complete derreporter series. Eutin n.d. (2008).
  • Klaus Langenfeld: poet and thinker, painter and musician in the Eutin of the Goethe era. Eutin / Bad Schwartau 2011.
  • Horst Schinzel: Eutin Street Lexicon. Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2006, ISBN 3-86680-081-9 .
  • Lawrence D. Stokes : Small town and National Socialism: Selected documents on the history of Eutin 1918-1945 (= sources and research on the history of Schleswig-Holstein, volume 82). Wachholtz, Neumünster 1988, ISBN 3-529-02182-2 .
  • Lawrence D. Stokes: The Eutin poet circle and the National Socialism 1936-1945: A documentation (= sources and research on the history of Schleswig-Holstein, volume 111). Wachholtz, Neumünster 2001, ISBN 3-529-02211-X .
  • Lawrence D. Stokes: "My little town stands for a thousand others ...". Studies on the history of Eutin in Holstein, 1918–1945 . Struve's Buchdruckerei, Eutin 2004, ISBN 3-923457-72-3 .

Web links

Commons : Eutin  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Eutin  - travel guide
Wikisource: Eutin  - Sources and full texts
 Wikinews: Category: Eutin  - in the news

Individual evidence

  1. North Statistics Office - Population of the municipalities in Schleswig-Holstein 4th quarter 2019 (XLSX file) (update based on the 2011 census) ( help on this ).
  2. Schleswig-Holstein topography. Vol. 3: Ellerbek - Groß Rönnau . 1st edition Flying-Kiwi-Verl. Junge, Flensburg 2003, ISBN 978-3-926055-73-6 , p. 68 ( [accessed on April 21, 2020]).
  3. ^ Karl Wilhelm Struve : On the Slavic origin of Eutin. In: Die Heimat 80, 1973, pp. 209–214.
  4. See data from the Society for Leprosy under Archived Copy ( Memento from December 10, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  5. Historians identified 29 witch trials in Eutin.
  6. Lawrence D. Stokes: Small Town and National Socialism: Selected Documents on the History of Eutin 1918-1945.
  7. The Radke case. In: National Socialism in Eutinian . A project of the advanced history course in grades 12 and 13. Carl-Maria-von-Weber-Gymnasium, Eutin.
  8. Lawrence D. Stokes: "My little town stands for a thousand others ...". Studies on the history of Eutin in Holstein. 2004.
  9. Lawrence D. Stokes: The Eutin poet circle and the National Socialism 1936-1945: A documentation.
  10. The Church and the Jewish Question. In: National Socialism in Eutinian. A project of the advanced history course in grades 12 and 13. Carl-Maria-von-Weber-Gymnasium, Eutin
  11. Did a doctor save the Eutin Jews? Flensburger Tageblatt from January 26, 2015; accessed on October 15, 2018.
  12. The bombed out, refugees and displaced persons. July 8, 2017.
  13. Stephan Link: "Rattenlinie Nord". War criminals in Flensburg and the surrounding area in May 1945. In: Gerhard Paul, Broder Schwensen (Hrsg.): Mai '45. End of the war in Flensburg. Flensburg 2015, p. 20 f.
  14. ^ Ernst Piper : Alfred Rosenberg. Hitler's chief ideologist. Munich 2005, p. 620.
  15. a b LN looking for contemporary witnesses - 70 years ago the Second World War came to an end. Lübecker Nachrichten of February 14, 2015; Retrieved July 7, 2017.
  16. It is not stated in the source whether the Eutiner See was the Small or the Great Eutiner See. See Jörg Wollenberg : Search for traces behind the walls of oblivion. In: Heinrun Herzberg, Eva Kammler (Hrsg.): Biography and society: reflections on a theory of the modern self. Frankfurt am Main / New York 2011, p. 202.
  17. ^ Institute for Schleswig-Holstein Contemporary and Regional History : VIMU. End of war , accessed on May 31, 2017.
  18. The surrender on the Timeloberg . (PDF, 16. S .; 455 kB)
  19. ^ Synod in the Ostholstein church district. Church admits complicity in Nazi crimes. Evangelical newspaper of May 10, 2017; Retrieved July 7, 2017
  20. Schleswig-Holstein's municipal coat of arms
  21. Town twinning of the city of Eutin , accessed on May 7, 2018
  22. Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein: Directory of general education schools in Schleswig-Holstein 2019/2020
  23. Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein: Directory of vocational schools in Schleswig-Holstein 2019/2020
  24. sh: z : Meeting of the last "Carlshöhe police officers" , April 11, 2011; Retrieved on: August 14, 2016
  25. sh: z : 90 refugees in the state police school , from: July 14, 2015; Retrieved on: August 14, 2016
  26. sh: z : Eutin Police School: Breyer: Suspicion due to false suspicion is off the table , from: August 10, 2016; Retrieved on: August 14, 2016
  27. Marion Heine: A life for the perennials. Hänse and Ludwig Herms in Holstein. 1920-1973 . Special print on the occasion of the exhibition Garden Jewels - the Eutiner Perennial Nursery Herms (1927–1973), from March 11th to May 29th, 2016 in the Ostholstein Museum Eutin. Original in: der Staudengarten , members ' magazine of the Gesellschaft der Staudenfreunde eV, ISSN  0178-837X , Issue 4-2012, 63rd year, pp. 24–31 (PDF of the special print: Perennial Gardener Herms ).
  28. Christmas market workshop of angels at and in Eutin Castle
  29. The field of football. A social and cultural historical study of the beginnings of football in Schleswig-Holstein 1890-1914 (doctoral thesis by Dr. Tim Cassel )
  30. Lawrence D. Stokes : Small Town and National Socialism: Selected Documents on the History of Eutin 1918-1945 (= sources and research on the history of Schleswig-Holstein, Volume 82). Wachholtz, Neumünster 1988, ISBN 3-529-02182-2 , page 446
  31. Harald Klipp: National player between the posts. In: May 30, 2014, accessed August 13, 2020 .
  32. Harald Klipp: Handball: Guido Bock helps to develop talents. In: April 29, 2020, accessed August 13, 2020 .
  33. Hardy Grüne: 105 years - Eutin 08 celebrates its birthday. In: August 12, 2013, accessed August 13, 2020 .