Rowohlt Publishing House
|Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
|Number of employees||about 150|
|sales||67.0 million euros (2018)|
The Rowohlt Verlag was founded in 1908 in Leipzig. Today Rowohlt is part of a group of book publishers in Hamburg (from 1960 to March 2019: Reinbek near Hamburg) and in Berlin . The Rowohlt publishing houses have belonged to the Georg von Holtzbrinck publishing group since 1982 .
The first publisher: 1908–1913
Ernst Rowohlt founded his publishing house in 1908, with which he moved to the front building of the famous Drugulin store in Leipzig. The first book he published was Songs of the Summer Nights of his Bremen school friend Gustav Edzard, it turned out to be not for sale. His silent partner became Kurt Wolff , who after personal disputes with Rowohlt took over the publishing house in 1912 and acquired the rights of Johannes R. Becher , Max Brod , Georg Heym and Franz Kafka , among others . Paul Scheerbart , Herbert Eulenberg and Max Dauthendey were early authors .
The second publisher: 1919–1943
After the end of the First World War , Rowohlt started the company again on February 1, 1919 in Berlin. Editors were Paul Mayer and Franz Hessel . With Alfons Goldschmidts Moscow 1920 , Heinrich Eduard Jacobs Der Tulpenfrevel and Kurt Pinthus ' Menschheitsdämmerung , the house achieved its first successes in 1920. A year later, the first bestseller was with Carl Ludwig Schleich's sunny past. Memorabilia published 1859-1919 , which by 1966 had a circulation of over 1 million copies.
Multi-volume editions by Honoré de Balzac and Giacomo Casanova appeared in the 1920s . Emil Ludwig became a successful author in those years . The weekly Die literäre Welt (Ed. Willy Haas ) was published for the first time in 1925, and Joachim Ringelnatz had all of his poetry and prose volumes published by Rowohlt until his death in 1934. The publisher slowly discovered the Americans for his house and began to include books by Sinclair Lewis and Ernest Hemingway in his program. Other authors of the house were Kurt Tucholsky , Robert Musil , Ernst von Salomon and Leo Slezak .
The Passauerstraße 8/9 was from 1929 to the address of the Rowohlt publishing house, from 1935 on, he was sitting in the neighboring Eislebener road . In 1931 the company ran into difficulties and two-thirds had to be taken over by Ullstein . Hans Fallada's Little Man - What Now? brought the publishing house back economic upturn. The novel was adapted in Germany and the USA.
Following the seizure of power of the National Socialists 50 percent of the books of the house were confiscated, burned and banned. The publication of the work Adalbert Stifter by Bruno Adler under the pseudonym Urban Roedl led to Rowohlt being banned from his profession in 1938, as he was accused of camouflaging Jewish writers . The result was the emigration of Rowohlt and his family to Brazil in February 1939 .
Third publishing house founded in 1945
In the first few years the company published works by Kästner , Joachim Ringelnatz and Tucholsky . The magazines Pinguin and story (containing texts by foreign storytellers) were founded. The branch in Baden-Baden, headed by Kurt Kusenberg , enabled important contacts to be established with French writers such as Jean-Paul Sartre , Simone de Beauvoir , Albert Camus and Jacques Prévert . Walter Jens , Arno Schmidt and Dieter Meichsner were among the young German poets of the publishing house . The drama outside the door of Wolfgang Borchert became a sensation in 1947 and was listed at almost all students platforms.
In 1949 CW Ceram's (di Kurt W. Marek) book Gods, Graves and Scholars achieved an extraordinary success . It became a bestseller worldwide . On February 23, 1950, Rowohlt Verlag announced that it had sold around 12,000 copies within five weeks at a price of DM twelve each. The book has also been translated into 33 languages and has been sold around five million times worldwide to date. The cover design was done by Werner Rebhuhn , who from then on designed the cover for many other books by the publisher.
One year after the company was founded, Ernst Rowohlt received a license for a Hamburg publisher from the English. In 1950, the editorial team from Stuttgart finally moved completely to Hamburg . A year later, in 1951, the autobiographical novel The Questionnaire by Ernst von Salomon was published, which also became a bestseller.
In 1954 Rowohlt Verlag was one of the founding members of the series " The Books of 19 ".
In 1960 the company headquarters were relocated to Reinbek . The newly built building complex of the publishing house was planned by the well-known architect Fritz Trautwein and an extension was added in 1970. The buildings have been a listed building since the end of 2003 .
Ernst Rowohlt died on December 1, 1960 and H. M. Ledig-Rowohlt took over the majority of the publisher's shares. He ran the house until 1982.
Fritz J. Raddatz became editor-in-chief and deputy publishing director under Ledig-Rowohlt in 1960, as well as editor of the paperback series rororo-aktuell. In 1969 he had to give up this function due to the so-called "balloon affair", the dropping of 50,000 copies of the memoirs of Yevgenia Ginsburg printed on behalf of Rowohlt over the territory of the GDR. Matthias Wegner was his successor .
Since 1950, the inexpensive rotary printing for paperbacks made the Rowohlt Verlag famous. Heinrich Maria Ledig-Rowohlt received the suggestion on his trip to the USA. The initial publications appeared in Hamburg from 1946 to 1949 initially in a large-format newspaper print, the first copies of which Ernst Rowohlt commented with the sentence: "I won't get anything like that."
The new print products were called Rowohlt Rotations Romane and the abbreviation RO-RO-RO. The first four titles that appeared in this format from December 15, 1946 at a price of 50 Reichspfennig each were:
- Ernest Hemingway : In another country .
- Kurt Tucholsky : Gripsholm Castle .
- Joseph Conrad : Typhoon .
- Alain-Fournier : The great comrade .
From the newspaper format, the publishing house developed the new pocket books in small octave format . The volumes have become known under the name rororo - a term that has temporarily become synonymous with all paperbacks. The first titles in 1950 included:
- Volume 1: Hans Fallada: Little Man - What Now?
- Volume 2: Graham Greene : On the Edge of Life .
- Volume 3: Rudyard Kipling: The Jungle Book .
- Volume 4: Kurt Tucholsky: Gripsholm Castle .
The typesetting and rotary printing of the first editions was done by the Christian Jessen Sohn printing house in Leck , from which the large printing house Clausen & Bosse emerged. The bookbinding work using the Lumbeck method was carried out at the Hans Ehlermann company in Verden (Aller) . Those 451 volumes that were bound up to 1961 have a narrow colored linen spine as a distinctive identification mark . The publisher called this quality half-linen flexible ; the price of a paperback was around 1950 DM 1.50.
In 1955 the first volume of the rowohlts deutsche enzyklopädie (rde) paperback series was published, which wanted to depict the knowledge of the 20th century in the form of keywords and was edited by Ernesto Grassi . The last volume appeared in 1986. In March 1958 the rowohlts monographs series of biographies was brought into being under the direction of Kurt Kusenberg . In 2008, 640 titles were published. From 1999 to June 2015 the titles were offered in four-color printing . Since then, the publisher has limited itself to the sale of existing holdings and reprints as non-illustrated e-books .
The Rowohlt publishing houses have belonged to the Georg von Holtzbrinck publishing group since 1982 . In August 1984 the Holtzbrinck Group acquired the remaining 33 percent of the publishing house from the New York Times Inc.
On December 22, 1984, the editing department protested in an open letter against the designated publishing director Michael Naumann , journalist of the Spiegel editorial team, because they had expected the successor from their own ranks after the departure of the publishing director Matthias Wegner , namely the editor of the current Row, Freimut Duve , to be allowed to vote. However, Naumann took up his post and remained the publishing director until 1995. He was succeeded by Nikolaus Hansen , and on November 1, 1999, Peter Wilfert and Rüdiger Salat joined as independent managing directors. Alexander Fest has been the publishing director since February 1, 2002 . Fest continues to support the publisher as an "editor at large". Barbara Laugwitz was the publishing director from September 14, 2014 until her dismissal in 2018; her release at the end of August 2018 led to author protests and legal disputes. Her successor has been Florian Illies since January 1, 2019 . On January 24, 2020 it was announced that Illies would be leaving the publishing house in autumn of that year at his own request in order to be able to devote more time to writing. Two days later, the Börsenblatt quoted critical press comments on this process. On January 30th, the news came that by July 2020 at the latest Nicola Bartels , previously a publisher at the Random House publishing group , would be his successor. This is associated with rather skeptical expectations of the future of sophisticated fiction in the other publishing houses of the Holtzbrinck Group.
Rowohlt Verlag , the imprint publishers Wunderlich (since 1984) and Kindler (since 2004) in the hardcover sector come together under the umbrella of Rowohlt . The Rowohlt paperback publishing house is among others to the rows Rowohlt , Rowohlt red fox , rowohlts monographs and Polaris represented. More recent imprints are Rowohlt Hundert Augen , Rowohlt repertoire and Rowohlt rotation . Rowohlt • Berlin has been an independent publisher since September 2014 , with Gunnar Schmidt as its managing director. Furthermore, the are Rowohlt Theater Verlag and the Agency for media rights connected. Rowohlt has been offering almost all of its publications as ebooks since 2009 (Rowohlt Ebook) , and there is also an ebook-only series.
Rowohlt Verlag's program is divided into the areas of fiction and non-fiction. In the non-fiction category in particular, a number of series have emerged over the years.
The international authors of the house include Paul Auster , Nicholson Baker , Simone de Beauvoir , Harold Brodkey , Albert Camus , Roald Dahl , Jeffrey Eugenides , Jon Fosse , Jonathan Franzen , Stephen Hawking , Ernest Hemingway , Siri Hustvedt , Denis Johnson , Cormac McCarthy , David Mitchell , Toni Morrison , Vladimir Nabokov , Harold Pinter , Thomas Pynchon , Philip Roth , José Saramago and John Updike . German-speaking authors of the 20th century and the present include Wolfgang Borchert , CW Ceram , Gisela Elsner , Hans Fallada , Joachim Fest , Wolfgang Herrndorf , Elfriede Jelinek , Daniel Kehlmann , Georg Klein , Erika Mann , Klaus Mann , Eugen Ruge , Heinz Strunk , Peter Rühmkorf , Kurt Tucholsky and Martin Walser .
- Hermann Gieselbusch, Dirk Moldenhauer, Uwe Naumann , Michael Töteberg (eds.): 100 years of Rowohlt . An illustrated chronicle. Rowohlt, Reinbek near Hamburg 2008, ISBN 978-3-498-02513-7 .
- Mara Hintermeier, Fritz J. Raddatz (eds.): Rowohlt Almanach 1908–1962 . With a foreword by Kurt Pinthus and the complete bibliography from 1908–1961. Rowohlt, Reinbek near Hamburg 1962, .
- Walther Kiaulehn : My friend the publisher . Ernst Rowohlt and his time. Rowohlt, Reinbek near Hamburg 1967, .
- Heinrich Maria Ledig-Rowohlt, Hans Georg Heepe (eds.): Rowohlt Almanach 2. 1963–1983 . For the 75th anniversary of the publisher. With a foreword by Otto F. Walter and a complete bibliography of all publications from 1963–1983. Rowohlt, Reinbek near Hamburg 1983, ISBN 3-498-05698-0 .
- Paul Mayer : Living shadows . From the memories of a Rowohlt lecturer. Rowohlt, Reinbek near Hamburg 1969, .
- Paul Mayer (Ed.): Ernst Rowohlt in personal testimonies and photo documents . On the 80th birthday of Ernst Rowohlt on June 23, 1967. (Reprint) Rowohlt, Reinbek bei Hamburg 1967 / 2nd edition. as Rowohlt's monographs (edited by Kurt Kusenberg) 1968 / new edition: rororo volume 50707 Rowohlt's monographs Rowohlt, Reinbek bei Hamburg 2008, ISBN 978-3-499-50707-6 .
- Uwe Naumann, Patrick Rössler (Ed.): 50 years of rororo . An illustrated chronicle [1995–2000]. Rowohlt, Reinbek near Hamburg 2000,
- Thorsten Oltmer: The Rowohlt linen back . The first 450 numbers of the Rowohlt paperbacks in presentation and bibliography. Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Department of Library and Information, Diploma thesis 1993, OCLC 256539505 .
- Fritz J. Raddatz: Years with Single: A Memory . Rowohlt, Reinbek near Hamburg 2015, ISBN 978-3-498-05798-5 .
- Patrick Rössler: Reading feed for the economic miracle, rotary printing and the first paperbacks 1946 to 1960; an exhibition in the Düsseldorf City Library, Central Library, October 23 - December 10, 1996, Ed. 451, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-931938-90-5 .
- Michael Töteberg, Sabine Buck (eds.): Hans Fallada: Ewig auf der Rutschbahn - Correspondence with the Rowohlt Verlag . Rowohlt, Reinbek near Hamburg 2008, ISBN 978-3-498-02121-4 .
- Horst Varrelmann (Ed.): Rowohlt Almanach 3. 1983–1992 . With a foreword by Michael Naumann and the complete bibliography of all publications from 1983 (2nd half) - 1992. Rowohlt, Reinbek bei Hamburg 1993, ISBN 3-498-05735-9 .
- Hans Peter Willberg : The book is a sensual thing . Chatted to the bookmakers in school [1952–1992]. In: Quodlibet. Clausen & Bosse, Leck 1993, .
- Rowohlt Publishing House
- Rowohlt Theater-Verlag
- Rowohlt Verlagschronik ( Memento from April 27, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- "It was so adventurous at Rowohlt" , Die Welt , March 10, 2008
- “Enthusiasm and somersaults” , Neue Zürcher Zeitung , March 14, 2008
- private page on the early rororo paperbacks (1946–1961) (accessed March 9, 2013)
- Peter Helling: Rowohlt is now in "Hamburg bei Reinbek" , ndr.de, May 13, 2019
- Holtzbrinck book publishers want to work more closely on sales , buchreport.de, July 25, 2019
- Gieselbusch, Moldenhauer, Naumann, Töteberg: 100 years of Rowohlt. Rowohlt Verlag, Reinbek 2008, p. 18.
- See web link: Verlagschronik
- On Salomon's employment in the publishing house and the closure in 1938, see Markus Josef Klein: Ernst von Salomon. A political biography. With a complete bibliography . San Casiano, Limburg ad Lahn 1994, ISBN 3-928906-03-8 , p. 228f.
- On architectural traces in the east of Stuttgart
- Building of the Rowohlt publishing house in Reinbek placed under monument protection. on : kreis-stormarn.de , January 5, 2004, accessed on December 12, 2013.
- Dieter E. Zimmer : The Rowohlt Affair. on: de-zimmer.de , quoted from: Die Zeit. Features section. No. 39, September 26, 1969, pp. 16-17, title: "Is the revolution eating its publishers?"
- See web link: Verlagschronik, 1969.
- Fritz J. Raddatz: Troublemaker. List, Berlin 2005, p. 191.
- Books for a New Europe. In: Nordbayerischer Kurier from 10./11. December 2016, p. 61.
- Jörg Drews u. a .: “Makes our books cheaper!” The beginnings of the German paperback 1946 to 1963. Edition Temmen, Bremen 1994, ISBN 3-86108-250-0 .
- Advertisement in: Graham Greene: Orientexpress . Rowohlt, Hamburg 1950.
- Jörg Döring , Sonja Lewandowski, David Oels (Eds.): Rowohlts German Encyclopedia. Science in paperback 1955–68 (= Non Fiktion. Arsenal der other genres 12.2, 2017). Wehrhahn, Hannover 2017, ISBN 978-3-86525-582-2 .
- Alexander Fest leaves the first row. on: boersenblatt.net , September 11, 2014.
- Torsten Casimir: The failed separation. In: boersenblatt.net . September 12, 2018. Retrieved September 12, 2018 .
- Florian Illies becomes Rowohlt publisher. In: www.spiegel.de. August 29, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2018 .
- Florian Illies leaves the top of Rowohlt Verlag , zeit.de, January 24, 2020
- "What an embarrassing party" , boersenblatt.net, January 26, 2020
- Rowohlt Verlag: Nicola Bartels follows Florian Illies , zeit.de, January 30, 2020
- Sebastian Hammelehle, Claudia Voigt: Randomhousesierung. Nicola Bartels will be the new boss at Rowohlt - this can have consequences for the entire industry . In: Der Spiegel . No. 6 , February 1, 2020, p. 113 .
- Rowohlt Verlag leaves Reinbek - lease not extended , boersenblatt.net, July 13, 2017, accessed on July 13, 2017
- Anne Müller: Why Rowohlt will turn his back on Reinbek in 2018 , Hamburger Abendblatt, Nov. 8, 2017, accessed on March 22, 2019
- Thomas Andre: Florian Illies: "Books do not need monument protection" , Hamburger Abendblatt, March 9, 2019, accessed on March 19, 2019
- Peter Helling: Rowohlt is now in "Hamburg bei Reinbek" , ndr.de, May 13, 2019