List of general superintendents, state superintendents and superintendents for Saxony-Lauenburg
This list of superintendents and general superintendents for Lauenburg lists the offices of spiritual leaders of the Lutheran regional church in the area of the Duchy of Saxony-Lauenburg (currently mostly called Lower Saxony). The seat of the spiritual director was Lauenburg an der Elbe from 1564 to 1705 and then Ratzeburg until the office was dissolved in 1979. The ministers and the church association changed names on various occasions. The area of responsibility also changed, often in connection with political changes.
Note on the official titles and areas
While the estates of the Saxon-Lauenburg exclave Land Hadeln had already passed to Lutheranism in 1525 and adopted their own church ordinance, which Duke Magnus I confirmed in 1526, the Duke did nothing about the Reformation in the rest of the Duchy. From 1530 Lutheran preachers came from the Principality of Lüneburg , the oldest evidence of this is an inscription at the north entrance of the Maria Magdalenen Church in Lauenburg , which commemorates the first Lutheran sermon for St. John's Day in 1531. But there was no further action on the part of the government. The estates of the duchy: called knighthood and landscape , prompted Duke Franz I to visit the parishes in 1564 and 1566, who had already found Lutheran preachers in many places. In 1564 Franz I appointed Franciscus Baringius as the first superintendent (abbr. Supt.) Based in Lauenburg on the Elbe, who was supposed to reform the communities in the Lutheran sense.
The general visit of 1581, which Francis II carried out in the first year of his administration as administrator of the duchy (for his father), uncovered great abuses in teaching, sermons and the way of life of the pastors in the country. Baringius was dismissed as superintendent in 1582. In coordination with his older brother Heinrich von Sachsen-Lauenburg , theologian and Lutheran administrator of the Archbishopric of Bremen and the donors Osnabrück and Paderborn, Franz II issued the Lutheran Lower Saxony Church Ordinance , written by Andreas Pouchenius the Elder , making the Lower Saxony Regional Church or Regional Church of the Duchy of Saxony -Lauenburg was founded. The spiritual direction was from then on a general superintendent (abbr. Gen.Supt.) And regionally responsible special superintendent, or called superintendent, as well as a consistory based in Lauenburg. Hadler estates and the local clergy successfully opposed the incorporation of the Hadel regional church into that of the duchy . The Hadelsche Landeskirche continued to exist until 1885.
When Georg Wilhelm, Prince of Lüneburg in Celle took over the regency in Saxony-Lauenburg , the church rules remained unaffected. However, the parishes of the southern Elbe march bailiffs went to the General Diocese of Lüneburg-Celle . The first spiritual director to be named by Georg Wilhelm and his successors were only referred to as superintendent. On May 17, 1705, Georg Wilhelm moved the superintendent and consistory to Ratzeburg. Even during the personal unions with Kurhannover from August 1705 and Denmark from December 1815 there were only a few changes, the regional church remained with its own hymn book and church agendas. The parishes in the Neuhaus district were also transferred to the now Kurhannöscher general diocese of Lüneburg-Celle in 1813.
With the transfer of the majority of the sovereign domain to the new Lauenburg regional communal association in 1872, the latter also took over the church patronage to those churches where the sovereign had previously held it. After replacing most of the patronage obligations between 1977 and 1979, the Duchy of Lauenburg district bears the remaining burdens as the legal successor to the regional association of local authorities. With the relinquishment of statehood of the Duchy on July 1, 1876 and its conversion to the Duchy of Lauenburg in the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein , the regional church of the Duchy of Lauenburg was also incorporated into the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church of Schleswig-Holstein , but as an independent district Church district) , which existed alongside the general superintendent for Holstein and that for Schleswig . This position was emphasized with the entry into force of the constitution from September 30, 1922 to November 1, 1924 by renaming the office of superintendent in "Landessuperintendent für Lauenburg".
After the merger of the Ev.-Luth. Regional church of Schleswig-Holstein with other Lutheran regional churches to form the North Elbian Evangelical Lutheran Church in 1977 , the regional superintendent of Lauenburg lost its special status and was assigned to the district of Holstein-Lübeck as the parish of the Duchy of Lauenburg . A process by the last state superintendent against the relevant provisions of the North Elbe constitution before the church court of the VELKD was unsuccessful.
Superintendent of Lauenburg on the Elbe (1564–1585)
- 1564–1582: Franciscus Baringius
- 1583–1585: Gerhard Sagittarius
General superintendent of the Duchy of Saxony-Lauenburg (1585–1705)
All general superintendents were also pastors at the Maria Magdalenen Church in Lauenburg .
- 1585–1592: Gerhard Sagittarius , as general superintendent
- 1592–1605: Johannes Rupertus
- 1605–1627: Johannes Erhardi
- 1628–1635: Johannes Burmeister
- 1635-1638: vacancy
- 1638-1645: Melchior Cramerus
- 1645–1656: Zacharias Vogelius
- 1657-1680: Albertus Elers
- 1682–1683: Johann Friedrich Nicolai
- 1684–1697: Severin Walther Slueter
- 1697-1703: vacancy
- 1703–1705: Johannes Elers
Superintendent of the Duchy of Saxony-Lauenburg (1705–1877)
All of the following superintendents and state superintendents were also pastors at the St. Petri Church (Ratzeburg) .
- 1705–1737: Johannes Elers , as superintendent
- 1738–1743: Justus Hermann Ludwig Beneken
- 1744–1767: Johann Ernst Hohenholtz
- 1768–1787: Anton Gottfried Alberti
- 1788–1802: Johann Conrad Eggers
- 1802–1817: Carl Johann Conrad Wyneken
- 1817–1834: Friedrich Christian Block
- 1834–1853: Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Catenhusen
- 1854–1876: Albert Robert Brömel
Superintendent of the Duchy of Lauenburg (1877–1924)
- 1877–1885: Albert Robert Brömel , after incorporation while retaining title and position
- 1885–1887: vacancy
- 1887–1911: Franz Jürgen Soltau , previously provost in Töstrup
- 1911–1913: Theodor Valentiner , previously in Bredstedt
- 1914–1924: Johannes Lange , previously in Hamburg-Wandsbek
State superintendent of the district of Lauenburg (1924–1979)
- 1924–1944: Johannes Lange , since November 1, 1924 with a new title
- 1944–1959: Hans Matthießen , previously in Sahms
- 1959–1969: Ernst Fischer , previously in Lütau
- 1970–1979: Joachim Heubach , previously in Preetz.
After Heubach retired and the North Elbian Evangelical Lutheran Church was founded , Lauenburg's special rights ceased to exist; Lauenburg became one of the church districts of the North Elbian Church, headed by a provost, with the same rights and duties as everyone else. The first provost and thus Heubach's successor was Hermann Augustin in 1981 . He was followed by Peter Godzik (provost from 1998 to 2007) and Frauke Eiben (provost since 2008).
- Johann Friedrich Burmester: Contributions to the church history of the Duchy of Lauenburg. Self-published, Ratzeburg 1832.
- Klaus Blaschke : The Lauenburg Church Ordinance of March 25, 1585 - 400 years of ecclesiastical constitutional history as an obligation of the North Elbian Evangelical Lutheran Church , in: Association for Schleswig-Holstein Church History (Ed.): The Lauenburg State Superintendent as a North Elbian Church District Lectures and speeches on the 400th anniversary of the “Lauenburg Church Regulations” from 1585 , Neumünster: Wachholtz 1986 ( content ), pp. 44–54.
- Wichmann von Meding: Abrogated Faith: Church history of the Duchy of Lower Saxony in today's state of Schleswig-Holstein (Duchy of Lauenburg). Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main 2009, ISBN 978-3-631-59779-8 .
- Benjamin Hein: Die Propsteien / Kirchenkreise in Nordelbien (Writings of the Landeskirchliches Archiv der Nordkirche, Volume 2) , Kiel: Landeskirchliches Archiv 2016 ( online ), p. 18.
- ^ Johann Friedrich Burmester: Contributions to the church history of the Duchy of Lauenburg. Self-published, Ratzeburg 1832, p. 14.
- ^ A b Johann Friedrich Burmester: Contributions to the church history of the Duchy of Lauenburg. Self-published, Ratzeburg 1832, p. 16.
- ^ A b Johann Friedrich Burmester: Contributions to the church history of the Duchy of Lauenburg. Self-published, Ratzeburg 1832, p. 18.
- ^ Johann Friedrich Burmester: Contributions to the church history of the Duchy of Lauenburg. Self-published, Ratzeburg 1832, p. 25.
- ^ Cordula Bornefeld: The dukes of Saxony-Lauenburg. In: Carsten Porskrog Rasmussen (ed. On behalf of the Society for Schleswig-Holstein History): The princes of the country: dukes and counts of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg. (De slevigske hertuger; dt.). Wachholtz, Neumünster 2008, ISBN 978-3-529-02606-5 , pp. 373-389, here p. 379.
- ^ Johann Friedrich Burmester: Contributions to the church history of the Duchy of Lauenburg. Self-published, Ratzeburg 1832, p. 47.
- ^ Johann Friedrich Burmester: Contributions to the church history of the Duchy of Lauenburg. Self-published, Ratzeburg 1832, p. 96.
- ↑ Wichmann von Meding: Abrogated Faith: Church history of the Duchy of Lower Saxony in today's federal state of Schleswig-Holstein (Duchy of Lauenburg). Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main 2009, ISBN 978-3-631-59779-8 , p. 262seq.
- ^ Kurt Meier: The evangelical church fight. Complete presentation in three volumes , Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 1976–1984. Volume 1: The struggle for the "Reichskirche" , 1976, p. 360.
- ↑ Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany (ed.): The constitution of 1922 as the basis for the later church leadership , in: Landeskirchliches Archiv, 20.01 ( online ).