|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||27 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||31.23 km 2|
|Residents:||27,950 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||895 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||21465|
|Primaries :||040, 04104|
|License plate :||OD|
|Community key :||01 0 62 060|
|LOCODE :||DE REI|
|City structure:||6 statistical districts and 22 city districts|
City administration address :
|Hamburger Strasse 5-7
|Mayor :||Björn Warmer ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Reinbek in the Stormarn district|
Reinbek ( Low German Reinbeek ), located in the southern geest of Schleswig-Holstein , is the second largest city in the Stormarn district with around 27,000 inhabitants . Reinbek is located in the eastern metropolitan area of Hamburg and belongs to the Hamburg metropolitan region .
The east and south borders of Reinbek form the nature-protected Bille dammed up to the mill pond . Some of the areas between the districts are still used for agriculture. Characterized by the neighboring Sachsenwald , Reinbek offers a green, relaxing cityscape. A large part of the city is built up with individual houses, the area around Täby-Platz and the Paul Luckow Stadium consists largely of multi-storey apartment buildings that were built in the style of the 1960s. The tallest of them, the Sachsenwald skyscraper with 20 floors, is on Hamburger Straße. Reinbek includes the districts of Alt-Reinbek , Hinschendorf , Schönningstedt , Neuschönningstedt , Ohe mit Büchsenschinken and the more recent development area Krabbenkamp (→ list of districts and districts of Reinbek ). The next largest directly adjacent metropolitan areas are the Hamburg districts of Bergedorf and Lohbrügge .
Numerous barrows testify to the settlement of today's Reinbeck area in prehistoric times . The first documented mention of Reinbek dates back to 1238 and goes back to the founding of the Cistercian monastery of the same name (see Reinbek Monastery ). The oldest known forms of writing of the place name are (ville) Reinebec (1238), (in) Reynebeke (1309 and 1350), (to deme) Reynenbeke (1400) and (tome) Rynenbeke (1466); the name is interpreted as a compound from the basic word bek for "Bach" and the adjective "pure" as a defining word. After the destruction of the monastery (1534), the place only gained importance again with the construction of the palace complex (1572).
The settlement of artisans in the late 18th century finally brought economic growth. The construction of the railway line between Hamburg and Berlin (1846) provided a decisive impetus for the development of the place : Reinbek temporarily became a health resort and popular excursion destination. The old spelling "Reinbeck" was changed on September 1, 1877 by an order on the uniform regulation of the spelling for place names by the provincial government in Schleswig in "Reinbek".
At the end of the Second World War , Germany was gradually occupied. On May 3, 1945 British troops also occupied Reinbek, the neighboring Glinde and the last part of the still unoccupied Stormarn . In addition, the occupation of Hamburg , which had previously been agreed in the Villa Möllering near Lüneburg , began in the afternoon of the day . A day later, Hans-Georg von Friedeburg also signed the surrender of all German troops in northwest Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark on behalf of the last Reich President Karl Dönitz , who had previously left for Flensburg - Mürwik with the last Reich government . The unconditional surrender of the Wehrmacht followed on May 8, 1945. At the end of the war, Reinbek experienced an increase in the influx of refugees and hamburgers who had become homeless as a result of the war.
Since the 1960s, several industrial parks have been developed and expanded. On June 28, 1952, Reinbek received city rights . On January 1, 1974, the community Schönningstedt (with Neuschönningstedt and Ohe ) and part of the community Glinde with then about 100 inhabitants and part of the dissolved community Stemwarde were incorporated.
Reinbek originally belonged to the Steinbek parish until it became an independent Evangelical Lutheran parish in 1894. The neo-Gothic church (today Maria Magdalenen Church) was built in 1901. The Catholic parish was founded in 1908 and the Herz-Jesu-Kirche was built in 1953. In Reinbek, 44% of the population are Protestant and 9% Catholic, 26% belong to other denominations, 22% are without religious affiliation. The most important municipalities in the city are:
- Ansgar Church Community Schönningstedt-Ohe (Evangelical Lutheran)
- Parish of Gethsemane Neuschönningstedt (Evangelical-Lutheran)
- Maria Magdalenen Church (Evangelical Lutheran)
- Nathan Söderblom Church (Evangelical Lutheran)
- Sacred Heart Congregation (Roman Catholic)
- Evangelical Free Church Congregation ( Baptists )
|Parties and constituencies||
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||27.5||9||30.7||10||33.6||13|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||20.7||6th||26.6||8th||24.3||9|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||22.1||7th||17.2||5||15.4||5|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||17.0||5||10.9||3||13.8||5|
|Pulse||Individual applicant Klaus-Peter Puls||1.7||1||1.5||1||-||-|
|Voter turnout in%||45.5|
of office from
|December 15, 1945||January 31, 1946||Wilhelm Kleist|
|February 1, 1946||September 22, 1946||Carl Dobbertin|
|September 23, 1946||November 11, 1948||Alwin Hemken|
|November 12, 1948||April 28, 1950||Carl Dobbertin|
|April 28, 1950||March 31, 1951||Wilhelm Kleist|
|April 1, 1951||December 31, 1971||Hermann Körner|
|January 1, 1972||January 31, 1990||Günther Kock|
|February 1, 1990||January 31, 1996||Manfred Neumann|
|September 1, 1996||August 31, 2008||Detlef Palm|
|September 1, 2008||August 31, 2014||Axel Bärendorf|
|September 1, 2014||Bjorn Warmer|
coat of arms
Blazon : "A silver wavy bar in red, accompanied by three oak leaves facing each other in a three-pass with the stems, two at the top and one at the bottom."
The leaves, in their arrangement based on the coat of arms of the Bismarck family , are understood as symbols for the Sachsenwald , while the ribbon stands for the Bille . A similar symbolism can be found on the coats of arms of the neighboring villages of Wohltorf and Aumühle ; the colors red and white correspond to the coats of arms of Holstein and Stormarn . The coat of arms was approved in 1935.
- 1956–2011: friendship with Täby ( Sweden ). The market square in Reinbek-Klosterbergen, the Täbyplatz , was named after the twin town .
- Since 1961: City friendship with Königslutter am Elm ( Lower Saxony ).
- Since 1974: Sponsorship between the Ohe volunteer fire brigade and the Padasjoki municipality ( Finland ).
- Since 1999: twinning with Koło ( Poland ).
Culture and sights
Theater, cinema and museums
- The Sachsenwald-Forum culture and congress center offers a changing program of touring and private theaters.
- The Filmring Reinbek eV organizes a monthly voluntary cinema event in the Nathan Söderblom Church.
- The Museum Rade opposite the castle exhibits the collection of folk art of the Hamburg writer and art collector Rolf Italiaander .
Spared from the waves of destruction of the Second World War, Reinbek's urban architecture shows a continuous picture through the epochs of North German building history, starting with the Dutch Renaissance and old peasant cottages, through upper -class mansions from the imperial era, clinker expressionism of the Weimar Republic and large residential buildings from the 1970s to more cautious architecture 1990s.
- The oldest and most important building is Reinbek Castle in the style of the Dutch Renaissance . Duke Adolf I von Gottorf had the castle built between 1572 and 1576 in its present form. Initially secondary residence of the sovereign, the castle was the residence of the bailiff in Danish times and later briefly the seat of the district administration for the Stormarn district . Today the faithfully restored building is available for public use.
- Traffic between the Danish office of Reinbek and the Duchy of Saxony-Lauenburg once ran over the Dänenbrücke , built in 1793 , in the immediate vicinity of the castle .
- The Schönningstedter Mühle , built in 1886, has been operated as a restaurant since it was closed in 1968. It was completely destroyed by fire (1991). It was rebuilt on the foundations of the old mill by another one dismantled at the place of origin.
- The Bismarck column on the Hammelsberg between the districts of Krabbenkamp and Schönningstedt, near the former Bismarckschen Gut Schönau, was completed in 1903. The 19 meter high monument corresponds to the usual Bismarck column type of a fire tower designed by Wilhelm Kreis in 1898 and was financed by the German student body. The tower has been a listed building since 1989.
Green spaces and recreation
- The forest and meadow landscape in and around Reinbek and the castle park invite you to stroll, hike and cycle. Canoe trips are organized on the Bille and on the Mühlenteich.
- The so-called “Reinbeker Sommersause” or “Reinbeker Herbstsause” is celebrated annually in Reinbek on Täbyplatz or at the Waldhaus in summer or in autumn. Regional musicians and cover bands perform at these festivals.
- The Reinbek leisure pool and the adjacent Reinbek sports park offer an indoor pool with an outdoor pool, a sauna and various sports programs.
- The TSV Reinbek and the FC Voran Ohe offer different sports.
Economy, infrastructure, public institutions
Reinbek is characterized by a diverse, predominantly small and medium-sized economic structure.
Numerous important companies have their headquarters here, such as Rowohlt Verlag (from 1960 to March 2019), E. Michaelis & Co. - paper wholesale, Almirall Almirall Hermal and Allergopharma, Fürst-Bismarck-Quelle , Grossmann-Feinkost, Amandus Kahl ( Neuhaus Neotec), Peek & Cloppenburg (distribution center) and Lutz Aufzüge (machine and systems technology), Wollenhaupt (tea trade). Another major employer is the Reinbek St. Adolf-Stift hospital (healthcare).
At the beginning of the 1960s, the joint industrial area Reinbek- Glinde was developed. Since then, there have been repeated expansions and reallocations of commercial space. The Haidland industrial park was recently marketed (approx. 22 hectares): by 2018, more than 30 companies had settled there, securing 1,200 jobs and creating approx. 400 new ones. The expansion of the industrial area is planned. Reinbek's economic dynamism can be seen, among other things, in the development of commercial enterprises: their number rose to 2,532 (August 31, 2018).
The positive labor market data are also proof of the specialty of the location. In the administrative district of the Bad Oldesloe employment agency, the Reinbek district is listed as having one of the lowest unemployment rates, comparable to those in southern German economic regions.
Some of the municipalities with the highest purchasing power in Germany are located in the Südstormarn region. Reinbek was also above average in 2017 with a purchasing power index of 118 (CIMA Lübeck, annual report intermunicipal retail forum 2017).
Reinbek continues to be a dynamic business location with a high demand for commercial space and rising business tax revenues, among other things. a. because of the convenient central location in the metropolitan region directly adjacent to the cosmopolitan city of Hamburg. The workplace centrality is high with an almost 80% share of the workforce.
Reinbek is the seat of a local court .
The community school and special needs school are combined to form the Mühlenredder school center.
The Volkshochschule Sachsenwald has an extensive range of courses in various fields and also covers the offer for the neighboring municipality of Wentorf . Most courses take place in our own, well-equipped house in the middle of Reinbek.
The Reinbek city library offers a wide range of old and new media and maintains a constant book flea market made of donated and discarded books.
The History and Museum Association Reinbek eV has existed since 1989
Reinbek is located in the Hamburg metropolitan region . From Reinbek, Hamburg city center can be reached in 25 minutes with the S 21 S-Bahn . The S-Bahn connects Reinbek with the neighboring villages of Wohltorf and Aumühle , within Reinbek there are several bus routes that are operated by the VHH belonging to the HVV .
- Georges-Arthur Goldschmidt (* 1928), French-German writer, essayist and translator
- Lothar Zug, city councilor of the CDU, mayor
- Helmut Schomann, city councilor of the SPD, mayor
sons and daughters of the town
- Minna Specht (1879–1961), educator and socialist
- Wilhelm Bisse (1881–1946), member of the Reichstag for the NSDAP
- Horst Seifart (1916–2004), journalist and television director
- Donat de Chapeaurouge (1925–2019), art historian
- Georges-Arthur Goldschmidt (* 1928), French-German writer, essayist and translator
- Helmut Schomann (1932–2009), politician, honorary citizen and holder of the Federal Cross of Merit
- Hartmut Berg (* 1936), economist
- Ekkehard Wachmann (* 1937), entomologist
- Wittko Francke (* 1940), chemist
- Hans Klapdor-Kleingrothaus (* 1942), physicist
- Klaus-Peter Puls (* 1943), politician
- Albert Maringer (* 1945), manager
- Wolfgang Seifert (* 1946), Japanologist
- Claus Peter Ortlieb (1947–2019), mathematician
- Eckart Modrow (* 1948), educator and non-fiction author
- Johannes Spallek (* 1948), archivist and cultural advisor
- Christine Christ-von Wedel (* 1948), historian
- Dieter Matz (* 1948), sports journalist
- Angela Sommer-Bodenburg (* 1948), children's book author and painter; she became known for her books about the little vampire
- Christel Hüttemann (* 1949), recipient of the Federal Cross of Merit
- Mathias Nolte (* 1952), book author and journalist
- Mathias Petersen (* 1955), politician
- Harald Lemke (* 1956), State Secretary
- Norbert Meier (* 1958), soccer coach and former player
- Sabine Sütterlin-Waack (* 1958), lawyer and politician (CDU)
- Martin Rheinheimer (* 1960), historian
- Jan van Aken (* 1961), politician
- Dietrich Becker (* 1961), diplomat
- Ralf Sommer (* 1961), electrical engineer
- Thomas Röske (* 1962), art historian
- Gerd Gottlob (* 1964), journalist and football commentator
- Gundula Bavendamm (* 1965), historian and cultural manager
- Christiane Bruns (* 1965), surgeon
- Birte Karalus (* 1966), journalist and presenter
- Lena Johannson (* 1967), writer
- Thorsten Schröder (* 1967), journalist, presenter and spokesman for the Tagesschau
- Lars Uwe Höltich (* 1968), TV producer
- Heiko Nieder , (1972 *) chef with two stars in the Michelin guide awarded
- Christine Berger (* 1973), theater and television actress
- Andreas Dobberkau (* 1975), German actor
- Helmut Fritz (* 1975), fictional pop singer
- Julian Krafftzig (* 1977), radio presenter
- Torben Liebrecht (* 1977), actor, director and screenwriter
- Alexander Nerlich (* 1979), director
- Imke Wedekind (* 1984), volleyball player
- Ann-Kathrin Karschnick (* 1985), fantasy author
- Max Kruse (* 1988), soccer player
- Marvin Boadu (* 1989), German basketball player
- Felix Brügmann (* 1992), soccer player
- Felix von der Laden (* 1994), web video producer (known as "Dner")
- Victoria Helene Bergemann (* 1997), comedian and author
Connected with Reinbek
- Georg Julius Andresen (1815–1882), author, physician, hydrotherapist and founder of the Sophienbad
- Arthur Goldschmidt (1873–1947), lawyer and politician
- Hans EB Kruse (1891–1968), businessman and Hamburg senator, lived and died in Reinbek
- Franz Heske (1892–1963), from 1939 headed the Institute for Foreign and Colonial Forestry, which he founded in Tharandt in 1930 and relocated to Reinbeck Castle on the instructions of Reich Forester Hermann Göring , which in the 1950s was still under his direction at the Federal Forest Research Center - and timber industry (BFH) was converted
- Bernhard Rogge (1899–1982), German admiral
- Erwin Freytag (1907–1987), author and Evangelical Lutheran theologian
- Heinrich Maria Ledig-Rowohlt (1908–1992), until 1982 publisher of Rowohlt Verlag
- Rolf Italiaander (1913–1991), writer, translator, explorer, ethnographer
- Sandro von Lorsch (1919–1992), painter
- Arwed Imiela (1929–1982), murderer of women
- Günter Gaus (1929–2004), journalist, publicist, diplomat and politician
- Hans-Jürgen von Maydell ( Baron Maydell ; 1932-2010), forest scientist
- Heinz-Georg Keerl (1946–2011), General
- Thomas Straubhaar (* 1957), economist and President of the Hamburg World Economic Institute
- Holger Waldenberger (* 1967), quiz player
- Bjarne Mädel (* 1968), actor
- Moritz Bleibtreu (* 1971), actor
- Bodo Wartke (* 1977), music cabaret artist
- Martin Habersaat (* 1977), politician, has lived in Reinbek since 2014
- Julian Reister (* 1986), tennis player
- Mathilde Weise-Minck: Children's days in Reinbek. Piper, Munich 1947, .
- Curt Davids: Festschrift for the 725th anniversary of Reinbek. 1963, .
- Walter Fink: The Reinbek office. Central office f. Person and Family history, Frankfurt am Main 1969, .
- Herbert Rathmann: I am a Reinbeker. 1978, OCLC 248265316 .
- Curt Davids: The water mill in Reinbek. 1982, .
- Hans Heuer: The Reinbek Monastery. Contribution to the history of the Stormarn landscape. Wachholtz, Neumünster 1985, ISBN 3-529-02186-5 .
- Dirk Bavendamm : Reinbek. History of a Holstein city between Hamburg and Sachsenwald. 1988, ISBN 3-9801817-0-7 .
- Reinbek in old views. Illustrated book. European Library, Zaltbommel 1996, ISBN 90-288-6082-7 .
- More recent titles
- Wolf Gütschow, Michael Zapf: Reinbek and the Sachsenwald in transition. Illustrated book. Schubert, Hamburg 1997, ISBN 3-929229-44-7 .
- Reinbek yesterday and today. Illustrated book. European Library, Zaltbommel 2000, ISBN 90-288-6634-5 .
- Georges-Arthur Goldschmidt: A garden in Germany. 2000, ISBN 3-250-10118-4 .
- Frank Göhre: End of the line in Reinbek. Thriller. Hamburger Abendblatt, Hamburg 2001, ISBN 3-921305-20-9 .
- Antje Wendt: Reinbek Castle. Wachholtz, Neumünster 1994, ISBN 3-529-02739-1 .
- Detlev Landgrebe: Kückallee 37: A childhood on the brink of the Holocaust. CMZ, Rheinbach 2009, ISBN 978-3-87062-104-9 .
- North Statistics Office - Population of the municipalities in Schleswig-Holstein 4th quarter 2019 (XLSX file) (update based on the 2011 census) ( help on this ).
- Wolfgang Laur : Historisches Ortsnamelexikon von Schleswig-Holstein , 2nd edition, p. 538.
- Hamburger Abendblatt : End of the war. Seventy years ago the city of Ahrensburg surrendered on: May 2nd, 2015; accessed on: May 31, 2017
- The surrender on the Timeloberg (PDF, 16 S .; 455 kB)
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes for municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 186 .
- Archived copy ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- Schleswig-Holstein's municipal coat of arms
- Stumbling blocks: Reinbek