|Location of the Sachsenwald in the Duchy of Lauenburg district,
the Hohe Elbgeest office in light red
|Type of regional unit:
|Location:||east of Hamburg|
|Circle :||District of the Duchy of Lauenburg|
|Office :||Office Hohe Elbgeest|
|AGS :||01 0 53 105|
|Regional key :||01 0 53 9 105 105|
|administration||Ruprecht von Hagen
head of the estate,
Am Schloßteich 1
|The Schwarze Au to the east of the rod pond, which lies downstream|
|The Bille on the northern edge of the Sachsenwald near Witzhave|
The Sachsenwald is one of the two municipality-free areas in Schleswig-Holstein . The other is Buchholz in the Segeberg district . It is located east of Hamburg in the southwest of the Duchy of Lauenburg district and borders the Stormarn district .
With almost 70 km², the Sachsenwald is Schleswig-Holstein's largest contiguous forest area. It is a municipality-free area belonging to the Hohe Elbgeest Office . It belongs to the central Geesthacht area and corresponds to the Sachsenwald district .
The Sachsenwald is divided into three districts :
- Aumühle district (west)
- Wohltorf district (south)
- Pole pond area (east)
The living space directory Schleswig-Holstein the state May 25, 1987 ( census ) lists in the field on six residential places, but are not part of the Saxon Forest, but as enclaves to the municipality Aumühle include and are surrounded by the territory of the Saxon Forest:
- At the giant bed
- Copper mill
- Pole pond
- wildlife Park
- Witzhaver Fourth
The Schwarze Au flows through the Sachsenwald in an east-west direction and is cut into the ground moraine landscape near Friedrichsruh . The Bille flows along the northwestern border of the area , into which the Schwarze Au flows at Aumühle.
The Sachsenwald consists mainly of deciduous forest, but the forestry character is increasing. There is still a rare stock of an oak hat forest .
The area consists of 94 percent forest, almost three percent agricultural area and three percent traffic area (including streets, paths and squares):
Dec. 31, 2004
|Agriculture (without bog)||145||2.5|
|Traffic area (without streets, paths, squares)||22nd||0.4|
|Streets, paths, squares||132||2.3|
|all in all||5849||100.0|
Streets and paths
The Sachsenwald is an important local recreation area for Hamburg. In the north, east and south it is surrounded by busy streets, and in the west it borders on the outskirts of Hamburg.
Local roads in the Sachsenwald are:
- A 24 (4 km from east to west in the northern area)
- B 404 (5.5 km from Kasseburg in the north to Schwarzenbek in the southeast in the eastern area)
- Landesstraße L 208, Sachsenwaldstraße (10 km from Grande in the north to Kröppelshagen-Fahrendorf in the south in the western area)
- Landesstraße L 314 (6 km from Aumühle in the west to Dassendorf in the south in the west, junction with the L 208 near Friedrichsruh)
There are also named local paths and forest roads such as
- Witzhaver Fourth
- Avenue of lime trees
- Börnsener way
- Börnsener Mühlenweg
- Tree path
- Pole pond
- Pole pond shorst
as well as various hiking trails.
- The area is intersected by the Berlin – Hamburg line and the route book route 100 Hamburg – Schwerin – Rostock in an east-west direction, on which the R20 regional train runs. Stops close to the area are Aumühle, Friedrichsruh and Schwarzenbek.
- The S 21 Elbgaustraße – Aumühle ends at the Aumühle stop .
The neighboring municipalities in clockwise order are:
map of the Duchy of Lauenburg district
|District of the Duchy of Lauenburg||Municipality
map of the Stormarn district
The Sachsenwald is the remainder of a huge primeval forest , consisting mainly of oaks and beeches, which stretched from the Baltic Sea to Lower Saxony . People have settled in the primeval forest since the Stone Age by creating small clearings for fields and using the forest to fatten pigs.
In the first centuries of our era, people began to clear large areas of the primeval forest, so that in the late Middle Ages - with the exception of the Sachsenwald - it had practically disappeared.
In the Middle Ages the property was sought on Sachsenwald and after a violent argument with the Dukes of Saxe-Lauenburg came with the Treaty of Perleberg in 1420, one half of the Saxon Forest to the Hanseatic cities of Hamburg and Luebeck , which this portion of Geesthacht and the Vierlanden from their the two-city official seat of Bergedorf administered from.
Lauenburg and with it the Sachsenwald came to Prussia through the Gastein Convention .
Emperor Wilhelm I donated the Sachsenwald to Otto von Bismarck on June 24, 1871 in recognition of his services to the establishment of an empire ( endowment ). Most of the forest is still owned by his descendants. In 2003 the ship owner Eberhard von Rantzau acquired a third of the Sachsenwald from the von Bismarck family.
The forerunner of the community-free area Sachsenwald was the forest estate district Schwarzenbek, so named after the community of Schwarzenbek located southeast of it . This forest estate was formerly part of the Friedrichsruh district, the Duchy of Lauenburg, and was 73.69 km² larger than the area it is today. For the census on December 1, 1910, 916 inhabitants were counted in the Schwarzenbek forest estate. On July 1, 1927, the Schwarzenbek manor district was renamed the Friedrichsruh manor district.
In the course of the dissolution of the manor districts in Prussia in 1928/29, the manor district of Friedrichsruh was dissolved with effect from September 30, 1929. An area of 14.46 km², including all inhabited areas, was incorporated into the surrounding communities, and the remaining 59.23 km² became the Sachsenwald forest estate. In the municipality register from 1950 the area is only recorded with an area of 58.55 km², and since 1961 with the current area of 58.49 km².
The Sachsenwald was incorporated into the newly founded Aumühle-Wohltorf office on November 27, 1967 , which also included the communities of Aumühle and Wohltorf . The Aumühle-Wohltorf office was dissolved as part of Schleswig-Holstein's administrative structural reform on January 1, 2008 and its components were incorporated into the Hohe Elbgeest office.
The Gutsvorsteher Sachsenwald forest is like the mayor of the municipalities of the Office High Elbgeest member of the Office Committee , but shall not vote. A judicial clarification of the controversial question of voting rights became superfluous due to a change in the official regulations.
The Red Army Faction (RAF) had set up the secret "Daphne" depot in the Sachsenwald, less than 1000 meters from the sawmill, containing revolvers, machine guns and forged ID cards. On November 16, 1982 , the RAF terrorist Christian Klar was arrested near Friedrichsruh in the Sachsenwald when he was visiting the underground depot that had become known to the police.
- Friedrichsruh Palace with Bismarck Museum and mausoleum (palace not open to the public)
- Garden of the Butterflies in Friedrichsruh (open seasonally)
- Climbing garden
- Federal Otto von Bismarck Foundation in the Friedrichsruh train station
- The Sachsenwald is a popular local recreation area for Hamburg residents, but also a sight for tourists.
- "Alter Hau" giant beds
- Railway museum Lokschuppen Aumühle with historical trains
- Hans Jürgen von Arnswaldt : The Sachsenwald. Forestry in the past and present. 1951
- Rolf Hennig : The Sachsenwald . Series of publications by the Duchy of Lauenburg Foundation, Volume 6. Wachholtz, Neumünster 1983, ISBN 3-529-06180-8
- Kurt-Dietmar Schmidtke, Rolf Hennig: Around the Sachsenwald . Greetings from Schleswig-Holstein. Wachholtz, Neumünster 1994, ISBN 3-529-05513-1
- L. Uphoff: "The struggle of the Hanseatic cities of Hamburg and Lübeck for the Sachsenwald". In: Lichtwark No. 4, Ed. Lichtwark Committee, Bergedorf, 1951. See now: Verlag HB-Werbung, Hamburg-Bergedorf. .
- Otto von Bismarck Foundation
- interactive map
- Federal Agency for Nature Conservation: Landscape profile 70205 Sachsenwald
- areas in Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg on December 31, 2011 by type of actual use (PDF; 3.8 MB), page 2
- State Statistical Office Schleswig-Holstein: Housing directory Schleswig-Holstein 1987. Official directory of the offices, municipalities and housing spaces, Kiel 1992, page 26
- areas in Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg on December 31, 2011 by type of actual use (PDF; 3.8 MB)
- Environmental Atlas Hamburg, City and Landscape, Chapter 1.1 (The natural area - geographic characteristics), December 1991
- Sachsenwald - conflict resolution in the 17th century ( MS Word ; 51 kB)
- Sale 2003
- Municipal directory 1900 (private page)
- E-mail information from municipal directory on September 25, 2009 (private site)
- Merging offices is costly - currently Sachsenwald, February 2008 ( page no longer available , search in web archives )